draft-ietf-ipp-lpd-ipp-map-04.txt   draft-ietf-ipp-lpd-ipp-map-05.txt 
INTERNET-DRAFT Robert Herriot (editor) INTERNET-DRAFT Robert Herriot (editor)
Sun Microsystems, Inc. Sun Microsystems, Inc.
draft-ietf-ipp-lpd-ipp-map-04.txt Tom Hastings draft-ietf-ipp-lpd-ipp-map-05.txt Tom Hastings
Xerox Corporation Xerox Corporation
Norm Jacobs Norm Jacobs
Sun Microsystems, Inc. Sun Microsystems, Inc.
Jay Martin Jay Martin
Underscore, Inc. Underscore, Inc.
June 30, 1998 November 16, 1998
Mapping between LPD and IPP Protocols Mapping between LPD and IPP Protocols
Status of this Memo Status of this Memo
This document is an Internet-Draft. Internet-Drafts are working This document is an Internet-Draft. Internet-Drafts are working
documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its areas, and documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its areas, and
its working groups. Note that other groups may also distribute working its working groups. Note that other groups may also distribute working
documents as Internet-Drafts. documents as Internet-Drafts.
skipping to change at page 1, line 33 skipping to change at page 1, line 33
and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference material time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference material
or to cite them other than as "work in progress." or to cite them other than as "work in progress."
To learn the current status of any Internet-Draft, please check the To learn the current status of any Internet-Draft, please check the
"1id-abstracts.txt" listing contained in the Internet-Drafts Shadow "1id-abstracts.txt" listing contained in the Internet-Drafts Shadow
Directories on ftp.is.co.za (Africa), nic.nordu.net (Europe), Directories on ftp.is.co.za (Africa), nic.nordu.net (Europe),
munnari.oz.au (Pacific Rim), ftp.ietf.org (US East Coast), or munnari.oz.au (Pacific Rim), ftp.ietf.org (US East Coast), or
ftp.isi.edu (US West Coast). ftp.isi.edu (US West Coast).
Copyright Notice Copyright (C)The Internet Society (1998). All Rights Reserved.
Copyright (C)The Internet Society (1997). All Rights Reserved.
Abstract Abstract
This document is one of a set of documents, which together describe all This document is one of a set of documents, which together describe all
aspects of a new Internet Printing Protocol (IPP). IPP is an application aspects of a new Internet Printing Protocol (IPP). IPP is an application
level protocol that can be used for distributed printing using Internet level protocol that can be used for distributed printing using Internet
tools and technologies. The protocol is heavily influenced by the tools and technologies. This document gives some advice to implementers
printing model introduced in the Document Printing Application (DPA) of gateways between IPP and LPD (Line Printer Daemon). This document
[ISO10175] standard. Although DPA specifies both end user and describes the mapping between (1) the commands and operands of the 'Line
administrative features, IPP version 1.0 (IPP/1.0) focuses only on end Printer Daemon (LPD) Protocol' specified in RFC 1179 and (2) the
user functionality. operations, operation attributes and job template attributes of the
Internet Printing Protocol/1.0 (IPP). One of the purposes of this
document is to compare the functionality of the two protocols. Another
purpose is to facilitate implementation of gateways between LPD and IPP.
WARNING: RFC 1179 was not on the IETF standards track. While RFC 1179
was intended to record existing practice, it fell short in some areas.
However, this specification maps between (1) the actual current practice
of RFC 1179 and (2) IPP. This document does not attempt to map the
numerous divergent extensions to the LPD protocol that have been made by
many implementers.
Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
The full set of IPP documents includes: The full set of IPP documents includes:
Design Goals for an Internet Printing Protocol [ipp-req] Design Goals for an Internet Printing Protocol [ipp-req]
(informational)
Rationale for the Structure and Model and Protocol for the Internet Rationale for the Structure and Model and Protocol for the Internet
Printing Protocol [ipp-rat] (informational) Printing Protocol [ipp-rat]
Internet Printing Protocol/1.0: Model and Semantics [ipp mod] Internet Printing Protocol/1.0: Model and Semantics [ipp mod]
Internet Printing Protocol/1.0: Encoding and Transport [ipp-pro] Internet Printing Protocol/1.0: Encoding and Transport [ipp-pro]
Jacobs, Martin Expires December 30, 1998 Internet Printing Protocol/1.0: Implementer's Guide [ipp-iig]
Mapping between LPD and IPP Protocols (this document) (informational) Mapping between LPD and IPP Protocols (this document)
The design goals document, "Design Goals for an Internet Printing The document, 'Design Goals for an Internet Printing Protocol', takes a
Protocol", takes a broad look at distributed printing functionality, and broad look at distributed printing functionality, and it enumerates
it enumerates real-life scenarios that help to clarify the features that real-life scenarios that help to clarify the features that need to be
need to be included in a printing protocol for the Internet. It included in a printing protocol for the Internet. It identifies
identifies requirements for three types of users: end users, operators, requirements for three types of users: end users, operators, and
and administrators. The design goals document calls out a subset of end administrators. It calls out a subset of end user requirements that are
user requirements that are satisfied in IPP/1.0. Operator and satisfied in IPP/1.0. Operator and administrator requirements are out of
administrator requirements are out of scope for version 1.0. The scope for version 1.0.
rationale document, "Rationale for the Structure and Model and Protocol
for the Internet Printing Protocol", describes IPP from a high level
view, defines a roadmap for the various documents that form the suite of
IPP specifications, and gives background and rationale for the IETF
working group's major decisions. The document, "Internet Printing
Protocol/1.0: Model and Semantics", describes a simplified model with
abstract objects, their attributes, and their operations. The model
introduces a Printer and a Job. The Job supports multiple documents per
Job. The model document also addresses how security,
internationalization, and directory issues are addressed. The protocol
specification, "Internet Printing Protocol/1.0: Encoding and Transport",
is a formal mapping of the abstract operations and attributes defined in
the model document onto HTTP/1.1. The protocol specification defines the
encoding rules for a new Internet media type called "application/ipp".
The "Mapping between LPD and IPP Protocols" gives some advice to The document, 'Rationale for the Structure and Model and Protocol for
implementors of gateways between IPP and LPD (Line Printer Daemon) the Internet Printing Protocol', describes IPP from a high level view,
implementations. It specifies the mapping between (1) the commands and defines a roadmap for the various documents that form the suite of IPP
operands of the "Line Printer Daemon (LPD) Protocol" specified in RFC specifications, and gives background and rationale for the IETF working
1179 and (2) the operations and parameters of the Internet Printing group's major decisions.
Protocol (IPP). One of the purposes of this document is to compare the
functionality of the two protocols. Another purpose is to facilitate
implementation of gateways between LPD and IPP. This document also
provides an example, which gives additional insight into IPP
WARNING: RFC 1179 was not on standards track. While RFC 1179 was The document, 'Internet Printing Protocol/1.0: Model and Semantics',
intended to record existing practice, it fell short in some areas. describes a simplified model with abstract objects, their attributes,
However, this specification maps between (1) the actual current practice and their operations. It introduces a Printer and a Job object. The Job
of RFC 1179 and (2) IPP. This document does not attempt to map the object supports multiple documents per Job. It also addresses security,
numerous divergent extensions to the LPD protocol that have been made by internationalization, and directory issues.
many implementers.
Jacobs, Martin Expires December 30, 1998 The document, 'Internet Printing Protocol/1.0: Encoding and Transport',
is a formal mapping of the abstract operations and attributes defined in
the model document onto HTTP/1.1. It defines the encoding rules for a
new Internet media type called 'application/ipp'.
This document 'Internet Printing Protocol/1.0: Implementer's Guide',
gives advice to implementers of IPP clients and IPP objects.
Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Introduction .......................................................4 1. Introduction......................................................4
2. Terminology ........................................................4 2. Terminology.......................................................4
3. Mapping from LPD Commands to IPP Operations ........................5 3. Mapping from LPD Commands to IPP Operations.......................5
3.1 Print any waiting jobs............................................5 3.1 Print any waiting jobs..........................................5
3.2 Receive a printer job.............................................5 3.2 Receive a printer job...........................................5
3.2.1 Abort job....................................................6 3.2.1 Abort job....................................................6
3.2.2 Receive control file.........................................7 3.2.2 Receive control file.........................................7
3.2.3 Receive data file............................................7 3.2.3 Receive data file............................................7
3.3 Send queue state (short)..........................................7 3.3 Send queue state (short)........................................8
3.4 Send queue state (long)...........................................9 3.4 Send queue state (long).........................................9
3.5 Remove jobs......................................................10 3.5 Remove jobs....................................................11
4. Mapping of LPD Control File Lines to IPP Parameters ...............11 4. Mapping of LPD Control File Lines to IPP Operation and Job Template
4.1 Required Job Functions...........................................12 Attributes............................................................11
4.2 Optional Job Functions...........................................12 4.1 Required Job Functions.........................................12
4.3 Required Document Functions......................................13 4.2 Optional Job Functions.........................................13
4.4 Recommended Document Functions...................................14 4.3 Required Document Functions....................................13
5. Mapping from IPP operations to LPD commands .......................14 4.4 Recommended Document Functions.................................14
5.1 Print-Job........................................................15 5. Mapping from IPP operations to LPD commands......................14
5.2 Print-URI........................................................16 5.1 Print-Job......................................................15
5.3 Validate-Job.....................................................16 5.2 Print-URI......................................................16
5.4 Create-Job.......................................................16 5.3 Validate-Job...................................................16
5.5 Send-Document....................................................16 5.4 Create-Job.....................................................16
5.6 Send-URI.........................................................17 5.5 Send-Document..................................................17
5.7 Cancel-Job.......................................................17 5.6 Send-URI.......................................................17
5.8 Get-Printer-Attributes...........................................17 5.7 Cancel-Job.....................................................17
5.9 Get-Job-Attributes...............................................17 5.8 Get-Printer-Attributes.........................................17
5.10 Get-Jobs .......................................................18 5.9 Get-Job-Attributes.............................................18
6. Mapping of IPP Parameters to LPD Control File Lines ...............18 5.10 Get-Jobs.....................................................19
6.1 Required Job Functions...........................................19 6. Mapping of IPP Attributes to LPD Control File Lines..............19
6.2 Optional Job Functions...........................................19 6.1 Required Job Functions.........................................20
6.3 Required Document Functions......................................20 6.2 Optional Job Functions.........................................20
7. Security Considerations ...........................................21 6.3 Required Document Functions....................................20
8. References ........................................................21 7. Security Considerations..........................................21
9. Author's Addresses ................................................21 8. References.......................................................21
10.Appendix A: ABNF Syntax for response of Send-queue-state (short) ..22 9. Author's Addresses...............................................23
11.Appendix B: ABNF Syntax for response of Send-queue-state (long) ...22 10. Appendix A: ABNF Syntax for response of Send-queue-state (short).23
12.Appendix C: Unsupported LPD functions .............................23 11. Appendix B: ABNF Syntax for response of Send-queue-state (long)..24
13.Appendix D: Full Copyright Statement ..............................24 12. Appendix C: Unsupported LPD functions............................24
13. Appendix D: Full Copyright Statement.............................25
Jacobs, Martin Expires December 30, 1998 Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
Mapping between the LPD and IPP Protocols Mapping between the LPD and IPP Protocols
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
The reader of this specification is expected to be familiar with the IPP The reader of this specification is expected to be familiar with the IPP
Model and Semantics specification [ipp-mod], the IPP Encoding and Model and Semantics specification [ipp-mod], the IPP Encoding and
Transport [ipp-pro], and the Line Printer Daemon (LPD) protocol Transport [ipp-pro], and the Line Printer Daemon (LPD) protocol
specification [rfc1179] as described in RFC 1179. specification [rfc1179] as described in RFC 1179.
RFC 1179 was written in 1990 in an attempt to document existing LPD RFC 1179 was written in 1990 in an attempt to document existing LPD
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[ipp-mod] for instructions for registration of document-formats with [ipp-mod] for instructions for registration of document-formats with
IANA. IANA lists the registered document-formats as "printer IANA. IANA lists the registered document-formats as "printer
languages". languages".
This document addresses the protocol mapping for both directions: This document addresses the protocol mapping for both directions:
mapping of the LPD protocol to the IPP protocol and mapping of the IPP mapping of the LPD protocol to the IPP protocol and mapping of the IPP
protocol to the LPD protocol. The former is called the "LPD-to-IPP protocol to the LPD protocol. The former is called the "LPD-to-IPP
mapper" and the latter is called the "IPP-to-LPD mapper". mapper" and the latter is called the "IPP-to-LPD mapper".
This document is an informational document that is not on the standards This document is an informational document that is not on the standards
track. It is intended to help implementors of gateways between IPP and track. It is intended to help implementers of gateways between IPP and
LPD. It also provides an example, which gives additional insight into LPD. It also provides an example, which gives additional insight into
IPP. IPP.
2. Terminology 2. Terminology
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", MUSTMUST"SHOULD", "SHOULD The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [abnf]. document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [rfc2119].
RFC 1179 uses the word "command" in two contexts: for over-the-wire Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
operations and for command file functions. This document uses the word
Jacobs, Martin Expires December 30, 1998
"command" for the former and the phrase "functions" for the latter. The RFC 1179 uses the word "command" in two contexts: for over-the-wire
syntax of the LPD commands is given using ABNF [abnf]. operations and for command file functions. This document SHALL use the
word "command" for the former and the phrase "functions" for the latter.
The syntax of the LPD commands is given using ABNF [rfc2234].
The following tokens are used in order to make the syntax more readable: The following tokens are used in order to make the syntax more readable:
LF stands for %x0A (linefeed) LF stands for %x0A (linefeed)
SP stands for %x20. (space) SP stands for %x20. (space)
DIGIT stands for %x30-39 ("0" to "9") DIGIT stands for %x30-39 ("0" to "9")
3. Mapping from LPD Commands to IPP Operations 3. Mapping from LPD Commands to IPP Operations
This section describes the mapping from LPD commands to IPP operations. This section describes the mapping from LPD commands to IPP operations.
Each of the following sub-sections appear as sub-sections of section 5 Each of the following sub-sections appear as sub-sections of section 5
of RFC 1179. of RFC 1179.
The following table summarizes the IPP operation that the mapper uses The following table summarizes the IPP operation that the mapper uses
when it receives an LPD command. Each section below gives more detail. when it receives an LPD command. Each section below gives more detail:
LPD command IPP operation LPD command IPP operation
print-any-waiting-jobs ignore print-any-waiting-jobs ignore
receive-a-printer-job Print-Job or Create-Job/Send-Document receive-a-printer-job Print-Job or Create-Job/Send-Document
send queue state (short Get-Printer-Attributesand Get-Jobs send queue state (short Get-Printer-Attributesand Get-Jobs
or long) or long)
remove-jobs Cancel-Job remove-jobs Cancel-Job
3.1 Print any waiting jobs 3.1 Print any waiting jobs
Command syntax: Command syntax:
print-waiting-jobs = %x01 printer-name LF print-waiting-jobs = %x01 printer-name LF
This command causes the LPD daemon check its queue and print any waiting This command causes the LPD daemon check its queue and print any waiting
jobs. An IPP printer handles waiting jobs without such a nudge. jobs. An IPP printer handles waiting jobs without such a nudge.
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3.1 Print any waiting jobs 3.1 Print any waiting jobs
Command syntax: Command syntax:
print-waiting-jobs = %x01 printer-name LF print-waiting-jobs = %x01 printer-name LF
This command causes the LPD daemon check its queue and print any waiting This command causes the LPD daemon check its queue and print any waiting
jobs. An IPP printer handles waiting jobs without such a nudge. jobs. An IPP printer handles waiting jobs without such a nudge.
If the mapper receives this LPD command, it MUSTMUST ignore it and send If the mapper receives this LPD command, it SHALL ignore it and send no
no IPP operation. IPP operation.
3.2 Receive a printer job 3.2 Receive a printer job
Command syntax: Command syntax:
receive-job = %x02 printer-name LF receive-job = %x02 printer-name LF
The control file and data files mentioned in the following paragraphs The control file and data files mentioned in the following paragraphs
are received via LPD sub-commands that follow this command. Their are received via LPD sub-commands that follow this command. Their
mapping to IPP commands and attributes is described later in this mapping to IPP commands and attributes is described later in this
section. section.
Jacobs, Martin Expires December 30, 1998
The mapper maps the 'Receive a printer job' command to either: The mapper maps the 'Receive a printer job' command to either:
. the Print-Job operation which includes a single data file or Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
. the Create-Job operation followed by one Send-Document @ the Print-Job operation which includes a single data file or
@ the Create-Job operation followed by one Send-Document
operation for each data file. operation for each data file.
If the IPP printer supports both Create-Job and Send-Document, and if a If the IPP printer supports both Create-Job and Send-Document, and if a
job consists of: job consists of:
. a single data file, the mapper SHOULD use the Print-Job @ a single data file, the mapper SHOULD use the Print-Job
operation, but MAY use the Create-Job and Send-Document operation, but MAY use the Create-Job and Send-Document
operations. operations.
. more than one data file, the mapper MUST use Create-Job @ more than one data file, the mapper SHALL use Create-Job
followed by one Send-Document for each received LPD data file. followed by one Send-Document for each received LPD data file.
If the IPP printer does not support both Create-Job and Send-Document, If the IPP printer does not support both Create-Job and Send-Document,
and if a job consists of: and if a job consists of:
. a single data file, the mapper MUST use the PrintJob @ a single data file, the mapper SHALL use the PrintJob
operation. operation.
. more than one data file, the mapper MUST submit each received @ more than one data file, the mapper SHALL submit each received
LPD data file as a separate Print-Job operation (thereby LPD data file as a separate Print-Job operation (thereby
converting a single LPD job into multiple IPP jobs). converting a single LPD job into multiple IPP jobs).
If the mapper uses Create-Job and Send-Document, it MUST send the If the mapper uses Create-Job and Send-Document, it MUST send the
Create-Job operation before it sends any Send-Document operations Create-Job operation before it sends any Send-Document operations
whether the LPD control file, which supplies attributes for Create-Job, whether the LPD control file, which supplies attributes for Create-Job,
arrives before or after all LPD data files. arrives before or after all LPD data files.
NOTE: This specification does not specify how the mapper maps: the LPD NOTE: This specification does not specify how the mapper maps: the LPD
Printer-name operand to the IPP "printer-uri" parameter. Printer-name operand to the IPP "printer-uri" operation attribute.
The following 3 sub-sections gives further details about the mapping The following three sub-sections gives further details about the mapping
from LPD receive-a-printer-job sub-commands. Each of the following from LPD receive-a-printer-job sub-commands. Each of the following sub-
sub-sections appear as sub-sections of section 6 of RFC 1179. sections appear as sub-sections of section 6 of RFC 1179.
3.2.1 Abort job 3.2.1 Abort job
Sub-command syntax: Sub-command syntax:
abort-job = %x1 LF abort-job = %x1 LF
This sub-command of receive-a-printer-job is intended to abort any job This sub-command of receive-a-printer-job is intended to abort any job
transfer in process. transfer in process.
If the mapper receives this sub-command, it MUST cancel the job that it If the mapper receives this sub-command, it SHALL cancel the job that it
is in the process of transmitting. is in the process of transmitting.
If the mapper is in the process of sending a Print-Job or Create-Job If the mapper is in the process of sending a Print-Job or Create-Job
operation, it terminates the job either by closing the connection, or operation, it terminates the job either by closing the connection, or
performing the Cancel-Job operation with the job-uri that it received performing the Cancel-Job operation with the job-uri that it received
from the Print-Job or Create-Job operation. from the Print-Job or Create-Job operation.
Jacobs, Martin Expires December 30, 1998 Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
NOTE: This sub-command is implied if at any time the connection between NOTE: This sub-command is implied if at any time the connection between
the LPD client and server is terminated before an entire print job has the LPD client and server is terminated before an entire print job has
been transferred via an LPD Receive-a-printer-job request. been transferred via an LPD Receive-a-printer-job request.
3.2.2 Receive control file 3.2.2 Receive control file
Sub-command syntax: Sub-command syntax:
receive-control-file = %x2 number-of-bytes SP name-of-control-file LF receive-control-file = %x2 number-of-bytes SP name-of-control-file LF
number-of-bytes = 1*DIGIT number-of-bytes = 1*DIGIT
name-of-control-file = "cfA" job-number client-host-name name-of-control-file = "cfA" job-number client-host-name
; e.g. "cfA123woden" ; e.g. "cfA123woden"
job-number = 3DIGIT job-number = 3DIGIT
client-host-name = <a host name> client-host-name = <a host name>
This sub-command is roughly equivalent to the IPP Create-Job operation. This sub-command is roughly equivalent to the IPP Create-Job operation.
The mapper MUST use the contents of the received LPD control file to The mapper SHALL use the contents of the received LPD control file to
create IPP parameter and attribute values to transmit with the Print-Job create IPP operation attribute and job template attribute values to
or Create-Job operation. transmit with the Print-Job or Create-Job operation.
3.2.3 Receive data file 3.2.3 Receive data file
Sub-command syntax: %x3 number-of-bytes-in-data-file Name-of-data-file Sub-command syntax: %x3 number-of-bytes-in-data-file Name-of-data-file
receive-data-file = %x03 number-of-bytes SP name-of-data-file LF receive-data-file = %x03 number-of-bytes SP name-of-data-file LF
number-of-bytes = 1*DIGIT number-of-bytes = 1*DIGIT
name-of-data-file = "df" letter job-number client-host-name name-of-data-file = "df" letter job-number client-host-name
; e.g. "dfA123woden for the first file ; e.g. "dfA123woden for the first file
letter = %x41-5A / %x61-7A ; "A" to "Z", "a" to "z" letter = %x41-5A / %x61-7A ; "A" to "Z", "a" to "z"
; first file is "A", ; first file is "A",
; second "B", and 52nd file is "z" ; second "B", and 52nd file is "z"
job-number = 3DIGIT job-number = 3DIGIT
client-host-name = <a host name> client-host-name = <a host name>
This sub-command is roughly equivalent to the IPP Send-Document This sub-command is roughly equivalent to the IPP Send-Document
operation. operation.
The mapper MUST use the contents of the received LPD data file as the The mapper SHALL use the contents of the received LPD data file as the
data to transmit with the IPP Print-Job or Send-Document operation. data to transmit with the IPP Print-Job or Send-Document operation.
Although RFC-1179 alludes to a method for passing an unspecified Although RFC-1179 alludes to a method for passing an unspecified
length data file by using an octet-count of zero, no implementations length data file by using an octet-count of zero, no implementations
support this feature.. The mapper MUST reject a job that has a value of support this feature. The mapper SHALL reject a job that has a value of
0 in the number-of-bytes field. 0 in the number-of-bytes field.
Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
3.3 Send queue state (short) 3.3 Send queue state (short)
Command syntax: Command syntax:
send-queue-short = %x03 printer-name *(SP(user-name / job-number)) LF send-queue-short = %x03 printer-name *(SP(user-name / job-number)) LF
Jacobs, Martin Expires December 30, 1998
The mapper's response to this command includes information about the The mapper's response to this command includes information about the
printer and its jobs. RFC 1179 specifies neither the information nor the printer and its jobs. RFC 1179 specifies neither the information nor the
format of its response. This document requires the mapper to follow format of its response. This document requires the mapper to follow
existing practice as specified in this document. existing practice as specified in this document.
The mapper MUST produce a response in the following format which The mapper SHALL produce a response in the following format which
consists of a printer-status line optionally followed by a heading line, consists of a printer-status line optionally followed by a heading line,
and a list of jobs. This format is defined by examples below. Appendix A and a list of jobs. This format is defined by examples below. Appendix A
contains the ABNF syntax. contains the ABNF syntax.
For an printer with no jobs, the response starts in column 1 and is: For an printer with no jobs, the response starts in column 1 and is:
no entries no entries
For a printer with jobs, an example of the response is: For a printer with jobs, an example of the response is:
pinetree is ready and printing killtree is ready and printing
Rank Owner Job Files Total Size Rank Owner Job Files Total Size
active fred 123 stuff 1204 bytes active fred 123 stuff 1204 bytes
1st smith 124 resume, foo 34576 bytes 1st smith 124 resume, foo 34576 bytes
2nd fred 125 more 99 bytes 2nd fred 125 more 99 bytes
3rd mary 126 mydoc 378 bytes 3rd mary 126 mydoc 378 bytes
4th jones 127 statistics.ps 4567 bytes 4th jones 127 statistics.ps 4567 bytes
5th fred 128 data.txt 9 bytes 5th fred 128 data.txt 9 bytes
The column numbers of above headings and job entries are: The column numbers of above headings and job entries are:
| | | | | | | | | |
01 08 19 35 63 01 08 19 35 63
The mapper MUST produce each field above from the following IPP The mapper SHALL produce each field above from the following IPP
attribute: attribute:
LPD field IPP attribute special conversion details LPD field IPP attribute special conversion details
printer- printer-state and For a printer-state of idle or printer- printer-state and For a printer-state of idle or
status printer-state-reasons processing, the mapper MUST use status printer-state-reasons processing, the mapper SHALL use
the formats above. For stopped, the formats above. For stopped,
the mapper MUST use printer-state- the mapper SHALL use printer-
reasons to produce an unspecified state-reasons to produce an
format for the error. unspecified format for the error.
rank number-of- the mapper SHALL the format above
rank number-of- the mapper MUST the format above
intervening-jobs intervening-jobs
owner job-originating-user- unspecified conversion; job- owner job-originating-user- unspecified conversion; job-
name originating-user-name may be the name originating-user-name may be the
mapper's user-name mapper's user-name
job job-id the mapper shall use the job-id
job job-id the mapper MUST use the job-id Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
LPD field IPP attribute special conversion details
files document-name the mapper MUST create a comma files document-name the mapper shall create a comma
separated list of the document- separated list of the document-
names and then truncate this list names and then truncate this list
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LPD field IPP attribute special conversion details
to the first 24 characters to the first 24 characters
total- job-k- the mapper shall multiple the
total- job-k- the mapper MUST multiple the value size octets*copies*1024 value of job-k-octets by 1024 and
size octets*copies*1024 of job-k-octets by 1024 and by the by the value of the "copies"
value of the "copies" attribute. attribute.
A mapper SHOULD use the job attribute number-of-intervening-jobs rather A mapper SHOULD use the job attribute number-of-intervening-jobs rather
than the job's position in a list of jobs to determine `rank' because a than the job's position in a list of jobs to determine 'rank' because a
Printer may omit jobs that it wants to keep secret. If a printer doesn't Printer may omit jobs that it wants to keep secret. If a printer doesn't
support the job attribute number-of-intervening-jobs, a mapper MAY use support the job attribute number-of-intervening-jobs, a mapper MAY use
the job's position. the job's position.
Note: a Printer may set the value of job-originating-user-name to the Note: a Printer may set the value of job-originating-user-name to the
authenticated user or to the value of "requesting-user-name", depending authenticated user or to the value of "requesting-user-name", depending
on the implementation and configuration. For a gateway, the on the implementation and configuration. For a gateway, the
authenticated user is the user-id of the gateway, but the "requesting- authenticated user is the user-id of the gateway, but the "requesting-
user-name" may contain the name of the user who is the gateway's client. user-name" may contain the name of the user who is the gateway's client.
In order to obtain the information specified above, The LPD-to-IPP In order to obtain the information specified above, The LPD-to-IPP
mapper MUST use the Get-Printer-Attributes operation to get printer- mapper SHALL use the Get-Printer-Attributes operation to get printer-
status and SHOULD use the Get-Jobs operation to get information about status and SHOULD use the Get-Jobs operation to get information about
all of the jobs. If the LPD command contains job-numbers or user-names, all of the jobs. If the LPD command contains job-numbers or user-names,
the mapper MAY handle the filtering of the response. If the LPD command the mapper MAY handle the filtering of the response. If the LPD command
contains job-numbers but no user-names, the mapper MAY use Get-Job- contains job-numbers but no user-names, the mapper MAY use Get-Job-
Attributes on each converted job-number rather than Get-Jobs. If the LPD Attributes on each converted job-number rather than Get-Jobs. If the LPD
command contains a single user-name but no job-numbers, the mapper MAY command contains a single user-name but no job-numbers, the mapper MAY
use Get-Jobs with the my-jobs option if the server supports this option use Get-Jobs with the my-jobs option if the server supports this option
and if the server allows the client to be a proxy for the LPD user. and if the server allows the client to be a proxy for the LPD user.
NOTE: This specification does not define how the mapper maps the LPD NOTE: This specification does not define how the mapper maps the LPD
Printer-name operand to the IPP "printer-uri" parameter. Printer-name operand to the IPP "printer-uri" operation attribute.
3.4 Send queue state (long) 3.4 Send queue state (long)
Command syntax: Command syntax:
send-queue-long = %x04 printer-name *(SP(user-name / job-number)) LF send-queue-long = %x04 printer-name *(SP(user-name / job-number)) LF
The mapper's response to this command includes information about the The mapper's response to this command includes information about the
printer and its jobs. RFC 1179 specifies neither the information nor the printer and its jobs. RFC 1179 specifies neither the information nor the
format of its response. This document requires the mapper to follow format of its response. This document requires the mapper to follow
existing practice as specified in this document. existing practice as specified in this document.
The mapper MUST produce a response in the following format which The mapper SHALL produce a response in the following format which
consists of a printer-status line optionally followed a list of jobs, consists of a printer-status line optionally followed a list of jobs,
where each job consists of a blank line, a description line, and one where each job consists of a blank line, a description line, and one
Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
line for each file. The description line contains the user-name, rank, line for each file. The description line contains the user-name, rank,
job-number and host. This format is defined by examples below. Appendix job-number and host. This format is defined by examples below. Appendix
B contain the ABNF syntax. B contain the ABNF syntax.
Jacobs, Martin Expires December 30, 1998
For an printer with no jobs the response is: For an printer with no jobs the response is:
no entries no entries
For a printer with jobs, an example of the response is: For a printer with jobs, an example of the response is:
pinetree is ready and printing killtree is ready and printing
fred: active [job 123 tiger] fred: active [job 123 tiger]
2 copies of stuff 602 bytes 2 copies of stuff 602 bytes
smith: 1st [job 124 snail] smith: 1st [job 124 snail]
2 copies of resume 7088 bytes 2 copies of resume 7088 bytes
2 copies of foo 10200 bytes 2 copies of foo 10200 bytes
fred: 2nd [job 125 tiger] fred: 2nd [job 125 tiger]
more 99 bytes more 99 bytes
skipping to change at page 10, line 43 skipping to change at page 10, line 48
sizes in the "size" field times the value of the "copies" field sizes in the "size" field times the value of the "copies" field
produces the value for the "Total Size" field in the short form. For produces the value for the "Total Size" field in the short form. For
fields other than the host and copies fields, see the preceding section. fields other than the host and copies fields, see the preceding section.
For the host field see the table below. For the host field see the table below.
LPD field IPP attribute special conversion details LPD field IPP attribute special conversion details
host unspecified conversion; job- host unspecified conversion; job-
originating-host may be the originating-host may be the
mapper's host mapper's host
copies copies the mapper shall assume the
copies copies the mapper MUST assume the value value of copies precedes the
of copies precedes the string string "copies of "; otherwise,
"copies of "; otherwise, the the value of copies is 1.
value of copies is 1.
NOTE: This specification does not define how the mapper maps the LPD NOTE: This specification does not define how the mapper maps the LPD
Printer-name operand to the IPP printer-uri parameter. Printer-name operand to the IPP printer-uri operation attribute.
Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
3.5 Remove jobs 3.5 Remove jobs
Command syntax: Command syntax:
Jacobs, Martin Expires December 30, 1998
remove-jobs = %x05 printer-name SP agent remove-jobs = %x05 printer-name SP agent
*(SP(user-name / job-number)) LF *(SP(user-name / job-number)) LF
The agent operand is the user-name of the user initiating the remove- The agent operand is the user-name of the user initiating the remove-
jobs command. The special user-name 'root' indicates a privileged user jobs command. The special user-name 'root' indicates a privileged user
who can remove jobs whose user-name differs from the agent.. who can remove jobs whose user-name differs from the agent..
The mapper MUST issue one Cancel-Job operation for each job referenced The mapper SHALL issue one Cancel-Job operation for each job referenced
by the remove-jobs command. Each job-number in the remove-jobs command by the remove-jobs command. Each job-number in the remove-jobs command
references a single job. Each user-name in the remove-jobs command references a single job. Each user-name in the remove-jobs command
implicitly references all jobs owned by the specified user. The active implicitly references all jobs owned by the specified user. The active
job is implicitly referenced when the remove-jobs command contains job is implicitly referenced when the remove-jobs command contains
neither job-numbers nor user-names. The mapper MAY use Get-Jobs to neither job-numbers nor user-names. The mapper MAY use Get-Jobs to
determine the job-uri of implicitly referenced jobs. determine the job-uri of implicitly referenced jobs.
The mapper MUST not use the agent name of `root' when end-users cancel The mapper SHALL not use the agent name of 'root' when end-users cancel
their own jobs. Violation of this rule creates a potential security their own jobs. Violation of this rule creates a potential security
violation, and it may cause the printer to issue a notification that violation, and it may cause the printer to issue a notification that
misleads a user into thinking that some other person canceled the job. misleads a user into thinking that some other person canceled the job.
If the agent of a remove-jobs command for a job J is the same as the If the agent of a remove-jobs command for a job J is the same as the
user name specified with the `P' function in the control file for job J, user name specified with the 'P' function in the control file for job J,
then the mapper MUST ensure that the caller of the Cancel-Job command then the mapper SHALL ensure that the initiator of the Cancel-Job
for job J is the same as job-originating-user for job J. command for job J is the same as job-originating-user for job J.
Note: This requirement means that a mapper must be consistent in who the Note: This requirement means that a mapper must be consistent in who the
receiver perceives as the caller of IPP operations. The mapper either receiver perceives as the initiator of IPP operations. The mapper either
acts as itself or acts on behalf of another user. The latter is acts as itself or acts on behalf of another user. The latter is
preferable if it is possible. This consistency is necessary between preferable if it is possible. This consistency is necessary between
Print-Job/Create-Job and Cancel-Job in order for Cancel-Job to work, but Print-Job/Create-Job and Cancel-Job in order for Cancel-Job to work, but
it is also desirable for other operations. For example, Get-Jobs may it is also desirable for other operations. For example, Get-Jobs may
give more information about job submitted by the caller of this give more information about job submitted by the initiator of this
operation. operation.
NOTE: This specification does not define how the mapper maps: (1) the NOTE: This specification does not define how the mapper maps: (1) the
LPD printer-name to the IPP "printer-uri" or (2) the LPD job-number to LPD printer-name to the IPP "printer-uri" or (2) the LPD job-number to
the IPP "job-uri". the IPP "job-uri".
NOTE: This specification does not specify how the mapper maps the LPD NOTE: This specification does not specify how the mapper maps the LPD
user-name to the IPP job-originating-user because the mapper may use its user-name to the IPP job-originating-user because the mapper may use its
own user-name with jobs. own user-name with jobs.
4. Mapping of LPD Control File Lines to IPP Parameters 4. Mapping of LPD Control File Lines to IPP Operation and Job Template
Attributes
This section describes the mapping from LPD control file lines (called This section describes the mapping from LPD control file lines (called
`functions') to IPP operation input parameters. The mapper receives the 'functions') to IPP operation attributes and job template attributes.
control file lines via the LPD receive-control-file sub-command.. Each The mapper receives the control file lines via the LPD receive-control-
of the LPD functions appear as sub-sections of section 7 of RFC 1179.
Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
file sub-command.. Each of the LPD functions appear as sub-sections of
section 7 of RFC 1179.
In LPD control file lines, the text operands have a maximum length of 31 In LPD control file lines, the text operands have a maximum length of 31
or 99 while IPP input parameters have a maximum of 255 characters. or 99 while IPP operation attribute and job template attribute values
have a maximum of 255 or 1023 octets, depending on the attribute syntax.
Therefore, no data is lost. Therefore, no data is lost.
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The mapper converts each supported LPD function to its corresponding IPP The mapper converts each supported LPD function to its corresponding IPP
parameter as defined by tables in the subsections that follow. These operation or job template attribute as defined by tables in the
subsections group functions according to whether they are: subsections that follow. These subsections group functions according to
whether they are:
. required with a job, @ required with a job,
. optional with a job @ optional with a job
. required with each document. @ required with each document.
In the tables below, each LPD value is given a name, such as `h'. If an In the tables below, each LPD value is given a name, such as 'h'. If an
IPP value uses the LPD value, then the IPP value column contains the LPD IPP value uses the LPD value, then the IPP value column contains the LPD
name, such as `h' to denote this. Otherwise, the IPP value column name, such as 'h' to denote this. Otherwise, the IPP value column
specifies the literal value. specifies the literal value.
4.1 Required Job Functions 4.1 Required Job Functions
The following LPD functions MUST be in a received LPD job. The mapper The following LPD functions MUST be in a received LPD job. The mapper
MUST receive each of the following LPD functions and MUST include the SHALL receive each of the following LPD functions and SHALL include the
information as a parameter with each IPP job. The functions SHOULD be in information as a operation or job template attribute with each IPP job.
the order `H', `P' and they SHOULD be the first two functions in the The functions SHOULD be in the order 'H', 'P' and they SHOULD be the
control file, but they MAY be anywhere in the control file and in any first two functions in the control file, but they MAY be anywhere in the
order. control file and in any order:
LPD function IPP LPD function IPP
name value description name value name value description name value
H h Originating Host h (in security layer) H h Originating Host h (in security layer)
P u User identification requesting- u (and in security P u User identification requesting- u (and in security
user-name layer) user-name layer)
none ipp- 'true'
none ipp- `true'
attribute- attribute-
fidelity fidelity
A mapper MAY sends its own host rather than the client's host, and a A mapper MAY sen. its own host rather than the client's host, and a
mapper MAY send its own user-name as user identification rather than the mapper MAY send its own user-name as user identification rather than the
client user. But in any case, the values sent MUST be compatible with client user. But in any case, the values sent SHALL be compatible with
the Cancel-Job operation. The IPP operation MAY have no way to specify the Cancel-Job operation. The IPP operation MAY have no way to specify
an originating host-name. an originating host-name.
The mapper MUST include ipp-attribute-fidelity =true so that it doesn't The mapper SHALL include ipp-attribute-fidelity = true so that it
have to determine which attributes a printer supports. doesn't have to determine which attributes a printer supports.
4.2 Optional Job Functions Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
The following LPD functions MAY be in a received job. These function 4.2 Optional Job Functions
SHOULD follow the required job functions and precede the document
functions, but they MAY be anywhere in the control file.
Jacobs, Martin Expires December 30, 1998 The following LPD functions MAY be present in a received job. These
function SHOULD follow the required job functions and precede the
document functions, but they MAY be anywhere in the control file.
If the mapper receives such an LPD function, the mapper MUST include the If the mapper receives such an LPD function, the mapper SHALL include
corresponding IPP attribute with the value converted as specified in the the corresponding IPP attribute with the value converted as specified in
table below. If the mapper does not receive such an LPD attribute, the the table below. If the mapper does not receive such an LPD attribute,
mapper MUST NOT include the corresponding IPP attribute, except the `L' the mapper SHALL NOT include the corresponding IPP attribute, except the
LPD function whose absence has a special meaning as noted in the table. 'L' LPD function whose absence has a special meaning as noted in the
table.
LPD function IPP LPD function IPP
name value description name value name value description name value
J j Job name for job-name j J j Job name for job-name j
banner page banner page
L l Print banner page job-sheets 'standard' if 'L' is
L l Print banner page job-sheets `standard' if `L' is
present present
'none' if 'L' is present
`none' if `L' is present
M m Mail When Printed IPP has no notification M m Mail When Printed IPP has no notification
mechanism. To support mechanism. To support
this LPD feature, the this LPD feature, the
gateway must poll gateway must poll using
the Get-Job-Attributes
operation.
.
4.3 Required Document Functions 4.3 Required Document Functions
The mapper MUST receive one set of the required document functions with The mapper SHALL receive one set of the required document functions with
each copy of a document, and MUST include the converted information as each copy of a document, and SHALL include the converted information as
parameters with each IPP document operation or job template attributes with each IPP document.
If the control file contains required and recommended document If the control file contains required and recommended document
functions, the required functions SHOULD precede the recommended ones functions, the required functions SHOULD precede the recommended ones
and if the job contains multiple documents, all the functions for each and if the job contains multiple documents, all the functions for each
document are grouped together as shown in the example of section 6.3 document are grouped together as shown in the example of section 6.3
"Required Document Functions". However, the document functions MAY be in "Required Document Functions". However, the document functions MAY be in
any order. any order.
LPD function IPP LPD function IPP
name valu description name value
name value description name value e
f fff Print formatted document-format 'application/octet- f fff Print formatted document-format 'application/octet-
file stream' file stream'
l fff Print file leaving document-format 'application/octet- l fff Print file leaving document-format 'application/octet-
control characters stream' control characters stream'
o fff Print Postscript document-format 'application/ Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
output file PostScript'
LPD function (cont.) IPP
o fff Print Postscript document-format 'application/PostScri
output file pt'
copies see note copies see note
Jacobs, Martin Expires December 30, 1998 Note: In practice, the 'f' LPD function is often overloaded. It is often
Note: In practice, the `f' LPD function is often overloaded. It is often
used with any format of document data including PostScript and PCL data. used with any format of document data including PostScript and PCL data.
Note: In practice, the `l' LPD function is often used as a rough Note: In practice, the 'l' LPD function is often used as a rough
equivalent to the `f' function. equivalent to the 'f' function.
Note: When RFC 1179 was written, no implementation supported the `o' Note: When RFC 1179 was written, no implementation supported the 'o'
function; instead `f' was used for PostScript. Windows NT now sends `o' function; instead 'f' was used for PostScript. Windows NT now sends 'o'
function for a PostScript file. function for a PostScript file.
Note: the value `fff' of the `f', `l' and `o' functions is the name of Note: the value 'fff' of the 'f', 'l' and 'o' functions is the name of
the data file as transferred, e.g. "dfA123woden". the data file as transferred, e.g. "dfA123woden".
If the mapper receives any other lower case letter, the mapper MUST If the mapper receives any other lower case letter, the mapper SHALL
reject the job because the document contains a format that the mapper reject the job because the document contains a format that the mapper
does not support. does not support.
The mapper determines the number of copies by counting the number of The mapper determines the number of copies by counting the number of
occurrences of each `fff' file with one of the lower-case functions occurrences of each 'fff' file with one of the lower-case functions
above. For example, if `f dfA123woden' occurs 4 times, then copies has a above. For example, if 'f dfA123woden' occurs 4 times, then copies has a
value of 4. Although the LPD protocol allows the value of copies to be value of 4. Although the LPD protocol allows the value of copies to be
different for each document, the commands and the receiving print different for each document, the commands and the receiving print
systems don't support this. systems don't support this.
4.4 Recommended Document Functions 4.4 Recommended Document Functions
The mapper SHOULD receive one set of the recommended document functions The mapper SHOULD receive one set of the recommended document functions
with each document, and SHOULD include the converted information as with each document, and SHOULD include the converted information as an
parameters with each IPP document. The functions SHOULD be received in operation or job template attribute with each IPP document. The
the order `U' and `N', but they MAY arrive in any order. functions SHOULD be received in the order 'U' and 'N', but they MAY
arrive in any order.
LPD function IPP LPD function IPP
name value description name value name value description name value
U fff ignored U fff ignored
N n Name of source file document-name n N n Name of source file document-name n
Note: the value `fff' of the `U' function is the name of the data file Note: the value 'fff' of the 'U' function is the name of the data file
as transferred, e.g. "dfA123woden". as transferred, e.g. "dfA123woden".
5. Mapping from IPP operations to LPD commands 5. Mapping from IPP operations to LPD commands
If the IPP-to-LPD mapper receives an IPP operation, the following table If the IPP-to-LPD mapper receives an IPP operation, the following table
summarizes the LPD command that it uses. Each section below gives the summarizes the LPD command that it uses. Each section below gives the
Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
detail. Each of the following sub-sections appear as sub-sections of detail. Each of the following sub-sections appear as sub-sections of
section 3 in the document "Internet Printing Protocol/1.0: Model and section 3 in the document "Internet Printing Protocol/1.0: Model and
Semantics" [ipp-mod]. Semantics" [ipp-mod].
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IPP operation LPD command IPP operation LPD command
Print-Job or Print-URI or receive-a-printer-job Print-Job or Print-URI or receive-a-printer-job
Create-Job/Send-Document/Send-URI and then print-any-waiting-jobs Create-Job/Send-Document/Send-URI and then print-any-waiting-jobs
Validate-Job implemented by the mapper Validate-Job implemented by the mapper
Cancel-Job remove-jobs Cancel-Job remove-jobs
Get-Printer-Attributes, Get-Job- send queue state (short or long) Get-Printer-Attributes, Get-Job- send queue state (short or long)
Attributes or Get-Jobs Attributes or Get-Jobs
5.1 Print-Job 5.1 Print-Job
The mapper MUST send the following commands in the order listed below: The mapper SHALL send the following commands in the order listed below:
. receive-a-printer-job command @ receive-a-printer-job command
. both receive-control-file sub-command and receive-data-file @ both receive-control-file sub-command and receive-data-file
sub-command sub-command
(unspecified order, see Note below) (unspecified order, see Note below)
. print-any-waiting-jobs command, @ print-any-waiting-jobs command,
except that if the mapper is sending a sequence of receive-a- except that if the mapper is sending a sequence of receive-a-
printer-job commands, it MAY omit sending print-any-waiting- printer-job commands, it MAY omit sending print-any-waiting-
jobs after any receive-a printer-job command that is neither jobs after any receive-a printer-job command that is neither
the first nor last command in this sequence the first nor last command in this sequence
Note: it is recommended that the order of the receive-control-file sub- Note: it is recommended that the order of the receive-control-file sub-
command and the receive-data-file sub-command be configurable because command and the receive-data-file sub-command be configurable because
either order fails for some print systems. Some print systems assume either order fails for some print systems. Some print systems assume
that the control file follows all data files and start printing that the control file follows all data files and start printing
immediately on receipt of the control file. When such a print system immediately on receipt of the control file. When such a print system
tries to print a data file that has not arrived, it produces an error. tries to print a data file that has not arrived, it produces an error.
Other print systems assume that the control file arrives before the data Other print systems assume that the control file arrives before the data
files and start printing when the first data file arrives. Such a system files and start printing when the first data file arrives. Such a system
ignores the control information, such as banner page or copies. ignores the control information, such as banner page or copies.
NOTE: This specification does not define the mapping between the IPP NOTE: This specification does not define the mapping between the IPP
printer-uri and the LPD printer-name. printer-uri and the LPD printer-name.
The mapper MUST send the IPP parameters and attributes received from the The mapper SHALL send the IPP operation attributes and job template
operation to the LPD printer by using the LPD receive-control-file sub- attributes received from the operation to the LPD printer by using the
command. The mapper MUST create the LPD job-number for use in the LPD receive-control-file sub-command. The mapper SHALL create the LPD
control file name, but the receiving printer MAY, in some circumstances, job-number for use in the control file name, but the receiving printer
assign a different job-number to the job. The mapper MUST create the IPP MAY, in some circumstances, assign a different job-number to the job.
job-id and IPP job-uri returned in the Print-Job response. The mapper SHALL create the IPP job-id and IPP job-uri returned in the
Print-Job response.
NOTE: This specification does not specify how the mapper determines the NOTE: This specification does not specify how the mapper determines the
LPD job-number, the IPP job-id or the IPP job-uri of a job that it LPD job-number, the IPP job-id or the IPP job-uri of a job that it
creates nor does it specify the relation ship between the IPP job-uri, creates nor does it specify the relation ship between the IPP job-uri,
IPP the job-id and the LPD job-number, both of which the mapper creates. IPP the job-id and the LPD job-number, both of which the mapper creates.
However, it is likely that the mapper will use the same integer value However, it is likely that the mapper will use the same integer value
Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
for both theLPD job-number and the IPP job-id, and that the IPP Job-uri for both theLPD job-number and the IPP job-id, and that the IPP Job-uri
is the printer's URI with the job-id concatenated on the end. is the printer's URI with the job-id concatenated on the end.
Jacobs, Martin Expires December 30, 1998
The mapper MUST send data received in the IPP operation to the LPD The mapper SHALL send data received in the IPP operation to the LPD
printer by using the LPD receive-data-file sub-command. The mapper MUST printer by using the LPD receive-data-file sub-command. The mapper SHALL
specify the exact number of bytes being transmitted in the number-of- specify the exact number of bytes being transmitted in the number-of-
bytes field of the receive-data-file sub-command. It MUST NOT use a bytes field of the receive-data-file sub-command. It SHALL NOT use a
value of 0 in this field. value of 0 in this field.
If the mapper, while it is transmitting a receive-a-printer-job command If the mapper, while it is transmitting a receive-a-printer-job command
or sub-command, either detects that its IPP connection has closed or or sub-command, either detects that its IPP connection has closed or
receives a Cancel-Job operation, the mapper MUST terminate the LPD job receives a Cancel-Job operation, the mapper SHALL terminate the LPD job
either with the abort sub-command or the remove-jobs command. either with the abort sub-command or the remove-jobs command.
Error code conversion is not specified in this document.. This document does not address error code conversion.
5.2 Print-URI 5.2 Print-URI
The mapper MUST handle this operation in the same way as a Print-Job The mapper SHALL handle this operation in the same way as a Print-Job
operation except that it MUST obtain data referenced by the "document- operation except that it SHALL obtain data referenced by the "document-
uri" parameter and MUST then treat that data as if it had been received uri" operation attribute and SHALL then treat that data as if it had
via a Print-Job operation. been received via a Print-Job operation.
5.3 Validate-Job 5.3 Validate-Job
The mapper MUST perform this operation directly. Because LPD supports The mapper SHALL perform this operation directly. Because LPD supports
very few attributes, this operation doesn't have much to check. very few attributes, this operation doesn't have much to check.
5.4 Create-Job 5.4 Create-Job
The mapper MUST handle this operation like Print-Job, except The mapper SHALL handle this operation like Print-Job, except:
. the mapper MUST send the control file after it has received @ the mapper SHALL send the control file after it has received
the last Send-Document or Send-URI operation because the the last Send-Document or Send-URI operation because the
control file contains all the document-name and document- control file contains all the document-name and document-
format values specified in the Send-Document and Send-URI format values specified in the Send-Document and Send-URI
operations. operations.
. the mapper MUST perform one receive-data-file sub-command for @ the mapper SHALL perform one receive-data-file sub-command for
each Send-Document or Send-URI operation received and in the each Send-Document or Send-URI operation received and in the
same order received. same order received.
. the mapper MUST send the control file either before all data @ the mapper SHALL send the control file either before all data
files or after all data files. files or after all data files.
(See the note in the section on Print-Job about the dilemma of (See the note in the section on Print-Job about the dilemma of
sending the control file either before or after the data sending the control file either before or after the data
files. files.
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5.5 Send-Document 5.5 Send-Document
The mapper performs a receive-data-file sub-command on the received The mapper performs a receive-data-file sub-command on the received
data. See the preceding section 5.4 "Create-Job" for the details. data. See the preceding section 5.4 "Create-Job" for the details.
Jacobs, Martin Expires December 30, 1998
5.6 Send-URI 5.6 Send-URI
The mapper MUST obtain the data referenced by the "document-uri" The mapper SHALL obtain the data referenced by the "document-uri"
parameter, and MUST then treat that data as if it had been received via operation attribute, and SHALL then treat that data as if it had been
a Send-Document operation. See the preceding section 5.5 "Send-Document" received via a Send-Document operation. See the preceding section 5.5
for the details. "Send-Document" for the details.
5.7 Cancel-Job 5.7 Cancel-Job
The mapper MUST perform a remove-jobs command with the following The mapper SHALL perform a remove-jobs command with the following
parameters: operation attributes:
. the printer is the one to which the job was submitted, that is @ the printer is the one to which the job was submitted, that is
the IPP printer-uri is mapped to an LPD printer-name by the the IPP printer-uri is mapped to an LPD printer-name by the
same mechanism as for all commands. same mechanism as for all commands
. the agent is the authenticated user-name of the IPP client, @ the agent is the authenticated user-name of the IPP client
. the job-number is the job-id returned by the Print-Job @ the job-number is the job-id returned by the Print-Job
command, that is, the LPD job-number has the same value as the command, that is, the LPD job-number has the same value as the
IPP job-id for likely implementations. IPP job-id for likely implementations
5.8 Get-Printer-Attributes 5.8 Get-Printer-Attributes
LPD severely limits the set of attributes that the mapper is able to LPD severely limits the set of attributes that the mapper is able to
return in its response for this operation. The mapper MUST support, at return in its response for this operation. The mapper SHALL support, at
most, the following printer attributes: most, the following printer attributes:
. printer-state @ printer-state
. printer-state-reasons @ printer-state-reasons
The mapper uses either the long or short form of the "send queue state" The mapper uses either the long or short form of the "send queue state"
command. command.
The mapper MUST assume that the LPD response that it receives has the The mapper SHALL assume that the LPD response that it receives has the
format and information specified in section 3.3 "Send queue state format and information specified in section 3.3 "
(short)" and section 3.4 "Send queue state (long)". The mapper MUST
determine the value of each requested attribute by using the inverse of Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
the mapping specified in the two aforementioned sections.
Send queue state (short)" and section 3.4 "Send queue state (long)".
The mapper SHALL determine the value of each requested attribute by
using the inverse of the mapping specified in the two aforementioned
sections.
Note: the mapper can determine the response from the printer-status line Note: the mapper can determine the response from the printer-status line
without examining the rest of the LPD response. without examining the rest of the LPD response.
5.9 Get-Job-Attributes 5.9 Get-Job-Attributes
LPD severely limits the set of attributes that the mapper is able to LPD severely limits the set of attributes that the mapper is able to
return in its response for this operation. The mapper MUST support, at return in its response for this operation. The mapper SHALL support, at
most, the following job attributes: most, the following job attributes:
. number-of-intervening-jobs @ number-of-intervening-jobs
. job-originating-user-name @ job-originating-user-name
. job-id @ job-id
. document-name @ document-name
Jacobs, Martin Expires December 30, 1998 @ job-k-octets
. job-k-octets @ copies
. copies
The mapper uses either the long or short form of the "send queue state" The mapper uses either the long or short form of the "send queue state"
command. If it receives a request for the "job-k-octets" or "copies" command. If it receives a request for the "job-k-octets" or "copies"
and supports the attribute it MUST use the long form; otherwise, it MUST and supports the attribute it SHALL use the long form; otherwise, it
use the short form. SHALL use the short form.
Note: the value of job-k-octets is the value in the short form divided Note: the value of job-k-octets is the value in the short form divided
by the number of "copies" which is on the long form only. Its value can by the number of "copies" which is on the long form only. Its value can
also be determined by adding the "size" field values for each document also be determined by adding the "size" field values for each document
in the job in the long form. in the job in the long form.
The mapper MUST assume that the LPD response that it receives has the The mapper SHALL assume that the LPD response that it receives has the
format and information specified in section 3.3 "Send queue state format and information specified in section 3.3 "
(short)" and section 3.4 "Send queue state (long)". The mapper MUST
determine the value of each requested attribute by using the inverse of Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
the mapping specified in the two aforementioned sections.
Send queue state (short)" and section 3.4 "Send queue state (long)".
The mapper SHALL determine the value of each requested attribute by
using the inverse of the mapping specified in the two aforementioned
sections.
Note: when the mapper uses the LPD short form, it can determine the Note: when the mapper uses the LPD short form, it can determine the
response from the single LPD line that pertains to the job specified by response from the single LPD line that pertains to the job specified by
the Get-Job-Attributes operation. the Get-Job-Attributes operation.
NOTE: the mapper can use its correspondence between the IPP job-id, job- Note: the mapper can use its correspondence between the IPP job-id, job-
uri and the LPD job-number. uri and the LPD job-number.
5.10 Get-Jobs 5.10 Get-Jobs
The mapper MUST perform this operation in the same way as Get-Job- The mapper SHALL perform this operation in the same way as Get-Job-
Attributes except that the mapper converts all the LPD job-lines, and Attributes except that the mapper converts all the LPD job-lines, and
the IPP response contains one job object for each job-line in the LPD the IPP response contains one job object for each job-line in the LPD
response.. response.
6. Mapping of IPP Parameters to LPD Control File Lines 6. Mapping of IPP Attributes to LPD Control File Lines
This section describes the mapping from IPP operation input parameters This section describes the mapping from IPP operation attributes and job
to LPD control file lines (called `functions'). The mapper receives the template attributes to LPD control file lines (called 'functions'). The
IPP operation input parameters via the IPP operation. Each of the IPP mapper receives the IPP operation attributes and job template atributes
operation input parameters appear as sub-sections of section 3 and 4.2 via the IPP operation. Each of the IPP operation attributes and job
in the IPP model document [ipp-mod]. template attributes appear as sub-sections of section 3 and 4.2 in the
IPP model document [ipp-mod].
In the context of LPD control file lines, the text operands have a In the context of LPD control file lines, the text operands have a
maximum length of 31 or 99 while IPP input parameters have a maximum of maximum length of 31 or 99 while IPP operation attributes and job
255 characters. Therefore, there may be some data loss if the IPP template attributes have a maximum of 255 or 1023 octets, depending on
parameters exceed the maximum length of the LPD equivalent operands. the attribute syntax. Therefore, there may be some data loss if the IPP
operation attribute and job template attribute values exceed the maximum
length of the LPD equivalent operands.
The mapper converts each supported IPP parameter to its corresponding The mapper converts each supported IPP operation attribute and job
LPD function as defined by tables in the subsections that follow. These template attribute to its corresponding LPD function as defined by
subsections group functions according to whether they are: tables in the subsections that follow. These subsections group functions
according to whether they are:
. required with a job, @ required with a job,
. optional with a job @ optional with a job
Jacobs, Martin Expires December 30, 1998 @ required with each document.
. required with each document.
In the tables below, each IPP value is given a name, such as `h'. If an In the tables below, each IPP value is given a name, such as 'h'. If an
LPD value uses the IPP value, then the LPD value column contains the IPP LPD value uses the IPP value, then the LPD value column contains the IPP
name, such as `h' to denote this. Otherwise, the LPD value column name, such as 'h' to denote this. Otherwise, the LPD value column
specifies the literal value. specifies the literal value.
Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
6.1 Required Job Functions 6.1 Required Job Functions
The mapper MUST include the following LPD functions with each job, and The mapper SHALL include the following LPD functions with each job, and
they MUST have the specified value. They MUST be the first functions in they SHALL have the specified value. They SHALL be the first functions
the control file and they MUST be in the order "H" and then "P". in the control file and they SHALL be in the order "H" and then "P".
IPP LPD function IPP LPD function
name value name value description name value name value description
(perhaps in security h H gateway host Originating Host (perhaps in security h H gateway host Originating Host
layer) layer)
requesting-user-name u P u User identification requesting-user-name u P u User identification
and in the security and in the security
layer layer
A mapper MUST sends its own host rather than the client's host, because A mapper SHALL sends its own host rather than the client's host, because
some LPD systems require that it be the same as the host from which the some LPD systems require that it be the same as the host from which the
remove-jobs command comes. A mapper MAY send its own user name as user remove-jobs command comes. A mapper MAY send its own user name as user
identification rather than the client user. But in any case, the values identification rather than the client user. But in any case, the values
sent MUST be compatible with the LPD remove-jobs operation. sent SHALL be compatible with the LPD remove-jobs operation.
6.2 Optional Job Functions 6.2 Optional Job Functions
The mapper MAY include the following LPD functions with each job. They The mapper MAY include the following LPD functions with each job. They
MUST have the specified value if they are sent. These functions, if SHALL have the specified value if they are sent. These functions, if
present, MUST follow the require job functions, and they MUST precede present, SHALL follow the require job functions, and they SHALL precede
the required document functions. the required document functions.
IPP attribute LPD function IPP attribute LPD function
name value nam value description
name value name value description e
job-name j J j Job name for banner job-name j J j Job name for banner
page page
job-sheets 'standard' L u Print banner page
job-sheets `standard' L u Print banner page job-sheets 'none' omit 'L' function
Note: 'L' has special meaning when it is omitted. If 'J' is omitted,
job-sheets `none' omit `L' function
Note: `L' has special meaning when it is omitted. If `J' is omitted,
some undefined behavior occurs with respect to the banner page. some undefined behavior occurs with respect to the banner page.
Jacobs, Martin Expires December 30, 1998
6.3 Required Document Functions 6.3 Required Document Functions
The mapper MUST include one set of the following LPD functions with The mapper SHALL include one set of the following LPD functions with
each document, and they MUST have the specified values. For each each document, and they SHALL have the specified values. For each
document, the order of the functions MUST be `f', `U' and then `N', document, the order of the functions SHALL be 'f', 'U' and then 'N',
where `f' is replicated once for each copy. where 'f' is replicated once for each copy.
IPP attribute LPD function IPP attribute LPD function
Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
name value name value description name value name value description
document- 'application/octet- f fff Print formatted file document- 'application/octet- f fff Print formatted file
format stream' or format stream' or
'application/PostScript' 'application/PostScrip
t'
copies c replicate `f' `c' copies c replicate 'f' 'c'
times times
none U fff Unlink data file none U fff Unlink data file
document- n N n Name of source file document- n N n Name of source file
name name
Note: the value `fff' of the `f' and `U' functions is the name of the Note: the value 'fff' of the 'f' and 'U' functions is the name of the
data file as transferred, e.g. "dfA123woden". data file as transferred, e.g. "dfA123woden".
Note: the mapper MUST NOT send the `o' function Note: the mapper SHALL not send the 'o' function
ISSUE: should we register DVI, troff or ditroff? ISSUE: should we register DVI, troff or ditroff?
If the mapper receives no "ipp-attribute-fidelitybest-effort" or it has If the mapper receives no "ipp-attribute-fidelitybest-effort" or it has
a value of false, then the mapper MUST reject the job if it specifies a value of false, then the mapper SHALL reject the job if it specifies
attributes or attribute values that are not among those supported in the attributes or attribute values that are not among those supported in the
above tables. above tables.
Below is an example of the minimal control file for a job with three Below is an example of the minimal control file for a job with three
copies of two files `foo' and `bar': copies of two files 'foo' and 'bar':
H tiger H tiger
P jones P jones
f dfA123woden f dfA123woden
f dfA123woden f dfA123woden
f dfA123woden f dfA123woden
U dfA123woden U dfA123woden
N foo N foo
f dfB123woden f dfB123woden
f dfB123woden f dfB123woden
f dfB123woden f dfB123woden
U dfB123woden U dfB123woden
N bar N bar
Jacobs, Martin Expires December 30, 1998
7. Security Considerations 7. Security Considerations
There are no security issues beyond those covered in the IPP Encoding There are no security issues beyond those covered in the IPP Encoding
and Transport document [ipp-pro], the IPP model document [ipp-mod] and and Transport document [ipp-pro], the IPP model document [ipp-mod] and
the LPD document [rfc1179]. the LPD document [rfc1179].
8. References 8. References
[ipp-lpd] Herriot, R., Hastings, T., Jacobs, N., Martin, J., "Mapping [ipp-iig] Hasting, Tom, et al., "Internet Printing Protocol/1.0:
between LPD and IPP Protocols", draft-ietf-ipp-lpd-ipp-map- Implementer's Guide", draft-ietf-ipp-implementers-guide-00.txt,
04.txt, June 1998. November 1998
[ipp-mod] Isaacson, S., deBry, R., Hastings, T., Herriot, R., Powell, Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
P., "Internet Printing Protocol/1.0: Model and Semantics" draft-
ietf-ipp-mod-10.txt, June, 1998. [ipp-mod] R. deBry, T. Hastings, R. Herriot, S. Isaacson, P. Powell,
"Internet Printing Protocol/1.0: Model and Semantics", <draft-
ietf-ipp-model-11.txt>, November, 1998.
[ipp-pro] Herriot, R., Butler, S., Moore, P., Tuner, R., "Internet [ipp-pro] Herriot, R., Butler, S., Moore, P., Tuner, R., "Internet
Printing Protocol/1.0: Encoding and Transport", draft-ietf-ipp- Printing Protocol/1.0: Encoding and Transport", draft-ietf-ipp-
pro-06.txt, June, 1998. pro-07.txt, November 1998.
[ipp-rat] Zilles, S., "Rationale for the Structure and Model and [ipp-rat] Zilles, S., "Rationale for the Structure and Model and
Protocol for the Internet Printing Protocol", draft-ietf-ipp- Protocol for the Internet Printing Protocol", draft-ietf-ipp-
rat-03.txt, June, 1998. rat-04.txt, November 1998.
[ipp-req] Wright, D., "Design Goals for an Internet Printing [ipp-req] Wright, D., "Design Goals for an Internet Printing
Protocol", draft-ietf-ipp-req-02.txt, June, 1998. Protocol", draft-ietf-ipp-req-03.txt, November, 1998.
[rfc1179] L. McLaughlin, "Line Printer Daemon Protocol", RFC 1179, [rfc1179] L. McLaughlin, "Line Printer Daemon Protocol", RFC 1179,
August 1990. August 1990.
[rfc1759] Smith, R., Wright, F., Hastings, T., Zilles, S., and [rfc1759] Smith, R., Wright, F., Hastings, T., Zilles, S., and
Gyllenskog, J., "Printer MIB", RFC 1759, March 1995. Gyllenskog, J., "Printer MIB", RFC 1759, March 1995.
[rfc2119] S. Bradner, "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate [rfc2119] S. Bradner, "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
Requirement Levels", RFC 2119 , March 1997 Requirement Levels", RFC 2119 , March 1997
[abnf] D. Crocker et al., "Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: [rec2234] D. Crocker et al., "Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications:
ABNF", draft-ietf-drums-abnf-05.txt. ABNF", RFC 2234, November 1997.
Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
9. Author's Addresses 9. Author's Addresses
Robert Herriot (editor) Norm Jacobs Robert Herriot (editor) Norm Jacobs
Sun Microsystems Inc. Sun Microsystems Inc. Sun Microsystems Inc. Sun Microsystems Inc.
901 San Antonio.Road., MPK-17 1430 Owl Ridge Rd. 901 San Antonio.Road., MPK-17 1430 Owl Ridge Rd.
Mountain View, CA 94043 Colorado Springs, CO 80919 Mountain View, CA 94043 Colorado Springs, CO 80919
Phone: 650-786-8995 Phone: 719-532-9927 Phone: 650-786-8995 Phone: 719-532-9927
Fax: 650-786-7077 Fax: 719-535-0956 Fax: 650-786-7077 Fax: 719-535-0956
Email: robert.herriot@eng.sun.com Email: Email: robert.herriot@eng.sun.com Email:
Norm.Jacobs@Central.sun.com Norm.Jacobs@Central.sun.com
Thomas N. Hastings Jay Martin Thomas N. Hastings Jay Martin
Jacobs, Martin Expires December 30, 1998
Xerox Corporation Underscore, Inc. Xerox Corporation Underscore, Inc.
701 S. Aviation Blvd., ESAE-231 41-C Sagamore Park Road 701 S. Aviation Blvd., ESAE-231 41-C Sagamore Park Road
El Segundo, CA 90245 Hudson, NH 03051-4915 El Segundo, CA 90245 Hudson, NH 03051-4915
Phone: 310-333-6413 Phone: 603-889-7000 Phone: 310-333-6413 Phone: 603-889-7000
Fax: 310-333-5514 Fax: 603-889-2699 Fax: 310-333-5514 Fax: 603-889-2699
EMail: hastings@cp10.es.xerox.com Email: jkm@underscore.com EMail: hastings@cp10.es.xerox.com Email: jkm@underscore.com
10. Appendix A: ABNF Syntax for response of Send-queue-state (short) 10. Appendix A: ABNF Syntax for response of Send-queue-state (short)
The syntax in ABNF for the response to the LPD command `send-queue-state The syntax in ABNF for the response to the LPD command 'send-queue-state
(long)' is: (long)' is:
status-response = empty-queue / nonempty-queue status-response = empty-queue / nonempty-queue
empty-queue = "no-entries" LF empty-queue = "no-entries" LF
nonempty-queue = printer-status LF heading LF *(job LF) nonempty-queue = printer-status LF heading LF *(job LF)
printer-status = OK-status / error-status printer-status = OK-status / error-status
OK-status = printer-name SP "ready and printing" LF OK-status = printer-name SP "ready and printing" LF
error-status = < implementation dependent status information > error-status = < implementation dependent status information >
heading = "Rank" 3SP "Owner" 6SP "Job" 13SP "Files" heading = "Rank" 3SP "Owner" 6SP "Job" 13SP "Files"
23SP "Total Size" LF 23SP "Total Size" LF
skipping to change at page 22, line 40 skipping to change at page 24, line 5
job = rank *SP owner *SP job *SP files *SP total-size "bytes" job = rank *SP owner *SP job *SP files *SP total-size "bytes"
; jobs are in order of oldest to newest ; jobs are in order of oldest to newest
rank = "active" / "1st" / "2nd" / "3rd" / integer "th" rank = "active" / "1st" / "2nd" / "3rd" / integer "th"
; job that is printing is "active" ; job that is printing is "active"
; other values show position in the queue ; other values show position in the queue
owner = <user name of person who submitted the job> owner = <user name of person who submitted the job>
job = 1*3DIGIT ; job-number job = 1*3DIGIT ; job-number
files = <file name> *( "," <file name>) ; truncated to 24 characters files = <file name> *( "," <file name>) ; truncated to 24 characters
total-size = 1*DIGIT ; combined size in bytes of all documents total-size = 1*DIGIT ; combined size in bytes of all documents
Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
11. Appendix B: ABNF Syntax for response of Send-queue-state (long) 11. Appendix B: ABNF Syntax for response of Send-queue-state (long)
The syntax in ABNF for the response to the LPD command `send-queue-state The syntax in ABNF for the response to the LPD command 'send-queue-state
(long)' is: (long)' is:
status-response = empty-queue / nonempty-queue status-response = empty-queue / nonempty-queue
empty-queue = "no-entries" LF empty-queue = "no-entries" LF
nonempty-queue = printer-status LF *job nonempty-queue = printer-status LF *job
printer-status = OK-status / error-status printer-status = OK-status / error-status
OK-status = printer-name SP "ready and printing" LF OK-status = printer-name SP "ready and printing" LF
error-status = < implementation dependent status information > error-status = < implementation dependent status information >
job = LF line-1 LF line-2 LF job = LF line-1 LF line-2 LF
line-1 = owner ":" SP rank 1*SP "[job" job SP host "]" line-1 = owner ":" SP rank 1*SP "[job" job SP host "]"
line-2 = file-name 1*SP document-size "bytes" line-2 = file-name 1*SP document-size "bytes"
; jobs are in order of oldest to newest ; jobs are in order of oldest to newest
rank = "active" / "1st" / "2nd" / "3rd" / integer "th" rank = "active" / "1st" / "2nd" / "3rd" / integer "th"
; job that is printing is "active" ; job that is printing is "active"
; other values show position in the queue ; other values show position in the queue
owner = <user name of person who submitted the job> owner = <user name of person who submitted the job>
Jacobs, Martin Expires December 30, 1998
job = 1*3DIGIT job = 1*3DIGIT
file-name = [ 1*DIGIT "copies of" SP ] <file name> file-name = [ 1*DIGIT "copies of" SP ] <file name>
; truncated to 24 characters ; truncated to 24 characters
document-size = 1*DIGIT ;size of single copy of the document. document-size = 1*DIGIT ;size of single copy of the document.
12. Appendix C: Unsupported LPD functions 12. Appendix C: Unsupported LPD functions
The follow LPD functions have no IPP equivalent. The LPD-to-IPP mapper The follow LPD functions have no IPP equivalent. The LPD-to-IPP mapper
ignores them and the IPP-to-LPD mapper does not send them. ignores them and the IPP-to-LPD mapper does not send them.
skipping to change at page 23, line 16 skipping to change at page 24, line 37
file-name = [ 1*DIGIT "copies of" SP ] <file name> file-name = [ 1*DIGIT "copies of" SP ] <file name>
; truncated to 24 characters ; truncated to 24 characters
document-size = 1*DIGIT ;size of single copy of the document. document-size = 1*DIGIT ;size of single copy of the document.
12. Appendix C: Unsupported LPD functions 12. Appendix C: Unsupported LPD functions
The follow LPD functions have no IPP equivalent. The LPD-to-IPP mapper The follow LPD functions have no IPP equivalent. The LPD-to-IPP mapper
ignores them and the IPP-to-LPD mapper does not send them. ignores them and the IPP-to-LPD mapper does not send them.
LPD command LPD command
name description name description
C Class for banner page C Class for banner page
I Indent Printing I Indent Printing
H Host of client H Host of client
M Mail when printed M Mail when printed
S Symbolic link data S Symbolic link data
T Title for pr T Title for pr
W Width of output W Width of output
1 troff R font 1 troff R font
2 troff I font 2 troff I font
3 troff B font 3 troff B font
4 troff S font 4 troff S font
The follow LPD functions specify document-formats which have no IPP The follow LPD functions specify document-formats which have no IPP
equivalent, unless someone registers them. The LPD-to-IPP mapper rejects equivalent, unless someone registers them. The LPD-to-IPP mapper rejects
jobs that request such a document format, and the IPP-to-LPD mapper does jobs that request such a document format, and the IPP-to-LPD mapper does
not send them. not send them.
Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
LPD command LPD command
name description name description
c Plot CIF file c Plot CIF file
d Print DVI file d Print DVI file
g Plot file g Plot file
k reserved for Kerberized clients and servers k reserved for Kerberized clients and servers
Jacobs, Martin Expires December 30, 1998
LPD command
name description
n Print ditroff output file n Print ditroff output file
p Print file with 'pr' format p Print file with 'pr' format
r File to print with FORTRAN carriage control r File to print with FORTRAN carriage control
t Print troff output file t Print troff output file
v Print raster file v Print raster file
z reserved for future use with the Palladium z reserved for future use with the Palladium
print system print system
13. Appendix D: Full Copyright Statement 13. Appendix D: Full Copyright Statement
Copyright (C)The Internet Society (1997). All Rights Reserved Copyright (C)The Internet Society (1997). All Rights Reserved
This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it or others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it or
assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published and assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published and
skipping to change at line 1249 skipping to change at line 1227
The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns. revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.
This document and the information contained herein is provided on an "AS This document and the information contained herein is provided on an "AS
IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK
FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT
LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT
INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
Jacobs, Martin Expires December 30, 1998 Jacobs, Martin Expires May 16, 1999
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