draft-ietf-netmod-routing-cfg-22.txt   draft-ietf-netmod-routing-cfg-23.txt 
NETMOD Working Group L. Lhotka NETMOD Working Group L. Lhotka
Internet-Draft CZ.NIC Internet-Draft CZ.NIC
Intended status: Standards Track A. Lindem Intended status: Standards Track A. Lindem
Expires: January 6, 2017 Cisco Systems Expires: February 19, 2017 Cisco Systems
July 05, 2016 August 18, 2016
A YANG Data Model for Routing Management A YANG Data Model for Routing Management
draft-ietf-netmod-routing-cfg-22 draft-ietf-netmod-routing-cfg-23
Abstract Abstract
This document contains a specification of three YANG modules and one This document contains a specification of three YANG modules and one
submodule. Together they form the core routing data model which submodule. Together they form the core routing data model which
serves as a framework for configuring and managing a routing serves as a framework for configuring and managing a routing
subsystem. It is expected that these modules will be augmented by subsystem. It is expected that these modules will be augmented by
additional YANG modules defining data models for control plane additional YANG modules defining data models for control plane
protocols, route filters and other functions. The core routing data protocols, route filters and other functions. The core routing data
model provides common building blocks for such extensions - routes, model provides common building blocks for such extensions -- routes,
routing information bases (RIB), and control plane protocols. routing information bases (RIB), and control plane protocols.
Status of This Memo Status of This Memo
This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79. provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.
Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute
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Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
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time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
material or to cite them other than as "work in progress." material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."
This Internet-Draft will expire on January 6, 2017. This Internet-Draft will expire on February 19, 2017.
Copyright Notice Copyright Notice
Copyright (c) 2016 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the Copyright (c) 2016 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
document authors. All rights reserved. document authors. All rights reserved.
This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
Provisions Relating to IETF Documents Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
(http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
publication of this document. Please review these documents publication of this document. Please review these documents
skipping to change at page 2, line 25 skipping to change at page 2, line 25
2.3. Prefixes in Data Node Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.3. Prefixes in Data Node Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
3. Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3. Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
4. The Design of the Core Routing Data Model . . . . . . . . . . 7 4. The Design of the Core Routing Data Model . . . . . . . . . . 7
4.1. System-Controlled and User-Controlled List Entries . . . 8 4.1. System-Controlled and User-Controlled List Entries . . . 8
5. Basic Building Blocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 5. Basic Building Blocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
5.1. Route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 5.1. Route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
5.2. Routing Information Base (RIB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 5.2. Routing Information Base (RIB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
5.3. Control Plane Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 5.3. Control Plane Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
5.3.1. Routing Pseudo-Protocols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 5.3.1. Routing Pseudo-Protocols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
5.3.2. Defining New Control Plane Protocols . . . . . . . . 11 5.3.2. Defining New Control Plane Protocols . . . . . . . . 11
5.4. RPC Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 5.4. Parameters of IPv6 Router Advertisements . . . . . . . . 12
5.5. Parameters of IPv6 Router Advertisements . . . . . . . . 12
6. Interactions with Other YANG Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 6. Interactions with Other YANG Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
6.1. Module "ietf-interfaces" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 6.1. Module "ietf-interfaces" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
6.2. Module "ietf-ip" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 6.2. Module "ietf-ip" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
7. Routing Management YANG Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 7. Routing Management YANG Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
8. IPv4 Unicast Routing Management YANG Module . . . . . . . . . 27 8. IPv4 Unicast Routing Management YANG Module . . . . . . . . . 26
9. IPv6 Unicast Routing Management YANG Module . . . . . . . . . 33 9. IPv6 Unicast Routing Management YANG Module . . . . . . . . . 32
9.1. IPv6 Router Advertisements Submodule . . . . . . . . . . 38 9.1. IPv6 Router Advertisements Submodule . . . . . . . . . . 37
10. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 10. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
11. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 11. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
12. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 12. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
13. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 13. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
13.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 13.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
13.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 13.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Appendix A. The Complete Data Trees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Appendix A. The Complete Data Trees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
A.1. Configuration Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 A.1. Configuration Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
A.2. State Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 A.2. State Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Appendix B. Minimum Implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Appendix B. Minimum Implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Appendix C. Example: Adding a New Control Plane Protocol . . . . 55 Appendix C. Example: Adding a New Control Plane Protocol . . . . 54
Appendix D. Example: NETCONF <get> Reply . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Appendix D. Data Tree Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Appendix E. Change Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Appendix E. Change Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
E.1. Changes Between Versions -21 and -22 . . . . . . . . . . 64 E.1. Changes Between Versions -22 and -23 . . . . . . . . . . 65
E.2. Changes Between Versions -20 and -21 . . . . . . . . . . 64 E.2. Changes Between Versions -21 and -22 . . . . . . . . . . 65
E.3. Changes Between Versions -19 and -20 . . . . . . . . . . 64 E.3. Changes Between Versions -20 and -21 . . . . . . . . . . 65
E.4. Changes Between Versions -18 and -19 . . . . . . . . . . 64 E.4. Changes Between Versions -19 and -20 . . . . . . . . . . 66
E.5. Changes Between Versions -17 and -18 . . . . . . . . . . 65 E.5. Changes Between Versions -18 and -19 . . . . . . . . . . 66
E.6. Changes Between Versions -16 and -17 . . . . . . . . . . 65 E.6. Changes Between Versions -17 and -18 . . . . . . . . . . 66
E.7. Changes Between Versions -15 and -16 . . . . . . . . . . 66 E.7. Changes Between Versions -16 and -17 . . . . . . . . . . 67
E.8. Changes Between Versions -14 and -15 . . . . . . . . . . 66 E.8. Changes Between Versions -15 and -16 . . . . . . . . . . 67
E.9. Changes Between Versions -13 and -14 . . . . . . . . . . 66 E.9. Changes Between Versions -14 and -15 . . . . . . . . . . 68
E.10. Changes Between Versions -12 and -13 . . . . . . . . . . 67 E.10. Changes Between Versions -13 and -14 . . . . . . . . . . 68
E.11. Changes Between Versions -11 and -12 . . . . . . . . . . 67 E.11. Changes Between Versions -12 and -13 . . . . . . . . . . 68
E.12. Changes Between Versions -10 and -11 . . . . . . . . . . 68 E.12. Changes Between Versions -11 and -12 . . . . . . . . . . 69
E.13. Changes Between Versions -09 and -10 . . . . . . . . . . 68 E.13. Changes Between Versions -10 and -11 . . . . . . . . . . 69
E.14. Changes Between Versions -08 and -09 . . . . . . . . . . 68 E.14. Changes Between Versions -09 and -10 . . . . . . . . . . 69
E.15. Changes Between Versions -07 and -08 . . . . . . . . . . 69 E.15. Changes Between Versions -08 and -09 . . . . . . . . . . 70
E.16. Changes Between Versions -06 and -07 . . . . . . . . . . 69 E.16. Changes Between Versions -07 and -08 . . . . . . . . . . 70
E.17. Changes Between Versions -05 and -06 . . . . . . . . . . 69 E.17. Changes Between Versions -06 and -07 . . . . . . . . . . 70
E.18. Changes Between Versions -04 and -05 . . . . . . . . . . 70 E.18. Changes Between Versions -05 and -06 . . . . . . . . . . 70
E.19. Changes Between Versions -03 and -04 . . . . . . . . . . 70 E.19. Changes Between Versions -04 and -05 . . . . . . . . . . 71
E.20. Changes Between Versions -02 and -03 . . . . . . . . . . 71 E.20. Changes Between Versions -03 and -04 . . . . . . . . . . 72
E.21. Changes Between Versions -01 and -02 . . . . . . . . . . 71 E.21. Changes Between Versions -02 and -03 . . . . . . . . . . 72
E.22. Changes Between Versions -00 and -01 . . . . . . . . . . 72 E.22. Changes Between Versions -01 and -02 . . . . . . . . . . 73
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 E.23. Changes Between Versions -00 and -01 . . . . . . . . . . 73
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
This document contains a specification of the following YANG modules: This document contains a specification of the following YANG modules:
o Module "ietf-routing" provides generic components of a routing o Module "ietf-routing" provides generic components of a routing
data model. data model.
o Module "ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing" augments the "ietf-routing" o Module "ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing" augments the "ietf-routing"
module with additional data specific to IPv4 unicast. module with additional data specific to IPv4 unicast.
o Module "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing" augments the "ietf-routing" o Module "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing" augments the "ietf-routing"
module with additional data specific to IPv6 unicast. Its module with additional data specific to IPv6 unicast. Its
submodule "ietf-ipv6-router-advertisements" also augments the submodule "ietf-ipv6-router-advertisements" also augments the
"ietf-interfaces" module [RFC7223] with IPv6 router configuration "ietf-interfaces" [RFC7223] and "ietf-ip" [RFC7277] modules with
variables required by [RFC4861]. IPv6 router configuration variables required by [RFC4861].
These modules together define the so-called core routing data model, These modules together define the so-called core routing data model,
which is intended as a basis for future data model development which is intended as a basis for future data model development
covering more sophisticated routing systems. While these three covering more sophisticated routing systems. While these three
modules can be directly used for simple IP devices with static modules can be directly used for simple IP devices with static
routing (see Appendix B), their main purpose is to provide essential routing (see Appendix B), their main purpose is to provide essential
building blocks for more complicated data models involving multiple building blocks for more complicated data models involving multiple
control plane protocols, multicast routing, additional address control plane protocols, multicast routing, additional address
families, and advanced functions such as route filtering or policy families, and advanced functions such as route filtering or policy
routing. To this end, it is expected that the core routing data routing. To this end, it is expected that the core routing data
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The following terms are defined in [RFC6241]: The following terms are defined in [RFC6241]:
o client, o client,
o message, o message,
o protocol operation, o protocol operation,
o server. o server.
The following terms are defined in [RFC6020]: The following terms are defined in [I-D.ietf-netmod-rfc6020bis]:
o action,
o augment, o augment,
o configuration data, o configuration data,
o container, o container,
o container with presence, o container with presence,
o data model, o data model,
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A simplified graphical representation of the complete data tree is A simplified graphical representation of the complete data tree is
presented in Appendix A, and similar diagrams of its various subtrees presented in Appendix A, and similar diagrams of its various subtrees
appear in the main text. appear in the main text.
o Brackets "[" and "]" enclose list keys. o Brackets "[" and "]" enclose list keys.
o Curly braces "{" and "}" contain names of optional features that o Curly braces "{" and "}" contain names of optional features that
make the corresponding node conditional. make the corresponding node conditional.
o Abbreviations before data node names: "rw" means configuration o Abbreviations before data node names: "rw" means configuration
(read-write), "ro" state data (read-only), "-x" RPC operations, (read-write), "ro" state data (read-only), "-x" RPC operations or
and "-n" notifications. actions, and "-n" notifications.
o Symbols after data node names: "?" means an optional node, "!" a o Symbols after data node names: "?" means an optional node, "!" a
container with presence, and "*" denotes a "list" or "leaf-list". container with presence, and "*" denotes a "list" or "leaf-list".
o Parentheses enclose choice and case nodes, and case nodes are also o Parentheses enclose choice and case nodes, and case nodes are also
marked with a colon (":"). marked with a colon (":").
o Ellipsis ("...") stands for contents of subtrees that are not o Ellipsis ("...") stands for contents of subtrees that are not
shown. shown.
2.3. Prefixes in Data Node Names 2.3. Prefixes in Data Node Names
In this document, names of data nodes, RPC operations and other data In this document, names of data nodes, actions and other data model
model objects are often used without a prefix, as long as it is clear objects are often used without a prefix, as long as it is clear from
from the context in which YANG module each name is defined. the context in which YANG module each name is defined. Otherwise,
Otherwise, names are prefixed using the standard prefix associated names are prefixed using the standard prefix associated with the
with the corresponding YANG module, as shown in Table 1. corresponding YANG module, as shown in Table 1.
+--------+---------------------------+-----------+ +--------+---------------------------+-----------+
| Prefix | YANG module | Reference | | Prefix | YANG module | Reference |
+--------+---------------------------+-----------+ +--------+---------------------------+-----------+
| if | ietf-interfaces | [RFC7223] | | if | ietf-interfaces | [RFC7223] |
| ip | ietf-ip | [RFC7277] | | ip | ietf-ip | [RFC7277] |
| rt | ietf-routing | Section 7 | | rt | ietf-routing | Section 7 |
| v4ur | ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing | Section 8 | | v4ur | ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing | Section 8 |
| v6ur | ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing | Section 9 | | v6ur | ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing | Section 9 |
| yang | ietf-yang-types | [RFC6991] | | yang | ietf-yang-types | [RFC6991] |
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4. The Design of the Core Routing Data Model 4. The Design of the Core Routing Data Model
The core routing data model consists of three YANG modules and one The core routing data model consists of three YANG modules and one
submodule. The first module, "ietf-routing", defines the generic submodule. The first module, "ietf-routing", defines the generic
components of a routing system. The other two modules, "ietf-ipv4- components of a routing system. The other two modules, "ietf-ipv4-
unicast-routing" and "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing", augment the "ietf- unicast-routing" and "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing", augment the "ietf-
routing" module with additional data nodes that are needed for IPv4 routing" module with additional data nodes that are needed for IPv4
and IPv6 unicast routing, respectively. Module "ietf-ipv6-unicast- and IPv6 unicast routing, respectively. Module "ietf-ipv6-unicast-
routing" has a submodule, "ietf-ipv6-router-advertisements", that routing" has a submodule, "ietf-ipv6-router-advertisements", that
defines configuration variables for IPv6 router advertisements as augments the "ietf-interfaces" [RFC7223] and "ietf-ip" [RFC7277]
required by [RFC4861]. Figures 1 and 2 show abridged views of the modules with configuration variables for IPv6 router advertisements
as required by [RFC4861]. Figures 1 and 2 show abridged views of the
configuration and state data hierarchies. See Appendix A for the configuration and state data hierarchies. See Appendix A for the
complete data trees. complete data trees.
+--rw routing +--rw routing
+--rw router-id? +--rw router-id?
+--rw control-plane-protocols +--rw control-plane-protocols
| +--rw control-plane-protocol* [type name] | +--rw control-plane-protocol* [type name]
| +--rw type | +--rw type
| +--rw name | +--rw name
| +--rw description? | +--rw description?
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+--ro control-plane-protocols +--ro control-plane-protocols
| +--ro control-plane-protocol* [type name] | +--ro control-plane-protocol* [type name]
| +--ro type | +--ro type
| +--ro name | +--ro name
+--ro ribs +--ro ribs
+--ro rib* [name] +--ro rib* [name]
+--ro name +--ro name
+--ro address-family +--ro address-family
+--ro default-rib? +--ro default-rib?
+--ro routes +--ro routes
+--ro route* | +--ro route*
... | ...
Figure 2: State data hierarchy. Figure 2: State data hierarchy.
As can be seen from Figures 1 and 2, the core routing data model As can be seen from Figures 1 and 2, the core routing data model
introduces several generic components of a routing framework: routes, introduces several generic components of a routing framework: routes,
RIBs containing lists of routes, and control plane protocols. RIBs containing lists of routes, and control plane protocols.
Section 5 describes these components in more detail. Section 5 describes these components in more detail.
4.1. System-Controlled and User-Controlled List Entries 4.1. System-Controlled and User-Controlled List Entries
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This section describes the essential components of the core routing This section describes the essential components of the core routing
data model. data model.
5.1. Route 5.1. Route
Routes are basic elements of information in a routing system. The Routes are basic elements of information in a routing system. The
core routing data model defines only the following minimal set of core routing data model defines only the following minimal set of
route attributes: route attributes:
o "destination-prefix": IP prefix specifying the set of destination o "destination-prefix": address prefix specifying the set of
addresses for which the route may be used. This attribute is destination addresses for which the route may be used. This
mandatory. attribute is mandatory.
o "route-preference": an integer value (also known as administrative o "route-preference": an integer value (also known as administrative
distance) that is used for selecting a preferred route among distance) that is used for selecting a preferred route among
routes with the same destination prefix. A lower value means a routes with the same destination prefix. A lower value means a
more preferred route. more preferred route.
o "next-hop": determines the action to be performed with a packet. o "next-hop": determines the outgoing interface and/or next-hop
address(es), other operation to be performed with a packet.
Routes are primarily state data that appear as entries of RIBs Routes are primarily state data that appear as entries of RIBs
(Section 5.2) but they may also be found in configuration data, for (Section 5.2) but they may also be found in configuration data, for
example as manually configured static routes. In the latter case, example as manually configured static routes. In the latter case,
configurable route attributes are generally a subset of route configurable route attributes are generally a subset of attributes
attributes described above. defined for RIB routes.
5.2. Routing Information Base (RIB) 5.2. Routing Information Base (RIB)
Every implementation of the core routing data model manages one or Every implementation of the core routing data model manages one or
more routing information bases (RIB). A RIB is a list of routes more routing information bases (RIB). A RIB is a list of routes
complemented with administrative data. Each RIB contains only routes complemented with administrative data. Each RIB contains only routes
of one address family. An address family is represented by an of one address family. An address family is represented by an
identity derived from the "rt:address-family" base identity. identity derived from the "rt:address-family" base identity.
In the core routing data model, RIBs are state data represented as In the core routing data model, RIBs are state data represented as
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the so-called default RIB. Its role is explained in Section 5.3. the so-called default RIB. Its role is explained in Section 5.3.
Simple router implementations that do not advertise the feature Simple router implementations that do not advertise the feature
"multiple-ribs" will typically create one system-controlled RIB per "multiple-ribs" will typically create one system-controlled RIB per
supported address family, and mark it as the default RIB. supported address family, and mark it as the default RIB.
More complex router implementations advertising the "multiple-ribs" More complex router implementations advertising the "multiple-ribs"
feature support multiple RIBs per address family that can be used for feature support multiple RIBs per address family that can be used for
policy routing and other purposes. policy routing and other purposes.
The following action (see Section 7.15 of
[I-D.ietf-netmod-rfc6020bis]) is defined for the "rib" list:
o active-route -- return the active RIB route for the destination
address that is specified as the action's input parameter.
5.3. Control Plane Protocol 5.3. Control Plane Protocol
The core routing data model provides an open-ended framework for The core routing data model provides an open-ended framework for
defining multiple control plane protocol instances, e.g., for Layer 3 defining multiple control plane protocol instances, e.g., for Layer 3
routing protocols. Each routing protocol instance MUST be assigned a routing protocols. Each control plane protocol instance MUST be
type, which is an identity derived from the "rt:control-plane- assigned a type, which is an identity derived from the "rt:control-
protocol" base identity. The core routing data model defines two plane-protocol" base identity. The core routing data model defines
identities for the direct and static pseudo-protocols two identities for the direct and static pseudo-protocols
(Section 5.3.1). (Section 5.3.1).
Multiple control plane protocol instances of the same type MAY be Multiple control plane protocol instances of the same type MAY be
configured. configured.
5.3.1. Routing Pseudo-Protocols 5.3.1. Routing Pseudo-Protocols
The core routing data model defines two special routing protocol The core routing data model defines two special routing protocol
types - "direct" and "static". Both are in fact pseudo-protocols, types -- "direct" and "static". Both are in fact pseudo-protocols,
which means they are confined to the local device and do not exchange which means that they are confined to the local device and do not
any routing information with adjacent routers. exchange any routing information with adjacent routers.
Every implementation of the core routing data model MUST provide Every implementation of the core routing data model MUST provide
exactly one instance of the "direct" pseudo-protocol type. It is the exactly one instance of the "direct" pseudo-protocol type. It is the
source of direct routes for all configured address families. Direct source of direct routes for all configured address families. Direct
routes are normally supplied by the operating system kernel, based on routes are normally supplied by the operating system kernel, based on
the configuration of network interface addresses, see Section 6.2. the configuration of network interface addresses, see Section 6.2.
Direct routes MUST be installed in default RIBs of all supported
address families.
A pseudo-protocol of the type "static" allows for specifying routes A pseudo-protocol of the type "static" allows for specifying routes
manually. It MAY be configured in zero or multiple instances, manually. It MAY be configured in zero or multiple instances,
although a typical configuration will have exactly one instance. although a typical configuration will have exactly one instance.
5.3.2. Defining New Control Plane Protocols 5.3.2. Defining New Control Plane Protocols
It is expected that future YANG modules will create data models for It is expected that future YANG modules will create data models for
additional control plane protocol types. Such a new module has to additional control plane protocol types. Such a new module has to
define the protocol-specific configuration and state data, and it has define the protocol-specific configuration and state data, and it has
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to an identity derived from "rt:control-plane-protocol". to an identity derived from "rt:control-plane-protocol".
o Additional route attributes MAY be defined, preferably in one o Additional route attributes MAY be defined, preferably in one
place by means of defining a YANG grouping. The new attributes place by means of defining a YANG grouping. The new attributes
have to be inserted by augmenting the definitions of the nodes have to be inserted by augmenting the definitions of the nodes
/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:routes/rt:route /rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:routes/rt:route
and and
/rt:fib-route/rt:output/rt:route, /rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:output/rt:route,
and possibly other places in the configuration, state data, and possibly other places in the configuration, state data,
notifications, and RPC input or output. notifications, and input/output parameters of actions or RPC
operations.
o Configuration parameters and/or state data for the new protocol o Configuration parameters and/or state data for the new protocol
can be defined by augmenting the "control-plane-protocol" data can be defined by augmenting the "control-plane-protocol" data
node under both "/routing" and "/routing-state". node under both "/routing" and "/routing-state".
By using a "when" statement, the augmented configuration parameters By using a "when" statement, the augmented configuration parameters
and state data specific to the new protocol SHOULD be made and state data specific to the new protocol SHOULD be made
conditional and valid only if the value of "rt:type" or "rt:source- conditional and valid only if the value of "rt:type" or "rt:source-
protocol" is equal to the new protocol's identity. protocol" is equal to (or derived from) the new protocol's identity.
It is also RECOMMENDED that protocol-specific data nodes be It is also RECOMMENDED that protocol-specific data nodes be
encapsulated in an appropriately named container with presence. Such encapsulated in an appropriately named container with presence. Such
a container may contain mandatory data nodes that are otherwise a container may contain mandatory data nodes that are otherwise
forbidden at the top level of an augment. forbidden at the top level of an augment.
The above steps are implemented by the example YANG module for the The above steps are implemented by the example YANG module for the
RIP routing protocol in Appendix C. RIP routing protocol in Appendix C.
5.4. RPC Operations 5.4. Parameters of IPv6 Router Advertisements
The "ietf-routing" module defines one RPC operation:
o fib-route: query the routing system for the active route in the
Forwarding Information Base (FIB). It is the route that is
currently used for sending datagrams to a destination host whose
address is passed as the input parameter.
5.5. Parameters of IPv6 Router Advertisements
YANG module "ietf-ipv6-router-advertisements" (Section 9.1), which is YANG module "ietf-ipv6-router-advertisements" (Section 9.1), which is
a submodule of the "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing" module, augments the a submodule of the "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing" module, augments the
configuration and state data of IPv6 interfaces with definitions of configuration and state data of IPv6 interfaces with definitions of
the following variables as required by [RFC4861], sec. 6.2.1: the following variables as required by [RFC4861], sec. 6.2.1:
o send-advertisements, o send-advertisements,
o max-rtr-adv-interval, o max-rtr-adv-interval,
skipping to change at page 13, line 18 skipping to change at page 13, line 12
implemented in the "ietf-ip" module [RFC7277] (leaf implemented in the "ietf-ip" module [RFC7277] (leaf
"ip:forwarding"). "ip:forwarding").
2. The original specification [RFC4861] allows the implementations 2. The original specification [RFC4861] allows the implementations
to decide whether the "valid-lifetime" and "preferred-lifetime" to decide whether the "valid-lifetime" and "preferred-lifetime"
parameters remain the same in consecutive advertisements, or parameters remain the same in consecutive advertisements, or
decrement in real time. However, the latter behavior seems decrement in real time. However, the latter behavior seems
problematic because the values might be reset again to the problematic because the values might be reset again to the
(higher) configured values after a configuration is reloaded. (higher) configured values after a configuration is reloaded.
Moreover, no implementation is known to use the decrementing Moreover, no implementation is known to use the decrementing
behavior. The "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing" module therefore behavior. The "ietf-ipv6-router-advertisements" submodule
assumes the former behavior with constant values. therefore stipulates the former behavior with constant values.
6. Interactions with Other YANG Modules 6. Interactions with Other YANG Modules
The semantics of the core routing data model also depends on several The semantics of the core routing data model also depends on several
configuration parameters that are defined in other YANG modules. configuration parameters that are defined in other YANG modules.
6.1. Module "ietf-interfaces" 6.1. Module "ietf-interfaces"
The following boolean switch is defined in the "ietf-interfaces" YANG The following boolean switch is defined in the "ietf-interfaces" YANG
module [RFC7223]: module [RFC7223]:
skipping to change at page 14, line 34 skipping to change at page 14, line 29
direct route. The destination prefix of this route is set according direct route. The destination prefix of this route is set according
to the configured IP address and network prefix/mask, and the to the configured IP address and network prefix/mask, and the
interface is set as the outgoing interface for that route. interface is set as the outgoing interface for that route.
7. Routing Management YANG Module 7. Routing Management YANG Module
RFC Editor: In this section, replace all occurrences of 'XXXX' with RFC Editor: In this section, replace all occurrences of 'XXXX' with
the actual RFC number and all occurrences of the revision date below the actual RFC number and all occurrences of the revision date below
with the date of RFC publication (and remove this note). with the date of RFC publication (and remove this note).
<CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-routing@2016-07-01.yang" <CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-routing@2016-08-18.yang"
module ietf-routing { module ietf-routing {
yang-version "1.1";
namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-routing"; namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-routing";
prefix "rt"; prefix "rt";
import ietf-yang-types { import ietf-yang-types {
prefix "yang"; prefix "yang";
} }
import ietf-interfaces { import ietf-interfaces {
prefix "if"; prefix "if";
skipping to change at page 15, line 44 skipping to change at page 15, line 41
The key words 'MUST', 'MUST NOT', 'REQUIRED', 'SHALL', 'SHALL The key words 'MUST', 'MUST NOT', 'REQUIRED', 'SHALL', 'SHALL
NOT', 'SHOULD', 'SHOULD NOT', 'RECOMMENDED', 'MAY', and NOT', 'SHOULD', 'SHOULD NOT', 'RECOMMENDED', 'MAY', and
'OPTIONAL' in the module text are to be interpreted as described 'OPTIONAL' in the module text are to be interpreted as described
in RFC 2119 (http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2119). in RFC 2119 (http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2119).
This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX
(http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfcXXXX); see the RFC itself for (http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfcXXXX); see the RFC itself for
full legal notices."; full legal notices.";
revision 2016-07-01 { revision 2016-08-18 {
description description
"Initial revision."; "Initial revision.";
reference reference
"RFC XXXX: A YANG Data Model for Routing Management"; "RFC XXXX: A YANG Data Model for Routing Management";
} }
/* Features */ /* Features */
feature multiple-ribs { feature multiple-ribs {
description description
"This feature indicates that the server supports user-defined "This feature indicates that the server supports user-defined
RIBs. RIBs.
Servers that do not advertise this feature SHOULD provide Servers that do not advertise this feature SHOULD provide
exactly one system-controlled RIB per supported address family exactly one system-controlled RIB per supported address family
and make them also the default RIBs. These RIBs then appear as and make them also the default RIBs. These RIBs then appear as
entries of the list /routing-state/ribs/rib."; entries of the list /routing-state/ribs/rib.";
} }
skipping to change at page 18, line 45 skipping to change at page 18, line 43
enum receive { enum receive {
description description
"The packet will be received by the local system."; "The packet will be received by the local system.";
} }
} }
description description
"Special next-hop options."; "Special next-hop options.";
} }
} }
grouping next-hop-classifiers {
description
"This grouping provides two next-hop classifiers.";
leaf priority {
type enumeration {
enum primary {
value "1";
description
"Primary next-hop.";
}
enum backup {
value "2";
description
"Backup next-hop.";
}
}
description
"Simple priority for distinguishing between primary and
backup next-hops.
Backup next-hops are used if and only if no primary
next-hops are reachable.";
}
leaf weight {
type uint8;
must ". = 0 or not(../../next-hop/weight = 0)" {
error-message "Illegal combination of zero and non-zero "
+ "next-hop weights.";
description
"Next-hop weights must be either all zero (equal
load-balancing) or all non-zero.";
}
description
"This parameter specifies the weight of the next-hop for load
balancing. The number specifies the relative fraction of the
traffic that will use the corresponding next-hop.
A value of 0 represents equal load-balancing.
If both primary and backup next-hops are present, then the
weights for each priority level are used separately.";
}
}
grouping next-hop-content { grouping next-hop-content {
description description
"Generic parameters of next-hops in static routes."; "Generic parameters of next-hops in static routes.";
choice next-hop-options { choice next-hop-options {
mandatory "true"; mandatory "true";
description description
"Options for next-hops in static routes. "Options for next-hops in static routes.
Modules for address families MUST augment this choice with
the 'next-hop-address' case, which is a leaf containing a
gateway address of that address family.
It is expected that further cases will be added through It is expected that further cases will be added through
augments from other modules."; augments from other modules.";
leaf outgoing-interface { case simple-next-hop {
type if:interface-ref;
description description
"Name of the outgoing interface."; "This case represents a simple next hop consisting of the
next-hop address and/or outgoing interface.
Modules for address families MUST augment this case with a
leaf containing a next-hop address of that address
family.";
leaf outgoing-interface {
type if:interface-ref;
description
"Name of the outgoing interface.";
}
} }
case special-next-hop { case special-next-hop {
uses special-next-hop; uses special-next-hop;
} }
case next-hop-list { case next-hop-list {
container next-hop-list { container next-hop-list {
description description
"Container for multiple next-hops."; "Container for multiple next-hops.";
list next-hop { list next-hop {
key "index"; key "index";
description description
"An entry of a next-hop list."; "An entry of a next-hop list.
Modules for address families MUST augment this list
with a leaf containing a next-hop address of that
address family.";
leaf index { leaf index {
type string; type string;
description description
"An user-specified identifier utilised to uniquely "An user-specified identifier utilised to uniquely
reference the next-hop entry in the next-hop list. reference the next-hop entry in the next-hop list.
The value of this index has no semantic meaning The value of this index has no semantic meaning
other than for referencing the entry."; other than for referencing the entry.";
} }
choice address-or-interface { leaf outgoing-interface {
mandatory "true"; type if:interface-ref;
description description
"Choice between outgoing interface and next-hop "Name of the outgoing interface.";
address in next-hop list entries.
Modules for address families MUST augment this
choice with the 'next-hop-address' case, which is a
leaf containing a gateway address of that address
family.";
leaf outgoing-interface {
type if:interface-ref;
description
"Name of the outgoing interface.";
}
} }
uses next-hop-classifiers;
} }
} }
} }
} }
} }
grouping next-hop-state-content { grouping next-hop-state-content {
description description
"Generic parameters of next-hops in state data."; "Generic parameters of next-hops in state data.";
choice next-hop-options { choice next-hop-options {
mandatory "true"; mandatory "true";
description description
"Options for next-hops in state data. "Options for next-hops in state data.
Modules for address families MUST augment this choice with
the 'next-hop-address' case, which is a leaf containing a
gateway address of that address family.
It is expected that further cases will be added through It is expected that further cases will be added through
augments from other modules, e.g., for recursive augments from other modules, e.g., for recursive
next-hops."; next-hops.";
leaf outgoing-interface { case simple-next-hop {
type if:interface-state-ref;
description description
"Name of the outgoing interface."; "This case represents a simple next hop consisting of the
next-hop address and/or outgoing interface.
Modules for address families MUST augment this case with a
leaf containing a next-hop address of that address
family.";
leaf outgoing-interface {
type if:interface-state-ref;
description
"Name of the outgoing interface.";
}
} }
case special-next-hop { case special-next-hop {
uses special-next-hop; uses special-next-hop;
} }
case next-hop-list { case next-hop-list {
container next-hop-list { container next-hop-list {
description description
"Container for multiple next-hops."; "Container for multiple next-hops.";
list next-hop { list next-hop {
description description
"An entry of a next-hop list."; "An entry of a next-hop list.
choice address-or-interface {
mandatory "true";
description
"Choice between outgoing interface and next-hop
address in next-hop list entries.
Modules for address families MUST augment this Modules for address families MUST augment this list
choice with the 'next-hop-address' case, which is a with a leaf containing a next-hop address of that
leaf containing a gateway address of that address address family.";
family."; leaf outgoing-interface {
leaf outgoing-interface { type if:interface-state-ref;
type if:interface-state-ref; description
description "Name of the outgoing interface.";
"Name of the outgoing interface.";
}
} }
uses next-hop-classifiers;
} }
} }
} }
} }
} }
grouping route-metadata { grouping route-metadata {
description description
"Common route metadata."; "Common route metadata.";
leaf source-protocol { leaf source-protocol {
type identityref { type identityref {
base routing-protocol; base routing-protocol;
} }
mandatory "true"; mandatory "true";
skipping to change at page 24, line 21 skipping to change at page 23, line 17
} }
uses address-family; uses address-family;
leaf default-rib { leaf default-rib {
if-feature "multiple-ribs"; if-feature "multiple-ribs";
type boolean; type boolean;
default "true"; default "true";
description description
"This flag has the value of 'true' if and only if the RIB "This flag has the value of 'true' if and only if the RIB
is the default RIB for the given address family. is the default RIB for the given address family.
A default RIB always receives direct routes. By default By default, control plane protocols place their routes
it also receives routes from all routing protocols."; in the default RIBs.";
} }
container routes { container routes {
description description
"Current content of the RIB."; "Current content of the RIB.";
list route { list route {
description description
"A RIB route entry. This data node MUST be augmented "A RIB route entry. This data node MUST be augmented
with information specific for routes of each address with information specific for routes of each address
family."; family.";
leaf route-preference { leaf route-preference {
skipping to change at page 24, line 48 skipping to change at page 23, line 44
smaller value means a more preferred route."; smaller value means a more preferred route.";
} }
container next-hop { container next-hop {
description description
"Route's next-hop attribute."; "Route's next-hop attribute.";
uses next-hop-state-content; uses next-hop-state-content;
} }
uses route-metadata; uses route-metadata;
} }
} }
action active-route {
description
"Return the active RIB route that is used for the
destination address.
Address family specific modules MUST augment input
parameters with a leaf named 'destination-address'.";
output {
container route {
description
"The active RIB route for the specified destination.
If no route exists in the RIB for the destination
address, no output is returned.
Address family specific modules MUST augment this
container with appropriate route contents.";
container next-hop {
description
"Route's next-hop attribute.";
uses next-hop-state-content;
}
uses route-metadata;
}
}
}
} }
} }
} }
/* Configuration Data */ /* Configuration Data */
container routing { container routing {
description description
"Configuration parameters for the routing subsystem."; "Configuration parameters for the routing subsystem.";
uses router-id { uses router-id {
if-feature "router-id"; if-feature "router-id";
description description
"Configuration of the global router ID. Routing protocols "Configuration of the global router ID. Routing protocols
that use router ID can use this parameter or override it that use router ID can use this parameter or override it
with another value."; with another value.";
} }
skipping to change at page 25, line 43 skipping to change at page 25, line 19
"An arbitrary name of the control plane protocol "An arbitrary name of the control plane protocol
instance."; instance.";
} }
leaf description { leaf description {
type string; type string;
description description
"Textual description of the control plane protocol "Textual description of the control plane protocol
instance."; instance.";
} }
container static-routes { container static-routes {
when "../type='rt:static'" { when "derived-from-or-self(../type, 'rt:static')" {
description description
"This container is only valid for the 'static' routing "This container is only valid for the 'static' routing
protocol."; protocol.";
} }
description description
"Configuration of the 'static' pseudo-protocol. "Configuration of the 'static' pseudo-protocol.
Address-family-specific modules augment this node with Address-family-specific modules augment this node with
their lists of routes."; their lists of routes.";
} }
skipping to change at page 27, line 4 skipping to change at page 26, line 28
mandatory "false"; mandatory "false";
} }
} }
leaf description { leaf description {
type string; type string;
description description
"Textual description of the RIB."; "Textual description of the RIB.";
} }
} }
} }
}
/* RPC operations */
rpc fib-route {
description
"Return the active FIB route that is used for sending packets
to a destination address.";
input {
container destination-address {
description
"Network layer destination address.
Address family specific modules MUST augment this
container with a leaf named 'address'.";
uses address-family;
}
}
output {
container route {
description
"The active FIB route for the specified destination.
If no active FIB route exists for the destination address,
no output is returned - the server SHALL send an
<rpc-reply> containing a single element <ok>.
Address family specific modules MUST augment this list
with appropriate route contents.";
uses address-family;
container next-hop {
description
"Route's next-hop attribute.";
uses next-hop-state-content;
}
uses route-metadata;
}
}
} }
} }
<CODE ENDS> <CODE ENDS>
8. IPv4 Unicast Routing Management YANG Module 8. IPv4 Unicast Routing Management YANG Module
RFC Editor: In this section, replace all occurrences of 'XXXX' with RFC Editor: In this section, replace all occurrences of 'XXXX' with
the actual RFC number and all occurrences of the revision date below the actual RFC number and all occurrences of the revision date below
with the date of RFC publication (and remove this note). with the date of RFC publication (and remove this note).
<CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing@2016-07-01.yang" <CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing@2016-08-18.yang"
module ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing { module ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing {
yang-version "1.1";
namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing"; namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing";
prefix "v4ur"; prefix "v4ur";
import ietf-routing { import ietf-routing {
prefix "rt"; prefix "rt";
} }
import ietf-inet-types { import ietf-inet-types {
prefix "inet"; prefix "inet";
} }
organization organization
"IETF NETMOD (NETCONF Data Modeling Language) Working Group"; "IETF NETMOD (NETCONF Data Modeling Language) Working Group";
contact contact
"WG Web: <http://tools.ietf.org/wg/netmod/> "WG Web: <http://tools.ietf.org/wg/netmod/>
WG List: <mailto:netmod@ietf.org> WG List: <mailto:netmod@ietf.org>
skipping to change at page 29, line 4 skipping to change at page 27, line 40
Copyright (c) 2016 IETF Trust and the persons identified as Copyright (c) 2016 IETF Trust and the persons identified as
authors of the code. All rights reserved. authors of the code. All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject to without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject to
the license terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License set the license terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License set
forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions
Relating to IETF Documents Relating to IETF Documents
(http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info). (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).
The key words 'MUST', 'MUST NOT', 'REQUIRED', 'SHALL', 'SHALL The key words 'MUST', 'MUST NOT', 'REQUIRED', 'SHALL', 'SHALL
NOT', 'SHOULD', 'SHOULD NOT', 'RECOMMENDED', 'MAY', and NOT', 'SHOULD', 'SHOULD NOT', 'RECOMMENDED', 'MAY', and
'OPTIONAL' in the module text are to be interpreted as described 'OPTIONAL' in the module text are to be interpreted as described
in RFC 2119 (http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2119). in RFC 2119 (http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2119).
This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX
(http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfcXXXX); see the RFC itself for (http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfcXXXX); see the RFC itself for
full legal notices."; full legal notices.";
revision 2016-07-01 { revision 2016-08-18 {
description description
"Initial revision."; "Initial revision.";
reference reference
"RFC XXXX: A YANG Data Model for Routing Management"; "RFC XXXX: A YANG Data Model for Routing Management";
} }
/* Identities */ /* Identities */
identity ipv4-unicast { identity ipv4-unicast {
base rt:ipv4; base rt:ipv4;
description description
"This identity represents the IPv4 unicast address family."; "This identity represents the IPv4 unicast address family.";
} }
/* State data */ /* State data */
augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:routes/rt:route" { augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:routes/rt:route" {
when "../../rt:address-family = 'v4ur:ipv4-unicast'" { when "derived-from-or-self(../../rt:address-family, "
+ "'v4ur:ipv4-unicast')" {
description description
"This augment is valid only for IPv4 unicast."; "This augment is valid only for IPv4 unicast.";
} }
description description
"This leaf augments an IPv4 unicast route."; "This leaf augments an IPv4 unicast route.";
leaf destination-prefix { leaf destination-prefix {
type inet:ipv4-prefix; type inet:ipv4-prefix;
description description
"IPv4 destination prefix."; "IPv4 destination prefix.";
} }
} }
augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:routes/rt:route/" augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:routes/rt:route/"
+ "rt:next-hop/rt:next-hop-options" { + "rt:next-hop/rt:next-hop-options/rt:simple-next-hop" {
when "../../../rt:address-family = 'v4ur:ipv4-unicast'" { when "derived-from-or-self(../../../rt:address-family, "
+ "'v4ur:ipv4-unicast')" {
description description
"This augment is valid only for IPv4 unicast."; "This augment is valid only for IPv4 unicast.";
} }
description description
"Augment 'next-hop-options' in IPv4 unicast routes."; "Augment 'simple-next-hop' case in IPv4 unicast routes.";
leaf next-hop-address { leaf next-hop-address {
type inet:ipv4-address; type inet:ipv4-address;
description description
"IPv4 address of the next-hop."; "IPv4 address of the next-hop.";
} }
} }
augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:routes/rt:route/" augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:routes/rt:route/"
+ "rt:next-hop/rt:next-hop-options/rt:next-hop-list/" + "rt:next-hop/rt:next-hop-options/rt:next-hop-list/"
+ "rt:next-hop-list/rt:next-hop/rt:address-or-interface" { + "rt:next-hop-list/rt:next-hop" {
when "../../../../../rt:address-family = 'v4ur:ipv4-unicast'" { when "derived-from-or-self(../../../../../rt:address-family, "
+ "'v4ur:ipv4-unicast')" {
description description
"This augment is valid only for IPv4 unicast."; "This augment is valid only for IPv4 unicast.";
} }
description description
"This leaf augments the 'next-hop-list' case of IPv4 unicast "This leaf augments the 'next-hop-list' case of IPv4 unicast
routes."; routes.";
leaf address { leaf address {
type inet:ipv4-address; type inet:ipv4-address;
description description
"IPv4 address of the next-hop."; "IPv4 address of the next-hop.";
} }
} }
augment
"/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:active-route/rt:input" {
when "derived-from-or-self(../../rt:address-family, "
+ "'v4ur:ipv4-unicast')" {
description
"This augment is valid only for IPv4 unicast RIBs.";
}
description
"This augment adds the input parameter of the 'active-route'
action.";
leaf destination-address {
type inet:ipv4-address;
description
"IPv4 destination address.";
}
}
augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:active-route/"
+ "rt:output/rt:route" {
when "derived-from-or-self(../../../rt:address-family, "
+ "'v4ur:ipv4-unicast')" {
description
"This augment is valid only for IPv4 unicast.";
}
description
"This augment adds the destination prefix to the reply of the
'active-route' action.";
leaf destination-prefix {
type inet:ipv4-prefix;
description
"IPv4 destination prefix.";
}
}
augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:active-route/"
+ "rt:output/rt:route/rt:next-hop/rt:next-hop-options/"
+ "rt:simple-next-hop" {
when "derived-from-or-self(../../../../rt:address-family, "
+ "'v4ur:ipv4-unicast')" {
description
"This augment is valid only for IPv4 unicast.";
}
description
"Augment 'simple-next-hop' case in the reply to the
'active-route' action.";
leaf next-hop-address {
type inet:ipv4-address;
description
"IPv4 address of the next-hop.";
}
}
augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:active-route/"
+ "rt:output/rt:route/rt:next-hop/rt:next-hop-options/"
+ "rt:next-hop-list/rt:next-hop-list/rt:next-hop" {
when "derived-from-or-self(../../../../../../rt:address-family, "
+ "'v4ur:ipv4-unicast')" {
description
"This augment is valid only for IPv4 unicast.";
}
description
"Augment 'next-hop-list' case in the reply to the
'active-route' action.";
leaf next-hop-address {
type inet:ipv4-address;
description
"IPv4 address of the next-hop.";
}
}
/* Configuration data */ /* Configuration data */
augment "/rt:routing/rt:control-plane-protocols/" augment "/rt:routing/rt:control-plane-protocols/"
+ "rt:control-plane-protocol/rt:static-routes" { + "rt:control-plane-protocol/rt:static-routes" {
description description
"This augment defines the configuration of the 'static' "This augment defines the configuration of the 'static'
pseudo-protocol with data specific to IPv4 unicast."; pseudo-protocol with data specific to IPv4 unicast.";
container ipv4 { container ipv4 {
description description
"Configuration of a 'static' pseudo-protocol instance "Configuration of a 'static' pseudo-protocol instance
skipping to change at page 31, line 10 skipping to change at page 31, line 24
} }
leaf description { leaf description {
type string; type string;
description description
"Textual description of the route."; "Textual description of the route.";
} }
container next-hop { container next-hop {
description description
"Configuration of next-hop."; "Configuration of next-hop.";
uses rt:next-hop-content { uses rt:next-hop-content {
augment "next-hop-options" { augment "next-hop-options/simple-next-hop" {
description description
"Augment 'next-hop-options' in IPv4 static routes."; "Augment 'simple-next-hop' case in IPv4 static
routes.";
leaf next-hop-address { leaf next-hop-address {
type inet:ipv4-address; type inet:ipv4-address;
description description
"IPv4 address of the next-hop."; "IPv4 address of the next-hop.";
} }
} }
augment "next-hop-options/next-hop-list/next-hop-list/" augment "next-hop-options/next-hop-list/next-hop-list/"
+ "next-hop/address-or-interface" { + "next-hop" {
description description
"Augment 'next-hop-options' in IPv4 static routes."; "Augment 'next-hop-list' case in IPv4 static
routes.";
leaf next-hop-address { leaf next-hop-address {
type inet:ipv4-address; type inet:ipv4-address;
description description
"IPv4 address of the next-hop."; "IPv4 address of the next-hop.";
} }
} }
} }
} }
} }
} }
} }
/* RPC operations */
augment "/rt:fib-route/rt:input/rt:destination-address" {
when "rt:address-family='v4ur:ipv4-unicast'" {
description
"This augment is valid only for IPv4 unicast.";
}
description
"This leaf augments the 'rt:destination-address' parameter of
the 'rt:fib-route' operation.";
leaf address {
type inet:ipv4-address;
description
"IPv4 destination address.";
}
}
augment "/rt:fib-route/rt:output/rt:route" {
when "rt:address-family='v4ur:ipv4-unicast'" {
description
"This augment is valid only for IPv4 unicast.";
}
description
"This leaf augments the reply to the 'rt:fib-route'
operation.";
leaf destination-prefix {
type inet:ipv4-prefix;
description
"IPv4 destination prefix.";
}
}
augment "/rt:fib-route/rt:output/rt:route/rt:next-hop/"
+ "rt:next-hop-options" {
when "../rt:address-family='v4ur:ipv4-unicast'" {
description
"This augment is valid only for IPv4 unicast.";
}
description
"Augment 'next-hop-options' in the reply to the 'rt:fib-route'
operation.";
leaf next-hop-address {
type inet:ipv4-address;
description
"IPv4 address of the next-hop.";
}
}
augment "/rt:fib-route/rt:output/rt:route/rt:next-hop/"
+ "rt:next-hop-options/rt:next-hop-list/rt:next-hop-list/"
+ "rt:next-hop/rt:address-or-interface" {
when "../rt:address-family='v4ur:ipv4-unicast'" {
description
"This augment is valid only for IPv4 unicast.";
}
description
"Augment 'next-hop' list entry in the reply to the
'rt:fib-route' operation.";
leaf next-hop-address {
type inet:ipv4-address;
description
"IPv4 address of the next-hop.";
}
}
} }
<CODE ENDS> <CODE ENDS>
9. IPv6 Unicast Routing Management YANG Module 9. IPv6 Unicast Routing Management YANG Module
RFC Editor: In this section, replace all occurrences of 'XXXX' with RFC Editor: In this section, replace all occurrences of 'XXXX' with
the actual RFC number and all occurrences of the revision date below the actual RFC number and all occurrences of the revision date below
with the date of RFC publication (and remove this note). with the date of RFC publication (and remove this note).
<CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing@2016-07-01.yang" <CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing@2016-08-18.yang"
module ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing { module ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing {
yang-version "1.1";
namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing"; namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing";
prefix "v6ur"; prefix "v6ur";
import ietf-routing { import ietf-routing {
prefix "rt"; prefix "rt";
} }
import ietf-inet-types { import ietf-inet-types {
prefix "inet"; prefix "inet";
} }
include ietf-ipv6-router-advertisements { include ietf-ipv6-router-advertisements {
revision-date 2016-07-01; revision-date 2016-08-18;
} }
organization organization
"IETF NETMOD (NETCONF Data Modeling Language) Working Group"; "IETF NETMOD (NETCONF Data Modeling Language) Working Group";
contact contact
"WG Web: <http://tools.ietf.org/wg/netmod/> "WG Web: <http://tools.ietf.org/wg/netmod/>
WG List: <mailto:netmod@ietf.org> WG List: <mailto:netmod@ietf.org>
WG Chair: Lou Berger WG Chair: Lou Berger
skipping to change at page 34, line 26 skipping to change at page 33, line 28
The key words 'MUST', 'MUST NOT', 'REQUIRED', 'SHALL', 'SHALL The key words 'MUST', 'MUST NOT', 'REQUIRED', 'SHALL', 'SHALL
NOT', 'SHOULD', 'SHOULD NOT', 'RECOMMENDED', 'MAY', and NOT', 'SHOULD', 'SHOULD NOT', 'RECOMMENDED', 'MAY', and
'OPTIONAL' in the module text are to be interpreted as described 'OPTIONAL' in the module text are to be interpreted as described
in RFC 2119 (http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2119). in RFC 2119 (http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2119).
This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX
(http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfcXXXX); see the RFC itself for (http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfcXXXX); see the RFC itself for
full legal notices."; full legal notices.";
revision 2016-07-01 { revision 2016-08-18 {
description description
"Initial revision."; "Initial revision.";
reference reference
"RFC XXXX: A YANG Data Model for Routing Management"; "RFC XXXX: A YANG Data Model for Routing Management";
} }
/* Identities */ /* Identities */
identity ipv6-unicast { identity ipv6-unicast {
base rt:ipv6; base rt:ipv6;
description description
"This identity represents the IPv6 unicast address family."; "This identity represents the IPv6 unicast address family.";
} }
/* State data */ /* State data */
augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:routes/rt:route" { augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:routes/rt:route" {
when "../../rt:address-family = 'v6ur:ipv6-unicast'" { when "derived-from-or-self(../../rt:address-family, "
+ "'v6ur:ipv6-unicast')" {
description description
"This augment is valid only for IPv6 unicast."; "This augment is valid only for IPv6 unicast.";
} }
description description
"This leaf augments an IPv6 unicast route."; "This leaf augments an IPv6 unicast route.";
leaf destination-prefix { leaf destination-prefix {
type inet:ipv6-prefix; type inet:ipv6-prefix;
description description
"IPv6 destination prefix."; "IPv6 destination prefix.";
} }
} }
augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:routes/rt:route/" augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:routes/rt:route/"
+ "rt:next-hop/rt:next-hop-options" { + "rt:next-hop/rt:next-hop-options/rt:simple-next-hop" {
when "../../../rt:address-family = 'v6ur:ipv6-unicast'" { when "derived-from-or-self(../../../rt:address-family, "
+ "'v6ur:ipv6-unicast')" {
description description
"This augment is valid only for IPv6 unicast."; "This augment is valid only for IPv6 unicast.";
} }
description description
"Augment 'next-hop-options' in IPv6 unicast routes."; "Augment 'simple-next-hop' case in IPv6 unicast routes.";
leaf next-hop-address { leaf next-hop-address {
type inet:ipv6-address; type inet:ipv6-address;
description description
"IPv6 address of the next-hop."; "IPv6 address of the next-hop.";
} }
} }
augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:routes/rt:route/" augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:routes/rt:route/"
+ "rt:next-hop/rt:next-hop-options/rt:next-hop-list/" + "rt:next-hop/rt:next-hop-options/rt:next-hop-list/"
+ "rt:next-hop-list/rt:next-hop/rt:address-or-interface" { + "rt:next-hop-list/rt:next-hop" {
when "../../../../../rt:address-family = 'v6ur:ipv6-unicast'" { when "derived-from-or-self(../../../../../rt:address-family, "
+ "'v6ur:ipv6-unicast')" {
description description
"This augment is valid only for IPv6 unicast."; "This augment is valid only for IPv6 unicast.";
} }
description description
"This leaf augments the 'next-hop-list' case of IPv6 unicast "This leaf augments the 'next-hop-list' case of IPv6 unicast
routes."; routes.";
leaf address { leaf address {
type inet:ipv6-address; type inet:ipv6-address;
description description
"IPv6 address of the next-hop."; "IPv6 address of the next-hop.";
} }
} }
augment
"/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:active-route/rt:input" {
when "derived-from-or-self(../../rt:address-family, "
+ "'v6ur:ipv6-unicast')" {
description
"This augment is valid only for IPv6 unicast RIBs.";
}
description
"This augment adds the input parameter of the 'active-route'
action.";
leaf destination-address {
type inet:ipv6-address;
description
"IPv6 destination address.";
}
}
augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:active-route/"
+ "rt:output/rt:route" {
when "derived-from-or-self(../../../rt:address-family, "
+ "'v6ur:ipv6-unicast')" {
description
"This augment is valid only for IPv6 unicast.";
}
description
"This augment adds the destination prefix to the reply of the
'active-route' action.";
leaf destination-prefix {
type inet:ipv6-prefix;
description
"IPv6 destination prefix.";
}
}
augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:active-route/"
+ "rt:output/rt:route/rt:next-hop/rt:next-hop-options/"
+ "rt:simple-next-hop" {
when "derived-from-or-self(../../../../rt:address-family, "
+ "'v6ur:ipv6-unicast')" {
description
"This augment is valid only for IPv6 unicast.";
}
description
"Augment 'simple-next-hop' case in the reply to the
'active-route' action.";
leaf next-hop-address {
type inet:ipv6-address;
description
"IPv6 address of the next-hop.";
}
}
augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:active-route/"
+ "rt:output/rt:route/rt:next-hop/rt:next-hop-options/"
+ "rt:next-hop-list/rt:next-hop-list/rt:next-hop" {
when "derived-from-or-self(../../../../../../rt:address-family, "
+ "'v6ur:ipv6-unicast')" {
description
"This augment is valid only for IPv6 unicast.";
}
description
"Augment 'next-hop-list' case in the reply to the
'active-route' action.";
leaf next-hop-address {
type inet:ipv6-address;
description
"IPv6 address of the next-hop.";
}
}
/* Configuration data */ /* Configuration data */
augment "/rt:routing/rt:control-plane-protocols/" augment "/rt:routing/rt:control-plane-protocols/"
+ "rt:control-plane-protocol/rt:static-routes" { + "rt:control-plane-protocol/rt:static-routes" {
description description
"This augment defines the configuration of the 'static' "This augment defines the configuration of the 'static'
pseudo-protocol with data specific to IPv6 unicast."; pseudo-protocol with data specific to IPv6 unicast.";
container ipv6 { container ipv6 {
description description
"Configuration of a 'static' pseudo-protocol instance "Configuration of a 'static' pseudo-protocol instance
skipping to change at page 36, line 24 skipping to change at page 36, line 50
} }
leaf description { leaf description {
type string; type string;
description description
"Textual description of the route."; "Textual description of the route.";
} }
container next-hop { container next-hop {
description description
"Configuration of next-hop."; "Configuration of next-hop.";
uses rt:next-hop-content { uses rt:next-hop-content {
augment "next-hop-options" { augment "next-hop-options/simple-next-hop" {
description description
"Augment 'next-hop-options' in IPv6 static routes."; "Augment 'simple-next-hop' case in IPv6 static
routes.";
leaf next-hop-address { leaf next-hop-address {
type inet:ipv6-address; type inet:ipv6-address;
description description
"IPv6 address of the next-hop."; "IPv6 address of the next-hop.";
} }
} }
augment "next-hop-options/next-hop-list/next-hop-list/" augment "next-hop-options/next-hop-list/next-hop-list/"
+ "next-hop/address-or-interface" { + "next-hop" {
description description
"Augment 'next-hop-options' in IPv6 static routes."; "Augment 'next-hop-list' case in IPv6 static
routes.";
leaf next-hop-address { leaf next-hop-address {
type inet:ipv6-address; type inet:ipv6-address;
description description
"IPv6 address of the next-hop."; "IPv6 address of the next-hop.";
} }
} }
} }
} }
} }
} }
} }
/* RPC operations */
augment "/rt:fib-route/rt:input/rt:destination-address" {
when "rt:address-family='v6ur:ipv6-unicast'" {
description
"This augment is valid only for IPv6 unicast.";
}
description
"This leaf augments the 'rt:destination-address' parameter of
the 'rt:fib-route' operation.";
leaf address {
type inet:ipv6-address;
description
"IPv6 destination address.";
}
}
augment "/rt:fib-route/rt:output/rt:route" {
when "rt:address-family='v6ur:ipv6-unicast'" {
description
"This augment is valid only for IPv6 unicast.";
}
description
"This leaf augments the reply to the 'rt:fib-route'
operation.";
leaf destination-prefix {
type inet:ipv6-prefix;
description
"IPv6 destination prefix.";
}
}
augment "/rt:fib-route/rt:output/rt:route/rt:next-hop/"
+ "rt:next-hop-options" {
when "../rt:address-family='v6ur:ipv6-unicast'" {
description
"This augment is valid only for IPv6 unicast.";
}
description
"Augment 'next-hop-options' in the reply to the 'rt:fib-route'
operation.";
leaf next-hop-address {
type inet:ipv6-address;
description
"IPv6 address of the next-hop.";
}
}
augment "/rt:fib-route/rt:output/rt:route/rt:next-hop/"
+ "rt:next-hop-options/rt:next-hop-list/rt:next-hop-list/"
+ "rt:next-hop/rt:address-or-interface" {
when "../rt:address-family='v6ur:ipv6-unicast'" {
description
"This augment is valid only for IPv6 unicast.";
}
description
"Augment 'next-hop' list entry in the reply to the
'rt:fib-route' operation.";
leaf next-hop-address {
type inet:ipv6-address;
description
"IPv6 address of the next-hop.";
}
}
} }
<CODE ENDS> <CODE ENDS>
9.1. IPv6 Router Advertisements Submodule 9.1. IPv6 Router Advertisements Submodule
RFC Editor: In this section, replace all occurrences of 'XXXX' with RFC Editor: In this section, replace all occurrences of 'XXXX' with
the actual RFC number and all occurrences of the revision date below the actual RFC number and all occurrences of the revision date below
with the date of RFC publication (and remove this note). with the date of RFC publication (and remove this note).
<CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-ipv6-router-advertisements@2016-07-01.yang" <CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-ipv6-router-advertisements@2016-08-18.yang"
submodule ietf-ipv6-router-advertisements { submodule ietf-ipv6-router-advertisements {
yang-version "1.1";
belongs-to ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing { belongs-to ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing {
prefix "v6ur"; prefix "v6ur";
} }
import ietf-inet-types { import ietf-inet-types {
prefix "inet"; prefix "inet";
} }
import ietf-interfaces { import ietf-interfaces {
prefix "if"; prefix "if";
skipping to change at page 39, line 42 skipping to change at page 39, line 8
'OPTIONAL' in the module text are to be interpreted as described 'OPTIONAL' in the module text are to be interpreted as described
in RFC 2119 (http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2119). in RFC 2119 (http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2119).
This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX
(http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfcXXXX); see the RFC itself for (http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfcXXXX); see the RFC itself for
full legal notices."; full legal notices.";
reference reference
"RFC 4861: Neighbor Discovery for IP version 6 (IPv6)."; "RFC 4861: Neighbor Discovery for IP version 6 (IPv6).";
revision 2016-07-01 { revision 2016-08-18 {
description description
"Initial revision."; "Initial revision.";
reference reference
"RFC XXXX: A YANG Data Model for Routing Management"; "RFC XXXX: A YANG Data Model for Routing Management";
} }
/* State data */ /* State data */
augment "/if:interfaces-state/if:interface/ip:ipv6" { augment "/if:interfaces-state/if:interface/ip:ipv6" {
description description
skipping to change at page 49, line 38 skipping to change at page 49, line 8
-------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------
name: ietf-ipv6-router-advertisements name: ietf-ipv6-router-advertisements
parent: ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing parent: ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing
reference: RFC XXXX reference: RFC XXXX
-------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------
11. Security Considerations 11. Security Considerations
Configuration and state data conforming to the core routing data Configuration and state data conforming to the core routing data
model (defined in this document) are designed to be accessed via the model (defined in this document) are designed to be accessed via a
NETCONF protocol [RFC6241]. The lowest NETCONF layer is the secure management protocol with secure transport layer, such as NETCONF
transport layer and the mandatory-to-implement secure transport is [RFC6241]. The NETCONF access control model [RFC6536] provides the
SSH [RFC6242]. The NETCONF access control model [RFC6536] provides means to restrict access for particular NETCONF users to a pre-
the means to restrict access for particular NETCONF users to a pre-
configured subset of all available NETCONF protocol operations and configured subset of all available NETCONF protocol operations and
content. content.
A number of data nodes defined in the YANG modules belonging to the A number of configuration data nodes defined in the YANG modules
configuration part of the core routing data model are belonging to the core routing data model are writable/creatable/
writable/creatable/deletable (i.e., "config true" in YANG terms, deletable (i.e., "config true" in YANG terms, which is the default).
which is the default). These data nodes may be considered sensitive These data nodes may be considered sensitive or vulnerable in some
or vulnerable in some network environments. Write operations to network environments. Write operations to these data nodes, such as
these data nodes, such as "edit-config", can have negative effects on "edit-config" in NETCONF, can have negative effects on the network if
the network if the protocol operations are not properly protected. the protocol operations are not properly protected.
The vulnerable "config true" parameters and subtrees are the The vulnerable "config true" parameters and subtrees are the
following: following:
/routing/control-plane-protocols/control-plane-protocol: This list /routing/control-plane-protocols/control-plane-protocol: This list
specifies the control plane protocols configured on a device. specifies the control plane protocols configured on a device.
/routing/ribs/rib: This list specifies the RIBs configured for the /routing/ribs/rib: This list specifies the RIBs configured for the
device. device.
Unauthorised access to any of these lists can adversely affect the Unauthorised access to any of these lists can adversely affect the
routing subsystem of both the local device and the network. This may routing subsystem of both the local device and the network. This may
lead to network malfunctions, delivery of packets to inappropriate lead to network malfunctions, delivery of packets to inappropriate
destinations and other problems. destinations and other problems.
12. Acknowledgments 12. Acknowledgments
The authors wish to thank Nitin Bahadur, Martin Bjorklund, Dean The authors wish to thank Nitin Bahadur, Martin Bjorklund, Dean
Bogdanovic, Jeff Haas, Joel Halpern, Wes Hardaker, Sriganesh Kini, Bogdanovic, Jeff Haas, Joel Halpern, Wes Hardaker, Sriganesh Kini,
David Lamparter, Andrew McGregor, Jan Medved, Xiang Li, Stephane David Lamparter, Andrew McGregor, Jan Medved, Xiang Li, Stephane
Litkowski, Thomas Morin, Tom Petch, Bruno Rijsman, Litkowski, Thomas Morin, Tom Petch, Yingzhen Qu, Bruno Rijsman,
Juergen Schoenwaelder, Phil Shafer, Dave Thaler, Yi Yang, Derek Man- Juergen Schoenwaelder, Phil Shafer, Dave Thaler, Yi Yang, Derek Man-
Kit Yeung and Jeffrey Zhang for their helpful comments and Kit Yeung and Jeffrey Zhang for their helpful comments and
suggestions. suggestions.
13. References 13. References
13.1. Normative References 13.1. Normative References
[I-D.ietf-netmod-rfc6020bis]
Bjorklund, M., "The YANG 1.1 Data Modeling Language",
draft-ietf-netmod-rfc6020bis-14 (work in progress), June
2016.
[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
<http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>. <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.
[RFC3688] Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688, [RFC3688] Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688,
DOI 10.17487/RFC3688, January 2004, DOI 10.17487/RFC3688, January 2004,
<http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3688>. <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3688>.
[RFC4861] Narten, T., Nordmark, E., Simpson, W., and H. Soliman, [RFC4861] Narten, T., Nordmark, E., Simpson, W., and H. Soliman,
skipping to change at page 51, line 24 skipping to change at page 51, line 5
[RFC7223] Bjorklund, M., "A YANG Data Model for Interface [RFC7223] Bjorklund, M., "A YANG Data Model for Interface
Management", RFC 7223, DOI 10.17487/RFC7223, May 2014, Management", RFC 7223, DOI 10.17487/RFC7223, May 2014,
<http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7223>. <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7223>.
[RFC7277] Bjorklund, M., "A YANG Data Model for IP Management", [RFC7277] Bjorklund, M., "A YANG Data Model for IP Management",
RFC 7277, DOI 10.17487/RFC7277, June 2014, RFC 7277, DOI 10.17487/RFC7277, June 2014,
<http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7277>. <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7277>.
13.2. Informative References 13.2. Informative References
[I-D.ietf-netmod-yang-json]
Lhotka, L., "JSON Encoding of Data Modeled with YANG",
draft-ietf-netmod-yang-json-10 (work in progress), March
2016.
[RFC6087] Bierman, A., "Guidelines for Authors and Reviewers of YANG [RFC6087] Bierman, A., "Guidelines for Authors and Reviewers of YANG
Data Model Documents", RFC 6087, DOI 10.17487/RFC6087, Data Model Documents", RFC 6087, DOI 10.17487/RFC6087,
January 2011, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6087>. January 2011, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6087>.
[RFC6242] Wasserman, M., "Using the NETCONF Protocol over Secure
Shell (SSH)", RFC 6242, DOI 10.17487/RFC6242, June 2011,
<http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6242>.
[RFC6536] Bierman, A. and M. Bjorklund, "Network Configuration [RFC6536] Bierman, A. and M. Bjorklund, "Network Configuration
Protocol (NETCONF) Access Control Model", RFC 6536, Protocol (NETCONF) Access Control Model", RFC 6536,
DOI 10.17487/RFC6536, March 2012, DOI 10.17487/RFC6536, March 2012,
<http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6536>. <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6536>.
[RFC7224] Bjorklund, M., "IANA Interface Type YANG Module", [RFC7895] Bierman, A., Bjorklund, M., and K. Watsen, "YANG Module
RFC 7224, DOI 10.17487/RFC7224, May 2014, Library", RFC 7895, DOI 10.17487/RFC7895, June 2016,
<http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7224>. <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7895>.
Appendix A. The Complete Data Trees Appendix A. The Complete Data Trees
This appendix presents the complete configuration and state data This appendix presents the complete configuration and state data
trees of the core routing data model. See Section 2.2 for an trees of the core routing data model. See Section 2.2 for an
explanation of the symbols used. Data type of every leaf node is explanation of the symbols used. Data type of every leaf node is
shown near the right end of the corresponding line. shown near the right end of the corresponding line.
A.1. Configuration Data A.1. Configuration Data
+--rw routing +--rw routing
+--rw router-id? yang:dotted-quad +--rw router-id? yang:dotted-quad
+--rw control-plane-protocols +--rw control-plane-protocols
| +--rw control-plane-protocol* [type name] | +--rw control-plane-protocol* [type name]
| +--rw type identityref | +--rw type identityref
| +--rw name string | +--rw name string
| +--rw description? string | +--rw description? string
| +--rw static-routes | +--rw static-routes
| +--rw v6ur:ipv6 | +--rw v6ur:ipv6
| | +--rw v6ur:route* [destination-prefix] | | +--rw v6ur:route* [destination-prefix]
skipping to change at page 52, line 11 skipping to change at page 52, line 14
+--rw routing +--rw routing
+--rw router-id? yang:dotted-quad +--rw router-id? yang:dotted-quad
+--rw control-plane-protocols +--rw control-plane-protocols
| +--rw control-plane-protocol* [type name] | +--rw control-plane-protocol* [type name]
| +--rw type identityref | +--rw type identityref
| +--rw name string | +--rw name string
| +--rw description? string | +--rw description? string
| +--rw static-routes | +--rw static-routes
| +--rw v6ur:ipv6 | +--rw v6ur:ipv6
| | +--rw v6ur:route* [destination-prefix] | | +--rw v6ur:route* [destination-prefix]
| | +--rw v6ur:destination-prefix inet:ipv6-prefix | | +--rw v6ur:destination-prefix inet:ipv6-prefix
| | +--rw v6ur:description? string | | +--rw v6ur:description? string
| | +--rw v6ur:next-hop | | +--rw v6ur:next-hop
| | +--rw (v6ur:next-hop-options) | | +--rw (v6ur:next-hop-options)
| | +--:(v6ur:outgoing-interface) | | +--:(v6ur:simple-next-hop)
| | | +--rw v6ur:outgoing-interface? | | | +--rw v6ur:outgoing-interface?
| | | +--rw v6ur:next-hop-address?
| | +--:(v6ur:special-next-hop) | | +--:(v6ur:special-next-hop)
| | | +--rw v6ur:special-next-hop? | | | +--rw v6ur:special-next-hop? enumeration
| | +--:(v6ur:next-hop-list) | | +--:(v6ur:next-hop-list)
| | | +--rw v6ur:next-hop-list | | +--rw v6ur:next-hop-list
| | | +--rw v6ur:next-hop* [index] | | +--rw v6ur:next-hop* [index]
| | | +--rw v6ur:index string | | +--rw v6ur:index string
| | | +--rw (v6ur:address-or-interface) | | +--rw v6ur:outgoing-interface?
| | | | +--:(v6ur:outgoing-interface) | | +--rw v6ur:next-hop-address?
| | | | | +--rw v6ur:outgoing-interface?
| | | | +--:(v6ur:next-hop-address)
| | | | +--rw v6ur:next-hop-address?
| | | +--rw v6ur:priority? enumeration
| | | +--rw v6ur:weight? uint8
| | +--:(v6ur:next-hop-address)
| | +--rw v6ur:next-hop-address?
| +--rw v4ur:ipv4 | +--rw v4ur:ipv4
| +--rw v4ur:route* [destination-prefix] | +--rw v4ur:route* [destination-prefix]
| +--rw v4ur:destination-prefix inet:ipv4-prefix | +--rw v4ur:destination-prefix inet:ipv4-prefix
| +--rw v4ur:description? string | +--rw v4ur:description? string
| +--rw v4ur:next-hop | +--rw v4ur:next-hop
| +--rw (v4ur:next-hop-options) | +--rw (v4ur:next-hop-options)
| +--:(v4ur:outgoing-interface) | +--:(v4ur:simple-next-hop)
| | +--rw v4ur:outgoing-interface? | | +--rw v4ur:outgoing-interface?
| | +--rw v4ur:next-hop-address?
| +--:(v4ur:special-next-hop) | +--:(v4ur:special-next-hop)
| | +--rw v4ur:special-next-hop? | | +--rw v4ur:special-next-hop? enumeration
| +--:(v4ur:next-hop-list) | +--:(v4ur:next-hop-list)
| | +--rw v4ur:next-hop-list | +--rw v4ur:next-hop-list
| | +--rw v4ur:next-hop* [index] | +--rw v4ur:next-hop* [index]
| | +--rw v4ur:index string | +--rw v4ur:index string
| | +--rw (v4ur:address-or-interface) | +--rw v4ur:outgoing-interface?
| | | +--:(v4ur:outgoing-interface) | +--rw v4ur:next-hop-address?
| | | | +--rw v4ur:outgoing-interface?
| | | +--:(v4ur:next-hop-address)
| | | +--rw v4ur:next-hop-address?
| | +--rw v4ur:priority? enumeration
| | +--rw v4ur:weight? uint8
| +--:(v4ur:next-hop-address)
| +--rw v4ur:next-hop-address?
+--rw ribs +--rw ribs
+--rw rib* [name] +--rw rib* [name]
+--rw name string +--rw name string
+--rw address-family? identityref +--rw address-family? identityref
+--rw description? string +--rw description? string
A.2. State Data A.2. State Data
+--ro routing-state
+--ro router-id? yang:dotted-quad +--ro routing-state
+--ro interfaces | +--ro router-id? yang:dotted-quad
| +--ro interface* if:interface-state-ref | +--ro interfaces
+--ro control-plane-protocols | | +--ro interface* if:interface-state-ref
| +--ro control-plane-protocol* [type name] | +--ro control-plane-protocols
| +--ro type identityref | | +--ro control-plane-protocol* [type name]
| +--ro name string | | +--ro type identityref
+--ro ribs | | +--ro name string
+--ro rib* [name] | +--ro ribs
+--ro name string | +--ro rib* [name]
+--ro address-family identityref | +--ro name string
+--ro default-rib? boolean {multiple-ribs}? | +--ro address-family identityref
+--ro routes | +--ro default-rib? boolean {multiple-ribs}?
+--ro route* | +--ro routes
+--ro route-preference? route-preference | | +--ro route*
+--ro next-hop | | +--ro route-preference? route-preference
| +--ro (next-hop-options) | | +--ro next-hop
| +--:(outgoing-interface) | | | +--ro (next-hop-options)
| | +--ro outgoing-interface? | | | +--:(simple-next-hop)
| +--:(special-next-hop) | | | | +--ro outgoing-interface?
| | +--ro special-next-hop? enumeration | | | | +--ro v6ur:next-hop-address?
| +--:(next-hop-list) | | | | +--ro v4ur:next-hop-address?
| | +--ro next-hop-list | | | +--:(special-next-hop)
| | +--ro next-hop* | | | | +--ro special-next-hop? enumeration
| | +--ro (address-or-interface) | | | +--:(next-hop-list)
| | | +--:(outgoing-interface) | | | +--ro next-hop-list
| | | | +--ro outgoing-interface? | | | +--ro next-hop*
| | | +--:(v6ur:address) | | | +--ro outgoing-interface?
| | | | +--ro v6ur:address? | | | +--ro v6ur:address?
| | | +--:(v4ur:address) | | | +--ro v4ur:address?
| | | +--ro v4ur:address? | | +--ro source-protocol identityref
| | +--ro priority? enumeration | | +--ro active? empty
| | +--ro weight? uint8 | | +--ro last-updated? yang:date-and-time
| +--:(v6ur:next-hop-address) | | +--ro v6ur:destination-prefix? inet:ipv6-prefix
| | +--ro v6ur:next-hop-address? | | +--ro v4ur:destination-prefix? inet:ipv4-prefix
| +--:(v4ur:next-hop-address) | +---x active-route
| +--ro v4ur:next-hop-address? | +---w input
+--ro source-protocol identityref | | +---w v6ur:destination-address? inet:ipv6-address
+--ro active? empty | | +---w v4ur:destination-address? inet:ipv4-address
+--ro last-updated? yang:date-and-time | +--ro output
+--ro v6ur:destination-prefix? inet:ipv6-prefix | +--ro route
+--ro v4ur:destination-prefix? inet:ipv4-prefix | +--ro next-hop
| | +--ro (next-hop-options)
| | +--:(simple-next-hop)
| | | +--ro outgoing-interface?
| | | +--ro v6ur:next-hop-address?
| | | +--ro v4ur:next-hop-address?
| | +--:(special-next-hop)
| | | +--ro special-next-hop? enumeration
| | +--:(next-hop-list)
| | +--ro next-hop-list
| | +--ro next-hop*
| | +--ro outgoing-interface?
| | +--ro v6ur:next-hop-address?
| | +--ro v4ur:next-hop-address?
| +--ro source-protocol identityref
| +--ro active? empty
| +--ro last-updated? yang:date-and-time
| +--ro v6ur:destination-prefix? inet:ipv6-prefix
| +--ro v4ur:destination-prefix? inet:ipv4-prefix
Appendix B. Minimum Implementation Appendix B. Minimum Implementation
Some parts and options of the core routing model, such as user- Some parts and options of the core routing model, such as user-
defined RIBs, are intended only for advanced routers. This appendix defined RIBs, are intended only for advanced routers. This appendix
gives basic non-normative guidelines for implementing a bare minimum gives basic non-normative guidelines for implementing a bare minimum
of available functions. Such an implementation may be used for hosts of available functions. Such an implementation may be used for hosts
or very simple routers. or very simple routers.
A minimum implementation does not support the feature "multiple- A minimum implementation does not support the feature "multiple-
skipping to change at page 55, line 37 skipping to change at page 54, line 51
This appendix demonstrates how the core routing data model can be This appendix demonstrates how the core routing data model can be
extended to support a new control plane protocol. The YANG module extended to support a new control plane protocol. The YANG module
"example-rip" shown below is intended as an illustration rather than "example-rip" shown below is intended as an illustration rather than
a real definition of a data model for the RIP routing protocol. For a real definition of a data model for the RIP routing protocol. For
the sake of brevity, this module does not obey all the guidelines the sake of brevity, this module does not obey all the guidelines
specified in [RFC6087]. See also Section 5.3.2. specified in [RFC6087]. See also Section 5.3.2.
module example-rip { module example-rip {
yang-version "1.1";
namespace "http://example.com/rip"; namespace "http://example.com/rip";
prefix "rip"; prefix "rip";
import ietf-interfaces { import ietf-interfaces {
prefix "if"; prefix "if";
} }
import ietf-routing { import ietf-routing {
prefix "rt"; prefix "rt";
skipping to change at page 56, line 29 skipping to change at page 55, line 44
leaf tag { leaf tag {
type uint16; type uint16;
default "0"; default "0";
description description
"This leaf may be used to carry additional info, e.g. AS "This leaf may be used to carry additional info, e.g. AS
number."; number.";
} }
} }
augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:routes/rt:route" { augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:routes/rt:route" {
when "rt:source-protocol = 'rip:rip'" { when "derived-from-or-self(rt:source-protocol, 'rip:rip')" {
description description
"This augment is only valid for a routes whose source "This augment is only valid for a routes whose source
protocol is RIP."; protocol is RIP.";
} }
description description
"RIP-specific route attributes."; "RIP-specific route attributes.";
uses route-content; uses route-content;
} }
augment "/rt:fib-route/rt:output/rt:route" { augment "/rt:routing-state/rt:ribs/rt:rib/rt:active-route/"
+ "rt:output/rt:route" {
description description
"RIP-specific route attributes in the output of 'active-route' "RIP-specific route attributes in the output of 'active-route'
RPC."; RPC.";
uses route-content; uses route-content;
} }
augment "/rt:routing/rt:control-plane-protocols/" augment "/rt:routing/rt:control-plane-protocols/"
+ "rt:control-plane-protocol" { + "rt:control-plane-protocol" {
when "rt:type = 'rip:rip'" { when "derived-from-or-self(rt:type,'rip:rip')" {
description description
"This augment is only valid for a routing protocol instance "This augment is only valid for a routing protocol instance
of type 'rip'."; of type 'rip'.";
} }
container rip { container rip {
presence "RIP configuration"; presence "RIP configuration";
description description
"RIP instance configuration."; "RIP instance configuration.";
container interfaces { container interfaces {
description description
skipping to change at page 57, line 43 skipping to change at page 57, line 12
} }
units "seconds"; units "seconds";
default "30"; default "30";
description description
"Time interval between periodic updates."; "Time interval between periodic updates.";
} }
} }
} }
} }
Appendix D. Example: NETCONF <get> Reply Appendix D. Data Tree Example
This section contains a sample reply to the NETCONF <get> message,
which could be sent by a server supporting (i.e., advertising them in
the NETCONF <hello> message) the following YANG modules:
o ietf-interfaces [RFC7223],
o iana-if-type [RFC7224],
o ietf-ip [RFC7277],
o ietf-routing (Section 7), This section contains an example instance data tree in the JSON
encoding [I-D.ietf-netmod-yang-json], containing both configuration
and state data. The data conforms to a data model that is defined by
the following YANG library specification [RFC7895]:
o ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing (Section 8), {
"ietf-yang-library:modules-state": {
"module-set-id": "3e9be92f252db56fe912cd61a6f516ecf2f46315",
"module": [
{
"name": "ietf-routing",
"revision": "2016-08-18",
"feature": [
"multiple-ribs",
"router-id"
],
"namespace": "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-routing",
"conformance-type": "implement"
},
{
"name": "ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing",
"revision": "2016-08-18",
"namespace":
"urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing",
"conformance-type": "implement"
},
{
"name": "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing",
"revision": "2016-08-18",
"namespace":
"urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing",
"conformance-type": "implement",
"submodule": [
{
"name": "ietf-ipv6-router-advertisements",
"revision": "2016-08-18"
}
]
o ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing (Section 9). },
{
"name": "ietf-interfaces",
"revision": "2014-05-08",
"namespace": "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-interfaces",
"conformance-type": "implement"
},
{
"name": "iana-if-type",
"namespace": "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:iana-if-type",
"revision": "",
"conformance-type": "implement"
},
{
"name": "ietf-inet-types",
"revision": "2013-07-15",
"namespace": "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-inet-types",
"conformance-type": "import"
},
{
"name": "ietf-yang-types",
"revision": "2013-07-15",
"namespace": "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-yang-types",
"conformance-type": "import"
},
{
"name": "ietf-ip",
"revision": "2014-06-16",
"namespace": "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ip",
"conformance-type": "implement"
}
]
}
}
We assume a simple network set-up as shown in Figure 3: router "A" A simple network set-up as shown in Figure 3 is assumed: router "A"
uses static default routes with the "ISP" router as the next-hop. uses static default routes with the "ISP" router as the next-hop.
IPv6 router advertisements are configured only on the "eth1" IPv6 router advertisements are configured only on the "eth1"
interface and disabled on the upstream "eth0" interface. interface and disabled on the upstream "eth0" interface.
+-----------------+ +-----------------+
| | | |
| Router ISP | | Router ISP |
| | | |
+--------+--------+ +--------+--------+
|2001:db8:0:1::2 |2001:db8:0:1::2
skipping to change at page 58, line 39 skipping to change at page 59, line 27
| | | |
| Router A | | Router A |
| | | |
+--------+--------+ +--------+--------+
eth1|198.51.100.1 eth1|198.51.100.1
|2001:db8:0:2::1 |2001:db8:0:2::1
| |
Figure 3: Example network configuration Figure 3: Example network configuration
A reply to the NETCONF <get> message sent by router "A" would then be The instance data tree could then be as follows:
as follows:
<?xml version="1.0"?>
<rpc-reply
message-id="101"
xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:netconf:base:1.0"
xmlns:v4ur="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing"
xmlns:v6ur="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing"
xmlns:if="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-interfaces"
xmlns:ianaift="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:iana-if-type"
xmlns:ip="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ip"
xmlns:rt="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-routing">
<data>
<if:interfaces>
<if:interface>
<if:name>eth0</if:name>
<if:type>ianaift:ethernetCsmacd</if:type>
<if:description>
Uplink to ISP.
</if:description>
<ip:ipv4>
<ip:address>
<ip:ip>192.0.2.1</ip:ip>
<ip:prefix-length>24</ip:prefix-length>
</ip:address>
<ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding>
</ip:ipv4>
<ip:ipv6>
<ip:address>
<ip:ip>2001:0db8:0:1::1</ip:ip>
<ip:prefix-length>64</ip:prefix-length>
</ip:address>
<ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding>
<ip:autoconf>
<ip:create-global-addresses>false</ip:create-global-addresses>
</ip:autoconf>
</ip:ipv6>
</if:interface>
<if:interface>
<if:name>eth1</if:name>
<if:type>ianaift:ethernetCsmacd</if:type>
<if:description>
Interface to the internal network.
</if:description>
<ip:ipv4>
<ip:address>
<ip:ip>198.51.100.1</ip:ip>
<ip:prefix-length>24</ip:prefix-length>
</ip:address>
<ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding>
</ip:ipv4>
<ip:ipv6>
<ip:address>
<ip:ip>2001:0db8:0:2::1</ip:ip>
<ip:prefix-length>64</ip:prefix-length>
</ip:address>
<ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding>
<ip:autoconf>
<ip:create-global-addresses>false</ip:create-global-addresses>
</ip:autoconf>
<v6ur:ipv6-router-advertisements>
<v6ur:send-advertisements>true</v6ur:send-advertisements>
</v6ur:ipv6-router-advertisements>
</ip:ipv6>
</if:interface>
</if:interfaces>
<if:interfaces-state>
<if:interface>
<if:name>eth0</if:name>
<if:type>ianaift:ethernetCsmacd</if:type>
<if:phys-address>00:0C:42:E5:B1:E9</if:phys-address>
<if:oper-status>up</if:oper-status>
<if:statistics>
<if:discontinuity-time>
2015-10-24T17:11:27+02:00
</if:discontinuity-time>
</if:statistics>
<ip:ipv4>
<ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding>
<ip:mtu>1500</ip:mtu>
<ip:address>
<ip:ip>192.0.2.1</ip:ip>
<ip:prefix-length>24</ip:prefix-length>
</ip:address>
</ip:ipv4>
<ip:ipv6>
<ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding>
<ip:mtu>1500</ip:mtu>
<ip:address>
<ip:ip>2001:0db8:0:1::1</ip:ip>
<ip:prefix-length>64</ip:prefix-length>
</ip:address>
<v6ur:ipv6-router-advertisements>
<v6ur:send-advertisements>true</v6ur:send-advertisements>
<v6ur:prefix-list>
<v6ur:prefix>
<v6ur:prefix-spec>2001:db8:0:2::/64</v6ur:prefix-spec>
</v6ur:prefix>
</v6ur:prefix-list>
</v6ur:ipv6-router-advertisements>
</ip:ipv6>
</if:interface>
<if:interface>
<if:name>eth1</if:name>
<if:type>ianaift:ethernetCsmacd</if:type>
<if:phys-address>00:0C:42:E5:B1:EA</if:phys-address>
<if:oper-status>up</if:oper-status>
<if:statistics>
<if:discontinuity-time>
2015-10-24T17:11:29+02:00
</if:discontinuity-time>
</if:statistics>
<ip:ipv4>
<ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding>
<ip:mtu>1500</ip:mtu>
<ip:address>
<ip:ip>198.51.100.1</ip:ip>
<ip:prefix-length>24</ip:prefix-length>
</ip:address>
</ip:ipv4>
<ip:ipv6>
<ip:forwarding>true</ip:forwarding>
<ip:mtu>1500</ip:mtu>
<ip:address>
<ip:ip>2001:0db8:0:2::1</ip:ip>
<ip:prefix-length>64</ip:prefix-length>
</ip:address>
<v6ur:ipv6-router-advertisements>
<v6ur:send-advertisements>true</v6ur:send-advertisements>
<v6ur:prefix-list>
<v6ur:prefix>
<v6ur:prefix-spec>2001:db8:0:2::/64</v6ur:prefix-spec>
</v6ur:prefix>
</v6ur:prefix-list>
</v6ur:ipv6-router-advertisements>
</ip:ipv6>
</if:interface>
</if:interfaces-state>
<rt:routing>
<rt:router-id>192.0.2.1</rt:router-id>
<rt:control-plane-protocols>
<rt:control-plane-protocol>
<rt:type>rt:static</rt:type>
<rt:name>st0</rt:name>
<rt:description>
Static routing is used for the internal network.
</rt:description>
<rt:static-routes>
<v4ur:ipv4>
<v4ur:route>
<v4ur:destination-prefix>0.0.0.0/0</v4ur:destination-prefix>
<v4ur:next-hop>
<v4ur:next-hop-address>192.0.2.2</v4ur:next-hop-address>
</v4ur:next-hop>
</v4ur:route>
</v4ur:ipv4>
<v6ur:ipv6>
<v6ur:route>
<v6ur:destination-prefix>::/0</v6ur:destination-prefix>
<v6ur:next-hop>
<v6ur:next-hop-address>2001:db8:0:1::2</v6ur:next-hop-address>
</v6ur:next-hop>
</v6ur:route>
</v6ur:ipv6>
</rt:static-routes>
</rt:control-plane-protocol>
</rt:control-plane-protocols>
</rt:routing>
<rt:routing-state>
<rt:interfaces>
<rt:interface>eth0</rt:interface>
<rt:interface>eth1</rt:interface>
</rt:interfaces>
<rt:control-plane-protocols>
<rt:control-plane-protocol>
<rt:type>rt:static</rt:type>
<rt:name>st0</rt:name>
</rt:control-plane-protocol>
</rt:control-plane-protocols>
<rt:ribs>
<rt:rib>
<rt:name>ipv4-master</rt:name>
<rt:address-family>v4ur:ipv4-unicast</rt:address-family>
<rt:default-rib>true</rt:default-rib>
<rt:routes>
<rt:route>
<v4ur:destination-prefix>192.0.2.1/24</v4ur:destination-prefix>
<rt:next-hop>
<rt:outgoing-interface>eth0</rt:outgoing-interface>
</rt:next-hop>
<rt:route-preference>0</rt:route-preference>
<rt:source-protocol>rt:direct</rt:source-protocol>
<rt:last-updated>2015-10-24T17:11:27+02:00</rt:last-updated>
</rt:route>
<rt:route>
<v4ur:destination-prefix>
198.51.100.0/24
</v4ur:destination-prefix>
<rt:next-hop>
<rt:outgoing-interface>eth1</rt:outgoing-interface>
</rt:next-hop>
<rt:source-protocol>rt:direct</rt:source-protocol>
<rt:route-preference>0</rt:route-preference>
<rt:last-updated>2015-10-24T17:11:27+02:00</rt:last-updated>
</rt:route> {
<rt:route> "ietf-interfaces:interfaces": {
<v4ur:destination-prefix>0.0.0.0/0</v4ur:destination-prefix> "interface": [
<rt:source-protocol>rt:static</rt:source-protocol> {
<rt:route-preference>5</rt:route-preference> "name": "eth0",
<rt:next-hop> "type": "iana-if-type:ethernetCsmacd",
<v4ur:next-hop-address>192.0.2.2</v4ur:next-hop-address> "description": "Uplink to ISP.",
</rt:next-hop> "ietf-ip:ipv4": {
<rt:last-updated>2015-10-24T18:02:45+02:00</rt:last-updated> "address": [
</rt:route> {
</rt:routes> "ip": "192.0.2.1",
</rt:rib> "prefix-length": 24
<rt:rib> }
<rt:name>ipv6-master</rt:name> ],
<rt:address-family>v6ur:ipv6-unicast</rt:address-family> "forwarding": true
<rt:default-rib>true</rt:default-rib> },
<rt:routes> "ietf-ip:ipv6": {
<rt:route> "address": [
<v6ur:destination-prefix> {
2001:db8:0:1::/64 "ip": "2001:0db8:0:1::1",
</v6ur:destination-prefix> "prefix-length": 64
<rt:next-hop> }
<rt:outgoing-interface>eth0</rt:outgoing-interface> ],
</rt:next-hop> "forwarding": true,
<rt:source-protocol>rt:direct</rt:source-protocol> "autoconf": {
<rt:route-preference>0</rt:route-preference> "create-global-addresses": false
<rt:last-updated>2015-10-24T17:11:27+02:00</rt:last-updated> }
</rt:route> }
<rt:route> },
<v6ur:destination-prefix> {
2001:db8:0:2::/64 "name": "eth1",
</v6ur:destination-prefix> "type": "iana-if-type:ethernetCsmacd",
<rt:next-hop> "description": "Interface to the internal network.",
<rt:outgoing-interface>eth1</rt:outgoing-interface> "ietf-ip:ipv4": {
</rt:next-hop> "address": [
<rt:source-protocol>rt:direct</rt:source-protocol> {
<rt:route-preference>0</rt:route-preference> "ip": "198.51.100.1",
<rt:last-updated>2015-10-24T17:11:27+02:00</rt:last-updated> "prefix-length": 24
</rt:route> }
<rt:route> ],
<v6ur:destination-prefix>::/0</v6ur:destination-prefix> "forwarding": true
<rt:next-hop> },
<v6ur:next-hop-address> "ietf-ip:ipv6": {
2001:db8:0:1::2 "address": [
</v6ur:next-hop-address> {
</rt:next-hop> "ip": "2001:0db8:0:2::1",
<rt:source-protocol>rt:static</rt:source-protocol> "prefix-length": 64
<rt:route-preference>5</rt:route-preference> }
<rt:last-updated>2015-10-24T18:02:45+02:00</rt:last-updated> ],
</rt:route> "forwarding": true,
</rt:routes> "autoconf": {
</rt:rib> "create-global-addresses": false
</rt:ribs> },
</rt:routing-state> "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing:ipv6-router-advertisements": {
</data> "send-advertisements": true
</rpc-reply> }
}
}
]
},
"ietf-interfaces:interfaces-state": {
"interface": [
{
"name": "eth0",
"type": "iana-if-type:ethernetCsmacd",
"phys-address": "00:0C:42:E5:B1:E9",
"oper-status": "up",
"statistics": {
"discontinuity-time": "2015-10-24T17:11:27+02:00"
},
"ietf-ip:ipv4": {
"forwarding": true,
"mtu": 1500,
"address": [
{
"ip": "192.0.2.1",
"prefix-length": 24
}
]
},
"ietf-ip:ipv6": {
"forwarding": true,
"mtu": 1500,
"address": [
{
"ip": "2001:0db8:0:1::1",
"prefix-length": 64
}
],
"ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing:ipv6-router-advertisements": {
"send-advertisements": true,
"prefix-list": {
"prefix": [
{
"prefix-spec": "2001:db8:0:2::/64"
}
]
}
}
}
},
{
"name": "eth1",
"type": "iana-if-type:ethernetCsmacd",
"phys-address": "00:0C:42:E5:B1:EA",
"oper-status": "up",
"statistics": {
"discontinuity-time": "2015-10-24T17:11:29+02:00"
},
"ietf-ip:ipv4": {
"forwarding": true,
"mtu": 1500,
"address": [
{
"ip": "198.51.100.1",
"prefix-length": 24
}
]
},
"ietf-ip:ipv6": {
"forwarding": true,
"mtu": 1500,
"address": [
{
"ip": "2001:0db8:0:2::1",
"prefix-length": 64
}
],
"ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing:ipv6-router-advertisements": {
"send-advertisements": true,
"prefix-list": {
"prefix": [
{
"prefix-spec": "2001:db8:0:2::/64"
}
]
}
}
}
}
]
},
"ietf-routing:routing": {
"router-id": "192.0.2.1",
"control-plane-protocols": {
"control-plane-protocol": [
{
"type": "ietf-routing:static",
"name": "st0",
"description":
"Static routing is used for the internal network.",
"static-routes": {
"ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing:ipv4": {
"route": [
{
"destination-prefix": "0.0.0.0/0",
"next-hop": {
"next-hop-address": "192.0.2.2"
}
}
]
},
"ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing:ipv6": {
"route": [
{
"destination-prefix": "::/0",
"next-hop": {
"next-hop-address": "2001:db8:0:1::2"
<!-- Local Variables: --> }
<!-- nxml-child-indent: 1 --> }
<!-- End: --> ]
}
}
}
]
}
},
"ietf-routing:routing-state": {
"interfaces": {
"interface": [
"eth0",
"eth1"
]
},
"control-plane-protocols": {
"control-plane-protocol": [
{
"type": "ietf-routing:static",
"name": "st0"
}
]
},
"ribs": {
"rib": [
{
"name": "ipv4-master",
"address-family": "ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing:ipv4-unicast",
"default-rib": true,
"routes": {
"route": [
{
"ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing:destination-prefix":
"192.0.2.1/24",
"next-hop": {
"outgoing-interface": "eth0"
},
"route-preference": 0,
"source-protocol": "ietf-routing:direct",
"last-updated": "2015-10-24T17:11:27+02:00"
},
{
"ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing:destination-prefix":
"198.51.100.0/24",
"next-hop": {
"outgoing-interface": "eth1"
},
"source-protocol": "ietf-routing:direct",
"route-preference": 0,
"last-updated": "2015-10-24T17:11:27+02:00"
},
{
"ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing:destination-prefix":
"0.0.0.0/0",
"source-protocol": "ietf-routing:static",
"route-preference": 5,
"next-hop": {
"ietf-ipv4-unicast-routing:next-hop-address":
"192.0.2.2"
},
"last-updated": "2015-10-24T18:02:45+02:00"
}
]
}
},
{
"name": "ipv6-master",
"address-family": "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing:ipv6-unicast",
"default-rib": true,
"routes": {
"route": [
{
"ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing:destination-prefix":
"2001:db8:0:1::/64",
"next-hop": {
"outgoing-interface": "eth0"
},
"source-protocol": "ietf-routing:direct",
"route-preference": 0,
"last-updated": "2015-10-24T17:11:27+02:00"
},
{
"ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing:destination-prefix":
"2001:db8:0:2::/64",
"next-hop": {
"outgoing-interface": "eth1"
},
"source-protocol": "ietf-routing:direct",
"route-preference": 0,
"last-updated": "2015-10-24T17:11:27+02:00"
},
{
"ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing:destination-prefix":
"::/0",
"next-hop": {
"ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing:next-hop-address":
"2001:db8:0:1::2"
},
"source-protocol": "ietf-routing:static",
"route-preference": 5,
"last-updated": "2015-10-24T18:02:45+02:00"
}
]
}
}
]
}
}
}
Appendix E. Change Log Appendix E. Change Log
RFC Editor: Remove this section upon publication as an RFC. RFC Editor: Remove this section upon publication as an RFC.
E.1. Changes Between Versions -21 and -22 E.1. Changes Between Versions -22 and -23
o Removed "route-tag" feature.
o Removed next-hop classifiers.
o Fixed invalid when expressions in augments.
o In simple-next-hop, an address, outgoing interface or both can be
specified.
o RPC "fib-route" changed into RIB action "active-route".
o The requirement that direct routes be always placed in default
RIBs.
E.2. Changes Between Versions -21 and -22
o Added "next-hop-list" as a new case of the "next-hop-options" o Added "next-hop-list" as a new case of the "next-hop-options"
choice. choice.
o Renamed "routing protocol" to "control plane protocol" in both the o Renamed "routing protocol" to "control plane protocol" in both the
YANG modules and I-D text. YANG modules and I-D text.
E.2. Changes Between Versions -20 and -21 E.3. Changes Between Versions -20 and -21
o Routing instances were removed. o Routing instances were removed.
o IPv6 RA parameters were moved to the "ietf-ipv6-router- o IPv6 RA parameters were moved to the "ietf-ipv6-router-
advertisements". advertisements".
E.3. Changes Between Versions -19 and -20 E.4. Changes Between Versions -19 and -20
o Assignment of L3 interfaces to routing instances is now part of o Assignment of L3 interfaces to routing instances is now part of
interface configuration. interface configuration.
o Next-hop options in configuration were aligned with state data. o Next-hop options in configuration were aligned with state data.
o It is recommended to enclose protocol-specific configuration in a o It is recommended to enclose protocol-specific configuration in a
presence container. presence container.
E.4. Changes Between Versions -18 and -19 E.5. Changes Between Versions -18 and -19
o The leaf "route-preference" was removed from the "routing- o The leaf "route-preference" was removed from the "routing-
protocol" container in both "routing" and "routing-state". protocol" container in both "routing" and "routing-state".
o The "vrf-routing-instance" identity was added in support of a o The "vrf-routing-instance" identity was added in support of a
common routing-instance type in addition to the "default-routing- common routing-instance type in addition to the "default-routing-
instance". instance".
o Removed "enabled" switch from "routing-protocol". o Removed "enabled" switch from "routing-protocol".
E.5. Changes Between Versions -17 and -18 E.6. Changes Between Versions -17 and -18
o The container "ribs" was moved under "routing-instance" (in both o The container "ribs" was moved under "routing-instance" (in both
"routing" and "routing-state"). "routing" and "routing-state").
o Typedefs "rib-ref" and "rib-state-ref" were removed. o Typedefs "rib-ref" and "rib-state-ref" were removed.
o Removed "recipient-ribs" (both state and configuration). o Removed "recipient-ribs" (both state and configuration).
o Removed "connected-ribs" from "routing-protocol" (both state and o Removed "connected-ribs" from "routing-protocol" (both state and
configuration). configuration).
skipping to change at page 65, line 37 skipping to change at page 67, line 7
rather than list (both config and state). The opposite reference rather than list (both config and state). The opposite reference
from "if:interface" to "rt:routing-instance" was changed to a from "if:interface" to "rt:routing-instance" was changed to a
single leaf (an interface cannot belong to multiple routing single leaf (an interface cannot belong to multiple routing
instances). instances).
o Specification of a default RIB is now a simple flag under "rib" o Specification of a default RIB is now a simple flag under "rib"
(both config and state). (both config and state).
o Default RIBs are marked by a flag in state data. o Default RIBs are marked by a flag in state data.
E.6. Changes Between Versions -16 and -17 E.7. Changes Between Versions -16 and -17
o Added Acee as a co-author. o Added Acee as a co-author.
o Removed all traces of route filters. o Removed all traces of route filters.
o Removed numeric IDs of list entries in state data. o Removed numeric IDs of list entries in state data.
o Removed all next-hop cases except "simple-next-hop" and "special- o Removed all next-hop cases except "simple-next-hop" and "special-
next-hop". next-hop".
o Removed feature "multipath-routes". o Removed feature "multipath-routes".
o Augmented "ietf-interfaces" module with a leaf-list of leafrefs o Augmented "ietf-interfaces" module with a leaf-list of leafrefs
pointing form state data of an interface entry to the routing pointing form state data of an interface entry to the routing
instance(s) to which the interface is assigned. instance(s) to which the interface is assigned.
E.7. Changes Between Versions -15 and -16 E.8. Changes Between Versions -15 and -16
o Added 'type' as the second key component of 'routing-protocol', o Added 'type' as the second key component of 'routing-protocol',
both in configuration and state data. both in configuration and state data.
o The restriction of no more than one connected RIB per address o The restriction of no more than one connected RIB per address
family was removed. family was removed.
o Removed the 'id' key of routes in RIBs. This list has no keys o Removed the 'id' key of routes in RIBs. This list has no keys
anymore. anymore.
skipping to change at page 66, line 40 skipping to change at page 68, line 12
o Added next-hop lists to state data. o Added next-hop lists to state data.
o Added two cases for specifying next-hops indirectly - via a new o Added two cases for specifying next-hops indirectly - via a new
RIB or a recursive list of next-hops. RIB or a recursive list of next-hops.
o Reorganized next-hop in static routes. o Reorganized next-hop in static routes.
o Removed all 'if-feature' statements from state data. o Removed all 'if-feature' statements from state data.
E.8. Changes Between Versions -14 and -15 E.9. Changes Between Versions -14 and -15
o Removed all defaults from state data. o Removed all defaults from state data.
o Removed default from 'cur-hop-limit' in config. o Removed default from 'cur-hop-limit' in config.
E.9. Changes Between Versions -13 and -14 E.10. Changes Between Versions -13 and -14
o Removed dependency of 'connected-ribs' on the 'multiple-ribs' o Removed dependency of 'connected-ribs' on the 'multiple-ribs'
feature. feature.
o Removed default value of 'cur-hop-limit' in state data. o Removed default value of 'cur-hop-limit' in state data.
o Moved parts of descriptions and all references on IPv6 RA o Moved parts of descriptions and all references on IPv6 RA
parameters from state data to configuration. parameters from state data to configuration.
o Added reference to RFC 6536 in the Security section. o Added reference to RFC 6536 in the Security section.
E.10. Changes Between Versions -12 and -13 E.11. Changes Between Versions -12 and -13
o Wrote appendix about minimum implementation. o Wrote appendix about minimum implementation.
o Remove "when" statement for IPv6 router interface state data - it o Remove "when" statement for IPv6 router interface state data - it
was dependent on a config value that may not be present. was dependent on a config value that may not be present.
o Extra container for the next-hop list. o Extra container for the next-hop list.
o Names rather than numeric ids are used for referring to list o Names rather than numeric ids are used for referring to list
entries in state data. entries in state data.
skipping to change at page 67, line 37 skipping to change at page 69, line 8
o o
o Removed "if-feature multiple-ribs;" from connected-ribs. o Removed "if-feature multiple-ribs;" from connected-ribs.
o "rib-name" instead of "name" is used as the name of leafref nodes. o "rib-name" instead of "name" is used as the name of leafref nodes.
o "next-hop" instead of "nexthop" or "gateway" used throughout, both o "next-hop" instead of "nexthop" or "gateway" used throughout, both
in node names and text. in node names and text.
E.11. Changes Between Versions -11 and -12 E.12. Changes Between Versions -11 and -12
o Removed feature "advanced-router" and introduced two features o Removed feature "advanced-router" and introduced two features
instead: "multiple-ribs" and "multipath-routes". instead: "multiple-ribs" and "multipath-routes".
o Unified the keys of config and state versions of "routing- o Unified the keys of config and state versions of "routing-
instance" and "rib" lists. instance" and "rib" lists.
o Numerical identifiers of state list entries are not keys anymore, o Numerical identifiers of state list entries are not keys anymore,
but they are constrained using the "unique" statement. but they are constrained using the "unique" statement.
o Updated acknowledgements. o Updated acknowledgements.
E.12. Changes Between Versions -10 and -11 E.13. Changes Between Versions -10 and -11
o Migrated address families from IANA enumerations to identities. o Migrated address families from IANA enumerations to identities.
o Terminology and node names aligned with the I2RS RIB model: router o Terminology and node names aligned with the I2RS RIB model: router
-> routing instance, routing table -> RIB. -> routing instance, routing table -> RIB.
o Introduced uint64 keys for state lists: routing-instance, rib, o Introduced uint64 keys for state lists: routing-instance, rib,
route, nexthop. route, nexthop.
o Described the relationship between system-controlled and user- o Described the relationship between system-controlled and user-
skipping to change at page 68, line 29 skipping to change at page 69, line 45
router". router".
o Made nexthop into a choice in order to allow for nexthop-list o Made nexthop into a choice in order to allow for nexthop-list
(I2RS requirement). (I2RS requirement).
o Added nexthop-list with entries having priorities (backup) and o Added nexthop-list with entries having priorities (backup) and
weights (load balancing). weights (load balancing).
o Updated bibliography references. o Updated bibliography references.
E.13. Changes Between Versions -09 and -10 E.14. Changes Between Versions -09 and -10
o Added subtree for state data ("/routing-state"). o Added subtree for state data ("/routing-state").
o Terms "system-controlled entry" and "user-controlled entry" o Terms "system-controlled entry" and "user-controlled entry"
defined and used. defined and used.
o New feature "user-defined-routing-tables". Nodes that are useful o New feature "user-defined-routing-tables". Nodes that are useful
only with user-defined routing tables are now conditional. only with user-defined routing tables are now conditional.
o Added grouping "router-id". o Added grouping "router-id".
o In routing tables, "source-protocol" attribute of routes now o In routing tables, "source-protocol" attribute of routes now
reports only protocol type, and its datatype is "identityref". reports only protocol type, and its datatype is "identityref".
o Renamed "main-routing-table" to "default-routing-table". o Renamed "main-routing-table" to "default-routing-table".
E.14. Changes Between Versions -08 and -09 E.15. Changes Between Versions -08 and -09
o Fixed "must" expression for "connected-routing-table". o Fixed "must" expression for "connected-routing-table".
o Simplified "must" expression for "main-routing-table". o Simplified "must" expression for "main-routing-table".
o Moved per-interface configuration of a new routing protocol under o Moved per-interface configuration of a new routing protocol under
'routing-protocol'. This also affects the 'example-rip' module. 'routing-protocol'. This also affects the 'example-rip' module.
E.15. Changes Between Versions -07 and -08 E.16. Changes Between Versions -07 and -08
o Changed reference from RFC6021 to RFC6021bis. o Changed reference from RFC6021 to RFC6021bis.
E.16. Changes Between Versions -06 and -07 E.17. Changes Between Versions -06 and -07
o The contents of <get-reply> in Appendix D was updated: "eth[01]" o The contents of <get-reply> in Appendix D was updated: "eth[01]"
is used as the value of "location", and "forwarding" is on for is used as the value of "location", and "forwarding" is on for
both interfaces and both IPv4 and IPv6. both interfaces and both IPv4 and IPv6.
o The "must" expression for "main-routing-table" was modified to o The "must" expression for "main-routing-table" was modified to
avoid redundant error messages reporting address family mismatch avoid redundant error messages reporting address family mismatch
when "name" points to a non-existent routing table. when "name" points to a non-existent routing table.
o The default behavior for IPv6 RA prefix advertisements was o The default behavior for IPv6 RA prefix advertisements was
clarified. clarified.
o Changed type of "rt:router-id" to "ip:dotted-quad". o Changed type of "rt:router-id" to "ip:dotted-quad".
o Type of "rt:router-id" changed to "yang:dotted-quad". o Type of "rt:router-id" changed to "yang:dotted-quad".
o Fixed missing prefixes in XPath expressions. o Fixed missing prefixes in XPath expressions.
E.17. Changes Between Versions -05 and -06 E.18. Changes Between Versions -05 and -06
o Document title changed: "Configuration" was replaced by o Document title changed: "Configuration" was replaced by
"Management". "Management".
o New typedefs "routing-table-ref" and "route-filter-ref". o New typedefs "routing-table-ref" and "route-filter-ref".
o Double slashes "//" were removed from XPath expressions and o Double slashes "//" were removed from XPath expressions and
replaced with the single "/". replaced with the single "/".
o Removed uniqueness requirement for "router-id". o Removed uniqueness requirement for "router-id".
skipping to change at page 70, line 5 skipping to change at page 71, line 20
o Complete data tree is now in Appendix A. o Complete data tree is now in Appendix A.
o Changed type of "source-protocol" from "leafref" to "string". o Changed type of "source-protocol" from "leafref" to "string".
o Clarified the relationship between routing protocol instances and o Clarified the relationship between routing protocol instances and
connected routing tables. connected routing tables.
o Added a must constraint saying that a routing table connected to o Added a must constraint saying that a routing table connected to
the direct pseudo-protocol must not be a main routing table. the direct pseudo-protocol must not be a main routing table.
E.18. Changes Between Versions -04 and -05 E.19. Changes Between Versions -04 and -05
o Routing tables are now global, i.e., "routing-tables" is a child o Routing tables are now global, i.e., "routing-tables" is a child
of "routing" rather than "router". of "routing" rather than "router".
o "must" statement for "static-routes" changed to "when". o "must" statement for "static-routes" changed to "when".
o Added "main-routing-tables" containing references to main routing o Added "main-routing-tables" containing references to main routing
tables for each address family. tables for each address family.
o Removed the defaults for "address-family" and "safi" and made them o Removed the defaults for "address-family" and "safi" and made them
skipping to change at page 70, line 40 skipping to change at page 72, line 8
o The "direct" pseudo-protocol is always connected to main routing o The "direct" pseudo-protocol is always connected to main routing
tables. tables.
o Entries in the list of connected routing tables renamed from o Entries in the list of connected routing tables renamed from
"routing-table" to "connected-routing-table". "routing-table" to "connected-routing-table".
o Added "must" constraint saying that a routing table must not be o Added "must" constraint saying that a routing table must not be
its own recipient. its own recipient.
E.19. Changes Between Versions -03 and -04 E.20. Changes Between Versions -03 and -04
o Changed "error-tag" for both RPC operations from "missing element" o Changed "error-tag" for both RPC operations from "missing element"
to "data-missing". to "data-missing".
o Removed the decrementing behavior for advertised IPv6 prefix o Removed the decrementing behavior for advertised IPv6 prefix
parameters "valid-lifetime" and "preferred-lifetime". parameters "valid-lifetime" and "preferred-lifetime".
o Changed the key of the static route lists from "seqno" to "id" o Changed the key of the static route lists from "seqno" to "id"
because the routes needn't be sorted. because the routes needn't be sorted.
o Added 'must' constraint saying that "preferred-lifetime" must not o Added 'must' constraint saying that "preferred-lifetime" must not
be greater than "valid-lifetime". be greater than "valid-lifetime".
E.20. Changes Between Versions -02 and -03 E.21. Changes Between Versions -02 and -03
o Module "iana-afn-safi" moved to I-D "iana-if-type". o Module "iana-afn-safi" moved to I-D "iana-if-type".
o Removed forwarding table. o Removed forwarding table.
o RPC "get-route" changed to "active-route". Its output is a list o RPC "get-route" changed to "active-route". Its output is a list
of routes (for multi-path routing). of routes (for multi-path routing).
o New RPC "route-count". o New RPC "route-count".
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"ietf-ip". "ietf-ip".
o Added "router-id" leaf. o Added "router-id" leaf.
o Specified the names for IPv4/IPv6 unicast main routing tables. o Specified the names for IPv4/IPv6 unicast main routing tables.
o Route parameter "last-modified" changed to "age". o Route parameter "last-modified" changed to "age".
o Added container "recipient-routing-tables". o Added container "recipient-routing-tables".
E.21. Changes Between Versions -01 and -02 E.22. Changes Between Versions -01 and -02
o Added module "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing". o Added module "ietf-ipv6-unicast-routing".
o The example in Appendix D now uses IP addresses from blocks o The example in Appendix D now uses IP addresses from blocks
reserved for documentation. reserved for documentation.
o Direct routes appear by default in the forwarding table. o Direct routes appear by default in the forwarding table.
o Network layer interfaces must be assigned to a router instance. o Network layer interfaces must be assigned to a router instance.
Additional interface configuration may be present. Additional interface configuration may be present.
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o Additional "must" statements were added. o Additional "must" statements were added.
o The "route-content" grouping for IPv4 and IPv6 unicast now o The "route-content" grouping for IPv4 and IPv6 unicast now
includes the material from the "ietf-routing" version via "uses includes the material from the "ietf-routing" version via "uses
rt:route-content". rt:route-content".
o Explanation of symbols in the tree representation of data model o Explanation of symbols in the tree representation of data model
hierarchy. hierarchy.
E.22. Changes Between Versions -00 and -01 E.23. Changes Between Versions -00 and -01
o AFN/SAFI-independent stuff was moved to the "ietf-routing" module. o AFN/SAFI-independent stuff was moved to the "ietf-routing" module.
o Typedefs for AFN and SAFI were placed in a separate "iana-afn- o Typedefs for AFN and SAFI were placed in a separate "iana-afn-
safi" module. safi" module.
o Names of some data nodes were changed, in particular "routing- o Names of some data nodes were changed, in particular "routing-
process" is now "router". process" is now "router".
o The restriction of a single AFN/SAFI per router was lifted. o The restriction of a single AFN/SAFI per router was lifted.
 End of changes. 139 change blocks. 
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