draft-ietf-netmod-routing-cfg-17.txt   draft-ietf-netmod-routing-cfg-18.txt 
NETMOD Working Group L. Lhotka NETMOD Working Group L. Lhotka
Internet-Draft CZ.NIC Internet-Draft CZ.NIC
Intended status: Standards Track A. Lindem Intended status: Standards Track A. Lindem
Expires: September 5, 2015 Cisco Systems Expires: October 19, 2015 Cisco Systems
March 04, 2015 April 17, 2015
A YANG Data Model for Routing Management A YANG Data Model for Routing Management
draft-ietf-netmod-routing-cfg-17 draft-ietf-netmod-routing-cfg-18
Abstract Abstract
This document contains a specification of three YANG modules. This document contains a specification of three YANG modules.
Together they form the core routing data model which serves as a Together they form the core routing data model which serves as a
framework for configuring and managing a routing subsystem. It is framework for configuring and managing a routing subsystem. It is
expected that these modules will be augmented by additional YANG expected that these modules will be augmented by additional YANG
modules defining data models for routing protocols and other modules defining data models for routing protocols, route filters and
functions. The core routing data model provides common building other functions. The core routing data model provides common
blocks for such extensions - routing instances, routes, routing building blocks for such extensions - routing instances, routes,
information bases (RIB), and routing protocols. routing information bases (RIB), and routing protocols.
Status of This Memo Status of This Memo
This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79. provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.
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material or to cite them other than as "work in progress." material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."
This Internet-Draft will expire on September 5, 2015. This Internet-Draft will expire on October 19, 2015.
Copyright Notice Copyright Notice
Copyright (c) 2015 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the Copyright (c) 2015 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
document authors. All rights reserved. document authors. All rights reserved.
This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
Provisions Relating to IETF Documents Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
(http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
publication of this document. Please review these documents publication of this document. Please review these documents
skipping to change at page 2, line 18 skipping to change at page 2, line 18
Table of Contents Table of Contents
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2. Terminology and Notation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2. Terminology and Notation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2.1. Glossary of New Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.1. Glossary of New Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.2. Tree Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.2. Tree Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2.3. Prefixes in Data Node Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.3. Prefixes in Data Node Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3. Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3. Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
4. The Design of the Core Routing Data Model . . . . . . . . . . 6 4. The Design of the Core Routing Data Model . . . . . . . . . . 6
4.1. System-Controlled and User-Controlled List Entries . . . 9 4.1. System-Controlled and User-Controlled List Entries . . . 8
5. Basic Building Blocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 5. Basic Building Blocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
5.1. Routing Instance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 5.1. Routing Instance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
5.1.1. Parameters of IPv6 Routing Instance Interfaces . . . 11 5.1.1. Parameters of IPv6 Routing Instance Interfaces . . . 9
5.2. Route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 5.2. Route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
5.3. Routing Information Base (RIB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 5.3. Routing Information Base (RIB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
5.3.1. Multiple RIBs per Address Family . . . . . . . . . . 14 5.4. Routing Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
5.4. Routing Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 5.4.1. Routing Pseudo-Protocols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
5.4.1. Routing Pseudo-Protocols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 5.4.2. Defining New Routing Protocols . . . . . . . . . . . 12
5.4.2. Defining New Routing Protocols . . . . . . . . . . . 15 5.5. RPC Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
5.5. RPC Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 6. Interactions with Other YANG Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
6. Interactions with Other YANG Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 6.1. Module "ietf-interfaces" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
6.1. Module "ietf-interfaces" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 6.2. Module "ietf-ip" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
6.2. Module "ietf-ip" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 7. Routing Management YANG Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
7. Routing Management YANG Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 8. IPv4 Unicast Routing Management YANG Module . . . . . . . . . 29
8. IPv4 Unicast Routing Management YANG Module . . . . . . . . . 36 9. IPv6 Unicast Routing Management YANG Module . . . . . . . . . 34
9. IPv6 Unicast Routing Management YANG Module . . . . . . . . . 40 10. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
10. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 11. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
11. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 12. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
12. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 13. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
13. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 13.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
13.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 13.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
13.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Appendix A. The Complete Data Trees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Appendix A. The Complete Data Trees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 A.1. Configuration Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
A.1. Configuration Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 A.2. State Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
A.2. State Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Appendix B. Minimum Implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Appendix B. Minimum Implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Appendix C. Example: Adding a New Routing Protocol . . . . . . . 53
Appendix C. Example: Adding a New Routing Protocol . . . . . . . 60 Appendix D. Example: NETCONF <get> Reply . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Appendix D. Example: NETCONF <get> Reply . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Appendix E. Change Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Appendix E. Change Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 E.1. Changes Between Versions -17 and -18 . . . . . . . . . . 62
E.1. Changes Between Versions -16 and -17 . . . . . . . . . . 69 E.2. Changes Between Versions -16 and -17 . . . . . . . . . . 63
E.2. Changes Between Versions -15 and -16 . . . . . . . . . . 69 E.3. Changes Between Versions -15 and -16 . . . . . . . . . . 63
E.3. Changes Between Versions -14 and -15 . . . . . . . . . . 70 E.4. Changes Between Versions -14 and -15 . . . . . . . . . . 64
E.4. Changes Between Versions -13 and -14 . . . . . . . . . . 70 E.5. Changes Between Versions -13 and -14 . . . . . . . . . . 64
E.5. Changes Between Versions -12 and -13 . . . . . . . . . . 70 E.6. Changes Between Versions -12 and -13 . . . . . . . . . . 64
E.6. Changes Between Versions -11 and -12 . . . . . . . . . . 71 E.7. Changes Between Versions -11 and -12 . . . . . . . . . . 65
E.7. Changes Between Versions -10 and -11 . . . . . . . . . . 71 E.8. Changes Between Versions -10 and -11 . . . . . . . . . . 65
E.8. Changes Between Versions -09 and -10 . . . . . . . . . . 72 E.9. Changes Between Versions -09 and -10 . . . . . . . . . . 65
E.9. Changes Between Versions -08 and -09 . . . . . . . . . . 72 E.10. Changes Between Versions -08 and -09 . . . . . . . . . . 66
E.10. Changes Between Versions -07 and -08 . . . . . . . . . . 72 E.11. Changes Between Versions -07 and -08 . . . . . . . . . . 66
E.11. Changes Between Versions -06 and -07 . . . . . . . . . . 72 E.12. Changes Between Versions -06 and -07 . . . . . . . . . . 66
E.12. Changes Between Versions -05 and -06 . . . . . . . . . . 73 E.13. Changes Between Versions -05 and -06 . . . . . . . . . . 66
E.13. Changes Between Versions -04 and -05 . . . . . . . . . . 73 E.14. Changes Between Versions -04 and -05 . . . . . . . . . . 67
E.14. Changes Between Versions -03 and -04 . . . . . . . . . . 74 E.15. Changes Between Versions -03 and -04 . . . . . . . . . . 68
E.15. Changes Between Versions -02 and -03 . . . . . . . . . . 74 E.16. Changes Between Versions -02 and -03 . . . . . . . . . . 68
E.16. Changes Between Versions -01 and -02 . . . . . . . . . . 75 E.17. Changes Between Versions -01 and -02 . . . . . . . . . . 69
E.17. Changes Between Versions -00 and -01 . . . . . . . . . . 75 E.18. Changes Between Versions -00 and -01 . . . . . . . . . . 69
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
This document contains a specification of the following YANG modules: This document contains a specification of the following YANG modules:
o Module "ietf-routing" provides generic components of a routing o Module "ietf-routing" provides generic components of a routing
data model. data model.
o Module "ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing" augments the "ietf-routing" o Module "ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing" augments the "ietf-routing"
module with additional data specific to IPv4 unicast. module with additional data specific to IPv4 unicast.
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augmented by numerous modules developed by other IETF working groups. augmented by numerous modules developed by other IETF working groups.
2. Terminology and Notation 2. Terminology and Notation
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
"SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119]. document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].
The following terms are defined in [RFC6241]: The following terms are defined in [RFC6241]:
o client o client,
o message o message,
o protocol operation o protocol operation,
o server o server.
The following terms are defined in [RFC6020]: The following terms are defined in [RFC6020]:
o augment o augment,
o configuration data o configuration data,
o data model o data model,
o data node o data node,
o feature o feature,
o mandatory node o mandatory node,
o module o module,
o state data o schema tree,
o RPC operation o state data,
o RPC operation.
2.1. Glossary of New Terms 2.1. Glossary of New Terms
core routing data model: YANG data model comprising "ietf-routing", core routing data model: YANG data model comprising "ietf-routing",
"ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing" and "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing" "ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing" and "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing"
modules. modules.
direct route: a route to a directly connected network. direct route: a route to a directly connected network.
routing information base (RIB): An object containing a list of routing information base (RIB): An object containing a list of
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3. Objectives 3. Objectives
The initial design of the core routing data model was driven by the The initial design of the core routing data model was driven by the
following objectives: following objectives:
o The data model should be suitable for the common address families, o The data model should be suitable for the common address families,
in particular IPv4 and IPv6, and for unicast and multicast in particular IPv4 and IPv6, and for unicast and multicast
routing, as well as Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS). routing, as well as Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS).
o Simple routing set-ups, such as static routing, should be o A simple IP routing system, such as one that uses only static
configurable in a simple way, ideally without any need to develop routing, should be configurable in a simple way, ideally without
additional YANG modules. any need to develop additional YANG modules.
o On the other hand, the core routing framework must allow for o On the other hand, the core routing framework must allow for
complicated set-ups involving multiple routing information bases complicated implementations involving multiple routing information
(RIB) and multiple routing protocols, as well as controlled bases (RIB) and multiple routing protocols, as well as controlled
redistributions of routing information. redistributions of routing information.
o Device vendors will want to map the data models built on this o Device vendors will want to map the data models built on this
generic framework to their proprietary data models and generic framework to their proprietary data models and
configuration interfaces. Therefore, the framework should be configuration interfaces. Therefore, the framework should be
flexible enough to facilitate such a mapping and accommodate data flexible enough to facilitate such a mapping and accommodate data
models with different logic. models with different logic.
4. The Design of the Core Routing Data Model 4. The Design of the Core Routing Data Model
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first module, "ietf-routing", defines the generic components of a first module, "ietf-routing", defines the generic components of a
routing system. The other two modules, "ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing" routing system. The other two modules, "ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing"
and "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing", augment the "ietf-routing" module and "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing", augment the "ietf-routing" module
with additional data nodes that are needed for IPv4 and IPv6 unicast with additional data nodes that are needed for IPv4 and IPv6 unicast
routing, respectively. Figures 1 and 2 show abridged views of the routing, respectively. Figures 1 and 2 show abridged views of the
configuration and state data hierarchies. See Appendix A for the configuration and state data hierarchies. See Appendix A for the
complete data trees. complete data trees.
+--rw routing +--rw routing
+--rw routing-instance* [name] +--rw routing-instance* [name]
| +--rw name +--rw name
| +--rw type? +--rw type?
| +--rw enabled? +--rw enabled?
| +--rw router-id? +--rw router-id?
| +--rw description? +--rw description?
| +--rw default-ribs +--rw interfaces
| | +--rw default-rib* [address-family] | +--rw interface*
| | +--rw address-family +--rw routing-protocols
| | +--rw rib-name | +--rw routing-protocol* [type name]
| +--rw interfaces | +--rw type
| | +--rw interface* [name] | +--rw name
| | +--rw name | +--rw description?
| | +--rw v6ur:ipv6-router-advertisements | +--rw enabled?
| | ... | +--rw route-preference?
| +--rw routing-protocols | +--rw static-routes
| +--rw routing-protocol* [type name] | ...
| +--rw type +--rw ribs
| +--rw name +--rw rib* [name]
| +--rw description? +--rw name
| +--rw enabled? +--rw address-family?
| +--rw route-preference? +--rw description?
| +--rw connected-ribs
| | ...
| +--rw static-routes
| ...
+--rw ribs
+--rw rib* [name]
+--rw name
+--rw address-family
+--rw description?
+--rw recipient-ribs
+--rw recipient-rib* [rib-name]
...
Figure 1: Configuration data hierarchy. Figure 1: Configuration data hierarchy.
+--ro routing-state +--ro routing-state
+--ro routing-instance* [name] +--ro routing-instance* [name]
| +--ro name +--ro name
| +--ro type? +--ro type?
| +--ro default-ribs +--ro router-id?
| | +--ro default-rib* [address-family] +--ro interfaces
| | +--ro address-family | +--ro interface*
| | +--ro rib-name +--ro routing-protocols
| +--ro interfaces | +--ro routing-protocol* [type name]
| | +--ro interface* [name] | +--ro type
| | +--ro name | +--ro name
| | +--ro v6ur:ipv6-router-advertisements | +--ro route-preference
| | ... +--ro ribs
| +--ro routing-protocols +--ro rib* [name]
| +--ro routing-protocol* [type name] +--ro name
| +--ro type +--ro address-family
| +--ro name +--ro default-rib?
| +--ro route-preference +--ro routes
| +--ro connected-ribs
| ...
+--ro ribs
+--ro rib* [name]
+--ro name
+--ro address-family
+--ro routes
| +--ro route*
| ...
+--ro recipient-ribs
+--ro recipient-rib* [rib-name]
... ...
Figure 2: State data hierarchy. Figure 2: State data hierarchy.
As can be seen from Figures 1 and 2, the core routing data model As can be seen from Figures 1 and 2, the core routing data model
introduces several generic components of a routing framework: routing introduces several generic components of a routing framework: routing
instances, RIBs containing lists of routes, and routing protocols. instances, RIBs containing lists of routes, and routing protocols.
The following subsections describe these components in more detail. Section 5 describes these components in more detail.
By combining the components in various ways, and possibly augmenting
them with appropriate contents defined in other modules, various
routing systems can be realized.
+--------+
| direct | +--------------+ +--------------+
| routes |------>| |<------| |
+--------+ | default | | additional |
| RIB | | RIB |
+--------+ | | | |
| static |------>| |------>| |
| routes | +--------------+ +--------------+
+--------+ ^ | ^ |
| | | |
| v | v
+----------+ +----------+
| routing | | routing |
| protocol | | protocol |
+----------+ +----------+
Figure 3: Example set-up of a routing system
The example in Figure 3 shows a typical (though certainly not the
only possible) organization of a more complex routing subsystem for a
single address family. Several of its features are worth mentioning:
o Along with the default RIB, which is always present, an additional
RIB is configured.
o Each routing protocol instance, including the "static" and
"direct" pseudo-protocols, is connected to one or more RIBs with
which it can exchange routes (in both directions, except for the
"static" and "direct" pseudo-protocols).
o RIBs may also be connected to each other and exchange routes in
either direction (or both).
4.1. System-Controlled and User-Controlled List Entries 4.1. System-Controlled and User-Controlled List Entries
The core routing data model defines several lists, for example The core routing data model defines several lists in the schema tree,
"routing-instance" or "rib", that have to be populated with at least for example "routing-instance" or "rib", that have to be populated
one entry in any properly functioning device, and additional entries with at least one entry in any properly functioning device, and
may be configured by the user. additional entries may be configured by a client.
In such a list, the server creates the required item as a so-called In such a list, the server creates the required item as a so-called
system-controlled entry in state data, i.e., inside the "routing- system-controlled entry in state data, i.e., inside the "routing-
state" container. state" container.
Additional entries may be created in the configuration by the user, Additional entries may be created in the configuration by a client,
e.g., via the NETCONF protocol. These are so-called user-controlled e.g., via the NETCONF protocol. These are so-called user-controlled
entries. If the server accepts a configured user-controlled entry, entries. If the server accepts a configured user-controlled entry,
then this entry also appears in the state data version of the list. then this entry also appears in the state data version of the list.
Corresponding entries in both versions of the list (in state data and Corresponding entries in both versions of the list (in state data and
configuration) have the same value of the list key. configuration) have the same value of the list key.
The user may also provide supplemental configuration of system- The user may also provide supplemental configuration of system-
controlled entries. To do so, the user creates a new entry in the controlled entries. To do so, the user creates a new entry in the
configuration with the desired contents. In order to bind this entry configuration with the desired contents. In order to bind this entry
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appearing as entries of the "routing-instance" list. Each routing appearing as entries of the "routing-instance" list. Each routing
instance has separate configuration and state data under instance has separate configuration and state data under
"/rt:routing/rt:routing-instance" and "/rt:routing-state/rt:routing- "/rt:routing/rt:routing-instance" and "/rt:routing-state/rt:routing-
instance", respectively. instance", respectively.
The semantics of the term "routing instance" is deliberately left The semantics of the term "routing instance" is deliberately left
undefined. It is expected that future YANG modules will define data undefined. It is expected that future YANG modules will define data
models for specific types of routing instances, such as VRF (virtual models for specific types of routing instances, such as VRF (virtual
routing and forwarding) instances that are used for BGP/MPLS virtual routing and forwarding) instances that are used for BGP/MPLS virtual
private networks [RFC4364]. For each type of routing instance, an private networks [RFC4364]. For each type of routing instance, an
identity derived from "rt:routing-instance" MUST be defined. This identity derived from "rt:routing-instance" SHALL be defined. This
identity is then referred to by the value of the "type" leaf (a child identity is then referred to by the value of the "type" leaf (a child
node of "routing-instance" list). node of "routing-instance" list).
An implementation MAY create one or more system-controlled routing
instances, and MAY also impose restrictions on types of routing
instances that can be configured, and on the maximum number of
supported instances for each type. For example, a simple router
implementation may support only one system-controlled routing
instance of the default type "rt:default-routing-instance" and may
not allow creation of any user-controlled instances.
Each network layer interface has to be assigned to one or more Each network layer interface has to be assigned to one or more
routing instances in order to be able to participate in packet routing instances in order to be able to participate in packet
forwarding, routing protocols and other operations of those routing forwarding, routing protocols and other operations of those routing
instances. The assignment is accomplished by placing a corresponding instances. The assignment is accomplished by placing a corresponding
(system- or user-controlled) entry in the list of routing instance (system- or user-controlled) entry in the leaf-list of routing
interfaces ("rt:interface"). The key of the list entry is the name instance interfaces ("rt:interface"). Each entry is the name of a
of a configured network layer interface, see the "ietf-interfaces" configured network layer interface, see the "ietf-interfaces"
module [RFC7223]. module [RFC7223].
A data model for a routing instance type MAY state additional rules
for the assignment of interfaces to routing instances of that type.
For example, it may be required that the sets of interfaces assigned
to different routing instances of a certain type be disjoint.
5.1.1. Parameters of IPv6 Routing Instance Interfaces 5.1.1. Parameters of IPv6 Routing Instance Interfaces
The module "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing" augments the definition of the YANG module "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing" (Section 9) augments the
data node "rt:interface", in both configuration and state data, with configuration and state data of interfaces with definitions of the
definitions of the following variables as required by [RFC4861], sec. following variables as required by [RFC4861], sec. 6.2.1:
6.2.1:
o send-advertisements, o send-advertisements,
o max-rtr-adv-interval, o max-rtr-adv-interval,
o min-rtr-adv-interval, o min-rtr-adv-interval,
o managed-flag, o managed-flag,
o other-config-flag, o other-config-flag,
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list: list:
* valid-lifetime, * valid-lifetime,
* on-link-flag, * on-link-flag,
* preferred-lifetime, * preferred-lifetime,
* autonomous-flag. * autonomous-flag.
The definitions and descriptions of the above parameters can be found
in the module "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing" (Section 9).
NOTES: NOTES:
1. The "IsRouter" flag, which is also required by [RFC4861], is 1. The "IsRouter" flag, which is also required by [RFC4861], is
implemented in the "ietf-ip" module [RFC7277] (leaf implemented in the "ietf-ip" module [RFC7277] (leaf
"ip:forwarding"). "ip:forwarding").
2. The original specification [RFC4861] allows the implementations 2. The original specification [RFC4861] allows the implementations
to decide whether the "valid-lifetime" and "preferred-lifetime" to decide whether the "valid-lifetime" and "preferred-lifetime"
parameters remain the same in consecutive advertisements, or parameters remain the same in consecutive advertisements, or
decrement in real time. However, the latter behavior seems decrement in real time. However, the latter behavior seems
skipping to change at page 12, line 51 skipping to change at page 11, line 6
o "destination-prefix": IP prefix specifying the set of destination o "destination-prefix": IP prefix specifying the set of destination
addresses for which the route may be used. This attribute is addresses for which the route may be used. This attribute is
mandatory. mandatory.
o "route-preference": an integer value (also known as administrative o "route-preference": an integer value (also known as administrative
distance) that is used for selecting a preferred route among distance) that is used for selecting a preferred route among
routes with the same destination prefix. A lower value means a routes with the same destination prefix. A lower value means a
more preferred route. more preferred route.
o "next-hop": determines the action to be performed with a packet. o "next-hop": determines the action to be performed with a packet.
See below for details.
The choice of next-hops comprises the following cases:
o simple next-hop - IP address of the next-hop router, outgoing
interface, or both.
o special next-hop - a keyword indicating special packet handling,
one of:
* "blackhole" - silently discard the packet;
* "unreachable" - discard the packet and notify the sender with a
"destination unreachable" error message;
* "prohibit" - discard the packet notify the sender with an
"administratively prohibited" error message.
It is expected that future YANG modules defining will augment routes
with more complex next-hop types, or additional attributes such as
metrics.
Routes are primarily state data that appear as entries of RIBs Routes are primarily state data that appear as entries of RIBs
(Section 5.3) but they may also be found in configuration data, for (Section 5.3) but they may also be found in configuration data, for
example as manually configured static routes. In the latter case, example as manually configured static routes. In the latter case,
configurable route attributes are generally a subset of route configurable route attributes are generally a subset of route
attributes described above. attributes described above.
5.3. Routing Information Base (RIB) 5.3. Routing Information Base (RIB)
A routing information base (RIB) is a list of routes complemented Every routing instance manages one or more routing information bases
with administrative data, namely: (RIB). A RIB is a list of routes complemented with administrative
data. Each RIB contains only routes of one address family. An
o "source-protocol": type of the routing protocol from which the address family is represented by an identity derived from the
route was originally obtained. "rt:address-family" base identity.
o "active": an implementation can use this empty leaf to indicate
that the route is preferred among all routes in the same RIB that
have the same destination prefix.
o "last-updated": the date and time when the route was last updated,
or inserted into the RIB.
Each RIB MUST contain only routes of one address family. An address
family is represented by an identity derived from the "rt:address-
family" base identity.
In the core routing data model, RIBs are state data represented as In the core routing data model, RIBs are state data represented as
entries of the list "/routing-state/ribs/rib". The contents of RIBs entries of the list "/routing-state/routing-instance/ribs/rib". The
are controlled and manipulated by routing protocol operations which contents of RIBs are controlled and manipulated by routing protocol
may result in route additions, removals and modifications. This also operations which may result in route additions, removals and
includes manipulations via the "static" and/or "direct" pseudo- modifications. This also includes manipulations via the "static"
protocols, see Section 5.4.1. and/or "direct" pseudo-protocols, see Section 5.4.1.
RIBs are global, which means that a RIB may be used by any or all
routing instances. However, a data model for a routing instance type
MAY state rules and restrictions for sharing RIBs among routing
instances of that type.
Each routing instance has, for every supported address family, one Each routing instance has, for every supported address family, one
RIB selected as the so-called default RIB. This selection is RIB marked as the so-called default RIB. Its role is explained in
recorded in the list "default-rib". The role of default RIBs is Section 5.4.
explained in Section 5.4.
Simple router implementations that do not advertise the feature Simple router implementations that do not advertise the feature
"multiple-ribs" will typically create one system-controlled RIB per "multiple-ribs" will typically create one system-controlled RIB per
supported address family, and declare it as the default RIB (via a routing instance and supported address family, and mark it as the
system-controlled entry of the "default-rib" list). default RIB.
5.3.1. Multiple RIBs per Address Family
More complex router implementations advertising the "multiple-ribs" More complex router implementations advertising the "multiple-ribs"
feature support multiple RIBs per address family that can be used for feature support multiple RIBs per address family that can be used for
policy routing and other purposes. Every RIB can then serve as a policy routing and other purposes.
source of routes for other RIBs of the same address family. To
achieve this, one or more recipient RIBs may be specified in the
configuration of the source RIB.
A RIB MUST NOT appear among its own recipient RIBs.
5.4. Routing Protocol 5.4. Routing Protocol
The core routing data model provides an open-ended framework for The core routing data model provides an open-ended framework for
defining multiple routing protocol instances within a routing defining multiple routing protocol instances within a routing
instance. Each routing protocol instance MUST be assigned a type, instance. Each routing protocol instance MUST be assigned a type,
which is an identity derived from the "rt:routing-protocol" base which is an identity derived from the "rt:routing-protocol" base
identity. The core routing data model defines two identities for the identity. The core routing data model defines two identities for the
direct and static pseudo-protocols (Section 5.4.1). direct and static pseudo-protocols (Section 5.4.1).
Multiple routing protocol instances of the same type MAY be Multiple routing protocol instances of the same type MAY be
configured within the same routing instance. configured within the same routing instance.
Each routing protocol instance can be connected to one or more RIBs
for each address family that the routing protocol instance supports.
By default, the interaction of a routing protocol instance with its
connected RIBs is governed by the following rules:
o Routes learned from the network are installed in all connected
RIBs with a matching address family.
o Conversely, routes from all connected RIBs are injected into the
routing protocol instance.
However, a data model for a routing protocol MAY impose specific
rules for exchanging routes between routing protocol instances and
connected RIBs.
On devices supporting the "multiple-ribs" feature, any RIB (system-
controlled or user-controlled) may be connected to a routing protocol
instance by configuring a corresponding entry in the "connected-rib"
list. If such an entry is not configured for an address family, then
the default RIB MUST be used as the connected RIB for this address
family.
5.4.1. Routing Pseudo-Protocols 5.4.1. Routing Pseudo-Protocols
The core routing data model defines two special routing protocol The core routing data model defines two special routing protocol
types - "direct" and "static". Both are in fact pseudo-protocols, types - "direct" and "static". Both are in fact pseudo-protocols,
which means they are confined to the local device and do not exchange which means they are confined to the local device and do not exchange
any routing information with adjacent routers. Routes from both any routing information with adjacent routers.
"direct" and "static" protocol instances are passed to the connected
RIBs, but an exchange in the opposite direction is not allowed.
Every routing instance MUST implement exactly one instance of the Every routing instance MUST implement exactly one instance of the
"direct" pseudo-protocol type. It is the source of direct routes for "direct" pseudo-protocol type. It is the source of direct routes for
all configured address families. Direct routes are normally supplied all configured address families. Direct routes are normally supplied
by the operating system kernel, based on the configuration of network by the operating system kernel, based on the configuration of network
interface addresses, see Section 6.2. The "direct" pseudo-protocol interface addresses, see Section 6.2. Direct routes MUST be
MUST always be connected to the default RIBs of all supported address installed in default RIBs of all supported address families.
families. Unlike other routing protocol types, this connection
cannot be changed in the configuration.
A pseudo-protocol of the type "static" allows for specifying routes A pseudo-protocol of the type "static" allows for specifying routes
manually. It MAY be configured in zero or multiple instances, manually. It MAY be configured in zero or multiple instances,
although a typical configuration will have exactly one instance per although a typical configuration will have exactly one instance per
routing instance. routing instance.
5.4.2. Defining New Routing Protocols 5.4.2. Defining New Routing Protocols
It is expected that future YANG modules will create data models for It is expected that future YANG modules will create data models for
additional routing protocol types. Such a new module has to define additional routing protocol types. Such a new module has to define
skipping to change at page 16, line 28 skipping to change at page 13, line 7
and possibly other places in the configuration, state data, and possibly other places in the configuration, state data,
notifications, and RPC input or output. notifications, and RPC input or output.
o Configuration parameters and/or state data for the new protocol o Configuration parameters and/or state data for the new protocol
can be defined by augmenting the "routing-protocol" data node can be defined by augmenting the "routing-protocol" data node
under both "/routing" and "/routing-state". under both "/routing" and "/routing-state".
o Per-interface configuration, including activation of the routing o Per-interface configuration, including activation of the routing
protocol on individual interfaces, can use references to entries protocol on individual interfaces, can use references to entries
in the list of routing instance interfaces (rt:interface). in the leaf-list of routing instance's interfaces (rt:interface).
By using the "when" statement, the augmented configuration parameters By using the "when" statement, the augmented configuration parameters
and state data specific to the new protocol SHOULD be made and state data specific to the new protocol SHOULD be made
conditional and valid only if the value of "rt:type" or "rt:source- conditional and valid only if the value of "rt:type" or "rt:source-
protocol" is equal to the new protocol's identity. It is also protocol" is equal to the new protocol's identity. It is also
RECOMMENDED that protocol-specific data nodes be encapsulated in RECOMMENDED that protocol-specific data nodes be encapsulated in
appropriately named containers. appropriately named containers.
The above steps are implemented by the example YANG module for the The above steps are implemented by the example YANG module for the
RIP routing protocol in Appendix C. RIP routing protocol in Appendix C.
5.5. RPC Operations 5.5. RPC Operations
The "ietf-routing" module defines two RPC operations: The "ietf-routing" module defines one RPC operation:
o fib-route: query a routing instance for the active route in the o fib-route: query a routing instance for the active route in the
Forwarding Information Base (FIB). It is the route that is Forwarding Information Base (FIB). It is the route that is
currently used for sending datagrams to a destination host whose currently used for sending datagrams to a destination host whose
address is passed as an input parameter. address is passed as an input parameter.
o route-count: retrieve the total number of entries in a RIB.
6. Interactions with Other YANG Modules 6. Interactions with Other YANG Modules
The semantics of the core routing data model also depends on several The semantics of the core routing data model also depends on several
configuration parameters that are defined in other YANG modules. configuration parameters that are defined in other YANG modules.
6.1. Module "ietf-interfaces" 6.1. Module "ietf-interfaces"
The following boolean switch is defined in the "ietf-interfaces" YANG The following boolean switch is defined in the "ietf-interfaces" YANG
module [RFC7223]: module [RFC7223]:
skipping to change at page 18, line 19 skipping to change at page 14, line 42
direct route. The destination prefix of this route is set according direct route. The destination prefix of this route is set according
to the configured IP address and network prefix/mask, and the to the configured IP address and network prefix/mask, and the
interface is set as the outgoing interface for that route. interface is set as the outgoing interface for that route.
7. Routing Management YANG Module 7. Routing Management YANG Module
RFC Editor: In this section, replace all occurrences of 'XXXX' with RFC Editor: In this section, replace all occurrences of 'XXXX' with
the actual RFC number and all occurrences of the revision date below the actual RFC number and all occurrences of the revision date below
with the date of RFC publication (and remove this note). with the date of RFC publication (and remove this note).
<CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-routing@2015-03-04.yang" <CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-routing@2015-04-17.yang"
module ietf-routing { module ietf-routing {
namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-routing"; namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-routing";
prefix "rt"; prefix "rt";
import ietf-yang-types { import ietf-yang-types {
prefix "yang"; prefix "yang";
} }
import ietf-interfaces { import ietf-interfaces {
prefix "if"; prefix "if";
} }
organization organization
"IETF NETMOD (NETCONF Data Modeling Language) Working Group"; "IETF NETMOD (NETCONF Data Modeling Language) Working Group";
contact contact
skipping to change at page 19, line 16 skipping to change at page 15, line 41
Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as
authors of the code. All rights reserved. authors of the code. All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject to without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject to
the license terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License set the license terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License set
forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions
Relating to IETF Documents Relating to IETF Documents
(http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info). (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).
This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX; see the The key words 'MUST', 'MUST NOT', 'REQUIRED', 'SHALL', 'SHALL
RFC itself for full legal notices."; NOT', 'SHOULD', 'SHOULD NOT', 'RECOMMENDED', 'MAY', and
'OPTIONAL' in the module text are to be interpreted as described
in RFC 2119 (http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2119).
revision 2015-03-04 { This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX
(http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfcXXXX); see the RFC itself for
full legal notices.";
revision 2015-04-17 {
description description
"Initial revision."; "Initial revision.";
reference reference
"RFC XXXX: A YANG Data Model for Routing Management"; "RFC XXXX: A YANG Data Model for Routing Management";
} }
/* Features */ /* Features */
feature multiple-ribs { feature multiple-ribs {
description description
"This feature indicates that the server supports user-defined "This feature indicates that the server supports user-defined
RIBS and the framework for passing routes between RIBs. RIBs.
Servers that do not advertise this feature MUST provide Servers that do not advertise this feature SHOULD provide
exactly one system-controlled RIB per supported address family exactly one system-controlled RIB per routing-instance and
and make them also the default RIBs. These RIBs then appear as supported address family and make them also the default RIBs.
entries of the list /routing-state/ribs/rib."; These RIBs then appear as entries of the list
/routing-state/routing-instance/ribs/rib.";
} }
feature router-id { feature router-id {
description description
"This feature indicates that the server supports configuration "This feature indicates that the server supports configuration
of an explicit 32-bit router ID that is used by some routing of an explicit 32-bit router ID that is used by some routing
protocols. protocols.
Servers that do not advertise this feature set a router ID Servers that do not advertise this feature set a router ID
algorithmically, usually to one of configured IPv4 addresses. algorithmically, usually to one of configured IPv4 addresses.
skipping to change at page 21, line 27 skipping to change at page 18, line 9
typedef routing-instance-state-ref { typedef routing-instance-state-ref {
type leafref { type leafref {
path "/rt:routing-state/rt:routing-instance/rt:name"; path "/rt:routing-state/rt:routing-instance/rt:name";
} }
description description
"This type is used for leafs that reference state data of a "This type is used for leafs that reference state data of a
routing instance."; routing instance.";
} }
typedef rib-ref {
type leafref {
path "/rt:routing/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:name";
}
description
"This type is used for leafs that reference a RIB
configuration.";
}
typedef rib-state-ref {
type leafref {
path "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:name";
}
description
"This type is used for leafs that reference a RIB in state
data.";
}
typedef route-preference { typedef route-preference {
type uint32; type uint32;
description description
"This type is used for route preferences."; "This type is used for route preferences.";
} }
/* Groupings */ /* Groupings */
grouping address-family { grouping address-family {
description description
"This grouping provides a leaf identifying an address "This grouping provides a leaf identifying an address
family."; family.";
leaf address-family { leaf address-family {
type identityref { type identityref {
base address-family; base address-family;
} }
mandatory "true"; mandatory "true";
description description
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grouping next-hop-content { grouping next-hop-content {
description description
"Generic parameters of next-hops in static routes."; "Generic parameters of next-hops in static routes.";
choice next-hop-options { choice next-hop-options {
mandatory "true"; mandatory "true";
description description
"Options for next-hops in static routes. "Options for next-hops in static routes.
It is expected that other cases will be added through It is expected that other cases will be added through
augments from other modules, e.g., for ECMP."; augments from other modules, e.g., for Equal-Cost Multipath
routing (ECMP).";
case simple-next-hop { case simple-next-hop {
description description
"Simple next-hop is specified as an outgoing interface, "Simple next-hop is specified as an outgoing interface,
next-hop address or both. next-hop address or both.
Address-family-specific modules are expected to provide Address-family-specific modules are expected to provide
'next-hop-address' leaf via augmentation."; 'next-hop-address' leaf via augmentation.";
leaf outgoing-interface { leaf outgoing-interface {
type leafref { type leafref {
path "/rt:routing/rt:routing-instance/rt:interfaces/" path "/rt:routing/rt:routing-instance/rt:interfaces/"
+ "rt:interface/rt:name"; + "rt:interface";
} }
description description
"Name of the outgoing interface."; "Name of the outgoing interface.";
} }
} }
case special-next-hop { case special-next-hop {
uses special-next-hop; uses special-next-hop;
} }
} }
} }
skipping to change at page 24, line 20 skipping to change at page 20, line 34
case simple-next-hop { case simple-next-hop {
description description
"Simple next-hop is specified as an outgoing interface, "Simple next-hop is specified as an outgoing interface,
next-hop address or both. next-hop address or both.
Address-family-specific modules are expected to provide Address-family-specific modules are expected to provide
'next-hop-address' leaf via augmentation."; 'next-hop-address' leaf via augmentation.";
leaf outgoing-interface { leaf outgoing-interface {
type leafref { type leafref {
path "/rt:routing-state/rt:routing-instance/" path "/rt:routing-state/rt:routing-instance/"
+ "rt:interfaces/rt:interface/rt:name"; + "rt:interfaces/rt:interface";
} }
description description
"Name of the outgoing interface."; "Name of the outgoing interface.";
} }
} }
case special-next-hop { case special-next-hop {
uses special-next-hop; uses special-next-hop;
} }
} }
} }
skipping to change at page 25, line 18 skipping to change at page 21, line 33
inserted into the RIB."; inserted into the RIB.";
} }
} }
/* State data */ /* State data */
augment "/if:interfaces-state/if:interface" { augment "/if:interfaces-state/if:interface" {
description description
"This augment adds a wrapped leaf-list to interface state "This augment adds a wrapped leaf-list to interface state
data."; data.";
container routing-instances { leaf routing-instance {
description type routing-instance-state-ref;
"The enclosed leaf-list provides references to all routing must "../if:name=/rt:routing-state/"
instances to which the parent interface is assigned. + "rt:routing-instance[rt:name=current()]/rt:interfaces/"
+ "rt:interface" {
The assignments are configured as a part of routing-instance error-message
configuration (module ietf-routing)."; "The interface is not assigned to the routing instance.";
leaf-list routing-instance {
type routing-instance-state-ref;
must "../../if:name=/rt:routing-state/"
+ "rt:routing-instance[rt:name=current()]/rt:interfaces/"
+ "rt:interface/rt:name" {
error-message "The interface is not assigned to the "
+ "routing instance.";
description
"The reference must mirror a corresponding assignment
under routing-instance.";
}
description description
"Reference to a routing instance."; "The reference must mirror a corresponding assignment under
routing-instance.";
} }
description
"The name of the routing instance to which the interface is
assigned.";
} }
} }
container routing-state { container routing-state {
config "false"; config "false";
description description
"State data of the routing subsystem."; "State data of the routing subsystem.";
list routing-instance { list routing-instance {
key "name"; key "name";
min-elements "1"; min-elements "1";
description description
"Each list entry is a container for state data of a routing "Each list entry is a container for state data of a routing
instance. instance.
An implementation MAY create one or more system-controlled An implementation MUST support routing instance(s) of the
instances, other user-controlled instances MAY be created by type 'rt:default-routing-instance', and MAY support other
types. An implementation MAY restrict the number of routing
instances of each supported type.
An implementation SHOULD create at least one
system-controlled instance, and MAY allow the clients to
create user-controlled routing instances in
configuration."; configuration.";
leaf name { leaf name {
type string; type string;
description description
"The name of the routing instance. "The name of the routing instance.
For system-controlled instances the name is persistent, For system-controlled instances the name is persistent,
i.e., it SHOULD NOT change across reboots."; i.e., it SHOULD NOT change across reboots.";
} }
leaf type { leaf type {
type identityref { type identityref {
base routing-instance; base routing-instance;
} }
description description
"The routing instance type."; "The routing instance type.";
} }
container default-ribs { uses router-id {
description description
"Default RIBs used by the routing instance."; "Global router ID.
list default-rib {
key "address-family";
description
"Each list entry specifies the default RIB for one
address family.
The default RIB is operationally connected to all
routing protocols for which a connected RIB has not been
explicitly configured.
The 'direct' pseudo-protocol is always connected to the It may be either configured or assigned algorithmically by
default RIBs."; the implementation.";
uses address-family;
leaf rib-name {
type rib-state-ref;
mandatory "true";
description
"Name of an existing RIB to be used as the default RIB
for the given routing instance and address family.";
}
}
} }
container interfaces { container interfaces {
description description
"Network layer interfaces belonging to the routing "Network layer interfaces belonging to the routing
instance."; instance.";
list interface { leaf-list interface {
key "name"; type if:interface-state-ref;
description description
"List of network layer interfaces assigned to the routing "Each entry is a reference to the name of a configured
instance."; network layer interface.";
leaf name {
type if:interface-state-ref;
description
"A reference to the name of a configured network layer
interface.";
}
} }
} }
container routing-protocols { container routing-protocols {
description description
"Container for the list of routing protocol instances."; "Container for the list of routing protocol instances.";
list routing-protocol { list routing-protocol {
key "type name"; key "type name";
description description
"State data of a routing protocol instance. "State data of a routing protocol instance.
skipping to change at page 28, line 4 skipping to change at page 23, line 43
} }
leaf route-preference { leaf route-preference {
type route-preference; type route-preference;
mandatory "true"; mandatory "true";
description description
"The value of route preference (administrative "The value of route preference (administrative
distance) assigned to all routes generated by the distance) assigned to all routes generated by the
routing protocol instance. A lower value means a more routing protocol instance. A lower value means a more
preferred route."; preferred route.";
} }
container connected-ribs {
description
"Container for connected RIBs.";
list connected-rib {
key "rib-name";
description
"List of RIBs to which the routing protocol instance
is connected.
By default, routes learned by the routing protocol
instance are installed in all connected RIBs of the
matching address family, and, conversely, all routes
from connected RIBs are installed in the routing
protocol instance. However, routing protocols may
specify other rules.";
leaf rib-name {
type rib-state-ref;
description
"Name of an existing RIB.";
}
}
}
} }
} }
} container ribs {
container ribs {
description
"Container for RIBs.";
list rib {
key "name";
description description
"Each entry represents a RIB identified by the 'name' key. "Container for RIBs.";
All routes in a RIB MUST belong to the same address list rib {
family. key "name";
min-elements "1";
The server MUST provide a system-controlled default RIB
for each supported address family, and MAY provide other
system-controlled RIBs. Additional RIBs MAY be created in
the configuration.";
leaf name {
type string;
description
"The name of the RIB.";
}
uses address-family;
container routes {
description description
"Current content of the RIB."; "Each entry represents a RIB identified by the 'name'
key. All routes in a RIB MUST belong to the same address
family.
list route { For each routing instance, an implementation SHOULD
provide one system-controlled default RIB for each
supported address family.";
leaf name {
type string;
description description
"A RIB route entry. This data node MUST be augmented "The name of the RIB.";
with information specific for routes of each address
family.";
leaf route-preference {
type route-preference;
description
"This route attribute, also known as administrative
distance, allows for selecting the preferred route
among routes with the same destination prefix. A
smaller value means a more preferred route.";
}
container next-hop {
description
"Route's next-hop attribute.";
uses next-hop-state-content;
}
uses route-metadata;
} }
} uses address-family;
container recipient-ribs { leaf default-rib {
description if-feature multiple-ribs;
"Container for recipient RIBs."; type boolean;
list recipient-rib { default "true";
key "rib-name";
description description
"List of RIBs that receive routes from this RIB."; "This flag has the value of 'true' if and only if the
leaf rib-name { RIB is the default RIB for the given address family.
type rib-state-ref;
A default RIB always receives direct routes. By
default it also receives routes from all routing
protocols.";
}
container routes {
description
"Current content of the RIB.";
list route {
description description
"The name of the recipient RIB."; "A RIB route entry. This data node MUST be augmented
with information specific for routes of each address
family.";
leaf route-preference {
type route-preference;
description
"This route attribute, also known as administrative
distance, allows for selecting the preferred route
among routes with the same destination prefix. A
smaller value means a more preferred route.";
}
container next-hop {
description
"Route's next-hop attribute.";
uses next-hop-state-content;
}
uses route-metadata;
} }
} }
} }
} }
} }
} }
/* Configuration Data */ /* Configuration Data */
container routing { container routing {
description description
"Configuration parameters for the routing subsystem."; "Configuration parameters for the routing subsystem.";
skipping to change at page 30, line 47 skipping to change at page 26, line 12
description description
"Configuration of the global router ID. Routing protocols "Configuration of the global router ID. Routing protocols
that use router ID can use this parameter or override it that use router ID can use this parameter or override it
with another value."; with another value.";
} }
leaf description { leaf description {
type string; type string;
description description
"Textual description of the routing instance."; "Textual description of the routing instance.";
} }
container default-ribs {
if-feature multiple-ribs;
description
"Configuration of the default RIBs used by the routing
instance.
The default RIB for an addressed family if by default
connected to all routing protocol instances supporting
that address family, and always receives direct routes.";
list default-rib {
must "address-family=/routing/ribs/rib[name=current()/"
+ "rib-name]/address-family" {
error-message "Address family mismatch.";
description
"The entry's address family MUST match that of the
referenced RIB.";
}
key "address-family";
description
"Each list entry configures the default RIB for one
address family.";
uses address-family;
leaf rib-name {
type string;
mandatory "true";
description
"Name of an existing RIB to be used as the default RIB
for the given routing instance and address family.";
}
}
}
container interfaces { container interfaces {
description description
"Configuration of the routing instance's interfaces."; "Assignment of the routing instance's interfaces.";
list interface { leaf-list interface {
key "name"; type if:interface-ref;
description description
"List of network layer interfaces assigned to the routing "The name of a configured network layer interface to be
instance."; assigned to the routing-instance.";
leaf name {
type if:interface-ref;
description
"A reference to the name of a configured network layer
interface.";
}
} }
} }
container routing-protocols { container routing-protocols {
description description
"Configuration of routing protocol instances."; "Configuration of routing protocol instances.";
list routing-protocol { list routing-protocol {
key "type name"; key "type name";
description description
"Each entry contains configuration of a routing protocol "Each entry contains configuration of a routing protocol
instance."; instance.";
skipping to change at page 32, line 44 skipping to change at page 27, line 21
} }
leaf route-preference { leaf route-preference {
type route-preference; type route-preference;
description description
"The value of route preference (administrative "The value of route preference (administrative
distance). distance).
The default value depends on the routing protocol The default value depends on the routing protocol
type, and may also be implementation-dependent."; type, and may also be implementation-dependent.";
} }
container connected-ribs {
description
"Configuration of connected RIBs.";
list connected-rib {
key "rib-name";
description
"Each entry configures a RIB to which the routing
protocol instance is connected.
If no connected RIB is configured for an address
family, the routing protocol is connected to the
default RIB for that address family.";
leaf rib-name {
type rib-ref;
must "../../../type != 'rt:direct' or "
+ "../../../../../default-ribs/ "
+ "default-rib/rib-name=." {
error-message "The 'direct' protocol can be "
+ "connected only to a default RIB.";
description
"For the 'direct' pseudo-protocol, the connected
RIB must always be a default RIB.";
}
description
"Name of an existing RIB.";
}
}
}
container static-routes { container static-routes {
when "../type='rt:static'" { when "../type='rt:static'" {
description description
"This container is only valid for the 'static' "This container is only valid for the 'static'
routing protocol."; routing protocol.";
} }
description description
"Configuration of the 'static' pseudo-protocol. "Configuration of the 'static' pseudo-protocol.
Address-family-specific modules augment this node with Address-family-specific modules augment this node with
their lists of routes."; their lists of routes.";
} }
} }
} }
} container ribs {
container ribs {
description
"Configuration of RIBs.";
list rib {
key "name";
description description
"Each entry represents a configured RIB identified by the "Configuration of RIBs.";
'name' key. list rib {
key "name";
Entries having the same key as a system-controlled entry
of the list /routing-state/ribs/rib are used for
configuring parameters of that entry. Other entries define
additional user-controlled RIBs.";
leaf name {
type string;
description description
"The name of the RIB. "Each entry contains configuration for a RIB identified
by the 'name' key.
For system-controlled entries, the value of this leaf Entries having the same key as a system-controlled entry
must be the same as the name of the corresponding entry of the list /routing-state/routing-instance/ribs/rib are
in state data. used for configuring parameters of that entry. Other
entries define additional user-controlled RIBs.";
leaf name {
type string;
description
"The name of the RIB.
For user-controlled entries, an arbitrary name can be For system-controlled entries, the value of this leaf
used."; must be the same as the name of the corresponding
} entry in state data.
uses address-family;
leaf description { For user-controlled entries, an arbitrary name can be
type string; used.";
description }
"Textual description of the RIB."; uses address-family {
}
container recipient-ribs {
if-feature multiple-ribs;
description
"Configuration of recipient RIBs.";
list recipient-rib {
must "rib-name != ../../name" {
error-message
"Source and recipient RIBs are identical.";
description
"A RIB MUST NOT appear among its recipient RIBs.";
}
must "/routing/ribs/rib[name=current()/rib-name]/"
+ "address-family=../../address-family" {
error-message "Address family mismatch.";
description
"Address family of the recipient RIB MUST match that
of the source RIB.";
}
key "rib-name";
description description
"Each entry configures a recipient RIB."; "Address family of the RIB.
leaf rib-name {
type rib-ref; It is mandatory for user-controlled RIBs. For
description system-controlled RIBs it can be omitted, otherwise it
"The name of the recipient RIB."; must match the address family of the corresponding
state entry.";
refine "address-family" {
mandatory "false";
} }
} }
leaf description {
type string;
description
"Textual description of the RIB.";
}
} }
} }
} }
} }
/* RPC operations */ /* RPC operations */
rpc fib-route { rpc fib-route {
description description
"Return the active FIB route that a routing-instance uses for "Return the active FIB route that a routing-instance uses for
sending packets to a destination address."; sending packets to a destination address.";
input { input {
leaf routing-instance-name { leaf routing-instance-name {
type routing-instance-state-ref; type routing-instance-state-ref;
mandatory "true"; mandatory "true";
skipping to change at page 36, line 4 skipping to change at page 29, line 33
Address family specific modules MUST augment this list Address family specific modules MUST augment this list
with appropriate route contents."; with appropriate route contents.";
uses address-family; uses address-family;
container next-hop { container next-hop {
description description
"Route's next-hop attribute."; "Route's next-hop attribute.";
uses next-hop-state-content; uses next-hop-state-content;
} }
uses route-metadata; uses route-metadata;
} }
}
}
rpc route-count {
description
"Return the current number of routes in a RIB.";
input {
leaf rib-name {
type rib-state-ref;
mandatory "true";
description
"Name of the RIB.
If the RIB with name equal to the value of this parameter
doesn't exist, then this operation SHALL fail with
error-tag 'data-missing' and error-app-tag
'rib-not-found'.";
}
}
output {
leaf number-of-routes {
type uint64;
mandatory "true";
description
"Number of routes in the RIB.";
}
} }
} }
} }
<CODE ENDS> <CODE ENDS>
8. IPv4 Unicast Routing Management YANG Module 8. IPv4 Unicast Routing Management YANG Module
RFC Editor: In this section, replace all occurrences of 'XXXX' with RFC Editor: In this section, replace all occurrences of 'XXXX' with
the actual RFC number and all occurrences of the revision date below the actual RFC number and all occurrences of the revision date below
with the date of RFC publication (and remove this note). with the date of RFC publication (and remove this note).
<CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing@2015-02-10.yang" <CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing@2015-04-17.yang"
module ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing { module ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing {
namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing"; namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing";
prefix "v4ur"; prefix "v4ur";
import ietf-routing { import ietf-routing {
prefix "rt"; prefix "rt";
} }
import ietf-inet-types { import ietf-inet-types {
prefix "inet"; prefix "inet";
} }
organization organization
"IETF NETMOD (NETCONF Data Modeling Language) Working Group"; "IETF NETMOD (NETCONF Data Modeling Language) Working Group";
contact contact
skipping to change at page 37, line 41 skipping to change at page 30, line 42
Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as
authors of the code. All rights reserved. authors of the code. All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject to without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject to
the license terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License set the license terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License set
forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions
Relating to IETF Documents Relating to IETF Documents
(http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info). (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).
This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX; see the The key words 'MUST', 'MUST NOT', 'REQUIRED', 'SHALL', 'SHALL
RFC itself for full legal notices."; NOT', 'SHOULD', 'SHOULD NOT', 'RECOMMENDED', 'MAY', and
'OPTIONAL' in the module text are to be interpreted as described
in RFC 2119 (http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2119).
revision 2015-02-10 { This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX
(http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfcXXXX); see the RFC itself for
full legal notices.";
revision 2015-04-17 {
description description
"Initial revision."; "Initial revision.";
reference reference
"RFC XXXX: A YANG Data Model for Routing Management"; "RFC XXXX: A YANG Data Model for Routing Management";
} }
/* Identities */ /* Identities */
identity ipv4-unicast { identity ipv4-unicast {
base rt:ipv4; base rt:ipv4;
description description
"This identity represents the IPv4 unicast address family."; "This identity represents the IPv4 unicast address family.";
} }
/* State data */ /* State data */
augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:routes/rt:route" { augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:routing-instance/rt:ribs/rt:rib/"
+ "rt:routes/rt:route" {
when "../../rt:address-family = 'v4ur:ipv4-unicast'" { when "../../rt:address-family = 'v4ur:ipv4-unicast'" {
description description
"This augment is valid only for IPv4 unicast."; "This augment is valid only for IPv4 unicast.";
} }
description description
"This leaf augments an IPv4 unicast route."; "This leaf augments an IPv4 unicast route.";
leaf destination-prefix { leaf destination-prefix {
type inet:ipv4-prefix; type inet:ipv4-prefix;
description description
"IPv4 destination prefix."; "IPv4 destination prefix.";
} }
} }
augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:routes/rt:route/" augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:routing-instance/rt:ribs/rt:rib/"
+ "rt:next-hop/rt:next-hop-options/rt:simple-next-hop" { + "rt:routes/rt:route/rt:next-hop/rt:next-hop-options/"
+ "rt:simple-next-hop" {
when "../../../rt:address-family = 'v4ur:ipv4-unicast'" { when "../../../rt:address-family = 'v4ur:ipv4-unicast'" {
description description
"This augment is valid only for IPv4 unicast."; "This augment is valid only for IPv4 unicast.";
} }
description description
"This leaf augments the 'simple-next-hop' case of IPv4 unicast "This leaf augments the 'simple-next-hop' case of IPv4 unicast
routes."; routes.";
leaf next-hop-address { leaf next-hop-address {
type inet:ipv4-address; type inet:ipv4-address;
description description
skipping to change at page 40, line 49 skipping to change at page 34, line 11
} }
<CODE ENDS> <CODE ENDS>
9. IPv6 Unicast Routing Management YANG Module 9. IPv6 Unicast Routing Management YANG Module
RFC Editor: In this section, replace all occurrences of 'XXXX' with RFC Editor: In this section, replace all occurrences of 'XXXX' with
the actual RFC number and all occurrences of the revision date below the actual RFC number and all occurrences of the revision date below
with the date of RFC publication (and remove this note). with the date of RFC publication (and remove this note).
<CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing@2015-02-10.yang" <CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing@2015-04-17.yang"
module ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing { module ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing {
namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing"; namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing";
prefix "v6ur"; prefix "v6ur";
import ietf-routing { import ietf-routing {
prefix "rt"; prefix "rt";
} }
import ietf-inet-types { import ietf-inet-types {
prefix "inet"; prefix "inet";
skipping to change at page 42, line 6 skipping to change at page 35, line 16
Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as
authors of the code. All rights reserved. authors of the code. All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject to without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject to
the license terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License set the license terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License set
forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions
Relating to IETF Documents Relating to IETF Documents
(http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info). (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).
This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX; see the The key words 'MUST', 'MUST NOT', 'REQUIRED', 'SHALL', 'SHALL
RFC itself for full legal notices."; NOT', 'SHOULD', 'SHOULD NOT', 'RECOMMENDED', 'MAY', and
'OPTIONAL' in the module text are to be interpreted as described
in RFC 2119 (http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2119).
revision 2015-02-10 { This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX
(http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfcXXXX); see the RFC itself for
full legal notices.";
revision 2015-04-17 {
description description
"Initial revision."; "Initial revision.";
reference reference
"RFC XXXX: A YANG Data Model for Routing Management"; "RFC XXXX: A YANG Data Model for Routing Management";
} }
/* Identities */ /* Identities */
identity ipv6-unicast { identity ipv6-unicast {
base rt:ipv6; base rt:ipv6;
description description
"This identity represents the IPv6 unicast address family."; "This identity represents the IPv6 unicast address family.";
} }
/* State data */ /* State data */
augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:routing-instance/rt:interfaces/" augment "/if:interfaces-state/if:interface/ip:ipv6" {
+ "rt:interface" {
description description
"IPv6-specific parameters of router interfaces."; "Augment interface state data with IPv6-specific parameters of
router interfaces.";
container ipv6-router-advertisements { container ipv6-router-advertisements {
description description
"Parameters of IPv6 Router Advertisements."; "Parameters of IPv6 Router Advertisements.";
leaf send-advertisements { leaf send-advertisements {
type boolean; type boolean;
description description
"A flag indicating whether or not the router sends periodic "A flag indicating whether or not the router sends periodic
Router Advertisements and responds to Router Router Advertisements and responds to Router
Solicitations."; Solicitations.";
} }
skipping to change at page 44, line 41 skipping to change at page 38, line 9
type inet:ipv6-prefix; type inet:ipv6-prefix;
description description
"IPv6 address prefix."; "IPv6 address prefix.";
} }
leaf valid-lifetime { leaf valid-lifetime {
type uint32; type uint32;
units "seconds"; units "seconds";
description description
"The value that is placed in the Valid Lifetime in the "The value that is placed in the Valid Lifetime in the
Prefix Information option. The designated value of all Prefix Information option. The designated value of all
1's (0xffffffff) represents infinity."; 1's (0xffffffff) represents infinity.
An implementation SHOULD keep this value constant in
consecutive advertisements except when it is
explicitly changed in configuration.";
} }
leaf on-link-flag { leaf on-link-flag {
type boolean; type boolean;
description description
"The value that is placed in the on-link flag ('L-bit') "The value that is placed in the on-link flag ('L-bit')
field in the Prefix Information option."; field in the Prefix Information option.";
} }
leaf preferred-lifetime { leaf preferred-lifetime {
type uint32; type uint32;
units "seconds"; units "seconds";
description description
"The value that is placed in the Preferred Lifetime in "The value that is placed in the Preferred Lifetime in
the Prefix Information option, in seconds. The the Prefix Information option, in seconds. The
designated value of all 1's (0xffffffff) represents designated value of all 1's (0xffffffff) represents
infinity."; infinity.
An implementation SHOULD keep this value constant in
consecutive advertisements except when it is
explicitly changed in configuration.";
} }
leaf autonomous-flag { leaf autonomous-flag {
type boolean; type boolean;
description description
"The value that is placed in the Autonomous Flag field "The value that is placed in the Autonomous Flag field
in the Prefix Information option."; in the Prefix Information option.";
} }
} }
} }
} }
} }
augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:routes/rt:route" { augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:routing-instance/rt:ribs/rt:rib/"
+ "rt:routes/rt:route" {
when "../../rt:address-family = 'v6ur:ipv6-unicast'" { when "../../rt:address-family = 'v6ur:ipv6-unicast'" {
description description
"This augment is valid only for IPv6 unicast."; "This augment is valid only for IPv6 unicast.";
} }
description description
"This leaf augments an IPv6 unicast route."; "This leaf augments an IPv6 unicast route.";
leaf destination-prefix { leaf destination-prefix {
type inet:ipv6-prefix; type inet:ipv6-prefix;
description description
"IPv6 destination prefix."; "IPv6 destination prefix.";
} }
} }
augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:routes/rt:route/" augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:routing-instance/rt:ribs/rt:rib/"
+ "rt:next-hop/rt:next-hop-options/rt:simple-next-hop" { + "rt:routes/rt:route/rt:next-hop/rt:next-hop-options/"
+ "rt:simple-next-hop" {
when "../../../rt:address-family = 'v6ur:ipv6-unicast'" { when "../../../rt:address-family = 'v6ur:ipv6-unicast'" {
description description
"This augment is valid only for IPv6 unicast."; "This augment is valid only for IPv6 unicast.";
} }
description description
"This leaf augments the 'simple-next-hop' case of IPv6 unicast "This leaf augments the 'simple-next-hop' case of IPv6 unicast
routes."; routes.";
leaf next-hop-address { leaf next-hop-address {
type inet:ipv6-address; type inet:ipv6-address;
description description
"IPv6 address of the next-hop."; "IPv6 address of the next-hop.";
} }
} }
/* Configuration data */ /* Configuration data */
augment
"/rt:routing/rt:routing-instance/rt:interfaces/rt:interface" { augment "/if:interfaces/if:interface/ip:ipv6" {
when "/if:interfaces/if:interface[if:name=current()/rt:name]/"
+ "ip:ipv6/ip:enabled='true'" {
description
"This augment is only valid for router interfaces with
enabled IPv6.";
}
description description
"Configuration of IPv6-specific parameters of router "Augment interface configuration with IPv6-specific parameters
interfaces."; of router interfaces.";
container ipv6-router-advertisements { container ipv6-router-advertisements {
description description
"Configuration of IPv6 Router Advertisements."; "Configuration of IPv6 Router Advertisements.";
leaf send-advertisements { leaf send-advertisements {
type boolean; type boolean;
default "false"; default "false";
description description
"A flag indicating whether or not the router sends periodic "A flag indicating whether or not the router sends periodic
Router Advertisements and responds to Router Router Advertisements and responds to Router
Solicitations."; Solicitations.";
skipping to change at page 53, line 25 skipping to change at page 47, line 5
<CODE ENDS> <CODE ENDS>
10. IANA Considerations 10. IANA Considerations
RFC Ed.: In this section, replace all occurrences of 'XXXX' with the RFC Ed.: In this section, replace all occurrences of 'XXXX' with the
actual RFC number (and remove this note). actual RFC number (and remove this note).
This document registers the following namespace URIs in the IETF XML This document registers the following namespace URIs in the IETF XML
registry [RFC3688]: registry [RFC3688]:
---------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------
URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-routing URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-routing
Registrant Contact: The IESG. Registrant Contact: The IESG.
XML: N/A, the requested URI is an XML namespace. XML: N/A, the requested URI is an XML namespace.
---------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------
---------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------
URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing
Registrant Contact: The IESG. Registrant Contact: The IESG.
XML: N/A, the requested URI is an XML namespace. XML: N/A, the requested URI is an XML namespace.
---------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------
---------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------
URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing
Registrant Contact: The IESG. Registrant Contact: The IESG.
XML: N/A, the requested URI is an XML namespace. XML: N/A, the requested URI is an XML namespace.
---------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------
This document registers the following YANG modules in the YANG Module This document registers the following YANG modules in the YANG Module
Names registry [RFC6020]: Names registry [RFC6020]:
------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------
name: ietf-routing name: ietf-routing
namespace: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-routing namespace: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-routing
prefix: rt prefix: rt
reference: RFC XXXX reference: RFC XXXX
------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------
name: ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing name: ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing
namespace: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing namespace: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing
prefix: v4ur prefix: v4ur
reference: RFC XXXX reference: RFC XXXX
------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------
name: ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing name: ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing
namespace: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing namespace: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing
prefix: v6ur prefix: v6ur
reference: RFC XXXX reference: RFC XXXX
------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------
11. Security Considerations 11. Security Considerations
Configuration and state data conforming to the core routing data Configuration and state data conforming to the core routing data
model (defined in this document) are designed to be accessed via the model (defined in this document) are designed to be accessed via the
NETCONF protocol [RFC6241]. The lowest NETCONF layer is the secure NETCONF protocol [RFC6241]. The lowest NETCONF layer is the secure
transport layer and the mandatory-to-implement secure transport is transport layer and the mandatory-to-implement secure transport is
SSH [RFC6242]. The NETCONF access control model [RFC6536] provides SSH [RFC6242]. The NETCONF access control model [RFC6536] provides
the means to restrict access for particular NETCONF users to a pre- the means to restrict access for particular NETCONF users to a pre-
configured subset of all available NETCONF protocol operations and configured subset of all available NETCONF protocol operations and
skipping to change at page 55, line 8 skipping to change at page 48, line 34
The vulnerable "config true" subtrees and data nodes are the The vulnerable "config true" subtrees and data nodes are the
following: following:
/routing/routing-instance/interfaces/interface: This list assigns a /routing/routing-instance/interfaces/interface: This list assigns a
network layer interface to a routing instance and may also specify network layer interface to a routing instance and may also specify
interface parameters related to routing. interface parameters related to routing.
/routing/routing-instance/routing-protocols/routing-protocol: This /routing/routing-instance/routing-protocols/routing-protocol: This
list specifies the routing protocols configured on a device. list specifies the routing protocols configured on a device.
/routing/ribs/rib: This list specifies the RIBs configured for the /routing/routing-instance/ribs/rib: This list specifies the RIBs
device. configured for the device.
Unauthorized access to any of these lists can adversely affect the Unauthorized access to any of these lists can adversely affect the
routing subsystem of both the local device and the network. This may routing subsystem of both the local device and the network. This may
lead to network malfunctions, delivery of packets to inappropriate lead to network malfunctions, delivery of packets to inappropriate
destinations and other problems. destinations and other problems.
12. Acknowledgments 12. Acknowledgments
The authors wish to thank Nitin Bahadur, Martin Bjorklund, Dean The authors wish to thank Nitin Bahadur, Martin Bjorklund, Dean
Bogdanovic, Jeff Haas, Joel Halpern, Wes Hardaker, Sriganesh Kini, Bogdanovic, Jeff Haas, Joel Halpern, Wes Hardaker, Sriganesh Kini,
skipping to change at page 56, line 26 skipping to change at page 50, line 8
[RFC6242] Wasserman, M., "Using the NETCONF Protocol over Secure [RFC6242] Wasserman, M., "Using the NETCONF Protocol over Secure
Shell (SSH)", RFC 6242, June 2011. Shell (SSH)", RFC 6242, June 2011.
[RFC6536] Bierman, A. and M. Bjorklund, "Network Configuration [RFC6536] Bierman, A. and M. Bjorklund, "Network Configuration
Protocol (NETCONF) Access Control Model", RFC 6536, March Protocol (NETCONF) Access Control Model", RFC 6536, March
2012. 2012.
Appendix A. The Complete Data Trees Appendix A. The Complete Data Trees
This appendix presents the complete configuration and state data This appendix presents the complete configuration and state data
trees of the core routing data model. trees of the core routing data model. See Section 2.2 for an
explanation of the symbols used. Data type of every leaf node is
See Section 2.2 for an explanation of the symbols used. Data type of shown near the right end of the corresponding line.
every leaf node is shown near the right end of the corresponding
line.
A.1. Configuration Data A.1. Configuration Data
+--rw routing
+--rw routing +--rw routing-instance* [name]
+--rw routing-instance* [name] +--rw name string
| +--rw name string +--rw type? identityref
| +--rw type? identityref +--rw enabled? boolean
| +--rw enabled? boolean +--rw router-id? yang:dotted-quad
| +--rw router-id? yang:dotted-quad +--rw description? string
| +--rw description? string +--rw interfaces
| +--rw default-ribs {multiple-ribs}? | +--rw interface* if:interface-ref
| | +--rw default-rib* [address-family] +--rw routing-protocols
| | +--rw address-family identityref | +--rw routing-protocol* [type name]
| | +--rw rib-name string | +--rw type identityref
| +--rw interfaces | +--rw name string
| | +--rw interface* [name] | +--rw description? string
| | +--rw name if:interface-ref | +--rw enabled? boolean
| | +--rw v6ur:ipv6-router-advertisements | +--rw route-preference? route-preference
| | +--rw v6ur:send-advertisements? boolean | +--rw static-routes
| | +--rw v6ur:max-rtr-adv-interval? uint16 | +--rw v6ur:ipv6
| | +--rw v6ur:min-rtr-adv-interval? uint16 | | +--rw v6ur:route* [destination-prefix]
| | +--rw v6ur:managed-flag? boolean | | +--rw v6ur:destination-prefix inet:ipv6-prefix
| | +--rw v6ur:other-config-flag? boolean | | +--rw v6ur:description? string
| | +--rw v6ur:link-mtu? uint32 | | +--rw v6ur:next-hop
| | +--rw v6ur:reachable-time? uint32 | | +--rw (next-hop-options)
| | +--rw v6ur:retrans-timer? uint32 | | +--:(simple-next-hop)
| | +--rw v6ur:cur-hop-limit? uint8 | | | +--rw v6ur:outgoing-interface?
| | +--rw v6ur:default-lifetime? uint16 | | +--:(special-next-hop)
| | +--rw v6ur:prefix-list | | | +--rw v6ur:special-next-hop?
| | +--rw v6ur:prefix* [prefix-spec] | | +--:(next-hop-address)
| | +--rw v6ur:prefix-spec inet:ipv6-prefix | | +--rw v6ur:next-hop-address?
| | +--rw (control-adv-prefixes)? | +--rw v4ur:ipv4
| | +--:(no-advertise) | +--rw v4ur:route* [destination-prefix]
| | | +--rw v6ur:no-advertise? empty | +--rw v4ur:destination-prefix inet:ipv4-prefix
| | +--:(advertise) | +--rw v4ur:description? string
| | +--rw v6ur:valid-lifetime? uint32 | +--rw v4ur:next-hop
| | +--rw v6ur:on-link-flag? boolean | +--rw (next-hop-options)
| | +--rw v6ur:preferred-lifetime? uint32 | +--:(simple-next-hop)
| | +--rw v6ur:autonomous-flag? boolean | | +--rw v4ur:outgoing-interface?
| +--rw routing-protocols | +--:(special-next-hop)
| +--rw routing-protocol* [type name] | | +--rw v4ur:special-next-hop?
| +--rw type identityref | +--:(next-hop-address)
| +--rw name string | +--rw v4ur:next-hop-address?
| +--rw description? string +--rw ribs
| +--rw enabled? boolean +--rw rib* [name]
| +--rw route-preference? route-preference +--rw name string
| +--rw connected-ribs +--rw address-family? identityref
| | +--rw connected-rib* [rib-name] +--rw description? string
| | +--rw rib-name rib-ref
| +--rw static-routes
| +--rw v6ur:ipv6
| | +--rw v6ur:route* [destination-prefix]
| | +--rw v6ur:destination-prefix inet:ipv6-prefix
| | +--rw v6ur:description? string
| | +--rw v6ur:next-hop
| | +--rw (next-hop-options)
| | +--:(simple-next-hop)
| | | +--rw v6ur:outgoing-interface?
| | +--:(special-next-hop)
| | | +--rw v6ur:special-next-hop? enumeration
| | +--:(next-hop-address)
| | +--rw v6ur:next-hop-address?
| +--rw v4ur:ipv4
| +--rw v4ur:route* [destination-prefix]
| +--rw v4ur:destination-prefix inet:ipv4-prefix
| +--rw v4ur:description? string
| +--rw v4ur:next-hop
| +--rw (next-hop-options)
| +--:(simple-next-hop)
| | +--rw v4ur:outgoing-interface?
| +--:(special-next-hop)
| | +--rw v4ur:special-next-hop? enumeration
| +--:(next-hop-address)
| +--rw v4ur:next-hop-address?
+--rw ribs
+--rw rib* [name]
+--rw name string
+--rw address-family identityref
+--rw description? string
+--rw recipient-ribs {multiple-ribs}?
+--rw recipient-rib* [rib-name]
+--rw rib-name rib-ref
A.2. State Data A.2. State Data
+--ro routing-state +--ro routing-state
+--ro routing-instance* [name] +--ro routing-instance* [name]
| +--ro name string +--ro name string
| +--ro type? identityref +--ro type? identityref
| +--ro default-ribs +--ro router-id? yang:dotted-quad
| | +--ro default-rib* [address-family] +--ro interfaces
| | +--ro address-family identityref | +--ro interface* if:interface-state-ref
| | +--ro rib-name rib-state-ref +--ro routing-protocols
| +--ro interfaces | +--ro routing-protocol* [type name]
| | +--ro interface* [name] | +--ro type identityref
| | +--ro name if:interface-state-ref | +--ro name string
| | +--ro v6ur:ipv6-router-advertisements | +--ro route-preference route-preference
| | +--ro v6ur:send-advertisements? boolean +--ro ribs
| | +--ro v6ur:max-rtr-adv-interval? uint16 +--ro rib* [name]
| | +--ro v6ur:min-rtr-adv-interval? uint16 +--ro name string
| | +--ro v6ur:managed-flag? boolean +--ro address-family identityref
| | +--ro v6ur:other-config-flag? boolean +--ro default-rib? boolean {multiple-ribs}?
| | +--ro v6ur:link-mtu? uint32 +--ro routes
| | +--ro v6ur:reachable-time? uint32 +--ro route*
| | +--ro v6ur:retrans-timer? uint32 +--ro route-preference? route-preference
| | +--ro v6ur:cur-hop-limit? uint8 +--ro next-hop
| | +--ro v6ur:default-lifetime? uint16 | +--ro (next-hop-options)
| | +--ro v6ur:prefix-list | +--:(simple-next-hop)
| | +--ro v6ur:prefix* [prefix-spec] | | +--ro outgoing-interface?
| | +--ro v6ur:prefix-spec inet:ipv6-prefix | | +--ro v6ur:next-hop-address?
| | +--ro v6ur:valid-lifetime? uint32 | | +--ro v4ur:next-hop-address?
| | +--ro v6ur:on-link-flag? boolean | +--:(special-next-hop)
| | +--ro v6ur:preferred-lifetime? uint32 | +--ro special-next-hop? enumeration
| | +--ro v6ur:autonomous-flag? boolean +--ro source-protocol identityref
| +--ro routing-protocols +--ro active? empty
| +--ro routing-protocol* [type name] +--ro last-updated? yang:date-and-time
| +--ro type identityref +--ro v6ur:destination-prefix? inet:ipv6-prefix
| +--ro name string +--ro v4ur:destination-prefix? inet:ipv4-prefix
| +--ro route-preference route-preference
| +--ro connected-ribs
| +--ro connected-rib* [rib-name]
| +--ro rib-name rib-state-ref
+--ro ribs
+--ro rib* [name]
+--ro name string
+--ro address-family identityref
+--ro routes
| +--ro route*
| +--ro route-preference? route-preference
| +--ro next-hop
| | +--ro (next-hop-options)
| | +--:(simple-next-hop)
| | | +--ro outgoing-interface?
| | | +--ro v6ur:next-hop-address? inet:ipv6-address
| | | +--ro v4ur:next-hop-address? inet:ipv4-address
| | +--:(special-next-hop)
| | +--ro special-next-hop? enumeration
| +--ro source-protocol identityref
| +--ro active? empty
| +--ro last-updated? yang:date-and-time
| +--ro v6ur:destination-prefix? inet:ipv6-prefix
| +--ro v4ur:destination-prefix? inet:ipv4-prefix
+--ro recipient-ribs
+--ro recipient-rib* [rib-name]
+--ro rib-name rib-state-ref
Appendix B. Minimum Implementation Appendix B. Minimum Implementation
Some parts and options of the core routing model, such as user- Some parts and options of the core routing model, such as user-
defined routing tables, are intended only for advanced routers. This defined routing tables, are intended only for advanced routers. This
appendix gives basic non-normative guidelines for implementing a bare appendix gives basic non-normative guidelines for implementing a bare
minimum of available functions. Such an implementation may be used minimum of available functions. Such an implementation may be used
for hosts or very simple routers. for hosts or very simple routers.
A minimum implementation will provide a single system-controlled A minimum implementation will provide a single system-controlled
routing instance, and will not allow clients to create any user- routing instance, and will not allow clients to create any user-
controlled instances. controlled instances.
Typically, the feature "multiple-ribs" will not be supported. This Typically, the feature "multiple-ribs" will not be supported. This
means that a single system-controlled RIB is available for each means that a single system-controlled RIB is available for each
supported address family - IPv4, IPv6 or both. These RIBs must be supported address family - IPv4, IPv6 or both. These RIBs must be
the default RIBs, so references to them will also appear as system- the default RIBs. No user-controlled RIBs are allowed.
controlled entries of the "default-rib" list in state data. No user-
controlled RIBs are allowed.
In addition to the mandatory instance of the "direct" pseudo- In addition to the mandatory instance of the "direct" pseudo-
protocol, a minimum implementation should support configured protocol, a minimum implementation should support configuring
instance(s) of the "static" pseudo-protocol. Even with a single RIB instance(s) of the "static" pseudo-protocol.
per address family, it may be occasionally useful to be able to
configure multiple "static" instances. For example, a client may
want to configure alternative sets of static routes and activate or
deactivate them by means of connnecting the default RIB to the
corresponding "static" instance.
Platforms with severely constrained resources may use deviations for Platforms with severely constrained resources may use deviations for
restricting the data model, e.g., limiting the number of "static" restricting the data model, e.g., limiting the number of "static"
routing protocol instances. routing protocol instances.
Appendix C. Example: Adding a New Routing Protocol Appendix C. Example: Adding a New Routing Protocol
This appendix demonstrates how the core routing data model can be This appendix demonstrates how the core routing data model can be
extended to support a new routing protocol. The YANG module extended to support a new routing protocol. The YANG module
"example-rip" shown below is intended only as an illustration rather "example-rip" shown below is intended as an illustration rather than
than a real definition of a data model for the RIP routing protocol. a real definition of a data model for the RIP routing protocol. For
For the sake of brevity, this module does not obey all the guidelines the sake of brevity, this module does not obey all the guidelines
specified in [RFC6087]. See also Section 5.4.2. specified in [RFC6087]. See also Section 5.4.2.
module example-rip { module example-rip {
namespace "http://example.com/rip"; namespace "http://example.com/rip";
prefix "rip"; prefix "rip";
import ietf-routing { import ietf-routing {
prefix "rt"; prefix "rt";
skipping to change at page 61, line 15 skipping to change at page 54, line 15
} }
leaf tag { leaf tag {
type uint16; type uint16;
default "0"; default "0";
description description
"This leaf may be used to carry additional info, e.g. AS "This leaf may be used to carry additional info, e.g. AS
number."; number.";
} }
} }
augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:routes/rt:route" { augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:routing-instance/rt:ribs/rt:rib/"
+ "rt:routes/rt:route" {
when "rt:source-protocol = 'rip:rip'" { when "rt:source-protocol = 'rip:rip'" {
description description
"This augment is only valid for a routes whose source "This augment is only valid for a routes whose source
protocol is RIP."; protocol is RIP.";
} }
description description
"RIP-specific route attributes."; "RIP-specific route attributes.";
uses route-content; uses route-content;
} }
augment "/rt:active-route/rt:output/rt:route" { augment "/rt:fib-route/rt:output/rt:route" {
description description
"RIP-specific route attributes in the output of 'active-route' "RIP-specific route attributes in the output of 'active-route'
RPC."; RPC.";
uses route-content; uses route-content;
} }
augment "/rt:routing/rt:routing-instance/rt:routing-protocols/" augment "/rt:routing/rt:routing-instance/rt:routing-protocols/"
+ "rt:routing-protocol" { + "rt:routing-protocol" {
when "rt:type = 'rip:rip'" { when "rt:type = 'rip:rip'" {
description description
skipping to change at page 62, line 4 skipping to change at page 55, line 5
"RIP instance configuration."; "RIP instance configuration.";
container interfaces { container interfaces {
description description
"Per-interface RIP configuration."; "Per-interface RIP configuration.";
list interface { list interface {
key "name"; key "name";
description description
"RIP is enabled on interfaces that have an entry in this "RIP is enabled on interfaces that have an entry in this
list, unless 'enabled' is set to 'false' for that list, unless 'enabled' is set to 'false' for that
entry."; entry.";
leaf name { leaf name {
type leafref { type leafref {
path "../../../../../../rt:interfaces/rt:interface/" path "../../../../../../rt:interfaces/rt:interface";
+ "rt:name";
} }
} }
leaf enabled { leaf enabled {
type boolean; type boolean;
default "true"; default "true";
} }
leaf metric { leaf metric {
type rip-metric; type rip-metric;
default "1"; default "1";
} }
skipping to change at page 62, line 50 skipping to change at page 55, line 49
o ietf-interfaces [RFC7223], o ietf-interfaces [RFC7223],
o ietf-ip [RFC7277], o ietf-ip [RFC7277],
o ietf-routing (Section 7), o ietf-routing (Section 7),
o ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing (Section 8), o ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing (Section 8),
o ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing (Section 9). o ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing (Section 9).
We assume a simple network set-up as shown in Figure 4: router "A" We assume a simple network set-up as shown in Figure 3: router "A"
uses static default routes with the "ISP" router as the next-hop. uses static default routes with the "ISP" router as the next-hop.
IPv6 router advertisements are configured only on the "eth1" IPv6 router advertisements are configured only on the "eth1"
interface and disabled on the upstream "eth0" interface. interface and disabled on the upstream "eth0" interface.
+-----------------+ +-----------------+
| | | |
| Router ISP | | Router ISP |
| | | |
+--------+--------+ +--------+--------+
skipping to change at page 63, line 28 skipping to change at page 56, line 28
eth0|192.0.2.1 eth0|192.0.2.1
+--------+--------+ +--------+--------+
| | | |
| Router A | | Router A |
| | | |
+--------+--------+ +--------+--------+
eth1|198.51.100.1 eth1|198.51.100.1
|2001:db8:0:2::1 |2001:db8:0:2::1
| |
Figure 4: Example network configuration Figure 3: Example network configuration
A reply to the NETCONF <get> message sent by router "A" would then be A reply to the NETCONF <get> message sent by router "A" would then be
as follows: as follows:
<?xml version="1.0"?> <?xml version="1.0"?>
<rpc-reply <rpc-reply
message-id="101" message-id="101"
xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:netconf:base:1.0" xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:netconf:base:1.0"
xmlns:v4ur="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing" xmlns:v4ur="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing"
xmlns:v6ur="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing" xmlns:v6ur="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing"
xmlns:if="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-interfaces" xmlns:if="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-interfaces"
xmlns:ianaift="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:iana-if-type" xmlns:ianaift="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:iana-if-type"
xmlns:ip="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ip" xmlns:ip="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ip"
xmlns:rt="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-routing"> xmlns:rt="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-routing">
<data> <data>
<if:interfaces> <if:interfaces>
<if:interface> <if:interface>
<if:name>eth0</if:name> <if:name>eth0</if:name>
<if:type>ianaift:ethernetCsmacd</if:type> <if:type>ianaift:ethernetCsmacd</if:type>
<if:description> <if:description>
Uplink to ISP. Uplink to ISP.
</if:description> </if:description>
<ip:ipv4> <ip:ipv4>
<ip:address> <ip:address>
<ip:ip>192.0.2.1</ip:ip> <ip:ip>192.0.2.1</ip:ip>
<ip:prefix-length>24</ip:prefix-length> <ip:prefix-length>24</ip:prefix-length>
</ip:address> </ip:address>
<ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding> <ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding>
</ip:ipv4> </ip:ipv4>
<ip:ipv6> <ip:ipv6>
<ip:address> <ip:address>
<ip:ip>2001:0db8:0:1::1</ip:ip> <ip:ip>2001:0db8:0:1::1</ip:ip>
<ip:prefix-length>64</ip:prefix-length> <ip:prefix-length>64</ip:prefix-length>
</ip:address> </ip:address>
<ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding> <ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding>
<ip:autoconf> <ip:autoconf>
<ip:create-global-addresses>false</ip:create-global-addresses> <ip:create-global-addresses>false</ip:create-global-addresses>
</ip:autoconf> </ip:autoconf>
</ip:ipv6> </ip:ipv6>
</if:interface> </if:interface>
<if:interface> <if:interface>
<if:name>eth1</if:name> <if:name>eth1</if:name>
<if:type>ianaift:ethernetCsmacd</if:type> <if:type>ianaift:ethernetCsmacd</if:type>
<if:description> <if:description>
Interface to the internal network. Interface to the internal network.
</if:description> </if:description>
<ip:ipv4> <ip:ipv4>
<ip:address> <ip:address>
<ip:ip>198.51.100.1</ip:ip> <ip:ip>198.51.100.1</ip:ip>
<ip:prefix-length>24</ip:prefix-length> <ip:prefix-length>24</ip:prefix-length>
</ip:address> </ip:address>
<ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding> <ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding>
</ip:ipv4> </ip:ipv4>
<ip:ipv6> <ip:ipv6>
<ip:address> <ip:address>
<ip:ip>2001:0db8:0:2::1</ip:ip> <ip:ip>2001:0db8:0:2::1</ip:ip>
<ip:prefix-length>64</ip:prefix-length> <ip:prefix-length>64</ip:prefix-length>
</ip:address> </ip:address>
<ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding> <ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding>
<ip:autoconf> <ip:autoconf>
<ip:create-global-addresses>false</ip:create-global-addresses> <ip:create-global-addresses>false</ip:create-global-addresses>
</ip:autoconf> </ip:autoconf>
</ip:ipv6> </ip:ipv6>
</if:interface> </if:interface>
</if:interfaces> </if:interfaces>
<if:interfaces-state> <if:interfaces-state>
<if:interface> <if:interface>
<if:name>eth0</if:name> <if:name>eth0</if:name>
<if:type>ianaift:ethernetCsmacd</if:type> <if:type>ianaift:ethernetCsmacd</if:type>
<if:phys-address>00:0C:42:E5:B1:E9</if:phys-address> <if:phys-address>00:0C:42:E5:B1:E9</if:phys-address>
<if:oper-status>up</if:oper-status> <if:oper-status>up</if:oper-status>
<if:statistics> <rt:routing-instance>rtr0</rt:routing-instance>
<if:discontinuity-time> <if:statistics>
2014-10-24T17:11:27+00:58 <if:discontinuity-time>
</if:discontinuity-time> 2014-10-24T17:11:27+00:58
</if:statistics> </if:discontinuity-time>
<ip:ipv4> </if:statistics>
<ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding> <ip:ipv4>
<ip:mtu>1500</ip:mtu> <ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding>
<ip:address> <ip:mtu>1500</ip:mtu>
<ip:ip>192.0.2.1</ip:ip> <ip:address>
<ip:prefix-length>24</ip:prefix-length> <ip:ip>192.0.2.1</ip:ip>
</ip:address> <ip:prefix-length>24</ip:prefix-length>
</ip:ipv4> </ip:address>
<ip:ipv6> </ip:ipv4>
<ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding> <ip:ipv6>
<ip:mtu>1500</ip:mtu> <ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding>
<ip:address> <ip:mtu>1500</ip:mtu>
<ip:ip>2001:0db8:0:1::1</ip:ip> <ip:address>
<ip:prefix-length>64</ip:prefix-length> <ip:ip>2001:0db8:0:1::1</ip:ip>
</ip:address> <ip:prefix-length>64</ip:prefix-length>
</ip:ipv6> </ip:address>
</if:interface>
<if:interface>
<if:name>eth1</if:name>
<if:type>ianaift:ethernetCsmacd</if:type>
<if:oper-status>up</if:oper-status>
<if:phys-address>00:0C:42:E5:B1:EA</if:phys-address>
<if:statistics>
<if:discontinuity-time>
2014-10-24T17:11:27+00:59
</if:discontinuity-time>
</if:statistics>
<ip:ipv4>
<ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding>
<ip:mtu>1500</ip:mtu>
<ip:address>
<ip:ip>198.51.100.1</ip:ip>
<ip:prefix-length>24</ip:prefix-length>
</ip:address>
</ip:ipv4>
<ip:ipv6>
<ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding>
<ip:mtu>1500</ip:mtu>
<ip:address>
<ip:ip>2001:0db8:0:2::1</ip:ip>
<ip:prefix-length>64</ip:prefix-length>
</ip:address>
</ip:ipv6>
</if:interface>
</if:interfaces-state>
<rt:routing>
<rt:routing-instance>
<rt:name>rtr0</rt:name>
<rt:description>Router A</rt:description>
<rt:interfaces>
<rt:interface>
<rt:name>eth1</rt:name>
<v6ur:ipv6-router-advertisements> <v6ur:ipv6-router-advertisements>
<v6ur:send-advertisements>true</v6ur:send-advertisements> <v6ur:send-advertisements>true</v6ur:send-advertisements>
<v6ur:prefix-list> <v6ur:prefix-list>
<v6ur:prefix> <v6ur:prefix>
<v6ur:prefix-spec>2001:db8:0:2::/64</v6ur:prefix-spec> <v6ur:prefix-spec>2001:db8:0:2::/64</v6ur:prefix-spec>
</v6ur:prefix> </v6ur:prefix>
</v6ur:prefix-list> </v6ur:prefix-list>
</v6ur:ipv6-router-advertisements> </v6ur:ipv6-router-advertisements>
</rt:interface> </ip:ipv6>
</rt:interfaces> </if:interface>
<rt:routing-protocols> <if:interface>
<rt:routing-protocol> <if:name>eth1</if:name>
<rt:type>rt:static</rt:type> <if:type>ianaift:ethernetCsmacd</if:type>
<rt:name>st0</rt:name> <if:phys-address>00:0C:42:E5:B1:EA</if:phys-address>
<rt:description> <if:oper-status>up</if:oper-status>
Static routing is used for the internal network. <rt:routing-instance>rtr0</rt:routing-instance>
</rt:description> <if:statistics>
<rt:static-routes> <if:discontinuity-time>
<v4ur:ipv4> 2014-10-24T17:11:27+00:59
<v4ur:route> </if:discontinuity-time>
<v4ur:destination-prefix>0.0.0.0/0</v4ur:destination-prefix> </if:statistics>
<v4ur:next-hop> <ip:ipv4>
<v4ur:next-hop-address>192.0.2.2</v4ur:next-hop-address> <ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding>
</v4ur:next-hop> <ip:mtu>1500</ip:mtu>
</v4ur:route> <ip:address>
</v4ur:ipv4> <ip:ip>198.51.100.1</ip:ip>
<v6ur:ipv6> <ip:prefix-length>24</ip:prefix-length>
<v6ur:route> </ip:address>
<v6ur:destination-prefix>::/0</v6ur:destination-prefix>
<v6ur:next-hop> </ip:ipv4>
<v6ur:next-hop-address>2001:db8:0:1::2</v6ur:next-hop-address> <ip:ipv6>
</v6ur:next-hop> <ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding>
</v6ur:route> <ip:mtu>1500</ip:mtu>
</v6ur:ipv6> <ip:address>
</rt:static-routes> <ip:ip>2001:0db8:0:2::1</ip:ip>
</rt:routing-protocol> <ip:prefix-length>64</ip:prefix-length>
</rt:routing-protocols> </ip:address>
</rt:routing-instance>
</rt:routing>
<rt:routing-state>
<rt:routing-instance>
<rt:name>rtr0</rt:name>
<rt:default-ribs>
<rt:default-rib>
<rt:address-family>v4ur:ipv4-unicast</rt:address-family>
<rt:rib-name>ipv4-master</rt:rib-name>
</rt:default-rib>
<rt:default-rib>
<rt:address-family>v6ur:ipv6-unicast</rt:address-family>
<rt:rib-name>ipv6-master</rt:rib-name>
</rt:default-rib>
</rt:default-ribs>
<rt:interfaces>
<rt:interface>
<rt:name>eth0</rt:name>
</rt:interface>
<rt:interface>
<rt:name>eth1</rt:name>
<v6ur:ipv6-router-advertisements> <v6ur:ipv6-router-advertisements>
<v6ur:send-advertisements>true</v6ur:send-advertisements> <v6ur:send-advertisements>true</v6ur:send-advertisements>
<v6ur:prefix-list> <v6ur:prefix-list>
<v6ur:prefix> <v6ur:prefix>
<v6ur:prefix-spec>2001:db8:0:2::/64</v6ur:prefix-spec> <v6ur:prefix-spec>2001:db8:0:2::/64</v6ur:prefix-spec>
</v6ur:prefix> </v6ur:prefix>
</v6ur:prefix-list> </v6ur:prefix-list>
</v6ur:ipv6-router-advertisements> </v6ur:ipv6-router-advertisements>
</rt:interface> </ip:ipv6>
</rt:interfaces> </if:interface>
<rt:routing-protocols> </if:interfaces-state>
<rt:routing-protocol> <rt:routing>
<rt:type>rt:static</rt:type> <rt:routing-instance>
<rt:name>st0</rt:name> <rt:name>rtr0</rt:name>
<rt:route-preference>5</rt:route-preference> <rt:description>Router A</rt:description>
</rt:routing-protocol> <rt:router-id>192.0.2.1</rt:router-id>
</rt:routing-protocols> <rt:interfaces>
</rt:routing-instance> <rt:interface>eth0</rt:interface>
<rt:ribs> <rt:interface>eth1</rt:interface>
<rt:rib> </rt:interfaces>
<rt:name>ipv4-master</rt:name> <rt:routing-protocols>
<rt:address-family>v4ur:ipv4-unicast</rt:address-family> <rt:routing-protocol>
<rt:routes> <rt:type>rt:static</rt:type>
<rt:route> <rt:name>st0</rt:name>
<v4ur:destination-prefix>192.0.2.1/24</v4ur:destination-prefix> <rt:description>
<rt:next-hop> Static routing is used for the internal network.
<rt:outgoing-interface>eth0</rt:outgoing-interface> </rt:description>
</rt:next-hop> <rt:static-routes>
<rt:route-preference>0</rt:route-preference> <v4ur:ipv4>
<rt:source-protocol>rt:direct</rt:source-protocol> <v4ur:route>
<rt:last-updated>2014-10-24T17:11:27+01:00</rt:last-updated> <v4ur:destination-prefix>
</rt:route> 0.0.0.0/0
<rt:route> </v4ur:destination-prefix>
<v4ur:destination-prefix>198.51.100.0/24</v4ur:destination-prefix> <v4ur:next-hop>
<rt:next-hop> <v4ur:next-hop-address>192.0.2.2</v4ur:next-hop-address>
<rt:outgoing-interface>eth1</rt:outgoing-interface> </v4ur:next-hop>
</rt:next-hop> </v4ur:route>
<rt:source-protocol>rt:direct</rt:source-protocol> </v4ur:ipv4>
<rt:route-preference>0</rt:route-preference> <v6ur:ipv6>
<rt:last-updated>2014-10-24T17:11:27+01:00</rt:last-updated> <v6ur:route>
</rt:route> <v6ur:destination-prefix>::/0</v6ur:destination-prefix>
<rt:route> <v6ur:next-hop>
<v4ur:destination-prefix>0.0.0.0/0</v4ur:destination-prefix> <v6ur:next-hop-address>
<rt:source-protocol>rt:static</rt:source-protocol> 2001:db8:0:1::2
<rt:route-preference>5</rt:route-preference> </v6ur:next-hop-address>
<rt:next-hop> </v6ur:next-hop>
<v4ur:next-hop-address>192.0.2.2</v4ur:next-hop-address> </v6ur:route>
</rt:next-hop> </v6ur:ipv6>
<rt:last-updated>2014-10-24T18:02:45+01:00</rt:last-updated> </rt:static-routes>
</rt:route> </rt:routing-protocol>
</rt:routes> </rt:routing-protocols>
</rt:rib> </rt:routing-instance>
<rt:rib> </rt:routing>
<rt:name>ipv6-master</rt:name> <rt:routing-state>
<rt:address-family>v6ur:ipv6-unicast</rt:address-family> <rt:routing-instance>
<rt:routes> <rt:name>rtr0</rt:name>
<rt:route> <rt:interfaces>
<v6ur:destination-prefix> <rt:interface>eth0</rt:interface>
2001:db8:0:1::/64 <rt:interface>eth1</rt:interface>
</v6ur:destination-prefix> </rt:interfaces>
<rt:next-hop> <rt:routing-protocols>
<rt:outgoing-interface>eth0</rt:outgoing-interface> <rt:routing-protocol>
</rt:next-hop> <rt:type>rt:static</rt:type>
<rt:source-protocol>rt:direct</rt:source-protocol> <rt:name>st0</rt:name>
<rt:route-preference>0</rt:route-preference>
<rt:last-updated>2014-10-24T17:11:27+01:00</rt:last-updated>
</rt:route>
<rt:route>
<v6ur:destination-prefix>
2001:db8:0:2::/64
</v6ur:destination-prefix>
<rt:next-hop>
<rt:outgoing-interface>eth1</rt:outgoing-interface>
</rt:next-hop>
<rt:source-protocol>rt:direct</rt:source-protocol>
<rt:route-preference>0</rt:route-preference>
<rt:last-updated>2014-10-24T17:11:27+01:00</rt:last-updated>
</rt:route>
<rt:route>
<v6ur:destination-prefix>::/0</v6ur:destination-prefix>
<rt:next-hop>
<v6ur:next-hop-address>2001:db8:0:1::2</v6ur:next-hop-address>
</rt:next-hop>
<rt:source-protocol>rt:static</rt:source-protocol>
<rt:route-preference>5</rt:route-preference> <rt:route-preference>5</rt:route-preference>
<rt:last-updated>2014-10-24T18:02:45+01:00</rt:last-updated> </rt:routing-protocol>
</rt:route> </rt:routing-protocols>
</rt:routes> <rt:ribs>
</rt:rib> <rt:rib>
</rt:ribs> <rt:name>ipv4-master</rt:name>
</rt:routing-state> <rt:address-family>v4ur:ipv4-unicast</rt:address-family>
</data> <rt:default-rib>true</rt:default-rib>
</rpc-reply> <rt:routes>
<rt:route>
<v4ur:destination-prefix>
192.0.2.1/24
</v4ur:destination-prefix>
<rt:next-hop>
<rt:outgoing-interface>eth0</rt:outgoing-interface>
</rt:next-hop>
<rt:route-preference>0</rt:route-preference>
<rt:source-protocol>rt:direct</rt:source-protocol>
<rt:last-updated>2014-10-24T17:11:27+01:00</rt:last-updated>
</rt:route>
<rt:route>
<v4ur:destination-prefix>
198.51.100.0/24
</v4ur:destination-prefix>
<rt:next-hop>
<rt:outgoing-interface>eth1</rt:outgoing-interface>
</rt:next-hop>
<rt:source-protocol>rt:direct</rt:source-protocol>
<rt:route-preference>0</rt:route-preference>
<rt:last-updated>2014-10-24T17:11:27+01:00</rt:last-updated>
</rt:route>
<rt:route>
<v4ur:destination-prefix>0.0.0.0/0</v4ur:destination-prefix>
<rt:source-protocol>rt:static</rt:source-protocol>
<rt:route-preference>5</rt:route-preference>
<rt:next-hop>
<v4ur:next-hop-address>192.0.2.2</v4ur:next-hop-address>
</rt:next-hop>
<rt:last-updated>2014-10-24T18:02:45+01:00</rt:last-updated>
</rt:route>
</rt:routes>
</rt:rib>
<rt:rib>
<rt:name>ipv6-master</rt:name>
<rt:address-family>v6ur:ipv6-unicast</rt:address-family>
<rt:default-rib>true</rt:default-rib>
<rt:routes>
<rt:route>
<v6ur:destination-prefix>
2001:db8:0:1::/64
</v6ur:destination-prefix>
<rt:next-hop>
<rt:outgoing-interface>eth0</rt:outgoing-interface>
</rt:next-hop>
<rt:source-protocol>rt:direct</rt:source-protocol>
<rt:route-preference>0</rt:route-preference>
<rt:last-updated>2014-10-24T17:11:27+01:00</rt:last-updated>
</rt:route>
<rt:route>
<v6ur:destination-prefix>
2001:db8:0:2::/64
</v6ur:destination-prefix>
<rt:next-hop>
<rt:outgoing-interface>eth1</rt:outgoing-interface>
</rt:next-hop>
<rt:source-protocol>rt:direct</rt:source-protocol>
<rt:route-preference>0</rt:route-preference>
<rt:last-updated>2014-10-24T17:11:27+01:00</rt:last-updated>
</rt:route>
<rt:route>
<v6ur:destination-prefix>::/0</v6ur:destination-prefix>
<rt:next-hop>
<v6ur:next-hop-address>
2001:db8:0:1::2
</v6ur:next-hop-address>
</rt:next-hop>
<rt:source-protocol>rt:static</rt:source-protocol>
<rt:route-preference>5</rt:route-preference>
<rt:last-updated>2014-10-24T18:02:45+01:00</rt:last-updated>
</rt:route>
</rt:routes>
</rt:rib>
</rt:ribs>
</rt:routing-instance>
</rt:routing-state>
</data>
</rpc-reply>
Appendix E. Change Log Appendix E. Change Log
RFC Editor: Remove this section upon publication as an RFC. RFC Editor: Remove this section upon publication as an RFC.
E.1. Changes Between Versions -16 and -17 E.1. Changes Between Versions -17 and -18
o The container "ribs" was moved under "routing-instance" (in both
"routing" and "routing-state").
o Typedefs "rib-ref" and "rib-state-ref" were removed.
o Removed "recipient-ribs" (both state and configuration).
o Removed "connected-ribs" from "routing-protocol" (both state and
configuration).
o Configuration and state data for IPv6 RA were moved under
"if:interface" and "if:interface-state".
o Assignment of interfaces to routing instances now use leaf-list
rather than list (both config and state). The opposite reference
from "if:interface" to "rt:routing-instance" was changed to a
single leaf (an interface cannot belong to multiple routing
instances).
o Specification of a default RIB is now a simple flag under "rib"
(both config and state).
o Default RIBs are marked by a flag in state data.
E.2. Changes Between Versions -16 and -17
o Added Acee as a co-author. o Added Acee as a co-author.
o Removed all traces of route filters. o Removed all traces of route filters.
o Removed numeric IDs of list entries in state data. o Removed numeric IDs of list entries in state data.
o Removed all next-hop cases except "simple-next-hop" and "special- o Removed all next-hop cases except "simple-next-hop" and "special-
next-hop". next-hop".
o Removed feature "multipath-routes". o Removed feature "multipath-routes".
o Augmented "ietf-interfaces" module with a leaf-list of leafrefs o Augmented "ietf-interfaces" module with a leaf-list of leafrefs
pointing form state data of an interface entry to the routing pointing form state data of an interface entry to the routing
instance(s) to which the interface is assigned. instance(s) to which the interface is assigned.
E.2. Changes Between Versions -15 and -16 E.3. Changes Between Versions -15 and -16
o Added 'type' as the second key component of 'routing-protocol', o Added 'type' as the second key component of 'routing-protocol',
both in configuration and state data. both in configuration and state data.
o The restriction of no more than one connected RIB per address o The restriction of no more than one connected RIB per address
family was removed. family was removed.
o Removed the 'id' key of routes in RIBs. This list has no keys o Removed the 'id' key of routes in RIBs. This list has no keys
anymore. anymore.
skipping to change at page 70, line 29 skipping to change at page 64, line 9
o Added next-hop lists to state data. o Added next-hop lists to state data.
o Added two cases for specifying next-hops indirectly - via a new o Added two cases for specifying next-hops indirectly - via a new
RIB or a recursive list of next-hops. RIB or a recursive list of next-hops.
o Reorganized next-hop in static routes. o Reorganized next-hop in static routes.
o Removed all 'if-feature' statements from state data. o Removed all 'if-feature' statements from state data.
E.3. Changes Between Versions -14 and -15 E.4. Changes Between Versions -14 and -15
o Removed all defaults from state data. o Removed all defaults from state data.
o Removed default from 'cur-hop-limit' in config. o Removed default from 'cur-hop-limit' in config.
E.4. Changes Between Versions -13 and -14 E.5. Changes Between Versions -13 and -14
o Removed dependency of 'connected-ribs' on the 'multiple-ribs' o Removed dependency of 'connected-ribs' on the 'multiple-ribs'
feature. feature.
o Removed default value of 'cur-hop-limit' in state data. o Removed default value of 'cur-hop-limit' in state data.
o Moved parts of descriptions and all references on IPv6 RA o Moved parts of descriptions and all references on IPv6 RA
parameters from state data to configuration. parameters from state data to configuration.
o Added reference to RFC 6536 in the Security section. o Added reference to RFC 6536 in the Security section.
E.5. Changes Between Versions -12 and -13 E.6. Changes Between Versions -12 and -13
o Wrote appendix about minimum implementation. o Wrote appendix about minimum implementation.
o Remove "when" statement for IPv6 router interface state data - it o Remove "when" statement for IPv6 router interface state data - it
was dependent on a config value that may not be present. was dependent on a config value that may not be present.
o Extra container for the next-hop list. o Extra container for the next-hop list.
o Names rather than numeric ids are used for referring to list o Names rather than numeric ids are used for referring to list
entries in state data. entries in state data.
skipping to change at page 71, line 25 skipping to change at page 65, line 5
o o
o Removed "if-feature multiple-ribs;" from connected-ribs. o Removed "if-feature multiple-ribs;" from connected-ribs.
o "rib-name" instead of "name" is used as the name of leafref nodes. o "rib-name" instead of "name" is used as the name of leafref nodes.
o "next-hop" instead of "nexthop" or "gateway" used throughout, both o "next-hop" instead of "nexthop" or "gateway" used throughout, both
in node names and text. in node names and text.
E.6. Changes Between Versions -11 and -12 E.7. Changes Between Versions -11 and -12
o Removed feature "advanced-router" and introduced two features o Removed feature "advanced-router" and introduced two features
instead: "multiple-ribs" and "multipath-routes". instead: "multiple-ribs" and "multipath-routes".
o Unified the keys of config and state versions of "routing- o Unified the keys of config and state versions of "routing-
instance" and "rib" lists. instance" and "rib" lists.
o Numerical identifiers of state list entries are not keys anymore, o Numerical identifiers of state list entries are not keys anymore,
but they are constrained using the "unique" statement. but they are constrained using the "unique" statement.
o Updated acknowledgements. o Updated acknowledgements.
E.7. Changes Between Versions -10 and -11 E.8. Changes Between Versions -10 and -11
o Migrated address families from IANA enumerations to identities. o Migrated address families from IANA enumerations to identities.
o Terminology and node names aligned with the I2RS RIB model: router o Terminology and node names aligned with the I2RS RIB model: router
-> routing instance, routing table -> RIB. -> routing instance, routing table -> RIB.
o Introduced uint64 keys for state lists: routing-instance, rib, o Introduced uint64 keys for state lists: routing-instance, rib,
route, nexthop. route, nexthop.
o Described the relationship between system-controlled and user- o Described the relationship between system-controlled and user-
skipping to change at page 72, line 13 skipping to change at page 65, line 42
router". router".
o Made nexthop into a choice in order to allow for nexthop-list o Made nexthop into a choice in order to allow for nexthop-list
(I2RS requirement). (I2RS requirement).
o Added nexthop-list with entries having priorities (backup) and o Added nexthop-list with entries having priorities (backup) and
weights (load balancing). weights (load balancing).
o Updated bibliography references. o Updated bibliography references.
E.8. Changes Between Versions -09 and -10 E.9. Changes Between Versions -09 and -10
o Added subtree for state data ("/routing-state"). o Added subtree for state data ("/routing-state").
o Terms "system-controlled entry" and "user-controlled entry" o Terms "system-controlled entry" and "user-controlled entry"
defined and used. defined and used.
o New feature "user-defined-routing-tables". Nodes that are useful o New feature "user-defined-routing-tables". Nodes that are useful
only with user-defined routing tables are now conditional. only with user-defined routing tables are now conditional.
o Added grouping "router-id". o Added grouping "router-id".
o In routing tables, "source-protocol" attribute of routes now o In routing tables, "source-protocol" attribute of routes now
reports only protocol type, and its datatype is "identityref". reports only protocol type, and its datatype is "identityref".
o Renamed "main-routing-table" to "default-routing-table". o Renamed "main-routing-table" to "default-routing-table".
E.9. Changes Between Versions -08 and -09 E.10. Changes Between Versions -08 and -09
o Fixed "must" expresion for "connected-routing-table". o Fixed "must" expresion for "connected-routing-table".
o Simplified "must" expression for "main-routing-table". o Simplified "must" expression for "main-routing-table".
o Moved per-interface configuration of a new routing protocol under o Moved per-interface configuration of a new routing protocol under
'routing-protocol'. This also affects the 'example-rip' module. 'routing-protocol'. This also affects the 'example-rip' module.
E.10. Changes Between Versions -07 and -08 E.11. Changes Between Versions -07 and -08
o Changed reference from RFC6021 to RFC6021bis. o Changed reference from RFC6021 to RFC6021bis.
E.11. Changes Between Versions -06 and -07 E.12. Changes Between Versions -06 and -07
o The contents of <get-reply> in Appendix D was updated: "eth[01]" o The contents of <get-reply> in Appendix D was updated: "eth[01]"
is used as the value of "location", and "forwarding" is on for is used as the value of "location", and "forwarding" is on for
both interfaces and both IPv4 and IPv6. both interfaces and both IPv4 and IPv6.
o The "must" expression for "main-routing-table" was modified to o The "must" expression for "main-routing-table" was modified to
avoid redundant error messages reporting address family mismatch avoid redundant error messages reporting address family mismatch
when "name" points to a non-existent routing table. when "name" points to a non-existent routing table.
o The default behavior for IPv6 RA prefix advertisements was o The default behavior for IPv6 RA prefix advertisements was
clarified. clarified.
o Changed type of "rt:router-id" to "ip:dotted-quad". o Changed type of "rt:router-id" to "ip:dotted-quad".
o Type of "rt:router-id" changed to "yang:dotted-quad". o Type of "rt:router-id" changed to "yang:dotted-quad".
o Fixed missing prefixes in XPath expressions. o Fixed missing prefixes in XPath expressions.
E.12. Changes Between Versions -05 and -06 E.13. Changes Between Versions -05 and -06
o Document title changed: "Configuration" was replaced by o Document title changed: "Configuration" was replaced by
"Management". "Management".
o New typedefs "routing-table-ref" and "route-filter-ref". o New typedefs "routing-table-ref" and "route-filter-ref".
o Double slashes "//" were removed from XPath expressions and o Double slashes "//" were removed from XPath expressions and
replaced with the single "/". replaced with the single "/".
o Removed uniqueness requirement for "router-id". o Removed uniqueness requirement for "router-id".
skipping to change at page 73, line 36 skipping to change at page 67, line 15
o Complete data tree is now in Appendix A. o Complete data tree is now in Appendix A.
o Changed type of "source-protocol" from "leafref" to "string". o Changed type of "source-protocol" from "leafref" to "string".
o Clarified the relationship between routing protocol instances and o Clarified the relationship between routing protocol instances and
connected routing tables. connected routing tables.
o Added a must constraint saying that a routing table connected to o Added a must constraint saying that a routing table connected to
the direct pseudo-protocol must not be a main routing table. the direct pseudo-protocol must not be a main routing table.
E.13. Changes Between Versions -04 and -05 E.14. Changes Between Versions -04 and -05
o Routing tables are now global, i.e., "routing-tables" is a child o Routing tables are now global, i.e., "routing-tables" is a child
of "routing" rather than "router". of "routing" rather than "router".
o "must" statement for "static-routes" changed to "when". o "must" statement for "static-routes" changed to "when".
o Added "main-routing-tables" containing references to main routing o Added "main-routing-tables" containing references to main routing
tables for each address family. tables for each address family.
o Removed the defaults for "address-family" and "safi" and made them o Removed the defaults for "address-family" and "safi" and made them
skipping to change at page 74, line 24 skipping to change at page 68, line 5
o The "direct" pseudo-protocol is always connected to main routing o The "direct" pseudo-protocol is always connected to main routing
tables. tables.
o Entries in the list of connected routing tables renamed from o Entries in the list of connected routing tables renamed from
"routing-table" to "connected-routing-table". "routing-table" to "connected-routing-table".
o Added "must" constraint saying that a routing table must not be o Added "must" constraint saying that a routing table must not be
its own recipient. its own recipient.
E.14. Changes Between Versions -03 and -04 E.15. Changes Between Versions -03 and -04
o Changed "error-tag" for both RPC operations from "missing element" o Changed "error-tag" for both RPC operations from "missing element"
to "data-missing". to "data-missing".
o Removed the decrementing behavior for advertised IPv6 prefix o Removed the decrementing behavior for advertised IPv6 prefix
parameters "valid-lifetime" and "preferred-lifetime". parameters "valid-lifetime" and "preferred-lifetime".
o Changed the key of the static route lists from "seqno" to "id" o Changed the key of the static route lists from "seqno" to "id"
because the routes needn't be sorted. because the routes needn't be sorted.
o Added 'must' constraint saying that "preferred-lifetime" must not o Added 'must' constraint saying that "preferred-lifetime" must not
be greater than "valid-lifetime". be greater than "valid-lifetime".
E.15. Changes Between Versions -02 and -03 E.16. Changes Between Versions -02 and -03
o Module "iana-afn-safi" moved to I-D "iana-if-type". o Module "iana-afn-safi" moved to I-D "iana-if-type".
o Removed forwarding table. o Removed forwarding table.
o RPC "get-route" changed to "active-route". Its output is a list o RPC "get-route" changed to "active-route". Its output is a list
of routes (for multi-path routing). of routes (for multi-path routing).
o New RPC "route-count". o New RPC "route-count".
skipping to change at page 75, line 22 skipping to change at page 69, line 5
"ietf-ip". "ietf-ip".
o Added "router-id" leaf. o Added "router-id" leaf.
o Specified the names for IPv4/IPv6 unicast main routing tables. o Specified the names for IPv4/IPv6 unicast main routing tables.
o Route parameter "last-modified" changed to "age". o Route parameter "last-modified" changed to "age".
o Added container "recipient-routing-tables". o Added container "recipient-routing-tables".
E.16. Changes Between Versions -01 and -02 E.17. Changes Between Versions -01 and -02
o Added module "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing". o Added module "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing".
o The example in Appendix D now uses IP addresses from blocks o The example in Appendix D now uses IP addresses from blocks
reserved for documentation. reserved for documentation.
o Direct routes appear by default in the forwarding table. o Direct routes appear by default in the forwarding table.
o Network layer interfaces must be assigned to a router instance. o Network layer interfaces must be assigned to a router instance.
Additional interface configuration may be present. Additional interface configuration may be present.
skipping to change at page 75, line 46 skipping to change at page 69, line 29
o Additional "must" statements were added. o Additional "must" statements were added.
o The "route-content" grouping for IPv4 and IPv6 unicast now o The "route-content" grouping for IPv4 and IPv6 unicast now
includes the material from the "ietf-routing" version via "uses includes the material from the "ietf-routing" version via "uses
rt:route-content". rt:route-content".
o Explanation of symbols in the tree representation of data model o Explanation of symbols in the tree representation of data model
hierarchy. hierarchy.
E.17. Changes Between Versions -00 and -01 E.18. Changes Between Versions -00 and -01
o AFN/SAFI-independent stuff was moved to the "ietf-routing" module. o AFN/SAFI-independent stuff was moved to the "ietf-routing" module.
o Typedefs for AFN and SAFI were placed in a separate "iana-afn- o Typedefs for AFN and SAFI were placed in a separate "iana-afn-
safi" module. safi" module.
o Names of some data nodes were changed, in particular "routing- o Names of some data nodes were changed, in particular "routing-
process" is now "router". process" is now "router".
o The restriction of a single AFN/SAFI per router was lifted. o The restriction of a single AFN/SAFI per router was lifted.
 End of changes. 154 change blocks. 
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