draft-ietf-radext-delegated-prefix-01.txt   draft-ietf-radext-delegated-prefix-02.txt 
Network Working Group J. Salowey Network Working Group J. Salowey
Internet-Draft R. Droms Internet-Draft R. Droms
Intended status: Standards Track Cisco Systems, Inc. Intended status: Standards Track Cisco Systems, Inc.
Expires: November 24, 2006 May 23, 2006 Expires: January 11, 2007 July 10, 2006
RADIUS Delegated-IPv6-Prefix Attribute RADIUS Delegated-IPv6-Prefix Attribute
draft-ietf-radext-delegated-prefix-01.txt draft-ietf-radext-delegated-prefix-02.txt
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This Internet-Draft will expire on November 24, 2006. This Internet-Draft will expire on January 11, 2007.
Copyright Notice Copyright Notice
Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006). Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006).
Abstract Abstract
This document defines a RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial In User This document defines a RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial In User
Service) attribute that carries an IPv6 prefix that is to be Service) attribute that carries an IPv6 prefix that is to be
delegated to the user. This attribute is usable within either RADIUS delegated to the user. This attribute is usable within either RADIUS
or Diameter. or Diameter.
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
The Delegated-IPv6-Prefix is a RADIUS attribute [1] that carries an The Delegated-IPv6-Prefix is a RADIUS attribute [1] that carries an
IPv6 prefix to be delegated to the user. For example, the prefix in IPv6 prefix to be delegated to the user, for use in the user's
a Delegated-IPv6-Prefix attribute can be delegated to another node network. For example, the prefix in a Delegated-IPv6-Prefix
through DHCP Prefix Delegation [2]. attribute can be delegated to another node through DHCP Prefix
Delegation [2].
The Framed-IPv6-Prefix attribute [4] serves a similar purpose, but
may also be used for other purposes other than delegating a prefix
for use in a user's network. Definition of the Delegated-IPv6-Prefix
allows the simultaneous use of the Framed-IPv6-Prefix for other
purposes and the Delegated-IPv6-Prefix for prefix delegation.
2. Terminology 2. Terminology
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
"SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [3]. document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [3].
3. Attribute format 3. Attribute format
The format of the Delegated-IPv6-Prefix is: The format of the Delegated-IPv6-Prefix is:
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Prefix Prefix
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Prefix Prefix
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Prefix | Prefix |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Type Type
TBD for Delegated-IPv6-Prefix TBD for Delegated-IPv6-Prefix
Length Length
At least 4 and no larger than 20 The length of the entire attribute, in bytes. At least 4
(to hold Type/Length/Reserved/Prefix-Length for a 0-bit
prefix), and no larger than 20 (to hold Type/Length/
Reserved/Prefix-Length for a 128-bit prefix)
Reserved Reserved
Always set to zero Always set to zero by sender; ignored by receiver
Prefix-Length Prefix-Length
The length of the prefix, in bits. At least 0 and no larger The length of the prefix being delegated, in bits. At least
than 128 0 and no larger than 128 bits (identifying a single IPv6
address)
Note that the prefix field is only required to be long enough to hold Note that the prefix field is only required to be long enough to hold
the prefix bits and can be shorter than 16 bytes. Any bits in the the prefix bits and can be shorter than 16 bytes. Any bits in the
prefix field that are not part of the prefix MUST be zero. prefix field that are not part of the prefix MUST be zero.
The definition of the Delegated-IPv6-Prefix Attribute is based on the The definition of the Delegated-IPv6-Prefix Attribute is based on the
Framed-IPv6-Prefix attribute. Framed-IPv6-Prefix attribute [4].
The Delegated-IPv6-Prefix MAY appear in an Access-Accept packet, and The Delegated-IPv6-Prefix MAY appear in an Access-Accept packet, and
can appear multiple times. It MAY appear in an Access-Request packet can appear multiple times. It MAY appear in an Access-Request packet
as a hint by the NAS to the server that it would prefer these as a hint by the NAS to the server that it would prefer these
prefix(es), but the server is not required to honor the hint. prefix(es), but the server is not required to honor the hint.
The Delegated-IPv6-Prefix attribute MAY appear in an Accounting- The Delegated-IPv6-Prefix attribute MAY appear in an Accounting-
Request packet. Request packet.
The Delegated-IPv6-Prefix MUST NOT appear in any other RADIUS The Delegated-IPv6-Prefix MUST NOT appear in any other RADIUS
packets. packets.
The following table describes which messages the Delegated-IPv6- The following table describes which messages the Delegated-IPv6-
Prefix attribute can appear in and in what quantity. Prefix attribute can appear in and in what quantity.
Request Accept Accounting # Attribute +------------------------------------------------------+
Request | Request Accept Accounting # Attribute |
0+ 0+ 0+ TBD Delegated-IPv6-Prefix | Request |
| 0+ 0+ 0+ TBD Delegated-IPv6-Prefix |
+------------------------------------------------------+
In this table 0+ means that zero or more instances of this attribute In this table 0+ means that zero or more instances of this attribute
MAY be present in packet. This attribute MUST NOT appear in any MAY be present in packet. This attribute MUST NOT appear in any
packet not listed in the table. packet not listed in the table.
4. Diameter Considerations 4. Diameter Considerations
A definition is needed for an identical attribute with the same Type When used in Diameter, the attribute defined in this specification
value for Diameter [4]. The attribute should be available as part of can be used as a Diameter AVP from the Code space 1-255, i.e., RADIUS
the NASREQ application [5], as well as the Diameter EAP application attribute compatibility space. No additional Diameter Code values
[6]. are therefore allocated. The data types of the attributes are as
follows:
Delegated-IPv6-Prefix OctetString
The attribute in this specification has no special translation
requirements for Diameter to RADIUS or RADIUS to Diameter gateways,
i.e., the attribute is copied as is, except for changes relating to
headers, alignment, and padding. See also RFC 3588 [5], Section 4.1,
and RFC 4005 [6], Section 9.
The text in this specification describing the applicability of the
Delegated-IPv6-Prefix attribute for RADIUS Access-Request applies in
Diameter to AA-Request [6] or Diameter-EAP-Request [7].
The text in this specification describing the applicability of the
Delegated-IPv6-Prefix attribute for RADIUS Access-Accept applies in
Diameter to AA-Answer or Diameter-EAP-Answer that indicates success.
The text in this specification describing the applicability of the
Delegated-IPv6-Prefix attribute for RADIUS Accounting-Request applies
to Diameter Accounting-Request [6] as well.
5. IANA Considerations 5. IANA Considerations
IANA is requested to assign a Type value, TBD, for this attribute IANA is requested to assign a Type value, TBD, for this attribute
from the RADIUS Types registry. from the RADIUS Attribute Types registry.
6. Security Considerations 6. Security Considerations
Known security vulnerabilities of the RADIUS protocol are discussed Known security vulnerabilities of the RADIUS protocol are discussed
in RFC 2607 [7], RFC 2865 [1] and RFC 2869 [8]. Use of IPsec [9] for in RFC 2607 [8], RFC 2865 [1] and RFC 2869 [9]. Use of IPsec [10]
providing security when RADIUS is carried in IPv6 is discussed in RFC for providing security when RADIUS is carried in IPv6 is discussed in
3162 [10]. RFC 3162.
Security considerations for the Diameter protocol are discussed in
RFC 3588 [5].
7. Change Log 7. Change Log
This section to be removed before publication as an RFC.
The following changes were made in revision -01 of this document: The following changes were made in revision -01 of this document:
o Added additional details to Abstract; defined that this attribute o Added additional details to Abstract; defined that this attribute
can be used in both RADIUS and Diameter. (Issue 188) can be used in both RADIUS and Diameter. (Issue 188)
o Moved and clarified text describing which packets this attribute o Moved and clarified text describing which packets this attribute
can appear in adjacent to table in section 3. (Issue 188) can appear in adjacent to table in section 3. (Issue 188)
o Fixed RFC 2119 boilerplate in section 2. (Issue 185) o Fixed RFC 2119 boilerplate in section 2. (Issue 185)
o Fixed table in section 3 to clarify which packets this attribute o Fixed table in section 3 to clarify which packets this attribute
cannot appear in. (Issue 188) cannot appear in. (Issue 188)
o Added section 4, Diameter Considerations. (Issue 188) o Added section 4, Diameter Considerations. (Issue 188)
o Made some references in section 6, Security Considerations, o Made some references in section 6, Security Considerations,
Informative rather than Normative. (Issue 188) Informative rather than Normative. (Issue 188)
o Updated reference to RFC 2401 [9] to RFC 4301. (Issue 188) o Updated reference to RFC 2401 [9] to RFC 4301. (Issue 188)
o Changed "IP SEC" to "IPsec" in section 6. (Issues 185 and 188) o Changed "IP SEC" to "IPsec" in section 6. (Issues 185 and 188)
The following changes were made in revision -02 of this document:
o Added a second paragraph to the Introduction, referencing the
Framed-IPv6-Prefix attribute
o Improved description of attribute fields in section 3
o Added border to table in section 3
o Updated Section 4, Diameter Considerations, to describe how this
attribute would be used in Diameter.
o Added reference to RFC 3588 in Section 6, Security Considerations.
8. References 8. References
8.1. Normative References 8.1. Normative References
[1] Rigney, C., Willens, S., Rubens, A., and W. Simpson, "Remote [1] Rigney, C., Willens, S., Rubens, A., and W. Simpson, "Remote
Authentication Dial In User Service (RADIUS)", RFC 2865, Authentication Dial In User Service (RADIUS)", RFC 2865,
June 2000. June 2000.
[2] Troan, O. and R. Droms, "IPv6 Prefix Options for Dynamic Host [2] Troan, O. and R. Droms, "IPv6 Prefix Options for Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol (DHCP) version 6", RFC 3633, Configuration Protocol (DHCP) version 6", RFC 3633,
December 2003. December 2003.
[3] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement [3] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement
Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.
8.2. Non-normative References 8.2. Non-normative References
[4] Calhoun, P., Loughney, J., Guttman, E., Zorn, G., and J. Arkko, [4] Aboba, B., Zorn, G., and D. Mitton, "RADIUS and IPv6",
RFC 3162, August 2001.
[5] Calhoun, P., Loughney, J., Guttman, E., Zorn, G., and J. Arkko,
"Diameter Base Protocol", RFC 3588, September 2003. "Diameter Base Protocol", RFC 3588, September 2003.
[5] Calhoun, P., Zorn, G., Spence, D., and D. Mitton, "Diameter [6] Calhoun, P., Zorn, G., Spence, D., and D. Mitton, "Diameter
Network Access Server Application", RFC 4005, August 2005. Network Access Server Application", RFC 4005, August 2005.
[6] Eronen, P., Hiller, T., and G. Zorn, "Diameter Extensible [7] Eronen, P., Hiller, T., and G. Zorn, "Diameter Extensible
Authentication Protocol (EAP) Application", RFC 4072, Authentication Protocol (EAP) Application", RFC 4072,
August 2005. August 2005.
[7] Aboba, B. and J. Vollbrecht, "Proxy Chaining and Policy [8] Aboba, B. and J. Vollbrecht, "Proxy Chaining and Policy
Implementation in Roaming", RFC 2607, June 1999. Implementation in Roaming", RFC 2607, June 1999.
[8] Rigney, C., Willats, W., and P. Calhoun, "RADIUS Extensions", [9] Rigney, C., Willats, W., and P. Calhoun, "RADIUS Extensions",
RFC 2869, June 2000. RFC 2869, June 2000.
[9] Kent, S. and K. Seo, "Security Architecture for the Internet [10] Kent, S. and K. Seo, "Security Architecture for the Internet
Protocol", RFC 4301, December 2005. Protocol", RFC 4301, December 2005.
[10] Aboba, B., Zorn, G., and D. Mitton, "RADIUS and IPv6",
RFC 3162, August 2001.
Authors' Addresses Authors' Addresses
Joe Salowey Joe Salowey
Cisco Systems, Inc. Cisco Systems, Inc.
2901 Third Avenue 2901 Third Avenue
Seattle, WA 98121 Seattle, WA 98121
USA USA
Phone: +1 206.310.0596 Phone: +1 206.310.0596
Email: jsalowey@cisco.com Email: jsalowey@cisco.com
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