Network Working Group David Meyer INTERNET DRAFT Cisco Systems Category Best Current Practices
March,April, 2001 Extended Allocations in 233/8 <draft-ietf-mboned-glop-extensions-00.txt><draft-ietf-mboned-glop-extensions-01.txt> 1. Status of this Memo This document specifies an Internet Best Current Practices for the Internet Community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. This document is an Internet-Draft and is in full conformance with all provisions of Section 10 of RFC 2026. Internet Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its areas, and its working groups. Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference material or to cite them other than as "work in progress." The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at http://www.ietf.org/ietf/1id-abstracts.txt. The list of Internet-Draft Shadow Directories can be accessed at http://www.ietf.org/shadow.html. 2. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2001). All Rights Reserved. 3. Abstract This memo provides describes the mapping of the GLOP addresses [RFC2770] corresponding to the private AS space [RFC1930]. 4. Introduction RFC 2770 [RFC2770] describes an experimental policy for use of the class D address space using 233/8. The technique described there maps 16 bits of Autonomous System number (AS) into the middle two octets of 233/8 to yield a /24. While this technique has been successful, the assignments are inefficient in those cases in which a /24 is too small or the user doesn't have its own AS. RFC 1930 [RFC1930] defines the private AS space to be 64512 through 65535. This memo expands on RFC 2770 to allow routing registries to allocate multicast addresses from the GLOP space corresponding to the RFC 1930 private ASes. This space will be refered to as the EGLOP (Extended GLOP) address space. This memo is a product of the Multicast Deployment Working Group (MBONED) in the Operations and Management Area of the Internet Engineering Task Force. Submit comments to <email@example.com> or the authors. The terms "Specification Required", "Expert Review", "IESG Approval", "IETF Consensus", and "Standards Action", are used in this memo to refer to the processes described in [RFC2434]. The keywords MUST, MUST NOT, MAY, OPTIONAL, REQUIRED, RECOMMENDED, SHALL, SHALL NOT, SHOULD, SHOULD NOT are to be interpreted as defined in RFC 2119 [RFC2119]. 5. Overview http://www.iana.org/cgi-bin/multicast.pl defines a mechanism for allocation of multicast addresses that are generally for use in network control applications (a more general description of these policies can be found in [GUIDELINES]). It is envisioned that those addresses allocated from the EGLOP space (18.104.22.168/24(22.214.171.124 - 126.96.36.199/24)188.8.131.52) will be used by applications that cannot use Administratively Scoped Addressing [RFC2365], GLOP Addressing [RFC2770], or Source Specific Multicast (SSM) [SSM]. 6. Assignment Criteria An application for a globallyGlobally scoped IPv4 multicast addresses issuedin the EGLOP space are allocated by a Regional Registry (RIR). TheAn applicant MUST (i). ShowMUST, as per [IANA], show that the request cannot be satisfied using Administratively Scoped addressing,addressing [RFC2365], GLOP addressing,addressing [RFC2770], or SSM. (ii). Request IP address space from upstream provider (iii). Request IP address space from provider's provider If the request cannot be satisfied by (i)-(iii) above, the RIR MAY consider allocation from the range 184.108.40.206 - 220.127.116.11. Address spaceSSM [SSM]. The fine-grained allocation sizepolicy is the responsibility ofleft to the allocating RIR. The blocks MUST BE be issued on appropriate CIDR boundaries. Prefixes shorter than /21 should not be allocated. Because the number of available IPv4 multicast addresses on the Internet is extremely limited, many factors must be considered in the determination of address space allocations. Therefore, multicast address space MUST be allocated using a slow-start model. Allocations SHOULD be based on justified need, not solely on a predicted customer base. In particular, delayed deployment of a given technology (e.g. SSM) is not a basis for assignment of addresses from the EGLOP space.7. Security Considerations Security issues are not discussed in this memo. 8. Acknowledgments Mirjam Kuehne and Randy Bush provided many insightful comments on earlier versions of this document. 9. Author's Address: David Meyer Cisco Systems, Inc. 170 Tasman Drive San Jose, CA, 95134 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org 10. References [IANA] http://www.isi.edu/in-notes/iana/assignments/multicast-addresseshttp://www.iana.org [RFC1930] J. Hawkinson and T. Bates, "Guidelines for creation, selection, and registration of an Autonomous System (AS)", RFC 1930, March 1996. [RFC2026] S. Bradner, "The Internet Standards Process -- Revision 3", RFC2026, October 1996. [RFC2119] S. Bradner, "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", RFC 2119, March, 1997. [RFC2365] D. Meyer,"Administratively Scoped IP Multicast", RFC 2365, July, 1998. [RFC2770] D. Meyer, and P. Lothberg, "GLOP Addressing in 233/8", RFC 2770, February, 2000 [RFC2780] S. Bradner and V. Paxson, "IANA Allocation Guidelines For Values In the Internet Protocol and Related Headers", RFC2780, March, 2000 [SSM] Holbrook, H., and Cain, B., "Source-Specific Multicast for IP", draft-holbrook-ssm-arch-01.txt,draft-holbrook-ssm-arch-02.txt, Work in progress. [GUIDELINES] IANAAlbanna, Z., et. al, "IANA Guidelines for IPv4 Multicast Address Allocation, draft-albanna-iana-IPv4-mcast-guidelines-00.txt,Allocation", draft-ietf-mboned-iana-ipv4-mcast-guidelines-00.txt, Work in progress. 11. Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2001). All Rights Reserved. This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are included on all such copies and derivative works. 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