draft-ietf-httpbis-origin-frame-00.txt   draft-ietf-httpbis-origin-frame-01.txt 
HTTP Working Group M. Nottingham HTTP Working Group M. Nottingham
Internet-Draft E. Nygren Internet-Draft E. Nygren
Intended status: Standards Track Akamai Intended status: Standards Track Akamai
Expires: November 11, 2016 May 10, 2016 Expires: April 1, 2017 September 28, 2016
The ORIGIN HTTP/2 Frame The ORIGIN HTTP/2 Frame
draft-ietf-httpbis-origin-frame-00 draft-ietf-httpbis-origin-frame-01
Abstract Abstract
This document specifies the ORIGIN frame for HTTP/2, to indicate what This document specifies the ORIGIN frame for HTTP/2, to indicate what
origins are available on a given connection. origins are available on a given connection.
Note to Readers
Discussion of this draft takes place on the HTTP working group
mailing list (ietf-http-wg@w3.org), which is archived at
https://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/ietf-http-wg/ .
Working Group information can be found at http://httpwg.github.io/ ;
source code and issues list for this draft can be found at
https://github.com/httpwg/http-extensions/labels/origin-frame .
Status of This Memo Status of This Memo
This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79. provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.
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This Internet-Draft will expire on November 11, 2016. This Internet-Draft will expire on April 1, 2017.
Copyright Notice Copyright Notice
Copyright (c) 2016 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the Copyright (c) 2016 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
document authors. All rights reserved. document authors. All rights reserved.
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Table of Contents Table of Contents
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
1.1. Notational Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.1. Notational Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
1.2. The ORIGIN HTTP/2 Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2. The ORIGIN HTTP/2 Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
2. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.1. The Origin Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
3. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.2. Processing ORIGIN Frames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
4. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
HTTP/2 [RFC7540] allows clients to coalesce different origins HTTP/2 [RFC7540] allows clients to coalesce different origins
[RFC6454] onto the same connection when certain conditions are met. [RFC6454] onto the same connection when certain conditions are met.
In some cases, the server is not authoritative for a coalesced However, in certain cases, a connection is is not usable for a
origin, so the 421 (Misdirected Request) status code was defined. coalesced origin, so the 421 (Misdirected Request) status code
([RFC7540], Section 9.1.2) was defined.
Using a status code in this manner allows clients to recover from Using a status code in this manner allows clients to recover from
misdirected requests, but at the penalty of adding latency. To misdirected requests, but at the penalty of adding latency. To
address that, this specification defines a new HTTP/2 frame type, address that, this specification defines a new HTTP/2 frame type,
"ORIGIN", to allow servers to indicate what origins a connection is "ORIGIN", to allow servers to indicate what origins a connection is
authoritative for. usable for.
1.1. Notational Conventions 1.1. Notational Conventions
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
"SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119]. document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].
1.2. The ORIGIN HTTP/2 Frame 2. The ORIGIN HTTP/2 Frame
The ORIGIN HTTP/2 frame ([RFC7540], Section 4) indicates what The ORIGIN HTTP/2 frame ([RFC7540], Section 4) allows a server to
origin(s) [RFC6454] the sender considers this connection indicate what origin(s) [RFC6454] the server would like the client to
authoritative for (in the sense of [RFC7540], Section 10.1). consider as members of the Origin Set (Section 2.1) for the
connection it occurs within.
The ORIGIN frame is a non-critical extension to HTTP/2. Endpoints The ORIGIN frame type is 0xb (decimal 11).
that do not support this frame can safely ignore it.
It MUST occur on stream 0; an ORIGIN frame on any other stream is +-------------------------------+-------------------------------+
invalid and MUST be ignored. | Origin-Len (16) | Origin? (*) ...
+-------------------------------+-------------------------------+
The ORIGIN frame's payload contains the following fields, sets of
which may be repeated within the frame to indicate multiple origins:
Origin-Len: An unsigned, 16-bit integer indicating the length, in
octets, of the Origin field.
Origin: An optional sequence of characters containing the ASCII
serialization of an origin ([RFC6454], Section 6.2) that the
sender believes this connection is or could be authoritative for.
The ORIGIN frame defines the following flags:
CLEAR (0x1): Indicates that the Origin Set MUST be reset to an empty
set before processing the contents of the frame it occurs upon.
REMOVE (0x2): Indicates that the origin(s) carried in the payload
must be removed from the Origin Set, if present; if not present,
it/they have no effect.
2.1. The Origin Set
The set of origins (as per [RFC6454]) that a given connection might
be used for is known in this specification as the Origin Set.
When a connection is first established, its Origin Set is defined to
be those origins that the client would normally consider the
connection authoritative for; see [RFC7540], Section 10.1.
The ORIGIN frame allows the server to modify the Origin Set. In
particular:
1. A server can add to its members by sending an ORIGIN frame
(without any flags set);
2. A server can prune one or more origins from it by sending an
ORIGIN frame with the REMOVE flag set;
3. A server can remove all its members and then add zero or more
members by sending an ORIGIN frame with the CLEAR flag set and a
payload containing the new origins.
Adding to the Origin Set (cases 1 and 3 above) does not imply that
the connection is authoritative for the added origins (in the sense
of [RFC7540], Section 10.1) on its own; this MUST be established by
some other mechanism.
A client that implements this specification MUST NOT use a connection
for a given origin unless that origin appears in the Origin Set for
the connection, regardless of whether or not it believes that the
connection is authoritative for that origin.
2.2. Processing ORIGIN Frames
The ORIGIN frame is a non-critical extension to HTTP/2. Endpoints
that do not support this frame can safely ignore it upon receipt.
When received by a client, it can be used to inform HTTP/2 connection When received by a client, it can be used to inform HTTP/2 connection
coalescing (see [RFC7540], Section 9.1.1), but does not relax the coalescing (see Section 2.1), but does not relax the requirement
requirement there that the server is authoritative. there that the server is authoritative.
If multiple ORIGIN frames are received on the same connection, only The origin frame MUST be sent on stream 0; an ORIGIN frame on any
the most recent is to be considered current. other stream is invalid and MUST be ignored.
Once an ORIGIN frame has been received and processed, clients that The ORIGIN frame is processed hop-by-hop. An intermediary MUST NOT
implement this specification SHOULD NOT use that connection for a forward ORIGIN frames. Clients configured to use a proxy MUST ignore
given origin if it did not appear within the current ORIGIN frame. any ORIGIN frames received from it.
The ORIGIN frame type is 0xb (decimal 11). The following algorithm illustrates how a client can handle received
ORIGIN frames:
+-------------------------------+-------------------------------+ 1. If the client is configured to use a proxy, ignore the frame and
| Origin-Len (16) | Origin? (*) ... stop processing.
+-------------------------------+-------------------------------+
The ORIGIN frame contains the following fields, sets of which may be 2. If the frame occurs upon any stream except stream 0, ignore the
repeated within the frame to indicate multiple origins: frame and stop processing.
Origin-Len: An unsigned, 16-bit integer indicating the length, in 3. If the CLEAR flag is set, remove all members from the Origin Set.
octets, of the Origin field. Origin: An optional sequence of
characters containing the ASCII serialization of an origin
([RFC6454], Section 6.2) that the sender believes this connection is
authoritative for.
The ORIGIN frame does not define any flags. It can contain one or 4. For each Origin field "origin_raw" in the frame payload:
more Origin-Len/Origin pairs.
The ORIGIN frame is processed hop-by-hop. An intermediary must not 1. Parse "origin_raw" as an ASCII serialization of an origin
forward ORIGIN frames. ([RFC6454], Section 6.2) and let the result be
"parsed_origin".
Clients configured to use a proxy MUST ignore any ORIGIN frames 2. If the REMOVE flag is set, remove any member of the Origin
received from it. Set that is the same as "parsed_origin" (as per [RFC6454],
Section 5), and continue to the next "parsed_origin".
2. Security Considerations 3. Otherwise, add "parsed_origin" to the Origin Set.
3. Security Considerations
Clients that blindly trust the ORIGIN frame's contents will be Clients that blindly trust the ORIGIN frame's contents will be
vulnerable to a large number of attacks; hence the reinforcement that vulnerable to a large number of attacks; hence the reinforcement that
this specification does not relax the requirement for server this specification does not relax the requirement for server
authority in [RFC7540], Section 10.1. authority in [RFC7540], Section 10.1.
3. Normative References 4. Normative References
[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
<http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>. <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.
[RFC6454] Barth, A., "The Web Origin Concept", RFC 6454, [RFC6454] Barth, A., "The Web Origin Concept", RFC 6454,
DOI 10.17487/RFC6454, December 2011, DOI 10.17487/RFC6454, December 2011,
<http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6454>. <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6454>.
skipping to change at page 4, line 16 skipping to change at page 5, line 34
Transfer Protocol Version 2 (HTTP/2)", RFC 7540, Transfer Protocol Version 2 (HTTP/2)", RFC 7540,
DOI 10.17487/RFC7540, May 2015, DOI 10.17487/RFC7540, May 2015,
<http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7540>. <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7540>.
Authors' Addresses Authors' Addresses
Mark Nottingham Mark Nottingham
Akamai Akamai
Email: mnot@mnot.net Email: mnot@mnot.net
URI: http://www.mnot.net/ URI: https://www.mnot.net/
Erik Nygren Erik Nygren
Akamai Akamai
Email: nygren@akamai.com Email: nygren@akamai.com
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