draft-ietf-sipcore-sec-flows-08.txt   draft-ietf-sipcore-sec-flows-09.txt 
Network Working Group C. Jennings Network Working Group C. Jennings
Internet-Draft Cisco Systems Internet-Draft Cisco Systems
Intended status: Informational K. Ono Intended status: Informational K. Ono
Expires: July 18, 2011 Columbia University Expires: August 13, 2011 Columbia University
R. Sparks R. Sparks
B. Hibbard, Ed. B. Hibbard, Ed.
Tekelec Tekelec
January 14, 2011 February 9, 2011
Example call flows using Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) security Example call flows using Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) security
mechanisms mechanisms
draft-ietf-sipcore-sec-flows-08 draft-ietf-sipcore-sec-flows-09
Abstract Abstract
This document shows example call flows demonstrating the use of This document shows example call flows demonstrating the use of
Transport Layer Security (TLS), and Secure/Multipurpose Internet Mail Transport Layer Security (TLS), and Secure/Multipurpose Internet Mail
Extensions (S/MIME) in Session Initiation Protocol (SIP). It also Extensions (S/MIME) in Session Initiation Protocol (SIP). It also
provides information that helps implementers build interoperable SIP provides information that helps implementers build interoperable SIP
software. To help facilitate interoperability testing, it includes software. To help facilitate interoperability testing, it includes
certificates used in the example call flows and processes to create certificates used in the example call flows and processes to create
certificates for testing. certificates for testing.
skipping to change at page 1, line 41 skipping to change at page 1, line 41
Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute
working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet- working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-
Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/. Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.
Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
material or to cite them other than as "work in progress." material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."
This Internet-Draft will expire on July 18, 2011. This Internet-Draft will expire on August 13, 2011.
Copyright Notice Copyright Notice
Copyright (c) 2011 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the Copyright (c) 2011 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
document authors. All rights reserved. document authors. All rights reserved.
This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
Provisions Relating to IETF Documents Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
(http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
publication of this document. Please review these documents publication of this document. Please review these documents
skipping to change at page 4, line 22 skipping to change at page 4, line 22
certificate authority. This certificate is not used directly in the certificate authority. This certificate is not used directly in the
TLS call flow; it is used only to verify user and host certificates. TLS call flow; it is used only to verify user and host certificates.
Version: 3 (0x2) Version: 3 (0x2)
Serial Number: Serial Number:
96:a3:84:17:4e:ef:8a:4c 96:a3:84:17:4e:ef:8a:4c
Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption
Issuer: C=US, ST=California, L=San Jose, O=sipit, Issuer: C=US, ST=California, L=San Jose, O=sipit,
OU=Sipit Test Certificate Authority OU=Sipit Test Certificate Authority
Validity Validity
Not Before: Dec 6 22:36:29 2010 GMT Not Before: Jan 27 18:36:05 2011 GMT
Not After : Nov 12 22:36:29 2110 GMT Not After : Jan 3 18:36:05 2111 GMT
Subject: C=US, ST=California, L=San Jose, O=sipit, Subject: C=US, ST=California, L=San Jose, O=sipit,
OU=Sipit Test Certificate Authority OU=Sipit Test Certificate Authority
Subject Public Key Info: Subject Public Key Info:
Public Key Algorithm: rsaEncryption Public Key Algorithm: rsaEncryption
RSA Public Key: (2048 bit) RSA Public Key: (2048 bit)
Modulus (2048 bit): Modulus (2048 bit):
00:ec:c0:ad:ec:3b:0d:7b:6a:95:24:96:dc:33:c2: 00:ab:1f:91:61:f1:1c:c5:cd:a6:7b:16:9b:b7:14:
1d:f6:b3:0d:af:ed:5f:73:9c:b5:5f:dc:3a:21:95: 79:e4:30:9e:98:d0:ec:07:b7:bd:77:d7:d1:f5:5b:
20:81:c1:29:63:a0:34:86:ed:f1:4c:8a:66:90:37: 2c:e2:ee:e6:b1:b0:f0:85:fa:a5:bc:cb:cc:cf:69:
95:ab:0f:8c:b2:da:55:a9:ca:ca:ae:50:10:eb:34: 2c:4f:fc:50:ef:9d:31:2b:c0:59:ea:fb:64:6f:1f:
28:d7:d8:98:5b:14:ec:fc:c4:55:d4:c6:63:5a:ee: 55:a7:3d:fd:70:d2:56:db:14:99:17:92:70:ac:26:
e8:ec:41:08:d3:be:28:9e:b1:89:4d:d2:6b:57:f6: f8:34:41:70:d9:c0:03:91:6a:ba:d1:11:8f:ac:12:
aa:77:c9:08:fc:f9:25:a0:a3:e3:cc:bf:f0:c0:f2: 31:de:b9:19:70:8d:5d:a7:7d:8b:19:cc:40:3f:ae:
99:59:e5:ef:cf:0a:3a:d7:38:bc:6b:f9:6c:ff:6e: ff:de:1f:db:94:b3:46:77:6c:ae:ae:ff:3e:d6:84:
a0:d0:b2:62:4f:98:72:f0:f0:1d:1d:40:84:50:05: 5b:c2:de:0b:26:65:d0:91:c7:70:4b:c7:0a:4a:bf:
9b:6e:15:3c:49:b6:9d:58:05:a1:0d:cf:91:ee:ed: c7:97:04:dd:ba:58:47:cb:e0:2b:23:76:87:65:c5:
28:0f:0f:e1:0f:71:8a:a6:6e:7c:2a:ad:ae:ae:c4: 55:34:10:ab:27:1f:1c:f8:30:3d:b0:9b:ca:a2:81:
8d:8e:2a:2e:8a:a2:ac:67:85:2e:aa:82:0e:4b:38: 72:4c:bd:60:fe:f7:21:fe:0b:db:0b:db:e9:5b:01:
b1:e9:f2:84:23:0c:98:e0:57:b8:38:70:f4:89:a9: 36:d4:28:15:6b:79:eb:d0:91:1b:21:59:b8:0e:aa:
94:cb:9a:5e:15:52:ba:45:0a:80:9f:33:82:cf:e2: bf:d5:b1:6c:70:37:a3:3f:a5:7d:0e:95:46:f6:f6:
f2:eb:8f:f9:61:3c:8a:eb:74:b1:7c:87:f9:0c:2f: 58:67:83:75:42:37:18:0b:a4:41:39:b2:2f:6c:80:
20:ce:0d:be:69:8f:d1:bc:5d:c5:8a:e5:1a:0b:5d: 2c:78:ec:a5:0f:be:9c:10:f8:c0:0b:0d:73:99:9e:
70:65:c8:02:f3:46:85:25:d3:88:8c:dd:80:55:d9: 0d:d7:97:50:cb:cc:45:34:23:49:41:85:22:24:ad:
69:9b 29:c3
Exponent: 65537 (0x10001) Exponent: 65537 (0x10001)
X509v3 extensions: X509v3 extensions:
X509v3 Subject Key Identifier: X509v3 Subject Key Identifier:
BB:37:8E:47:C7:5A:34:DB:7A:D9:F8:76:B6:75:8E:D0:E4:13:17:45 95:45:7E:5F:2B:EA:65:98:12:91:04:F3:63:C7:68:9A:58:16:77:27
X509v3 Authority Key Identifier: X509v3 Authority Key Identifier:
BB:37:8E:47:C7:5A:34:DB:7A:D9:F8:76:B6:75:8E:D0:E4:13:17:45 95:45:7E:5F:2B:EA:65:98:12:91:04:F3:63:C7:68:9A:58:16:77:27
DirName:/C=US/ST=California/L=San Jose/O=sipit/
OU=Sipit Test Certificate Authority
serial:96:A3:84:17:4E:EF:8A:4C
X509v3 Basic Constraints: X509v3 Basic Constraints:
CA:TRUE CA:TRUE
Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption
b1:75:d4:56:ab:70:14:a0:ee:67:a3:ec:07:0c:1d:8b:2c:5f: 06:5f:9e:ae:a0:9a:bc:b5:b9:5b:7e:97:33:cc:df:63:98:98:
d7:1c:f3:e3:01:ba:3d:9d:da:47:49:31:d5:81:f5:2d:d2:66: 94:cb:0d:66:a9:83:e8:aa:58:2a:59:a1:9e:47:31:a6:af:5c:
a5:2c:1f:db:c3:2d:8a:32:6a:ec:22:8b:b1:58:63:57:23:88: 3f:a2:25:86:f8:df:05:92:b7:db:69:a1:69:72:87:66:c5:ab:
34:9f:6c:df:8c:7b:73:8c:2a:7c:d3:23:02:97:54:76:f3:34: 35:89:01:37:19:c9:74:eb:09:d1:3f:88:7b:24:13:42:ca:2d:
25:7f:d1:ad:25:87:17:56:30:61:43:f4:16:63:77:0f:7b:a7: fb:45:e6:cc:4b:f8:21:78:f3:f5:97:ec:09:92:24:a2:f0:e6:
b0:0b:97:1b:05:f2:5c:86:2c:a9:d5:3b:cb:73:92:a2:3c:dc: 94:8d:97:4a:00:94:00:bd:25:b8:17:2c:52:53:5d:cc:5c:48:
7e:12:30:86:9e:f8:57:6c:a2:a4:28:51:e4:f7:f0:ce:29:9c: a4:a1:1d:2d:f6:50:55:13:a4:d3:b2:a2:f4:f1:b9:6d:48:5e:
82:34:f2:02:3c:43:62:36:94:44:c1:ad:b4:79:f7:6e:f9:e2: 5c:f3:de:e0:fc:59:09:a1:d9:14:61:65:bf:d8:3f:b9:ba:2e:
bd:f9:15:cc:e8:de:b0:9d:9c:2f:18:30:a9:eb:3f:d4:56:c9: 7c:ed:5c:24:9b:6b:ca:aa:5f:f1:c1:1e:b0:a8:da:82:0f:fb:
61:8d:78:b2:fb:4e:e5:22:1d:00:c4:cf:ce:9c:fe:d6:f1:4f: 4c:71:3b:4d:7b:38:c8:e3:8a:2a:19:34:44:26:0b:ea:f0:47:
01:9d:92:58:e0:78:2a:cb:69:36:18:ac:1b:53:0d:86:b1:91: 38:46:28:65:04:e2:01:52:dd:ec:3d:e5:f5:53:74:77:74:75:
34:8b:de:05:5d:22:18:2a:67:e5:ea:f2:77:01:d6:9c:60:17: 6d:c6:d9:c2:0a:ac:3b:b8:98:5c:55:53:34:74:52:a8:26:b1:
06:84:83:6f:b6:88:7e:ce:c8:63:d4:30:6d:90:72:fe:59:f4: 2f:30:22:d0:8b:b7:f3:a0:dd:68:07:33:d5:ae:b7:81:b2:94:
32:04:e6:af:d4:be:99:44:c8:de:3d:01:88:d7:8a:35:30:c2: 58:72:4e:7c:c6:72:2f:bd:6c:69:fb:b5:17:a8:2a:8d:d7:2c:
2d:77:e9:70 91:06:c8:0c
The certificate content shown above and throughout this document was The certificate content shown above and throughout this document was
rendered by the OpenSSL "x509" tool. These dumps are included only rendered by the OpenSSL "x509" tool. These dumps are included only
as informative examples. Output may vary among future revisions of as informative examples. Output may vary among future revisions of
the tool. At the time of this document's publication, there were the tool. At the time of this document's publication, there were
some irregularities in the output shown above that are worth noting. some irregularities in the presentation of Distinguished Names (DN).
First, the presentation of Distinguished Names (DN) is inconsistent, In particular, note that in the "Issuer" and "Subject" fields, it
e.g. the "Issuer" field appears to be in Lightweight Directory Access appears the intent is to present DNs in Lightweight Directory Access
Protocol (LDAP) format, while the "DirName" field in the "X509v3 Protocol (LDAP) format. If this was intended, the spaces should have
extensions" portion appears to be in Distributed Computing been omitted after the delimiting commas, and the elements should
Environment (DCE) format. Second, if LDAP format was intended, the have been presented in order of most-specific to least-specific.
spaces should have been omitted after the delimiting commas, and the Please refer to Appendix A of [RFC4514]. Using the "Issuer" DN from
elements should have been presented in order of most-specific to above as an example and following guidelines in [RFC4514], it should
least-specific. Please refer to Appendix A of [RFC4514]. Using the have instead appeared as:
"Issuer" DN from above as an example and following guidelines in
[RFC4514], it should have instead appeared as:
Issuer: OU=Sipit Test Certificate Authority,O=sipit,L=San Jose, Issuer: OU=Sipit Test Certificate Authority,O=sipit,L=San Jose,
ST=California,C=US ST=California,C=US
The ASN.1 parse of the CA certificate is shown below. The ASN.1 parse of the CA certificate is shown below.
0:l=1083 cons: SEQUENCE 0:l= 949 cons: SEQUENCE
4:l= 803 cons: SEQUENCE 4:l= 669 cons: SEQUENCE
8:l= 3 cons: cont [ 0 ] 8:l= 3 cons: cont [ 0 ]
10:l= 1 prim: INTEGER :02 10:l= 1 prim: INTEGER :02
13:l= 9 prim: INTEGER :96A384174EEF8A4C 13:l= 9 prim: INTEGER :96A384174EEF8A4C
24:l= 13 cons: SEQUENCE 24:l= 13 cons: SEQUENCE
26:l= 9 prim: OBJECT :sha1WithRSAEncryption 26:l= 9 prim: OBJECT :sha1WithRSAEncryption
37:l= 0 prim: NULL 37:l= 0 prim: NULL
39:l= 112 cons: SEQUENCE 39:l= 112 cons: SEQUENCE
41:l= 11 cons: SET 41:l= 11 cons: SET
43:l= 9 cons: SEQUENCE 43:l= 9 cons: SEQUENCE
45:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :countryName 45:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :countryName
50:l= 2 prim: PRINTABLESTRING :US 50:l= 2 prim: PRINTABLESTRING :US
54:l= 19 cons: SET 54:l= 19 cons: SET
56:l= 17 cons: SEQUENCE 56:l= 17 cons: SEQUENCE
58:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :stateOrProvinceName 58:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :stateOrProvinceName
63:l= 10 prim: PRINTABLESTRING :California 63:l= 10 prim: UTF8STRING
43 61 6c 69 66 6f 72 6e-69 61 California
75:l= 17 cons: SET 75:l= 17 cons: SET
77:l= 15 cons: SEQUENCE 77:l= 15 cons: SEQUENCE
79:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :localityName 79:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :localityName
84:l= 8 prim: PRINTABLESTRING :San Jose 84:l= 8 prim: UTF8STRING
53 61 6e 20 4a 6f 73 65- San Jose
94:l= 14 cons: SET 94:l= 14 cons: SET
96:l= 12 cons: SEQUENCE 96:l= 12 cons: SEQUENCE
98:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :organizationName 98:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :organizationName
103:l= 5 prim: PRINTABLESTRING :sipit 103:l= 5 prim: UTF8STRING
73 69 70 69 74 sipit
110:l= 41 cons: SET 110:l= 41 cons: SET
112:l= 39 cons: SEQUENCE 112:l= 39 cons: SEQUENCE
114:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :organizationalUnitName 114:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :organizationalUnitName
119:l= 32 prim: PRINTABLESTRING :Sipit Test Certificate Authority 119:l= 32 prim: UTF8STRING
53 69 70 69 74 20 54 65-73 74 20 43 65 72 74 69 Sipit Test Certi
66 69 63 61 74 65 20 41-75 74 68 6f 72 69 74 79 ficate Authority
153:l= 32 cons: SEQUENCE 153:l= 32 cons: SEQUENCE
155:l= 13 prim: UTCTIME :101206223629Z 155:l= 13 prim: UTCTIME :110127183605Z
170:l= 15 prim: GENERALIZEDTIME :21101112223629Z 170:l= 15 prim: GENERALIZEDTIME :21110103183605Z
187:l= 112 cons: SEQUENCE 187:l= 112 cons: SEQUENCE
189:l= 11 cons: SET 189:l= 11 cons: SET
191:l= 9 cons: SEQUENCE 191:l= 9 cons: SEQUENCE
193:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :countryName 193:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :countryName
198:l= 2 prim: PRINTABLESTRING :US 198:l= 2 prim: PRINTABLESTRING :US
202:l= 19 cons: SET 202:l= 19 cons: SET
204:l= 17 cons: SEQUENCE 204:l= 17 cons: SEQUENCE
206:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :stateOrProvinceName 206:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :stateOrProvinceName
211:l= 10 prim: PRINTABLESTRING :California 211:l= 10 prim: UTF8STRING
43 61 6c 69 66 6f 72 6e-69 61 California
223:l= 17 cons: SET 223:l= 17 cons: SET
225:l= 15 cons: SEQUENCE 225:l= 15 cons: SEQUENCE
227:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :localityName 227:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :localityName
232:l= 8 prim: PRINTABLESTRING :San Jose 232:l= 8 prim: UTF8STRING
53 61 6e 20 4a 6f 73 65- San Jose
242:l= 14 cons: SET 242:l= 14 cons: SET
244:l= 12 cons: SEQUENCE 244:l= 12 cons: SEQUENCE
246:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :organizationName 246:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :organizationName
251:l= 5 prim: PRINTABLESTRING :sipit 251:l= 5 prim: UTF8STRING
73 69 70 69 74 sipit
258:l= 41 cons: SET 258:l= 41 cons: SET
260:l= 39 cons: SEQUENCE 260:l= 39 cons: SEQUENCE
262:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :organizationalUnitName 262:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :organizationalUnitName
267:l= 32 prim: PRINTABLESTRING :Sipit Test Certificate Authority 267:l= 32 prim: UTF8STRING
53 69 70 69 74 20 54 65-73 74 20 43 65 72 74 69 Sipit Test Certi
66 69 63 61 74 65 20 41-75 74 68 6f 72 69 74 79 ficate Authority
301:l= 290 cons: SEQUENCE 301:l= 290 cons: SEQUENCE
305:l= 13 cons: SEQUENCE 305:l= 13 cons: SEQUENCE
307:l= 9 prim: OBJECT :rsaEncryption 307:l= 9 prim: OBJECT :rsaEncryption
318:l= 0 prim: NULL 318:l= 0 prim: NULL
320:l= 271 prim: BIT STRING 320:l= 271 prim: BIT STRING
00 30 82 01 0a 02 82 01-01 00 ec c0 ad ec 3b 0d .0............;. 00 30 82 01 0a 02 82 01-01 00 ab 1f 91 61 f1 1c .0...........a..
7b 6a 95 24 96 dc 33 c2-1d f6 b3 0d af ed 5f 73 {j.$..3......._s c5 cd a6 7b 16 9b b7 14-79 e4 30 9e 98 d0 ec 07 ...{....y.0.....
9c b5 5f dc 3a 21 95 20-81 c1 29 63 a0 34 86 ed .._.:!. ..)c.4.. b7 bd 77 d7 d1 f5 5b 2c-e2 ee e6 b1 b0 f0 85 fa ..w...[,........
f1 4c 8a 66 90 37 95 ab-0f 8c b2 da 55 a9 ca ca .L.f.7......U... a5 bc cb cc cf 69 2c 4f-fc 50 ef 9d 31 2b c0 59 .....i,O.P..1+.Y
ae 50 10 eb 34 28 d7 d8-98 5b 14 ec fc c4 55 d4 .P..4(...[....U. ea fb 64 6f 1f 55 a7 3d-fd 70 d2 56 db 14 99 17 ..do.U.=.p.V....
c6 63 5a ee e8 ec 41 08-d3 be 28 9e b1 89 4d d2 .cZ...A...(...M. 92 70 ac 26 f8 34 41 70-d9 c0 03 91 6a ba d1 11 .p.&.4Ap....j...
6b 57 f6 aa 77 c9 08 fc-f9 25 a0 a3 e3 cc bf f0 kW..w....%...... 8f ac 12 31 de b9 19 70-8d 5d a7 7d 8b 19 cc 40 ...1...p.].}...@
c0 f2 99 59 e5 ef cf 0a-3a d7 38 bc 6b f9 6c ff ...Y....:.8.k.l. 3f ae ff de 1f db 94 b3-46 77 6c ae ae ff 3e d6 ?.......Fwl...>.
6e a0 d0 b2 62 4f 98 72-f0 f0 1d 1d 40 84 50 05 n...bO.r....@.P. 84 5b c2 de 0b 26 65 d0-91 c7 70 4b c7 0a 4a bf .[...&e...pK..J.
9b 6e 15 3c 49 b6 9d 58-05 a1 0d cf 91 ee ed 28 .n.<I..X.......( c7 97 04 dd ba 58 47 cb-e0 2b 23 76 87 65 c5 55 .....XG..+#v.e.U
0f 0f e1 0f 71 8a a6 6e-7c 2a ad ae ae c4 8d 8e ....q..n|*...... 34 10 ab 27 1f 1c f8 30-3d b0 9b ca a2 81 72 4c 4..'...0=.....rL
2a 2e 8a a2 ac 67 85 2e-aa 82 0e 4b 38 b1 e9 f2 *....g.....K8... bd 60 fe f7 21 fe 0b db-0b db e9 5b 01 36 d4 28 .`..!......[.6.(
84 23 0c 98 e0 57 b8 38-70 f4 89 a9 94 cb 9a 5e .#...W.8p......^ 15 6b 79 eb d0 91 1b 21-59 b8 0e aa bf d5 b1 6c .ky....!Y......l
15 52 ba 45 0a 80 9f 33-82 cf e2 f2 eb 8f f9 61 .R.E...3.......a 70 37 a3 3f a5 7d 0e 95-46 f6 f6 58 67 83 75 42 p7.?.}..F..Xg.uB
3c 8a eb 74 b1 7c 87 f9-0c 2f 20 ce 0d be 69 8f <..t.|.../ ...i. 37 18 0b a4 41 39 b2 2f-6c 80 2c 78 ec a5 0f be 7...A9./l.,x....
d1 bc 5d c5 8a e5 1a 0b-5d 70 65 c8 02 f3 46 85 ..].....]pe...F. 9c 10 f8 c0 0b 0d 73 99-9e 0d d7 97 50 cb cc 45 ......s.....P..E
25 d3 88 8c dd 80 55 d9-69 9b 02 03 01 00 01 %.....U.i...... 34 23 49 41 85 22 24 ad-29 c3 02 03 01 00 01 4#IA."$.)......
595:l= 213 cons: cont [ 3 ] 595:l= 80 cons: cont [ 3 ]
598:l= 210 cons: SEQUENCE 597:l= 78 cons: SEQUENCE
601:l= 29 cons: SEQUENCE 599:l= 29 cons: SEQUENCE
603:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :X509v3 Subject Key Identifier 601:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :X509v3 Subject Key Identifier
608:l= 22 prim: OCTET STRING 606:l= 22 prim: OCTET STRING
04 14 bb 37 8e 47 c7 5a-34 db 7a d9 f8 76 b6 75 ...7.G.Z4.z..v.u 04 14 95 45 7e 5f 2b ea-65 98 12 91 04 f3 63 c7 ...E~_+.e.....c.
8e d0 e4 13 17 45 .....E 68 9a 58 16 77 27 h.X.w'
632:l= 162 cons: SEQUENCE 630:l= 31 cons: SEQUENCE
635:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :X509v3 Authority Key Identifier 632:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :X509v3 Authority Key Identifier
640:l= 154 prim: OCTET STRING 637:l= 24 prim: OCTET STRING
30 81 97 80 14 bb 37 8e-47 c7 5a 34 db 7a d9 f8 0.....7.G.Z4.z.. 30 16 80 14 95 45 7e 5f-2b ea 65 98 12 91 04 f3 0....E~_+.e.....
76 b6 75 8e d0 e4 13 17-45 a1 74 a4 72 30 70 31 v.u.....E.t.r0p1 63 c7 68 9a 58 16 77 27- c.h.X.w'
0b 30 09 06 03 55 04 06-13 02 55 53 31 13 30 11 .0...U....US1.0. 663:l= 12 cons: SEQUENCE
06 03 55 04 08 13 0a 43-61 6c 69 66 6f 72 6e 69 ..U....Californi 665:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :X509v3 Basic Constraints
61 31 11 30 0f 06 03 55-04 07 13 08 53 61 6e 20 a1.0...U....San 670:l= 5 prim: OCTET STRING
4a 6f 73 65 31 0e 30 0c-06 03 55 04 0a 13 05 73 Jose1.0...U....s
69 70 69 74 31 29 30 27-06 03 55 04 0b 13 20 53 ipit1)0'..U... S
69 70 69 74 20 54 65 73-74 20 43 65 72 74 69 66 ipit Test Certif
69 63 61 74 65 20 41 75-74 68 6f 72 69 74 79 82 icate Authority.
09 00 96 a3 84 17 4e ef-8a 4c ......N..L
797:l= 12 cons: SEQUENCE
799:l= 3 prim: OBJECT :X509v3 Basic Constraints
804:l= 5 prim: OCTET STRING
30 03 01 01 ff 0.... 30 03 01 01 ff 0....
811:l= 13 cons: SEQUENCE 677:l= 13 cons: SEQUENCE
813:l= 9 prim: OBJECT :sha1WithRSAEncryption 679:l= 9 prim: OBJECT :sha1WithRSAEncryption
824:l= 0 prim: NULL 690:l= 0 prim: NULL
826:l= 257 prim: BIT STRING 692:l= 257 prim: BIT STRING
00 b1 75 d4 56 ab 70 14-a0 ee 67 a3 ec 07 0c 1d ..u.V.p...g..... 00 06 5f 9e ae a0 9a bc-b5 b9 5b 7e 97 33 cc df .._.......[~.3..
8b 2c 5f d7 1c f3 e3 01-ba 3d 9d da 47 49 31 d5 .,_......=..GI1. 63 98 98 94 cb 0d 66 a9-83 e8 aa 58 2a 59 a1 9e c.....f....X*Y..
81 f5 2d d2 66 a5 2c 1f-db c3 2d 8a 32 6a ec 22 ..-.f.,...-.2j." 47 31 a6 af 5c 3f a2 25-86 f8 df 05 92 b7 db 69 G1..\?.%.......i
8b b1 58 63 57 23 88 34-9f 6c df 8c 7b 73 8c 2a ..XcW#.4.l..{s.* a1 69 72 87 66 c5 ab 35-89 01 37 19 c9 74 eb 09 .ir.f..5..7..t..
7c d3 23 02 97 54 76 f3-34 25 7f d1 ad 25 87 17 |.#..Tv.4%...%.. d1 3f 88 7b 24 13 42 ca-2d fb 45 e6 cc 4b f8 21 .?.{$.B.-.E..K.!
56 30 61 43 f4 16 63 77-0f 7b a7 b0 0b 97 1b 05 V0aC..cw.{...... 78 f3 f5 97 ec 09 92 24-a2 f0 e6 94 8d 97 4a 00 x......$......J.
f2 5c 86 2c a9 d5 3b cb-73 92 a2 3c dc 7e 12 30 .\.,..;.s..<.~.0 94 00 bd 25 b8 17 2c 52-53 5d cc 5c 48 a4 a1 1d ...%..,RS].\H...
86 9e f8 57 6c a2 a4 28-51 e4 f7 f0 ce 29 9c 82 ...Wl..(Q....).. 2d f6 50 55 13 a4 d3 b2-a2 f4 f1 b9 6d 48 5e 5c -.PU........mH^\
34 f2 02 3c 43 62 36 94-44 c1 ad b4 79 f7 6e f9 4..<Cb6.D...y.n. f3 de e0 fc 59 09 a1 d9-14 61 65 bf d8 3f b9 ba ....Y....ae..?..
e2 bd f9 15 cc e8 de b0-9d 9c 2f 18 30 a9 eb 3f ........../.0..? 2e 7c ed 5c 24 9b 6b ca-aa 5f f1 c1 1e b0 a8 da .|.\$.k.._......
d4 56 c9 61 8d 78 b2 fb-4e e5 22 1d 00 c4 cf ce .V.a.x..N."..... 82 0f fb 4c 71 3b 4d 7b-38 c8 e3 8a 2a 19 34 44 ...Lq;M{8...*.4D
9c fe d6 f1 4f 01 9d 92-58 e0 78 2a cb 69 36 18 ....O...X.x*.i6. 26 0b ea f0 47 38 46 28-65 04 e2 01 52 dd ec 3d &...G8F(e...R..=
ac 1b 53 0d 86 b1 91 34-8b de 05 5d 22 18 2a 67 ..S....4...]".*g e5 f5 53 74 77 74 75 6d-c6 d9 c2 0a ac 3b b8 98 ..Stwtum.....;..
e5 ea f2 77 01 d6 9c 60-17 06 84 83 6f b6 88 7e ...w...`....o..~ 5c 55 53 34 74 52 a8 26-b1 2f 30 22 d0 8b b7 f3 \US4tR.&./0"....
ce c8 63 d4 30 6d 90 72-fe 59 f4 32 04 e6 af d4 ..c.0m.r.Y.2.... a0 dd 68 07 33 d5 ae b7-81 b2 94 58 72 4e 7c c6 ..h.3......XrN|.
be 99 44 c8 de 3d 01 88-d7 8a 35 30 c2 2d 77 e9 ..D..=....50.-w. 72 2f bd 6c 69 fb b5 17-a8 2a 8d d7 2c 91 06 c8 r/.li....*..,...
70 p 0c .
2.2. Host Certificates 2.2. Host Certificates
The certificate for the host example.com is shown below. Note that The certificate for the host example.com is shown below. Note that
the Subject Alternative Name is set to example.com and is a DNS type. the Subject Alternative Name is set to example.com and is a DNS type.
The certificates for the other hosts are shown in Appendix B. The certificates for the other hosts are shown in Appendix B.
Version: 3 (0x2) Version: 3 (0x2)
Serial Number: Serial Number:
96:a3:84:17:4e:ef:8a:4f 96:a3:84:17:4e:ef:8a:4f
Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption
Issuer: C=US, ST=California, L=San Jose, O=sipit, Issuer: C=US, ST=California, L=San Jose, O=sipit,
OU=Sipit Test Certificate Authority OU=Sipit Test Certificate Authority
Validity Validity
Not Before: Dec 6 22:43:50 2010 GMT Not Before: Feb 7 19:32:17 2011 GMT
Not After : Nov 12 22:43:50 2110 GMT Not After : Jan 14 19:32:17 2111 GMT
Subject: C=US, ST=California, L=San Jose, O=sipit, CN=example.com Subject: C=US, ST=California, L=San Jose, O=sipit, CN=example.com
Subject Public Key Info: Subject Public Key Info:
Public Key Algorithm: rsaEncryption Public Key Algorithm: rsaEncryption
RSA Public Key: (2048 bit) RSA Public Key: (2048 bit)
Modulus (2048 bit): Modulus (2048 bit):
00:9d:26:25:9d:f2:f8:00:ce:3a:8e:e5:11:f8:6a: 00:dd:74:06:02:10:c2:e7:04:1f:bc:8c:b6:24:e7:
3b:0e:ca:0b:7c:ac:74:cb:5a:79:c7:52:1c:ea:cc: 9b:94:a3:48:37:85:9e:6d:83:12:84:50:1a:8e:48:
07:86:b7:93:37:6a:0e:2a:00:e6:47:f9:7a:92:b8: b1:fa:86:8c:a7:80:b9:be:52:ec:a6:ca:63:47:84:
07:c9:2c:1a:9a:34:a0:e0:63:ad:46:6e:d2:82:cc: ad:f6:74:85:82:16:7e:4e:36:40:0a:74:2c:20:a9:
6a:0e:6a:7f:35:cf:70:71:63:7d:e9:43:67:81:4c:
ea:b5:1e:b7:4c:a3:35:08:7b:21:0d:2a:73:07:63:
9d:8d:75:bf:1f:d4:8e:e6:67:60:75:f7:ea:0a:7a:
c4:a2:cd:ce:a6:e2:51:d7:9b:ce:39:a8:55:3d:b1: 6c:90:af:92:45:e0:62:05:9a:8a:10:98:dc:7c:54:
4a:df:27:d8:8f:02:33:0a:84:5a:a2:ec:d1:b4:c1: 8b:e4:61:95:3b:04:fc:10:50:ef:80:45:ba:5e:84:
e0:09:79:9f:05:6a:b8:08:38:82:6b:c2:0e:5d:c7: 97:76:c1:20:25:c1:92:1d:89:0a:f7:55:62:64:fa:
4f:c5:21:a2:4f:35:4a:5a:96:3a:d6:f2:a0:53:c8: e8:69:a2:62:4c:67:d3:08:d9:61:b5:3d:16:54:b6:
fe:d7:ee:ef:1b:27:06:08:fe:24:96:04:23:19:7f: b7:44:8d:59:2b:90:d4:e9:fb:c7:7d:87:58:c3:12:
65:4d:81:43:b0:79:47:43:b7:a3:1f:13:58:8e:c0: ac:33:78:00:50:ba:07:05:b3:b9:01:1a:63:55:6c:
e4:92:a7:3d:44:93:4d:74:df:21:13:94:73:48:f0: e1:7a:ec:a3:07:ae:3b:02:83:a1:69:e0:c3:dc:2d:
6f:cf:8d:a0:6d:2a:67:8e:82:c7:c7:56:af:15:cc: 61:e9:b2:e3:b3:71:c8:a6:cf:da:fb:3e:99:c7:e5:
2d:c0:0e:bf:49:27:0a:bd:a7:7f:71:d4:5e:2b:6e: 71:b9:c9:17:d4:ed:bc:a0:47:54:09:8c:6e:6d:53:
f2:c1:37:16:0b:e4:b9:44:29:91:fa:48:0b:48:e8: 9a:2c:c9:68:c6:6f:f1:3d:91:1a:24:43:77:7d:91:
e7:32:d4:96:17:56:b9:9a:ba:1b:c1:0e:5f:78:12: 69:4b
26:06:b4:1f:73:0d:aa:8d:17:dc:29:89:83:fe:08:
71:88:3d:a1:cd:35:49:01:fe:26:df:c7:2c:a8:44:
d9:e3
Exponent: 65537 (0x10001) Exponent: 65537 (0x10001)
X509v3 extensions: X509v3 extensions:
X509v3 Subject Alternative Name: X509v3 Subject Alternative Name:
DNS:example.com, URI:sip:example.com DNS:example.com, URI:sip:example.com
X509v3 Basic Constraints: X509v3 Basic Constraints:
CA:FALSE CA:FALSE
X509v3 Subject Key Identifier: X509v3 Subject Key Identifier:
AB:E9:BC:0D:37:A2:45:90:F2:BB:CB:B1:DB:A1:49:28:81:3C:1A:D2 CC:06:59:5B:8B:5E:D6:0D:F2:05:4D:1B:68:54:1E:FC:F9:43:19:17
X509v3 Authority Key Identifier: X509v3 Authority Key Identifier:
BB:37:8E:47:C7:5A:34:DB:7A:D9:F8:76:B6:75:8E:D0:E4:13:17:45 95:45:7E:5F:2B:EA:65:98:12:91:04:F3:63:C7:68:9A:58:16:77:27
DirName:/C=US/ST=California/L=San Jose/O=sipit/
OU=Sipit Test Certificate Authority
serial:96:A3:84:17:4E:EF:8A:4C
X509v3 Key Usage: X509v3 Key Usage:
Digital Signature, Non Repudiation, Key Encipherment Digital Signature, Non Repudiation, Key Encipherment
X509v3 Extended Key Usage: X509v3 Extended Key Usage:
TLS Web Server Authentication, 1.3.6.1.5.5.7.3.20 TLS Web Server Authentication, 1.3.6.1.5.5.7.3.20
Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption
8e:d9:1f:18:52:53:28:77:b9:0a:26:0b:0d:94:d8:3f:fa:01: 6a:9a:d1:db:00:4b:90:86:b0:53:ea:6f:30:31:89:1e:9b:09:
a9:72:f2:02:80:3c:f9:01:5c:0a:84:3b:f3:6d:86:b3:ad:7f: 14:bd:6f:b9:02:aa:6f:58:ee:30:03:b8:a1:fd:b3:41:72:ff:
d3:91:e8:0c:b4:76:2f:ec:f6:5a:9a:16:d5:5e:0e:77:e6:e5: b3:0d:cb:76:a7:17:c6:57:38:06:13:e5:f3:e4:30:17:4d:f7:
3b:bb:68:51:2b:d8:bf:68:5c:63:4a:d8:2d:84:6b:af:f5:e2: 97:b5:f3:74:e9:81:f8:f4:55:a3:0d:f5:82:38:c3:98:43:52:
ea:8c:75:0b:e5:55:bf:5d:f5:bc:bb:ee:f0:62:bc:de:9a:aa: 1f:84:cd:1a:b4:a3:45:9f:3d:e2:31:fd:cb:a2:ad:ed:60:7d:
c5:ae:53:d4:bd:aa:a5:3b:6f:f3:8d:00:2e:2b:c8:ec:ce:2a: fa:d2:aa:49:2f:41:a9:80:01:bb:ed:b6:75:c9:97:69:7f:0c:
fc:0d:8e:54:8e:4d:01:ea:c0:0a:44:93:03:2d:8f:95:45:2f: 91:60:f1:c4:5a:36:e8:5c:ac:e1:a8:e7:9a:55:e5:e0:cd:01:
dd:df:33:df:db:96:1f:26:12:2f:b1:17:d2:f0:ab:31:b9:cb: f4:de:93:f4:38:6c:c1:71:d2:fd:cd:1b:5d:25:eb:90:7b:31:
c4:c1:ae:e6:53:c1:a0:15:79:5b:a2:9d:af:17:b4:ec:72:c2: 41:e7:37:0e:e5:c0:01:48:91:f7:34:dd:c6:1f:74:e6:34:34:
9d:38:79:43:c5:58:6e:b6:8e:44:ba:87:03:24:d8:24:ac:12: e6:cd:93:0f:3f:ce:94:ad:91:d9:e2:72:b1:9f:1d:d3:a5:7d:
1c:be:16:42:32:4e:1b:a8:c3:7f:a9:70:0b:12:c1:8f:98:2c: 5e:e2:a4:56:c5:b1:71:4d:10:0a:5d:a6:56:e6:57:1f:48:a5:
b9:23:03:ee:aa:98:5a:48:8f:c8:34:f9:be:73:e5:5c:ae:6b: 5c:75:67:ea:ab:35:3e:f6:b6:fa:c1:f3:8a:c1:80:71:32:18:
a2:b5:8c:04:0f:7c:b1:d2:86:96:e4:c0:d1:f4:11:73:55:df: 6c:33:b5:fa:16:5a:16:e1:a1:6c:19:67:f5:45:68:64:6f:b2:
e6:3c:7e:17:c6:95:87:b1:a2:87:50:91:d7:ce:68:24:86:c1: 31:dc:e3:5a:1a:b2:d4:87:89:96:fd:87:ba:38:4e:0a:19:07:
3d:35:c0:d0 03:4b:9b:b1
The example host certificate above, as well as all the others The example host certificate above, as well as all the others
presented in this document, are signed directly by a root CA. These presented in this document, are signed directly by a root CA. These
certificate chains have a length equal to two: the root CA and the certificate chains have a length equal to two: the root CA and the
host certificate. Non-root CAs exist and may also sign certificates. host certificate. Non-root CAs exist and may also sign certificates.
The certificate chains presented by hosts with certificates signed by The certificate chains presented by hosts with certificates signed by
non-root CAs will have a length greater than two. For more details non-root CAs will have a length greater than two. For more details
on how certificate chains are validated, see Sections 6.1 and 6.2 of on how certificate chains are validated, see Sections 6.1 and 6.2 of
[RFC5280]. [RFC5280].
2.3. User Certificates 2.3. User Certificates
User certificates are used by many applications to establish user User certificates are used by many applications to establish user
identity. The user certificate for fluffy@example.com is shown identity. The user certificate for fluffy@example.com is shown
below. Note that the Subject Alternative Name has a list of names below. Note that the Subject Alternative Name has a list of names
skipping to change at page 10, line 35 skipping to change at page 10, line 32
Note that the X509v3 Extended Key Usage attribute refers to the SIP Note that the X509v3 Extended Key Usage attribute refers to the SIP
OID introduced in [RFC5924], which is 1.3.6.1.5.5.7.3.20 OID introduced in [RFC5924], which is 1.3.6.1.5.5.7.3.20
Version: 3 (0x2) Version: 3 (0x2)
Serial Number: Serial Number:
96:a3:84:17:4e:ef:8a:4d 96:a3:84:17:4e:ef:8a:4d
Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption
Issuer: C=US, ST=California, L=San Jose, O=sipit, Issuer: C=US, ST=California, L=San Jose, O=sipit,
OU=Sipit Test Certificate Authority OU=Sipit Test Certificate Authority
Validity Validity
Not Before: Dec 6 22:43:49 2010 GMT Not Before: Feb 7 19:32:17 2011 GMT
Not After : Nov 12 22:43:49 2110 GMT Not After : Jan 14 19:32:17 2111 GMT
Subject: C=US, ST=California, L=San Jose, O=sipit, Subject: C=US, ST=California, L=San Jose, O=sipit,
CN=fluffy@example.com CN=fluffy
Subject Public Key Info: Subject Public Key Info:
Public Key Algorithm: rsaEncryption Public Key Algorithm: rsaEncryption
RSA Public Key: (2048 bit) RSA Public Key: (2048 bit)
Modulus (2048 bit): Modulus (2048 bit):
00:c6:a9:ff:b2:e0:63:18:7a:05:b9:9a:31:c0:33: 00:a3:2c:59:0c:e9:bc:e4:ec:d3:9e:fb:99:02:ec:
bb:d4:05:db:a4:df:32:68:41:7e:e5:6c:13:cd:f2: b1:36:3a:b7:d3:1d:4d:c3:3a:b6:ae:50:bd:5f:55:
18:d3:9b:fa:7f:45:92:66:10:a3:f2:4d:ce:40:dd: 08:77:8c:7e:a4:e9:f0:68:31:28:8f:23:32:56:19:
1e:df:13:43:b6:d9:f2:cb:44:a0:85:11:51:d2:b0: c3:22:97:a7:6d:fd:a7:22:2a:01:b5:af:61:bd:5f:
f7:9f:d2:3e:af:cd:7d:cb:ab:c0:f0:00:d0:7e:e0: 7e:c1:14:e5:98:29:b4:34:4e:38:8a:26:ee:0d:da:
45:d5:91:45:7a:25:73:d6:08:80:e6:ca:73:61:e1: db:27:b9:78:d6:ac:ac:04:78:32:98:c2:75:e7:6a:
04:d3:11:f5:6f:10:00:a9:5d:a7:ac:da:d9:75:92: b7:2d:b3:3c:e3:eb:97:a5:ef:8b:59:42:50:17:7b:
14:07:bd:81:26:79:90:4b:99:aa:d8:54:e5:34:6a: fe:a7:81:af:37:a7:e7:e3:1f:b0:8d:d0:72:2f:6c:
4f:61:e5:e8:22:47:96:f1:e2:5c:e5:a3:09:43:22: 14:42:c6:01:68:e1:8f:fd:56:4d:7d:cf:16:dc:aa:
05:61:0b:0a:ca:ca:ec:51:ec:53:6e:3d:2b:00:80:
fe:35:1b:06:0a:61:13:88:0b:44:f3:cc:fd:2b:0e:
b4:a2:0b:a0:97:84:14:2e:ee:2b:e3:2f:c1:1a:9e:
86:9a:78:6a:a2:4c:57:93:e7:01:26:d3:56:0d:bd:
7b:a5:46:d8:8f:df:c4:18:ed:75:17:00:68:6e:95: b0:2f:f8:da:c7:3c:01:dc:cb:2d:31:8c:6c:c6:5c:
16:e8:ca:15:4c:25:f6:2c:33:86:0e:7a:0f:9d:9a: b4:63:e8:b2:a2:40:11:bf:ad:f8:6d:12:01:97:1d:
a5:e3:8c:3e:ff:c5:32:08:25:bb:52:08:20:8b:95: 47:f8:6a:15:8b:fb:27:96:73:44:46:34:d7:24:1c:
46:c9:52:da:7a:15:46:eb:8b:8e:a2:22:b8:e7:ef: cf:56:8d:d4:be:d6:94:5b:f0:a6:67:e3:dd:cf:b4:
a0:e5:c2:59:83:c8:8b:f7:33:0e:f7:80:b7:11:27: f2:d5
ac:3e:2c:37:a2:67:2c:22:3b:55:90:a6:ff:c0:df:
63:d1:20:ec:6c:7c:61:2e:b5:d0:28:d7:09:ed:33:
a6:22:9d:00:de:21:bb:7c:53:d1:9f:af:20:23:f4:
dd:51
Exponent: 65537 (0x10001) Exponent: 65537 (0x10001)
X509v3 extensions: X509v3 extensions:
X509v3 Subject Alternative Name: X509v3 Subject Alternative Name:
URI:sip:fluffy@example.com, URI:im:fluffy@example.com, URI:sip:fluffy@example.com, URI:im:fluffy@example.com,
URI:pres:fluffy@example.com URI:pres:fluffy@example.com
X509v3 Basic Constraints: X509v3 Basic Constraints:
CA:FALSE CA:FALSE
X509v3 Subject Key Identifier: X509v3 Subject Key Identifier:
13:C1:2F:28:AF:EB:53:7F:1D:4D:66:27:1E:D7:F7:99:56:31:C8:A0 85:97:09:B8:D3:55:37:24:8A:DC:DE:E3:91:72:E4:22:CF:98:87:52
X509v3 Authority Key Identifier: X509v3 Authority Key Identifier:
BB:37:8E:47:C7:5A:34:DB:7A:D9:F8:76:B6:75:8E:D0:E4:13:17:45 95:45:7E:5F:2B:EA:65:98:12:91:04:F3:63:C7:68:9A:58:16:77:27
DirName:/C=US/ST=California/L=San Jose/O=sipit/
OU=Sipit Test Certificate Authority
serial:96:A3:84:17:4E:EF:8A:4C
X509v3 Key Usage: X509v3 Key Usage:
Digital Signature, Non Repudiation, Key Encipherment Digital Signature, Non Repudiation, Key Encipherment
X509v3 Extended Key Usage: X509v3 Extended Key Usage:
E-mail Protection, 1.3.6.1.5.5.7.3.20 E-mail Protection, 1.3.6.1.5.5.7.3.20
Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption
5d:d6:f9:23:45:da:7a:51:8b:c6:fe:4b:89:99:81:37:ef:27: a8:a9:8f:d8:8a:0b:88:ed:ff:4f:bf:e5:cd:8f:9e:7b:b8:e6:
03:aa:e0:ed:8d:ec:d0:bf:6e:4c:0c:63:6a:bb:db:be:9d:6d: f2:2c:aa:e3:23:5b:9a:71:5e:fd:20:a3:dd:d9:d3:c1:f2:e8:
f8:d0:d9:7d:89:78:e3:1f:c6:3b:db:ae:1e:f6:f4:56:00:dd: f0:be:77:db:33:cc:8a:7b:4f:91:2b:8d:d6:f7:14:c3:8d:e0:
f3:0e:2b:f8:70:91:f1:ec:f8:02:06:c1:f3:90:92:b3:25:8d: 60:d3:34:50:bc:be:67:22:cd:f5:74:7b:f4:9a:68:a2:52:2b:
54:22:b8:07:4b:a1:ee:5c:5c:17:ac:62:37:28:5f:70:02:b5: 81:2f:46:d3:09:9f:25:c3:20:e8:10:d5:ef:38:7b:d1:17:d4:
80:09:94:42:cf:e6:f0:70:db:df:d1:94:e1:7d:d5:70:41:1a: f1:d7:54:67:56:f1:13:cf:2f:fc:8b:83:fc:14:e7:01:82:59:
4b:b5:73:ec:4c:78:71:bd:9b:d4:63:d7:57:30:fc:eb:d2:bb: 83:cc:b1:8d:f0:c7:da:4e:b1:dc:cc:54:cf:6c:3b:47:47:59:
7d:9c:4e:b9:c2:ea:b6:9b:46:47:46:d0:8d:8e:51:f9:dd:ed: 87:d9:16:ec:af:af:e1:12:13:23:1e:0a:db:f5:b5:ff:5d:ab:
88:75:2d:18:3b:79:4b:ce:f6:76:7b:f5:2f:71:4b:a4:1d:06: 15:0e:e3:25:91:00:0e:90:db:d8:07:11:90:81:01:3a:48:a8:
f8:37:5e:d9:8a:42:5c:76:a3:95:36:f0:9b:ee:5a:55:62:12: aa:9e:b0:62:d3:36:f0:0c:b7:2f:a7:17:92:52:36:29:14:0a:
2a:94:4e:fe:37:8b:2e:45:5a:21:1c:47:fd:de:2f:01:3e:77: d6:65:86:67:73:74:6e:aa:3c:ee:47:38:1e:c8:6e:06:81:85:
b9:24:a6:66:44:95:32:37:2c:4d:90:93:bb:6a:b3:1d:5b:9c: 1c:2e:f0:b6:04:7d:6c:38:db:81:9c:b8:07:e3:07:be:f5:2f:
0c:3b:d6:70:d3:7a:39:46:48:2b:ba:5d:6e:d8:3b:83:cb:cf: 09:68:63:04:6b:87:0e:36:b9:a1:a3:fb:c8:30:0c:a0:63:8d:
67:5b:0c:2d:2e:4c:ff:12:1e:df:72:75:b3:cf:9d:83:ce:e9: 6d:ab:0a:f8:44:b0:78:19:1a:38:7e:fa:6a:a1:d4:4b:4b:75:
f4:f4:3c:02 75:bf:6f:09
Versions of these certificates that do not make use of EKU are also Versions of these certificates that do not make use of EKU are also
included in Appendix B.2 included in Appendix B.2
3. Callflow with Message Over TLS 3. Callflow with Message Over TLS
3.1. TLS with Server Authentication 3.1. TLS with Server Authentication
The flow below shows the edited SSLDump output of the host The flow below shows the edited SSLDump output of the host
example.com forming a TLS [RFC5246] connection to example.net. In example.com forming a TLS [RFC5246] connection to example.net. In
this example mutual authentication is not used. Note that the client this example mutual authentication is not used. Note that the client
proposed three protocol suites including TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA proposed three protocol suites including TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
defined in [RFC5246]. The certificate returned by the server defined in [RFC5246]. The certificate returned by the server
contains a Subject Alternative Name that is set to example.net. A contains a Subject Alternative Name that is set to example.net. A
detailed discussion of TLS can be found in SSL and TLS [EKR-TLS]. detailed discussion of TLS can be found in SSL and TLS [EKR-TLS].
For more details on the SSLDump tool, see the SSLDump Manual For more details on the SSLDump tool, see the SSLDump Manual
[ssldump-manpage]. [ssldump-manpage].
This example does not use the Server Extended Hello (see [RFC5246]). This example does not use the Server Extended Hello (see [RFC5246]).
New TCP connection #1: example.com(58315) <-> example.net(5061) New TCP connection #1: example.com(50738) <-> example.net(5061)
1 1 0.0004 (0.0004) C>SV3.1(101) Handshake 1 1 0.0004 (0.0004) C>SV3.1(101) Handshake
ClientHello ClientHello
Version 3.1 Version 3.1
random[32]= random[32]=
4c 09 5b a7 66 77 eb 43 52 30 dd 98 4d 09 23 d3 4c 09 5b a7 66 77 eb 43 52 30 dd 98 4d 09 23 d3
ff 81 74 ab 04 69 bb 79 8c dc 59 cd c2 1f b7 ec ff 81 74 ab 04 69 bb 79 8c dc 59 cd c2 1f b7 ec
cipher suites cipher suites
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_SHA TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_SHA
skipping to change at page 13, line 50 skipping to change at page 13, line 50
1 12.2310 (0.0005) S>C TCP FIN 1 12.2310 (0.0005) S>C TCP FIN
1 17 12.2321 (0.0011) C>SV3.1(32) Alert 1 17 12.2321 (0.0011) C>SV3.1(32) Alert
3.2. MESSAGE Transaction Over TLS 3.2. MESSAGE Transaction Over TLS
Once the TLS session is set up, the following MESSAGE request (as Once the TLS session is set up, the following MESSAGE request (as
defined in [RFC3428] is sent from fluffy@example.com to defined in [RFC3428] is sent from fluffy@example.com to
kumiko@example.net. Note that the URI has a SIPS URL and that the kumiko@example.net. Note that the URI has a SIPS URL and that the
VIA indicates that TLS was used. In order to format this document, VIA indicates that TLS was used. In order to format this document,
the <allOneLine> convention from [RFC4475] is used to break long the <allOneLine> convention from [RFC4475] is used to break long
lines. The actual message does not contain the linebreaks contained lines. The actual message does not contain the line breaks contained
within those tags. within those tags.
MESSAGE sips:kumiko@example.net:5061 SIP/2.0 MESSAGE sips:kumiko@example.net:5061 SIP/2.0
<allOneLine> <allOneLine>
Via: SIP/2.0/TLS 192.0.2.2:15001; Via: SIP/2.0/TLS 192.0.2.2:15001;
branch=z9hG4bK-d8754z-3bcb7c685f585679-1---d8754z-; branch=z9hG4bK-d8754z-c785a077a9a8451b-1---d8754z-;
rport=58315 rport=50738
</allOneLine> </allOneLine>
Max-Forwards: 70 Max-Forwards: 70
To: <sips:kumiko@example.net:5061> To: <sips:kumiko@example.net:5061>
From: <sips:fluffy@example.com:15001>;tag=b5220b64 From: <sips:fluffy@example.com:15001>;tag=1a93430b
Call-ID: ZDQ1ZjNhMjQxZjZlYjNkZjUyYjJhMDA5MTAxYjRhMmE. Call-ID: OTZmMDE2OWNlYTVjNDkzYzBhMWRlMDU4NDExZmU4ZTQ.
CSeq: 4308 MESSAGE CSeq: 4308 MESSAGE
<allOneLine> <allOneLine>
Accept: multipart/signed, text/plain, application/pkcs7-mime, Accept: multipart/signed, text/plain, application/pkcs7-mime,
application/sdp, multipart/alternative application/sdp, multipart/alternative
</allOneLine> </allOneLine>
Content-Type: text/plain Content-Type: text/plain
Content-Length: 6 Content-Length: 6
Hello! Hello!
skipping to change at page 14, line 38 skipping to change at page 14, line 38
some scheme for reusing connections as opening a new TLS connection some scheme for reusing connections as opening a new TLS connection
for every message results in awful performance. Implementers are for every message results in awful performance. Implementers are
encouraged to read [RFC5923] and [RFC3263]. encouraged to read [RFC5923] and [RFC3263].
The response is sent from example.net to example.com over the same The response is sent from example.net to example.com over the same
TLS connection. It is shown below. TLS connection. It is shown below.
SIP/2.0 200 OK SIP/2.0 200 OK
<allOneLine> <allOneLine>
Via: SIP/2.0/TLS 192.0.2.2:15001; Via: SIP/2.0/TLS 192.0.2.2:15001;
branch=z9hG4bK-d8754z-3bcb7c685f585679-1---d8754z-; branch=z9hG4bK-d8754z-c785a077a9a8451b-1---d8754z-;
rport=58315 rport=50738
</allOneLine> </allOneLine>
To: <sips:kumiko@example.net:5061>;tag=35b8014f To: <sips:kumiko@example.net:5061>;tag=0d075510
From: <sips:fluffy@example.com:15001>;tag=b5220b64 From: <sips:fluffy@example.com:15001>;tag=1a93430b
Call-ID: ZDQ1ZjNhMjQxZjZlYjNkZjUyYjJhMDA5MTAxYjRhMmE. Call-ID: OTZmMDE2OWNlYTVjNDkzYzBhMWRlMDU4NDExZmU4ZTQ.
CSeq: 4308 MESSAGE CSeq: 4308 MESSAGE
Content-Length: 0 Content-Length: 0
4. Callflow with S/MIME-secured Message 4. Callflow with S/MIME-secured Message
4.1. MESSAGE Request with Signed Body 4.1. MESSAGE Request with Signed Body
Below is an example of a signed message. The values on the Content- Below is an example of a signed message. The values on the Content-
Type line (multipart/signed) and on the Content-Disposition line have Type line (multipart/signed) and on the Content-Disposition line have
been broken across lines to fit on the page, but they are not broken been broken across lines to fit on the page, but they are not broken
across lines in actual implementations. across lines in actual implementations.
MESSAGE sip:kumiko@example.net SIP/2.0 MESSAGE sip:kumiko@example.net SIP/2.0
<allOneLine> <allOneLine>
Via: SIP/2.0/TCP 192.0.2.2:15001; Via: SIP/2.0/TCP 192.0.2.2:15001;
branch=z9hG4bK-d8754z-81e4f73858c3585d-1---d8754z-; branch=z9hG4bK-d8754z-3a922b6dc0f0ff37-1---d8754z-;
rport=58316 rport=50739
</allOneLine> </allOneLine>
Max-Forwards: 70 Max-Forwards: 70
To: <sip:kumiko@example.net> To: <sip:kumiko@example.net>
From: <sip:fluffy@example.com>;tag=74a11610 From: <sip:fluffy@example.com>;tag=ef6bad5e
Call-ID: MzBlOGM0NzkwOTExM2MyMGMyMzU3OWMzZGU0Y2Y1MTg. Call-ID: N2NiZjI0NjRjNDQ0MTY1NDRjNWNmMGU1MDA2MDRhYmI.
CSeq: 8473 MESSAGE CSeq: 8473 MESSAGE
<allOneLine> <allOneLine>
Accept: multipart/signed, text/plain, application/pkcs7-mime, Accept: multipart/signed, text/plain, application/pkcs7-mime,
application/sdp, multipart/alternative application/sdp, multipart/alternative
</allOneLine> </allOneLine>
<allOneLine> <allOneLine>
Content-Type: multipart/signed;boundary=7fbf310bbfc8c71c; Content-Type: multipart/signed;boundary=3b515e121b43a911;
micalg=sha1;protocol="application/pkcs7-signature" micalg=sha1;protocol="application/pkcs7-signature"
</allOneLine> </allOneLine>
Content-Length: 774 Content-Length: 774
--7fbf310bbfc8c71c --3b515e121b43a911
Content-Type: text/plain Content-Type: text/plain
Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary
Hello! Hello!
--7fbf310bbfc8c71c --3b515e121b43a911
Content-Type: application/pkcs7-signature;name=smime.p7s Content-Type: application/pkcs7-signature;name=smime.p7s
<allOneLine> <allOneLine>
Content-Disposition: attachment;handling=required; Content-Disposition: attachment;handling=required;
filename=smime.p7s filename=smime.p7s
</allOneLine> </allOneLine>
Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary
***************** *****************
* BINARY BLOB 1 * * BINARY BLOB 1 *
***************** *****************
--7fbf310bbfc8c71c-- --3b515e121b43a911--
It is important to note that the signature ("BINARY BLOB 1") is It is important to note that the signature ("BINARY BLOB 1") is
computed over the MIME headers and body, but excludes the multipart computed over the MIME headers and body, but excludes the multipart
boundary lines. The value on the Message-body line ends with CRLF. boundary lines. The value on the Message-body line ends with CRLF.
The CRLF is included in the boundary and is not part of the signature The CRLF is included in the boundary and is not part of the signature
computation. To be clear, the signature is computed over data computation. To be clear, the signature is computed over data
starting with the "C" in the "Content-Type" and ending with the "!" starting with the "C" in the "Content-Type" and ending with the "!"
in the "Hello!". in the "Hello!".
Content-Type: text/plain Content-Type: text/plain
Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary
Hello! Hello!
Following is the ASN.1 parsing of encrypted contents referred to Following is the ASN.1 parsing of encrypted contents referred to
above as "BINARY BLOB 1". Note that at address 30, the hash for the above as "BINARY BLOB 1". Note that at address 30, the hash for the
signature is specified as SHA-1. Also note that the sender's signature is specified as SHA-1. Also note that the sender's
certificate is not attached as it is optional in [RFC5652]. certificate is not attached as it is optional in [RFC5652].
0 472: SEQUENCE { 0 472: SEQUENCE {
4 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER signedData (1 2 840 113549 1 7 2) 4 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER signedData (1 2 840 113549 1 7 2)
15 457: [0] { 15 457: [0] {
19 453: SEQUENCE { 19 453: SEQUENCE {
23 1: INTEGER 1 23 1: INTEGER 1
26 11: SET { 26 11: SET {
28 9: SEQUENCE { 28 9: SEQUENCE {
30 5: OBJECT IDENTIFIER sha1 (1 3 14 3 2 26) 30 5: OBJECT IDENTIFIER sha1 (1 3 14 3 2 26)
37 0: NULL 37 0: NULL
: } : }
: } : }
39 11: SEQUENCE { 39 11: SEQUENCE {
41 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER data (1 2 840 113549 1 7 1) 41 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER data (1 2 840 113549 1 7 1)
: } : }
52 420: SET { 52 420: SET {
56 416: SEQUENCE { 56 416: SEQUENCE {
60 1: INTEGER 1 60 1: INTEGER 1
63 125: SEQUENCE { 63 125: SEQUENCE {
65 112: SEQUENCE { 65 112: SEQUENCE {
67 11: SET { 67 11: SET {
69 9: SEQUENCE { 69 9: SEQUENCE {
71 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER countryName (2 5 4 6) 71 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER countryName (2 5 4 6)
76 2: PrintableString 'US' 76 2: PrintableString 'US'
: } : }
: } : }
80 19: SET { 80 19: SET {
82 17: SEQUENCE { 82 17: SEQUENCE {
84 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 84 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: stateOrProvinceName (2 5 4 8) : stateOrProvinceName (2 5 4 8)
89 10: PrintableString 'California' 89 10: UTF8String 'California'
: } : }
: } : }
101 17: SET { 101 17: SET {
103 15: SEQUENCE { 103 15: SEQUENCE {
105 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER localityName (2 5 4 7) 105 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER localityName (2 5 4 7)
110 8: PrintableString 'San Jose' 110 8: UTF8String 'San Jose'
: } : }
: } : }
120 14: SET { 120 14: SET {
122 12: SEQUENCE { 122 12: SEQUENCE {
124 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 124 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: organizationName (2 5 4 10) : organizationName (2 5 4 10)
129 5: PrintableString 'sipit' 129 5: UTF8String 'sipit'
: } : }
: } : }
136 41: SET { 136 41: SET {
138 39: SEQUENCE { 138 39: SEQUENCE {
140 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 140 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: organizationalUnitName (2 5 4 11) : organizationalUnitName (2 5 4 11)
145 32: PrintableString 'Sipit Test Certificate Aut 145 32: UTF8String 'Sipit Test Certificate
hority' Authority'
: } : }
: } : }
: } : }
179 9: INTEGER 00 96 A3 84 17 4E EF 8A 4D 179 9: INTEGER 00 96 A3 84 17 4E EF 8A 4D
: } : }
190 9: SEQUENCE { 190 9: SEQUENCE {
192 5: OBJECT IDENTIFIER sha1 (1 3 14 3 2 26) 192 5: OBJECT IDENTIFIER sha1 (1 3 14 3 2 26)
199 0: NULL 199 0: NULL
: } : }
201 13: SEQUENCE { 201 13: SEQUENCE {
203 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 203 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: rsaEncryption (1 2 840 113549 1 1 1) : rsaEncryption (1 2 840 113549 1 1 1)
214 0: NULL 214 0: NULL
: } : }
216 256: OCTET STRING 216 256: OCTET STRING
: 0F 8A 9A BE F0 A8 9B 91 3D C1 4A E5 62 C1 FB 5D : 74 4D 21 39 D6 E2 E2 2C 30 5A AA BC 4E 60 8D 69
: 69 70 4E 36 F8 3C C5 7A D5 06 6A 62 1E 6C 2E 17 : A7 E5 79 50 1A B1 7D 4A D3 C1 03 9F 19 7D A2 76
: 0D 3C 91 B5 39 C7 81 CF 77 B7 61 3B 2E 97 76 C0 : 97 B3 CE 30 CD 62 4B 96 20 35 DB C1 64 D9 33 92
: 3A 97 15 A7 32 3B 3E 79 AB FD 97 E0 2E 41 E7 8B : 96 CD 28 03 98 6E 2C 0C F6 8D 93 40 F2 88 DA 29
: F6 20 19 E1 1B B7 73 E2 16 F8 44 01 4D 59 6E DB : AD 0B C2 0E F9 D3 6A 95 2C 79 6E C2 3D 62 E6 54
: 1B 49 FA 48 7E BE 96 32 4F 92 3E 2B 36 D1 26 2B : A9 1B AC 66 DB 16 B7 44 6C 03 1B 71 9C EE C9 EC
: 37 9B 01 CD C7 39 FA A5 29 41 A5 ED BD F3 71 DB : 4D 93 B1 CF F5 17 79 C5 C8 BA 2F A7 6C 4B DC CF
: 82 5A 2D E9 3A D2 E6 BF 10 F3 41 AF 6A 20 82 D4 : 62 A3 F3 1A 1B 24 E4 40 66 3C 4F 87 86 BF 09 6A
: 69 50 FB 70 DA 88 A3 C3 91 C5 10 CE 3D 80 55 AE : 7A 43 60 2B FC D8 3D 2B 57 17 CB 81 03 2A 56 69
: 8C 99 1E 54 B6 06 3E CA 64 90 FA E2 4F A6 B0 40 : 81 82 FA 78 DE D2 3A 2F FA A3 C5 EA 8B E8 0C 36
: 3E A1 9D D2 E8 7C BF 40 69 6E 80 AF 73 6E 2C 7F : 1B BC DC FD 1B 8C 2E 0F 01 AF D9 E1 04 0E 4E 50
: DD A3 08 FF 52 F1 41 51 4D 86 34 5A 1C D6 92 3C : 94 75 7C BD D9 0B DD AA FA 36 E3 EC E4 A5 35 46
: 87 C8 0A 52 32 8D AA F6 45 1B 5C A0 6A E7 64 1E : BE A2 97 1D AD BA 44 54 3A ED 94 DA 76 4A 51 BA
: 29 12 84 53 4B 2E 0B 72 0E 5E 5B 9A 4B 4A FE F6 : A4 7D 7A 62 BF 2A 2F F2 5C 5A FE CA E6 B9 DC 5D
: 64 3E 78 8A 5B 9C 45 C0 62 FF E6 F6 89 25 00 73 : EA 26 F2 35 17 19 20 CE 97 96 4E 72 9C 72 FD 1F
: 19 4B E0 08 D2 F5 FE 32 D2 47 EC F1 4D 74 7C 26 : 68 C1 6A 5C 86 42 F2 ED F2 70 65 4C C7 44 C5 7C
: } : }
: } : }
: } : }
: } : }
: } : }
SHA-1 parameters may be omitted entirely, instead of being set to SHA-1 parameters may be omitted entirely, instead of being set to
NULL, as mentioned in [RFC3370]. The above dump of Blob 1 has SHA-1 NULL, as mentioned in [RFC3370]. The above dump of Blob 1 has SHA-1
parameters set to NULL. Below are the same contents signed with the parameters set to NULL. Below are the same contents signed with the
same key, but omitting the NULL according to [RFC3370]. This is the same key, but omitting the NULL according to [RFC3370]. This is the
preferred encoding. This is covered in greater detail in Section 5. preferred encoding. This is covered in greater detail in Section 5.
0 468: SEQUENCE { 0 468: SEQUENCE {
4 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER signedData (1 2 840 113549 1 7 2) 4 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER signedData (1 2 840 113549 1 7 2)
15 453: [0] { 15 453: [0] {
19 449: SEQUENCE { 19 449: SEQUENCE {
23 1: INTEGER 1 23 1: INTEGER 1
26 9: SET { 26 9: SET {
28 7: SEQUENCE { 28 7: SEQUENCE {
30 5: OBJECT IDENTIFIER sha1 (1 3 14 3 2 26) 30 5: OBJECT IDENTIFIER sha1 (1 3 14 3 2 26)
: } : }
: } : }
37 11: SEQUENCE { 37 11: SEQUENCE {
39 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER data (1 2 840 113549 1 7 1) 39 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER data (1 2 840 113549 1 7 1)
: } : }
50 418: SET { 50 418: SET {
54 414: SEQUENCE { 54 414: SEQUENCE {
58 1: INTEGER 1 58 1: INTEGER 1
61 125: SEQUENCE { 61 125: SEQUENCE {
63 112: SEQUENCE { 63 112: SEQUENCE {
65 11: SET { 65 11: SET {
67 9: SEQUENCE { 67 9: SEQUENCE {
69 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER countryName (2 5 4 6) 69 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER countryName (2 5 4 6)
74 2: PrintableString 'US' 74 2: PrintableString 'US'
: } : }
: } : }
78 19: SET { 78 19: SET {
80 17: SEQUENCE { 80 17: SEQUENCE {
82 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 82 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: stateOrProvinceName (2 5 4 8) : stateOrProvinceName (2 5 4 8)
87 10: PrintableString 'California' 87 10: UTF8String 'California'
: } : }
: } : }
99 17: SET { 99 17: SET {
101 15: SEQUENCE { 101 15: SEQUENCE {
103 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER localityName (2 5 4 7) 103 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER localityName (2 5 4 7)
108 8: PrintableString 'San Jose' 108 8: UTF8String 'San Jose'
: } : }
: } : }
118 14: SET { 118 14: SET {
120 12: SEQUENCE { 120 12: SEQUENCE {
122 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 122 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: organizationName (2 5 4 10) : organizationName (2 5 4 10)
127 5: PrintableString 'sipit' 127 5: UTF8String 'sipit'
: } : }
: } : }
134 41: SET { 134 41: SET {
136 39: SEQUENCE { 136 39: SEQUENCE {
138 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 138 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: organizationalUnitName (2 5 4 11) : organizationalUnitName (2 5 4 11)
143 32: PrintableString 'Sipit Test Certificate Aut 143 32: UTF8String 'Sipit Test Certificate
hority' Authority'
: } : }
: } : }
: } : }
177 9: INTEGER 00 96 A3 84 17 4E EF 8A 4D 177 9: INTEGER 00 96 A3 84 17 4E EF 8A 4D
: } : }
188 7: SEQUENCE { 188 7: SEQUENCE {
190 5: OBJECT IDENTIFIER sha1 (1 3 14 3 2 26) 190 5: OBJECT IDENTIFIER sha1 (1 3 14 3 2 26)
: } : }
197 13: SEQUENCE { 197 13: SEQUENCE {
199 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 199 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: rsaEncryption (1 2 840 113549 1 1 1) : rsaEncryption (1 2 840 113549 1 1 1)
210 0: NULL 210 0: NULL
: } : }
212 256: OCTET STRING 212 256: OCTET STRING
: 0F 8A 9A BE F0 A8 9B 91 3D C1 4A E5 62 C1 FB 5D : 74 4D 21 39 D6 E2 E2 2C 30 5A AA BC 4E 60 8D 69
: 69 70 4E 36 F8 3C C5 7A D5 06 6A 62 1E 6C 2E 17 : A7 E5 79 50 1A B1 7D 4A D3 C1 03 9F 19 7D A2 76
: 0D 3C 91 B5 39 C7 81 CF 77 B7 61 3B 2E 97 76 C0 : 97 B3 CE 30 CD 62 4B 96 20 35 DB C1 64 D9 33 92
: 3A 97 15 A7 32 3B 3E 79 AB FD 97 E0 2E 41 E7 8B : 96 CD 28 03 98 6E 2C 0C F6 8D 93 40 F2 88 DA 29
: F6 20 19 E1 1B B7 73 E2 16 F8 44 01 4D 59 6E DB : AD 0B C2 0E F9 D3 6A 95 2C 79 6E C2 3D 62 E6 54
: 1B 49 FA 48 7E BE 96 32 4F 92 3E 2B 36 D1 26 2B : A9 1B AC 66 DB 16 B7 44 6C 03 1B 71 9C EE C9 EC
: 37 9B 01 CD C7 39 FA A5 29 41 A5 ED BD F3 71 DB : 4D 93 B1 CF F5 17 79 C5 C8 BA 2F A7 6C 4B DC CF
: 82 5A 2D E9 3A D2 E6 BF 10 F3 41 AF 6A 20 82 D4 : 62 A3 F3 1A 1B 24 E4 40 66 3C 4F 87 86 BF 09 6A
: 69 50 FB 70 DA 88 A3 C3 91 C5 10 CE 3D 80 55 AE : 7A 43 60 2B FC D8 3D 2B 57 17 CB 81 03 2A 56 69
: 8C 99 1E 54 B6 06 3E CA 64 90 FA E2 4F A6 B0 40 : 81 82 FA 78 DE D2 3A 2F FA A3 C5 EA 8B E8 0C 36
: 3E A1 9D D2 E8 7C BF 40 69 6E 80 AF 73 6E 2C 7F : 1B BC DC FD 1B 8C 2E 0F 01 AF D9 E1 04 0E 4E 50
: DD A3 08 FF 52 F1 41 51 4D 86 34 5A 1C D6 92 3C : 94 75 7C BD D9 0B DD AA FA 36 E3 EC E4 A5 35 46
: 87 C8 0A 52 32 8D AA F6 45 1B 5C A0 6A E7 64 1E : BE A2 97 1D AD BA 44 54 3A ED 94 DA 76 4A 51 BA
: 29 12 84 53 4B 2E 0B 72 0E 5E 5B 9A 4B 4A FE F6 : A4 7D 7A 62 BF 2A 2F F2 5C 5A FE CA E6 B9 DC 5D
: 64 3E 78 8A 5B 9C 45 C0 62 FF E6 F6 89 25 00 73 : EA 26 F2 35 17 19 20 CE 97 96 4E 72 9C 72 FD 1F
: 19 4B E0 08 D2 F5 FE 32 D2 47 EC F1 4D 74 7C 26 : 68 C1 6A 5C 86 42 F2 ED F2 70 65 4C C7 44 C5 7C
: } : }
: } : }
: } : }
: } : }
: } : }
4.2. MESSAGE Request with Encrypted Body 4.2. MESSAGE Request with Encrypted Body
Below is an example of an encrypted text/plain message that says Below is an example of an encrypted text/plain message that says
"Hello!". The binary encrypted contents have been replaced with the "Hello!". The binary encrypted contents have been replaced with the
block "BINARY BLOB 2". block "BINARY BLOB 2".
MESSAGE sip:kumiko@example.net SIP/2.0 MESSAGE sip:kumiko@example.net SIP/2.0
<allOneLine> <allOneLine>
Via: SIP/2.0/TCP 192.0.2.2:15001; Via: SIP/2.0/TCP 192.0.2.2:15001;
branch=z9hG4bK-d8754z-609333791d00044c-1---d8754z-; branch=z9hG4bK-d8754z-c276232b541dd527-1---d8754z-;
rport=58318 rport=50741
</allOneLine> </allOneLine>
Max-Forwards: 70 Max-Forwards: 70
To: <sip:kumiko@example.net> To: <sip:kumiko@example.net>
From: <sip:fluffy@example.com>;tag=625ceb5b From: <sip:fluffy@example.com>;tag=7a2e3025
Call-ID: NDY4ZjJjMDllZTA4OTNlYjNhYjQ3NmE1YjIzODk5NGM. Call-ID: MDYyMDhhODA3NWE2ZjEyYzAwOTZlMjExNWI2ZWQwZGM.
CSeq: 3260 MESSAGE CSeq: 3260 MESSAGE
<allOneLine> <allOneLine>
Accept: multipart/signed, text/plain, application/pkcs7-mime, Accept: multipart/signed, text/plain, application/pkcs7-mime,
application/sdp, multipart/alternative application/sdp, multipart/alternative
</allOneLine> </allOneLine>
<allOneLine> <allOneLine>
Content-Disposition: attachment;handling=required; Content-Disposition: attachment;handling=required;
filename=smime.p7 filename=smime.p7
</allOneLine> </allOneLine>
Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary
skipping to change at page 20, line 50 skipping to change at page 20, line 50
</allOneLine> </allOneLine>
Content-Length: 565 Content-Length: 565
***************** *****************
* BINARY BLOB 2 * * BINARY BLOB 2 *
***************** *****************
Following is the ASN.1 parsing of "BINARY BLOB 2". Note that at Following is the ASN.1 parsing of "BINARY BLOB 2". Note that at
address 454, the encryption is set to aes128-CBC. address 454, the encryption is set to aes128-CBC.
0 561: SEQUENCE { 0 561: SEQUENCE {
4 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER envelopedData (1 2 840 113549 1 7 3) 4 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER envelopedData (1 2 840 113549 1 7 3)
15 546: [0] { 15 546: [0] {
19 542: SEQUENCE { 19 542: SEQUENCE {
23 1: INTEGER 0 23 1: INTEGER 0
26 409: SET { 26 409: SET {
30 405: SEQUENCE { 30 405: SEQUENCE {
34 1: INTEGER 0 34 1: INTEGER 0
37 125: SEQUENCE { 37 125: SEQUENCE {
39 112: SEQUENCE { 39 112: SEQUENCE {
41 11: SET { 41 11: SET {
43 9: SEQUENCE { 43 9: SEQUENCE {
45 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER countryName (2 5 4 6) 45 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER countryName (2 5 4 6)
50 2: PrintableString 'US' 50 2: PrintableString 'US'
: } : }
: } : }
54 19: SET { 54 19: SET {
56 17: SEQUENCE { 56 17: SEQUENCE {
58 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 58 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: stateOrProvinceName (2 5 4 8) : stateOrProvinceName (2 5 4 8)
63 10: PrintableString 'California' 63 10: UTF8String 'California'
: } : }
: } : }
75 17: SET { 75 17: SET {
77 15: SEQUENCE { 77 15: SEQUENCE {
79 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER localityName (2 5 4 7) 79 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER localityName (2 5 4 7)
84 8: PrintableString 'San Jose' 84 8: UTF8String 'San Jose'
: } : }
: } : }
94 14: SET { 94 14: SET {
96 12: SEQUENCE { 96 12: SEQUENCE {
98 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 98 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: organizationName (2 5 4 10) : organizationName (2 5 4 10)
103 5: PrintableString 'sipit' 103 5: UTF8String 'sipit'
: } : }
: } : }
110 41: SET { 110 41: SET {
112 39: SEQUENCE { 112 39: SEQUENCE {
114 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 114 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: organizationalUnitName (2 5 4 11) : organizationalUnitName (2 5 4 11)
119 32: PrintableString 'Sipit Test Certificate Aut 119 32: UTF8String 'Sipit Test Certificate
hority' Authority'
: } : }
: } : }
: } : }
153 9: INTEGER 00 96 A3 84 17 4E EF 8A 4E 153 9: INTEGER 00 96 A3 84 17 4E EF 8A 4E
: } : }
164 13: SEQUENCE { 164 13: SEQUENCE {
166 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 166 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: rsaEncryption (1 2 840 113549 1 1 1) : rsaEncryption (1 2 840 113549 1 1 1)
177 0: NULL 177 0: NULL
: } : }
179 256: OCTET STRING 179 256: OCTET STRING
: 13 04 66 18 17 D5 24 A6 2C 67 91 92 A0 1F FC B6 : B9 12 8F 32 AB 4A E2 38 C1 E0 53 69 88 D6 25 E7
: 22 71 09 E7 C0 D9 B3 FB 0D C0 27 CC E4 E0 A1 FF : 40 03 B1 DE 79 21 A3 E8 23 5A 1B CB FB 58 F4 97
: FC CC AF B4 81 16 B2 D7 C3 53 78 49 59 DD DD 84 : 48 A7 C8 F0 3D DF 41 A3 5A 90 32 70 82 FA B0 DE
: DB BC E4 D5 E0 D9 D0 C0 E5 E1 5E 98 3C 2E 20 7B : D8 94 7C 6C 2E 01 FE 33 BD 62 CB 07 4F 58 DE 6F
: BC 3A 00 3B AC 88 71 91 46 F2 94 47 D0 D9 05 F6 : EA 3F EF B4 FB 46 72 58 9A 88 A0 85 BC 23 D7 C8
: 1B F3 EA 79 B7 69 21 97 DD E0 64 5D A8 30 56 BE : 09 0B 90 8D 4A 5F 3F 96 7C AC D4 E2 19 E8 02 B6
: BF 40 97 73 58 67 65 BE F6 53 C9 C0 D2 B3 61 07 : 0E F3 0D F2 91 4A 67 A9 EE 51 6A 97 D7 86 6D EC
: 97 42 CB 68 37 97 E4 C3 AB 10 09 66 53 E9 72 C7 : 78 6E C6 E0 83 7C E1 00 1F 5A 40 59 60 0C D7 EB
: A4 66 0C 09 06 12 E1 49 67 B9 40 D6 0B BA 52 7D : A3 FB 04 B3 C9 A5 EB 79 ED B3 56 F8 F6 51 B2 5E
: C3 9E B7 30 51 4B 41 CB 5F AF EC A8 A0 AA 69 FF : 58 E2 D8 17 28 33 A6 B8 35 8C 0E 14 7F 90 D0 7B
: 30 06 8B A4 23 E5 F7 05 05 86 F5 CE AD 7B FF BA : 03 00 6C 3D 81 29 F5 D7 E5 AC 75 5E E0 F0 DD E3
: 5D 46 4C 2E FE 6D 7C E2 21 7A 75 37 10 7E 0D 4D : 3E B2 06 97 D6 49 A9 CB 38 08 F1 84 05 F5 C0 BC
: 82 9E 44 B1 34 AB D0 59 A8 F8 14 6A BD 3D 65 3E : 55 A6 D4 C9 D8 FD A4 AC 40 9F 9D 51 5B F7 3A C3
: 6B 37 2E F8 54 7B 47 49 2F 55 7B E8 76 2E BD 8E : C3 CD 3A E7 6D 21 05 D0 50 75 4F 14 D8 77 76 C6
: 3F 1E D9 86 95 1A 05 EC 1A 62 96 0F 56 95 9B 26 : 13 A6 48 12 7B 25 CC 22 5D 73 BD 40 E4 15 02 A2
: CD E2 8A D6 81 EF 1C 92 D1 F2 81 34 83 8C 3F EF : 39 4A CB D9 55 08 A4 EE 4E 8A 5E BA C4 4A 46 9C
: } : }
: } : }
439 124: SEQUENCE { 439 124: SEQUENCE {
441 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER data (1 2 840 113549 1 7 1) 441 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER data (1 2 840 113549 1 7 1)
452 29: SEQUENCE { 452 29: SEQUENCE {
454 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 454 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: aes128-CBC (2 16 840 1 101 3 4 1 2) : aes128-CBC (2 16 840 1 101 3 4 1 2)
465 16: OCTET STRING 465 16: OCTET STRING
: F9 4F C2 92 49 32 EB A9 E0 A5 AC AB EF 01 5D A5 : CA 35 CA BD 1E 78 83 D9 20 6C 47 B9 9F DC 91 88
: } : }
483 80: [0] 483 80: [0]
: 95 F0 53 3D 18 09 77 30 D2 AC 2B 1E 0A 51 E9 EB : 1B AE 12 C4 0E 55 96 AB 99 CC 1C 7F B5 98 A4 BF
: E4 32 8B CA 69 8D BA E5 46 63 9C 99 35 20 70 D3 : D2 D8 7F 94 BB B5 38 05 59 F2 38 A1 CD 29 75 17
: EE 7A 21 4B C3 E9 53 E5 B0 7D 26 9A 6A 5C 11 6F : 1D 63 1B 0B B0 2D 88 06 7F 78 80 F3 5A 3E DC 35
: 59 72 B3 91 1E 98 95 F6 69 89 41 E6 22 5B 2F EB : BF 22 1E 03 32 59 98 DA FD 81 5F D9 41 63 3A 18
: F5 9C 71 29 BB 1E 01 97 9E 96 EB 39 8A A2 C6 FC : FD B5 84 14 01 46 0B 40 EB 56 29 86 47 8B D1 EE
: } : }
: } : }
: } : }
: } : }
4.3. MESSAGE Request with Encrypted and Signed Body 4.3. MESSAGE Request with Encrypted and Signed Body
In the example below, some of the header values have been split In the example below, some of the header values have been split
across mutliple lines. Where the lines have been broken, the across multiple lines. Where the lines have been broken, the
<allOneLine> convention has been used. This was only done to make it <allOneLine> convention has been used. This was only done to make it
fit in the RFC format. Specifically, the application/pkcs7-mime fit in the RFC format. Specifically, the application/pkcs7-mime
Content-Type line is one line with no whitespace between the "mime;" Content-Type line is one line with no whitespace between the "mime;"
and the "smime-type". The values are split across lines for and the "smime-type". The values are split across lines for
formatting, but are not split in the real message. The binary formatting, but are not split in the real message. The binary
encrypted content has been replaced with "BINARY BLOB 3", and the encrypted content has been replaced with "BINARY BLOB 3", and the
binary signed content has been replaced with "BINARY BLOB 4". binary signed content has been replaced with "BINARY BLOB 4".
MESSAGE sip:kumiko@example.net SIP/2.0 MESSAGE sip:kumiko@example.net SIP/2.0
<allOneLine> <allOneLine>
Via: SIP/2.0/TCP 192.0.2.2:15001; Via: SIP/2.0/TCP 192.0.2.2:15001;
branch=z9hG4bK-d8754z-69c41c074ef38f70-1---d8754z-; branch=z9hG4bK-d8754z-97a26e59b7262b34-1---d8754z-;
rport=58319 rport=50742
</allOneLine> </allOneLine>
Max-Forwards: 70 Max-Forwards: 70
To: <sip:kumiko@example.net> To: <sip:kumiko@example.net>
From: <sip:fluffy@example.com>;tag=85475653 From: <sip:fluffy@example.com>;tag=379f5b27
Call-ID: NmVjYjE0NzNhNjczMDEyZGM3YWM5NmRjYWQxY2JlYTI. Call-ID: MjYwMzdjYTY3YWRkYzgzMjU0MGI4Mzc2Njk1YzJlNzE.
CSeq: 5449 MESSAGE CSeq: 5449 MESSAGE
<allOneLine> <allOneLine>
Accept: multipart/signed, text/plain, application/pkcs7-mime, Accept: multipart/signed, text/plain, application/pkcs7-mime,
application/sdp, multipart/alternative application/sdp, multipart/alternative
</allOneLine> </allOneLine>
<allOneLine> <allOneLine>
Content-Type: multipart/signed;boundary=30145b1e6548046b; Content-Type: multipart/signed;boundary=e8df6e1ce5d1e864;
micalg=sha1;protocol="application/pkcs7-signature" micalg=sha1;protocol="application/pkcs7-signature"
</allOneLine> </allOneLine>
Content-Length: 1455 Content-Length: 1455
--30145b1e6548046b --e8df6e1ce5d1e864
<allOneLine> <allOneLine>
Content-Type: application/pkcs7-mime;smime-type=enveloped-data; Content-Type: application/pkcs7-mime;smime-type=enveloped-data;
name=smime.p7m name=smime.p7m
</allOneLine> </allOneLine>
<allOneLine> <allOneLine>
Content-Disposition: attachment;handling=required; Content-Disposition: attachment;handling=required;
filename=smime.p7 filename=smime.p7
</allOneLine> </allOneLine>
Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary
***************** *****************
* BINARY BLOB 3 * * BINARY BLOB 3 *
***************** *****************
--30145b1e6548046b --e8df6e1ce5d1e864
Content-Type: application/pkcs7-signature;name=smime.p7s Content-Type: application/pkcs7-signature;name=smime.p7s
<allOneLine> <allOneLine>
Content-Disposition: attachment;handling=required; Content-Disposition: attachment;handling=required;
filename=smime.p7s filename=smime.p7s
</allOneLine> </allOneLine>
Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary
***************** *****************
* BINARY BLOB 4 * * BINARY BLOB 4 *
***************** *****************
--30145b1e6548046b-- --e8df6e1ce5d1e864--
Below is the ASN.1 parsing of "BINARY BLOB 3". Below is the ASN.1 parsing of "BINARY BLOB 3".
0 561: SEQUENCE { 0 561: SEQUENCE {
4 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER envelopedData (1 2 840 113549 1 7 3) 4 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER envelopedData (1 2 840 113549 1 7 3)
15 546: [0] { 15 546: [0] {
19 542: SEQUENCE { 19 542: SEQUENCE {
23 1: INTEGER 0 23 1: INTEGER 0
26 409: SET { 26 409: SET {
30 405: SEQUENCE { 30 405: SEQUENCE {
34 1: INTEGER 0 34 1: INTEGER 0
37 125: SEQUENCE { 37 125: SEQUENCE {
39 112: SEQUENCE { 39 112: SEQUENCE {
41 11: SET { 41 11: SET {
43 9: SEQUENCE { 43 9: SEQUENCE {
45 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER countryName (2 5 4 6) 45 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER countryName (2 5 4 6)
50 2: PrintableString 'US' 50 2: PrintableString 'US'
: } : }
: } : }
54 19: SET { 54 19: SET {
56 17: SEQUENCE { 56 17: SEQUENCE {
58 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 58 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: stateOrProvinceName (2 5 4 8) : stateOrProvinceName (2 5 4 8)
63 10: PrintableString 'California' 63 10: UTF8String 'California'
: } : }
: } : }
75 17: SET { 75 17: SET {
77 15: SEQUENCE { 77 15: SEQUENCE {
79 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER localityName (2 5 4 7) 79 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER localityName (2 5 4 7)
84 8: PrintableString 'San Jose' 84 8: UTF8String 'San Jose'
: } : }
: } : }
94 14: SET { 94 14: SET {
96 12: SEQUENCE { 96 12: SEQUENCE {
98 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 98 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: organizationName (2 5 4 10) : organizationName (2 5 4 10)
103 5: PrintableString 'sipit' 103 5: UTF8String 'sipit'
: } : }
: } : }
110 41: SET { 110 41: SET {
112 39: SEQUENCE { 112 39: SEQUENCE {
114 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 114 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: organizationalUnitName (2 5 4 11) : organizationalUnitName (2 5 4 11)
119 32: PrintableString 'Sipit Test Certificate Aut 119 32: UTF8String 'Sipit Test Certificate
hority' Authority'
: } : }
: } : }
: } : }
153 9: INTEGER 00 96 A3 84 17 4E EF 8A 4E 153 9: INTEGER 00 96 A3 84 17 4E EF 8A 4E
: } : }
164 13: SEQUENCE { 164 13: SEQUENCE {
166 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 166 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: rsaEncryption (1 2 840 113549 1 1 1) : rsaEncryption (1 2 840 113549 1 1 1)
177 0: NULL 177 0: NULL
: } : }
179 256: OCTET STRING 179 256: OCTET STRING
: 74 D6 C9 2B 48 63 97 2B 56 C2 76 FF 0C D1 C4 EB : 49 11 0B 11 52 A9 9D E3 AA FB 86 CB EB 12 CC 8E
: D9 F1 DE 46 F5 0E 37 81 60 F8 03 11 39 99 60 F5 : 96 9D 85 3E 80 D2 7C C4 9B B7 81 4B B5 FA 13 80
: 9F 20 F8 41 53 96 C7 50 4C FF 6D 99 A0 E8 B6 B8 : 6A 6A B2 34 72 D8 C0 82 60 DA B3 43 F8 51 8C 32
: AB 97 CD 6F A7 19 58 A9 D0 2C F2 C4 B9 89 29 C0 : 8B DD D0 76 6D 9C 46 73 C1 44 A0 10 FF 16 A4 83
: 66 F5 FF 80 51 CC 24 75 60 A8 D4 5D B5 4C 6D 2B : 74 85 21 74 7D E0 FD 42 C0 97 00 82 A2 80 81 22
: DE C5 A5 A8 A5 FA 7D 21 10 A5 E7 0C 98 67 66 48 : 9C A2 82 0A 85 F0 68 EF 9A D7 6D 1D 24 2B A9 5E
: 07 EF DD 8F 68 2A 11 6D 46 4E B6 A1 A0 68 EE 51 : B3 9A A0 3E A7 D9 1D 1C D7 42 CB 6F A5 81 66 23
: 6D 81 57 E9 27 98 75 B3 E5 08 CC A6 DA 7C 77 D4 : 28 00 7C 99 6A B6 03 3F 7E F6 48 EA 91 49 35 F1
: DC 16 78 61 C7 A6 B1 CF 96 36 C9 D8 27 AC 1F D3 : FD 40 54 5D AC F7 84 EA 3F 27 43 FD DE E2 10 DD
: A0 AF 1F B1 65 1B C8 EF BA 9C C8 AD 4B E6 AA FC : 63 C4 35 4A 13 63 0B 6D 0D 9A D5 AB 72 39 69 8C
: 53 03 8C C2 02 1F BF 20 AE 6F E7 3B 37 6D 98 A3 : 65 4C 44 C4 A3 31 60 79 B9 A8 A3 A1 03 FD 41 25
: 13 D1 F4 A3 F4 9A BE E0 B6 75 F5 B6 5B 86 A0 E1 : 12 E5 F3 F8 47 CE 8C 42 D9 26 77 A5 57 AF 1A 95
: F6 8E 93 4B 49 01 62 41 87 7B 12 B1 45 83 C6 61 : BF 05 A5 E9 47 F2 D1 AE DC 13 7E 1B 83 5C 8C C4
: 44 A5 E8 D1 CD A6 2B 17 B5 C8 25 D3 9C C2 B8 8B : 1F 31 BC 59 E6 FD 6E 9A B0 91 EC 71 A6 7F 28 3E
: 62 16 2C F4 50 72 F6 C3 4F 2B 33 30 59 97 BF 22 : 23 1B 40 E2 C0 60 CF 5E 5B 86 08 06 82 B4 B7 DB
: 54 36 23 4F 10 06 61 D0 B6 F8 6F 20 BF 88 08 0B : 00 DD AC 3A 39 27 E2 7C 96 AD 8A E9 C3 B8 06 5E
: } : }
: } : }
439 124: SEQUENCE { 439 124: SEQUENCE {
441 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER data (1 2 840 113549 1 7 1) 441 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER data (1 2 840 113549 1 7 1)
452 29: SEQUENCE { 452 29: SEQUENCE {
454 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 454 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: aes128-CBC (2 16 840 1 101 3 4 1 2) : aes128-CBC (2 16 840 1 101 3 4 1 2)
465 16: OCTET STRING 465 16: OCTET STRING
: 71 3B EA E0 5D FE D0 5E 6D EA AC 0B B9 6B 3A 99 : 88 9B 13 75 A7 66 14 C3 CF CD C6 FF D2 91 5D A0
: } : }
483 80: [0] 483 80: [0]
: 41 E7 5A B1 AC F0 A6 BC 9F 52 4F 83 D5 C5 6C 23 : 80 0B A3 B7 57 89 B4 F4 70 AE 1D 14 A9 35 DD F9
: 49 17 20 78 9D C9 73 CB CC 48 8A 61 EB 46 2D D4 : 1D 66 29 46 52 40 13 E1 3B 4A 23 E5 EC AB F9 35
: 4A 03 6A 4A 31 E9 F7 52 5B 01 A6 34 38 B9 67 DD : A6 B6 A4 BE C0 02 31 06 19 C4 39 22 7D 10 4C 0D
: BD 78 53 59 63 5A 45 2E 02 51 18 B0 F2 43 77 4F : F4 96 04 78 11 85 4E 7E E3 C3 BC B2 DF 55 17 79
: 89 4E EA 21 E7 FC FF 7C FD 82 41 26 C6 D5 35 29 : 5F F2 4E E5 25 42 37 45 39 5D F6 DA 57 9A 4E 0B
: } : }
: } : }
: } : }
: } : }
Below is the ASN.1 parsing of "BINARY BLOB 4". Below is the ASN.1 parsing of "BINARY BLOB 4".
0 472: SEQUENCE { 0 472: SEQUENCE {
4 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER signedData (1 2 840 113549 1 7 2) 4 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER signedData (1 2 840 113549 1 7 2)
15 457: [0] { 15 457: [0] {
19 453: SEQUENCE { 19 453: SEQUENCE {
23 1: INTEGER 1 23 1: INTEGER 1
26 11: SET { 26 11: SET {
28 9: SEQUENCE { 28 9: SEQUENCE {
30 5: OBJECT IDENTIFIER sha1 (1 3 14 3 2 26) 30 5: OBJECT IDENTIFIER sha1 (1 3 14 3 2 26)
37 0: NULL 37 0: NULL
: } : }
: } : }
39 11: SEQUENCE { 39 11: SEQUENCE {
41 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER data (1 2 840 113549 1 7 1) 41 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER data (1 2 840 113549 1 7 1)
: } : }
52 420: SET { 52 420: SET {
56 416: SEQUENCE { 56 416: SEQUENCE {
60 1: INTEGER 1 60 1: INTEGER 1
63 125: SEQUENCE { 63 125: SEQUENCE {
65 112: SEQUENCE { 65 112: SEQUENCE {
67 11: SET { 67 11: SET {
69 9: SEQUENCE { 69 9: SEQUENCE {
71 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER countryName (2 5 4 6) 71 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER countryName (2 5 4 6)
76 2: PrintableString 'US' 76 2: PrintableString 'US'
: } : }
: } : }
80 19: SET { 80 19: SET {
82 17: SEQUENCE { 82 17: SEQUENCE {
84 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 84 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: stateOrProvinceName (2 5 4 8) : stateOrProvinceName (2 5 4 8)
89 10: PrintableString 'California' 89 10: UTF8String 'California'
: } : }
: } : }
101 17: SET { 101 17: SET {
103 15: SEQUENCE { 103 15: SEQUENCE {
105 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER localityName (2 5 4 7) 105 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER localityName (2 5 4 7)
110 8: PrintableString 'San Jose' 110 8: UTF8String 'San Jose'
: } : }
: } : }
120 14: SET { 120 14: SET {
122 12: SEQUENCE { 122 12: SEQUENCE {
124 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 124 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: organizationName (2 5 4 10) : organizationName (2 5 4 10)
129 5: PrintableString 'sipit' 129 5: UTF8String 'sipit'
: } : }
: } : }
136 41: SET { 136 41: SET {
138 39: SEQUENCE { 138 39: SEQUENCE {
140 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 140 3: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: organizationalUnitName (2 5 4 11) : organizationalUnitName (2 5 4 11)
145 32: PrintableString 'Sipit Test Certificate Aut 145 32: UTF8String 'Sipit Test Certificate
hority' Authority'
: } : }
: } : }
: } : }
179 9: INTEGER 00 96 A3 84 17 4E EF 8A 4D 179 9: INTEGER 00 96 A3 84 17 4E EF 8A 4D
: } : }
190 9: SEQUENCE { 190 9: SEQUENCE {
192 5: OBJECT IDENTIFIER sha1 (1 3 14 3 2 26) 192 5: OBJECT IDENTIFIER sha1 (1 3 14 3 2 26)
199 0: NULL 199 0: NULL
: } : }
201 13: SEQUENCE { 201 13: SEQUENCE {
203 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER 203 9: OBJECT IDENTIFIER
: rsaEncryption (1 2 840 113549 1 1 1) : rsaEncryption (1 2 840 113549 1 1 1)
214 0: NULL 214 0: NULL
: } : }
216 256: OCTET STRING 216 256: OCTET STRING
: 7E A7 3D FD 62 05 89 BD 84 04 E7 6C E1 9C 12 90 : 6E 51 AC 24 2E BA 7C A1 EE 80 A8 55 BC D4 64 5D
: D5 23 55 65 54 D8 57 30 60 93 14 8A F0 99 E5 B7 : E5 29 09 5F B2 AF AA 6F 91 D2 97 79 32 5B AF CA
: 81 2B 99 14 4A B0 05 A4 DB 5A FD F2 2B E2 F3 43 : FE A1 73 FC E5 57 4E C6 3B 67 35 AA E4 78 1E 59
: 7E 29 37 F3 08 76 95 1C 43 B0 98 E6 09 81 28 95 : 93 EE 67 63 77 1E 7A 82 BC 1E 26 0F 39 75 0C A6
: FB DF FD CD AF 70 DA 07 21 67 99 11 C4 B9 D6 01 : 26 92 01 6A B7 5D F0 C0 2C 51 46 FB A7 36 44 E3
: 9A 6C CC 58 9F 2D A6 44 D3 72 D3 5C 96 3B E1 E2 : 64 C6 11 CB 0B 6B FD F3 6D 7C FD 3E AE 2E 91 BB
: F4 90 31 66 A3 B7 66 1B FD 2E 29 58 1D 18 15 BA : 78 9E F4 1B A1 20 68 B9 DE D3 E3 0C FC F7 14 9A
: ED 26 D4 B1 A5 F8 67 F4 34 32 45 EA AB 22 AD B7 : 2C 64 AB 27 52 BD 52 EC 27 88 14 BD DB C3 54 C7
: 66 BC 3D 2A 07 1C EF 83 67 94 B3 DE A5 FA F5 51 : EA 48 DB 07 E9 9B 2E C8 BE 62 A2 76 83 53 37 E8
: FD 8B C5 F0 86 06 C4 ED FB FB E1 32 F3 4B C2 41 : 02 4B D1 86 E9 DF 2E BD 93 39 EC 2F 01 53 A0 7F
: FC 8F FD CD 9E FF 9B 1D 09 8C E4 F9 45 0F 65 DC : 1A B9 A6 31 FC E7 91 1C DB 22 4A 67 83 94 B2 4E
: C6 83 A3 96 8E 8B 68 E4 B3 3F 33 EC 1C 06 EB 36 : 28 A9 CD DE 4A 04 6A E0 86 90 7B 58 5F DB 7A 96
: 21 23 4C 47 AB 2C A1 EB 1A 37 01 78 9E 97 5D A8 : 96 A0 25 61 C2 58 A2 28 E5 B3 B2 F1 6D 51 06 9C
: FF 7F B6 B2 33 A8 02 01 E3 C5 ED E8 28 0C 6A D9 : 78 61 0D D8 3A A7 9F A3 B5 87 0B 80 11 C2 A9 1A
: A0 7B EA 47 56 3E 9B 24 9C 14 71 40 8F A4 5C 6A : E5 17 1C EB 82 55 AB CD 04 E7 D9 5B 11 E8 B7 47
: 34 47 28 DE C4 6B 7C F1 05 5D 2E 31 29 4C 67 E4 : FE FD CC B7 DB 47 6F 77 85 9E 24 D8 11 E1 E4 7D
: } : }
: } : }
: } : }
: } : }
: } : }
5. Observed Interoperability Issues 5. Observed Interoperability Issues
This section describes some common interoperability problems. These This section describes some common interoperability problems. These
were observed by the authors at SIPit interoperability events. were observed by the authors at SIPit interoperability events.
Implementers should be careful to verify that their systems do not Implementers should be careful to verify that their systems do not
introduce these common problems, and, when possible, make their introduce these common problems, and, when possible, make their
clients forgiving in what they receive. Implementations should take clients forgiving in what they receive. Implementations should take
extra care to produce reasonable error messages when interacting with extra care to produce reasonable error messages when interacting with
software that has these problems. software that has these problems.
skipping to change at page 31, line 15 skipping to change at page 31, line 15
6. Additional Test Scenarios 6. Additional Test Scenarios
This section provides a non-exhaustive list of tests that This section provides a non-exhaustive list of tests that
implementations should perform while developing systems that use implementations should perform while developing systems that use
S/MIME and TLS for SIP. S/MIME and TLS for SIP.
Much of the required behavior for inspecting certificates when using Much of the required behavior for inspecting certificates when using
S/MIME and TLS with SIP is currently underspecified. The non- S/MIME and TLS with SIP is currently underspecified. The non-
normative recommendations in this document capture the current normative recommendations in this document capture the current
folklore around that required behavior, guided by both related folklore around that required behavior, guided by both related
normative works such as [RFC4474] (particulary, Section 13.4 Domain normative works such as [RFC4474] (particularly, Section 13.4 Domain
Names and Subordination) and informative works such as [RFC2818] Names and Subordination) and informative works such as [RFC2818]
Section 3.1. To summarize, test plans should: Section 3.1. To summarize, test plans should:
o For S/MIME secured bodies, assure that the peer's URI (address-of- o For S/MIME secured bodies, assure that the peer's URI (address-of-
record, as per [RFC3261] Section 23.3) appears in the record, as per [RFC3261] Section 23.3) appears in the
subjectAltName of the peer's certifcate as a subjectAltName of the peer's certificate as a
uniformResourceIdentifier field. uniformResourceIdentifier field.
o For TLS, assure that the peer's hostname appears as described in o For TLS, assure that the peer's hostname appears as described in
[RFC5922]. Also: [RFC5922]. Also:
* assure an exact match in a dNSName entry in the subjectAltName * assure an exact match in a dNSName entry in the subjectAltName
if there are any dNSNames in the subjectAltName. Wildcard if there are any dNSNames in the subjectAltName. Wildcard
matching is not allowed against these dNSName entries. See matching is not allowed against these dNSName entries. See
Section 7.1 of [RFC5922]. Section 7.1 of [RFC5922].
skipping to change at page 32, line 9 skipping to change at page 32, line 9
For each of these tests, an implementation will proceed past the For each of these tests, an implementation will proceed past the
verification point only if the certificate is "good". S/MIME verification point only if the certificate is "good". S/MIME
protected requests presenting bad certificate data will be rejected. protected requests presenting bad certificate data will be rejected.
S/MIME protected responses presenting bad certificate information S/MIME protected responses presenting bad certificate information
will be ignored. TLS connections involving bad certificate data will will be ignored. TLS connections involving bad certificate data will
not be completed. not be completed.
1. S/MIME : Good peer certificate 1. S/MIME : Good peer certificate
2. S/MIME : Bad peer certificate (peer URI does not appear in 2. S/MIME : Bad peer certificate (peer URI does not appear in
subjAltName) subjectAltName)
3. S/MIME : Bad peer certificate (valid authority chain does not 3. S/MIME : Bad peer certificate (valid authority chain does not
end at a trusted CA) end at a trusted CA)
4. S/MIME : Bad peer certificate (incomplete authority chain) 4. S/MIME : Bad peer certificate (incomplete authority chain)
5. S/MIME : Bad peer certificate (the current time does not fall 5. S/MIME : Bad peer certificate (the current time does not fall
within the period of validity) within the period of validity)
6. S/MIME : Bad peer certificate (certificate or cert in authority 6. S/MIME : Bad peer certificate (certificate, or certificate in
chain has been revoked) authority chain, has been revoked)
7. S/MIME : Bad peer certificate ("Digital Signature" is not 7. S/MIME : Bad peer certificate ("Digital Signature" is not
specified as an X509v3 Key Usage) specified as an X509v3 Key Usage)
8. TLS : Good peer certificate (hostname appears in dNSName in 8. TLS : Good peer certificate (hostname appears in dNSName in
subjAltName) subjectAltName)
9. TLS : Good peer certificate (no dNSNames in subjAltName, 9. TLS : Good peer certificate (no dNSNames in subjectAltName,
hostname appears in CN of Subject) hostname appears in CN of Subject)
10. TLS : Good peer certificate (CN of Subject empty, and 10. TLS : Good peer certificate (CN of Subject empty, and
subjectAltName extension contains an iPAddress stored in the subjectAltName extension contains an iPAddress stored in the
octet string in network byte order form as specified in RFC 791 octet string in network byte order form as specified in RFC 791
[RFC0791]) [RFC0791])
11. TLS : Bad peer certificate (no match in dNSNames or in the 11. TLS : Bad peer certificate (no match in dNSNames or in the
Subject CN) Subject CN)
12. TLS : Bad peer certificate (valid authority chain does not end 12. TLS : Bad peer certificate (valid authority chain does not end
at a trusted CA) at a trusted CA)
13. TLS : Bad peer certificate (incomplete authority chain) 13. TLS : Bad peer certificate (incomplete authority chain)
14. TLS : Bad peer certificate (the current time does not fall 14. TLS : Bad peer certificate (the current time does not fall
within the period of validity) within the period of validity)
15. TLS : Bad peer certificate (certificate or cert in authority 15. TLS : Bad peer certificate (certificate, or certificate in
chain has been revoked) authority chain, has been revoked)
16. TLS : Bad peer certificate ("TLS Web Server Authentication" is 16. TLS : Bad peer certificate ("TLS Web Server Authentication" is
not specified as an X509v3 Key Usage) not specified as an X509v3 Key Usage)
17. TLS : Bad peer certificate (Neither "SIP Domain" nor "Any 17. TLS : Bad peer certificate (Neither "SIP Domain" nor "Any
Extended Key Usage" specified as an X509v3 Extended Key Usage, Extended Key Usage" specified as an X509v3 Extended Key Usage,
and X509v3 Extended Key Usage is present) and X509v3 Extended Key Usage is present)
7. IANA Considerations 7. IANA Considerations
skipping to change at page 37, line 31 skipping to change at page 37, line 31
* Section 9: added text about certificate revocation checking. * Section 9: added text about certificate revocation checking.
* Appendix B.3: new section to present certificate chains longer * Appendix B.3: new section to present certificate chains longer
than 2 (non-root CA). than 2 (non-root CA).
* Made examples consistently use <allOneLine> convention. * Made examples consistently use <allOneLine> convention.
* CSeq looks more random. * CSeq looks more random.
* Serial numbers in certs are non-zero. * Serial numbers in certificates are non-zero.
* All flows re-generated using new certs. IP addresses conform * All flows re-generated using new certificates. IP addresses
to RFC 5737. conform to RFC 5737.
* Updated references. * Updated references.
-01 to -02 -01 to -02
* Draft is now informational, not standards track. Normative- * Draft is now informational, not standards track. Normative-
sounding language and references to RFC 2119 removed. sounding language and references to RFC 2119 removed.
* Add TODO: change "hello" to "Hello!" in example flows for * Add TODO: change "hello" to "Hello!" in example flows for
consistency. consistency.
skipping to change at page 43, line 26 skipping to change at page 43, line 26
installed, but openssl does work in Windows too. OpenSSL version installed, but openssl does work in Windows too. OpenSSL version
0.9.8j was used to generate the certificates used in this document. 0.9.8j was used to generate the certificates used in this document.
Make sure you have openssl installed by trying to run "openssl". Run Make sure you have openssl installed by trying to run "openssl". Run
the makeCA script found in Appendix A.1; this creates a subdirectory the makeCA script found in Appendix A.1; this creates a subdirectory
called demoCA. If the makeCA script cannot find where your openssl called demoCA. If the makeCA script cannot find where your openssl
is installed you will have to set an environment variable called is installed you will have to set an environment variable called
OPENSSLDIR to whatever directory contains the file openssl.cnf. You OPENSSLDIR to whatever directory contains the file openssl.cnf. You
can find this with a "locate openssl.cnf". You are now ready to make can find this with a "locate openssl.cnf". You are now ready to make
certificates. certificates.
To create certs for use with TLS, run the makeCert script found in To create certificates for use with TLS, run the makeCert script
Appendix A.2 with the fully qualified domain name of the proxy you found in Appendix A.2 with the fully qualified domain name of the
are making the certificate for. For example, "makeCert proxy you are making the certificate for. For example, "makeCert
host.example.net". This will generate a private key and a host.example.net domain eku". This will generate a private key and a
certificate. The private key will be left in a file named certificate. The private key will be left in a file named
domain_key_example.net.pem in pem format. The certificate will be in domain_key_example.net.pem in Privacy Enhanced Mail (PEM) format.
domain_cert_example.net.pem. Some programs expect both the The certificate will be in domain_cert_example.net.pem. Some
certificate and private key combined together in a PKCS12 format programs expect both the certificate and private key combined
together in a Public-key Cryptography Standards (PKCS) #12 format
file. This is created by the script and left in a file named file. This is created by the script and left in a file named
example.net.p12. Some programs expect this file to have a .pfx example.net.p12. Some programs expect this file to have a .pfx
extension instead of .p12 - just rename the file if needed. A file extension instead of .p12 - just rename the file if needed. A file
with a certificate signing request, called example.net.csr, is also with a certificate signing request, called example.net.csr, is also
created and can be used to get the certificate signed by another CA. created and can be used to get the certificate signed by another CA.
A second argument indicating the number of days for which the A second argument indicating the number of days for which the
certificate should be valid can be passed to the makeCert script. It certificate should be valid can be passed to the makeCert script. It
is possible to make an expired certificate using the command is possible to make an expired certificate using the command
"makeCert host.example.net 0". "makeCert host.example.net 0".
skipping to change at page 44, line 6 skipping to change at page 44, line 7
Anywhere that a password is used to protect a certificate, the Anywhere that a password is used to protect a certificate, the
password is set to the string "password". password is set to the string "password".
The root certificate for the CA is in the file The root certificate for the CA is in the file
root_cert_fluffyCA.pem. root_cert_fluffyCA.pem.
For things that need DER format certificates, a certificate can be For things that need DER format certificates, a certificate can be
converted from PEM to DER with "openssl x509 -in cert.pem -inform PEM converted from PEM to DER with "openssl x509 -in cert.pem -inform PEM
-out cert.der -outform DER". -out cert.der -outform DER".
Some programs expect certificates in PKCS#7 format (with a file Some programs expect certificates in PKCS #7 format (with a file
extension of .p7c). You can convert these from PEM format to PKCS#7 extension of .p7c). You can convert these from PEM format to PKCS #7
with "openssl crl2pkcs7 -nocrl -certfile cert.pem -certfile demoCA/ with "openssl crl2pkcs7 -nocrl -certfile cert.pem -certfile demoCA/
cacert.pem -outform DER -out cert.p7c" cacert.pem -outform DER -out cert.p7c"
IE (version 8), Outlook Express (version 6), and Firefox (version IE (version 8), Outlook Express (version 6), and Firefox (version
3.5) can import and export .p12 files and .p7c files. You can 3.5) can import and export .p12 files and .p7c files. You can
convert a pkcs7 certificate to PEM format with "openssl pkcs7 -in convert a PKCS #7 certificate to PEM format with "openssl pkcs7 -in
cert.p7c -inform DER -outform PEM -out cert.pem". cert.p7c -inform DER -outform PEM -out cert.pem".
The private key can be converted to pkcs8 format with "openssl pkcs8 The private key can be converted to PKCS #8 format with "openssl
-in a_key.pem -topk8 -outform DER -out a_key.p8c" pkcs8 -in a_key.pem -topk8 -outform DER -out a_key.p8c"
In general, a TLS client will just need the root certificate of the In general, a TLS client will just need the root certificate of the
CA. A TLS server will need its private key and its certificate. CA. A TLS server will need its private key and its certificate.
These could be in two PEM files, a single file with both certificate These could be in two PEM files, a single file with both certificate
and private key PEM sections, or a single .p12 file. An S/MIME and private key PEM sections, or a single .p12 file. An S/MIME
program will need its private key and certificate, the root program will need its private key and certificate, the root
certificate of the CA, and the certificate for every other user it certificate of the CA, and the certificate for every other user it
communicates with. communicates with.
A.1. makeCA script A.1. makeCA script
skipping to change at page 45, line 8 skipping to change at page 45, line 8
for D in /etc/ssl /usr/local/ssl /sw/etc/ssl /sw/share/ssl; do for D in /etc/ssl /usr/local/ssl /sw/etc/ssl /sw/share/ssl; do
CONF=${OPENSSLDIR:=$D}/openssl.cnf CONF=${OPENSSLDIR:=$D}/openssl.cnf
[ -f ${CONF} ] && break [ -f ${CONF} ] && break
done done
CONF=${OPENSSLDIR}/openssl.cnf CONF=${OPENSSLDIR}/openssl.cnf
if [ ! -f $CONF ]; then if [ ! -f $CONF ]; then
echo "Can not find file $CONF - set your OPENSSLDIR variable" echo "Can not find file $CONF - set your OPENSSLDIR variable"
exit exit
fi fi
cp $CONF openssl.cnf cp $CONF openssl.cnf
cat >> openssl.cnf <<EOF cat >> openssl.cnf <<EOF
[ sipdomain_cert ] [ sipdomain_cert ]
subjectAltName=\${ENV::ALTNAME} subjectAltName=\${ENV::ALTNAME}
basicConstraints=CA:FALSE basicConstraints=CA:FALSE
subjectKeyIdentifier=hash subjectKeyIdentifier=hash
authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid,issuer:always authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid,issuer
keyUsage = nonRepudiation,digitalSignature,keyEncipherment keyUsage = nonRepudiation,digitalSignature,keyEncipherment
extendedKeyUsage=serverAuth,1.3.6.1.5.5.7.3.20 extendedKeyUsage=serverAuth,1.3.6.1.5.5.7.3.20
[ sipdomain_req ] [ sipdomain_req ]
basicConstraints = CA:FALSE basicConstraints = CA:FALSE
subjectAltName=\${ENV::ALTNAME} subjectAltName=\${ENV::ALTNAME}
subjectKeyIdentifier=hash subjectKeyIdentifier=hash
[ sipuser_cert ] [ sipuser_cert ]
subjectAltName=\${ENV::ALTNAME} subjectAltName=\${ENV::ALTNAME}
basicConstraints=CA:FALSE basicConstraints=CA:FALSE
subjectKeyIdentifier=hash subjectKeyIdentifier=hash
authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid,issuer:always authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid,issuer
keyUsage = nonRepudiation,digitalSignature,keyEncipherment keyUsage = nonRepudiation,digitalSignature,keyEncipherment
extendedKeyUsage=emailProtection,1.3.6.1.5.5.7.3.20 extendedKeyUsage=emailProtection,1.3.6.1.5.5.7.3.20
[ sipuser_req ] [ sipuser_req ]
basicConstraints = CA:FALSE basicConstraints = CA:FALSE
subjectAltName=\${ENV::ALTNAME} subjectAltName=\${ENV::ALTNAME}
subjectKeyIdentifier=hash subjectKeyIdentifier=hash
[ sipdomain_noeku_cert ] [ sipdomain_noeku_cert ]
subjectAltName=\${ENV::ALTNAME} subjectAltName=\${ENV::ALTNAME}
basicConstraints=CA:FALSE basicConstraints=CA:FALSE
subjectKeyIdentifier=hash subjectKeyIdentifier=hash
authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid,issuer:always authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid,issuer
keyUsage = nonRepudiation,digitalSignature,keyEncipherment keyUsage = nonRepudiation,digitalSignature,keyEncipherment
[ sipdomain_noeku_req ] [ sipdomain_noeku_req ]
basicConstraints = CA:FALSE basicConstraints = CA:FALSE
subjectAltName=\${ENV::ALTNAME} subjectAltName=\${ENV::ALTNAME}
subjectKeyIdentifier=hash subjectKeyIdentifier=hash
[ sipuser_noeku_cert ] [ sipuser_noeku_cert ]
subjectAltName=\${ENV::ALTNAME} subjectAltName=\${ENV::ALTNAME}
basicConstraints=CA:FALSE basicConstraints=CA:FALSE
subjectKeyIdentifier=hash subjectKeyIdentifier=hash
authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid,issuer:always authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid,issuer
keyUsage = nonRepudiation,digitalSignature,keyEncipherment keyUsage = nonRepudiation,digitalSignature,keyEncipherment
[ sipuser_noeku_req ] [ sipuser_noeku_req ]
basicConstraints = CA:FALSE basicConstraints = CA:FALSE
subjectAltName=\${ENV::ALTNAME} subjectAltName=\${ENV::ALTNAME}
subjectKeyIdentifier=hash subjectKeyIdentifier=hash
EOF EOF
cat > demoCA/private/cakey.pem <<EOF cat > demoCA/private/cakey.pem <<EOF
-----BEGIN ENCRYPTED PRIVATE KEY----- -----BEGIN ENCRYPTED PRIVATE KEY-----
MIIFDjBABgkqhkiG9w0BBQ0wMzAbBgkqhkiG9w0BBQwwDgQIiJYqQKtuiS0CAggA MIIFDjBABgkqhkiG9w0BBQ0wMzAbBgkqhkiG9w0BBQwwDgQIlwtc771DlNUCAggA
MBQGCCqGSIb3DQMHBAiNK9djStGRcgSCBMhyfVjcNeZk9J4Mi/aWvy//9v/Htx9q MBQGCCqGSIb3DQMHBAhRD3Z1i2TavwSCBMgXoXo0H/dTplHwnqfW7Uh1dr776z7B
V0F6S2qdXhuSHzcJPAAoCKAvXuySszn1GSdeMcRy927nFoAf2EROawpJ5bVMe5YQ lsNxlenMA6lYmALF/4E1tqOE2/aEbr8W3wTVjNpew9r5TBsbA1I9/FMMe+USc1ra
/lkmfo/+whlsizpX9yF84NeJ71vCOXIvvhUhD9vTUzhdmV/pM3Mtb/W4f35iEgoO 5pIdDLx7ynzHvxcUWJ1xbWGeLcEmXGOvzkwW/oOg49Yq1ce1GtlLSV2L7Wi93TUQ
y8EnSO3zs4+b2A07eoPspudj7exYgB7BFkUCnPaPF92O8GAFkcCnNRm43Dy+T22p Q8i5l0X0xjx7cB7kaHTOTyaN0sxUE3qlQ2sXTbbHWUfIaNpEZUI5ITrDUflfMnxb
m1inp5QLi5ODTbIKy+5Uaki7OP9bRmrxotDOWbXlHulYH9NOMQN1BbozJ3/PJe3U RogQGv+5owsM7zwzfyGz3QocM9WaZwKFOEOqBvEfGaaZ9ml+cn1Rz/1Id7tSBlRH
Zn2g3KHYlEUlPoYV/GLBI064dYirMCG1uKTZpCGunGOQjj5EWzWbDYIUpAnxDboN 3ucN2mGdEVIUvzSACZ9LPuIO7WBGM56enDRsqZji4WfqDHdXa4gkJKqPEJeBnLVA
yKBpnMQxjsBz8/lP36HcPuVw2prTbTOCyaVjOip7p11Oq2XPHkqhWHJ6ZMypDG/3 jxCmLJSyikM25kHDm8LWuOckO/Rk+7999h13Qv1Ynm7yCincorqdlTrAdmq1Z8Tj
Y/qbkROZAB3FemkfPBwjisJMQSlVIUW/PoU9Jtl2sOQ45KB3ZLEzUuOM94hc1Zmd QPgXioTlx6++6yxiDCV7Mwkydox31K9y/Tf2cZ//dWuf/lfMaaq8HfpSNl4RKqsz
6VP1Iaj8irQ5Jsn8MrmIXy3566It/MX/hl395I2T0misVxoqpY5KpRsVGoj0D4bx ufL41K5sCzPRIugUdooUQSGPC0JgcskPcifT6zvrI62KLPFVrwG5HT9PdevQvC6O
fcitKQrReWOU1+rNGCpHoRNj+1Iv3cTn2QiBMHGB7QI17qKlTmITCRa7SdpdWvE7 VgglxbEGJ7I4vllzmY62/0LtQKIA6bh8pszvvmHjGo9s+f+p7KJVYygEHNEmRTm+
ZCM1IaNuK5PgiVQymuodvWygA4oX/mmcWKRBze6rl5sUGHzHKijdp+276ochDrzZ 8M2owk67033sV6IClDOAdRL8siTHmcmM+r1x9VVIppsDrzjqQqYVGYBbjEJW8eQp
goyB5zqK3epF4NWeKYkm/pOOa8htzQ2rl8Fyly0jE4Diw9XciPe5KW5qjr1tOJfF t7kAjuN48tDD1mS8E6DstPv/6S0AjzAqCbjkuPJ0WU5fD1cY+iTpo9vcunohcj+i
ryborU1L1pLKvgt0nsKuXIDdqmD6xhCkssE6fcC+svS/91Q5cZB8Aiu9lmB6DRuy KVXsM34wOsBpMBjFQ+Aww5bsIkEV1liOYLav1F7/BvP2s0gc3puM5W35y1cbKLu2
gtUDjafgeLXuZviyh9GyMtlVRKL61zzlpAkav84p27q1XmpmMkN7V5fbDQE+xl7k ThJV7mIWoV770aQYpJba0UAk9OzBVEvPNahrDI1NucbEkFrhN2pfnOs7k4UvrjiK
RLXKw5lWTgj/435YM4anAPJaF/cl8EdxgK2r6sy5FBqE2uM6d2N9ghbnAPF1HlSa uknKrm3gocDOdstyMZX81Beyj06NhpcJH+bOSvROk/d68aAsapy6qS9hLijNNbcd
wg7s+vm54MHTdIj3LWYq3hnuVU0dn5/IJvKBbadj9DdXUAio2d3GrNVkUZLNSQtm itQ/fo+1o9MDujT/huj7ZFqdzNM3KA6vxf0kmmVM+GJbYke+cjXk6WB80lF9lYcB
cCGVEIvzSO2DcDZhmBM0Ub6uWPmxfXShNWJ5L7ZrW41o19ejEUcVnP7arEIdvxsZ 0pWPd+fgwFL252FUoFcjvUWFXkvbR1+IMkv6sNdKcXHHazAE6nl6yPl9bVwCaS1I
fBqSXMZXw2WW+nU18qlXexkI77A4sLZIOHjRKzsS2QpV6OTzMfP/EHLluLYK+C3t WNqEfHntblNZbeW+3qH8ov1ZXVCqEmaHkajSAhFJKXCgpSXaIx2FSntzpVFbRpnw
8cds9cBfd2PNyv9PlZySjSBCOCkzN7udmcldyeyflBmbNoBvbu1ti7fv3/ZQWelX Yd9eml9xwgE3l9aRuvR6p61fd051LzCh7KjvorV1CemPUT6YRBamFNCBoT7cqjhE
K45EW+FbnSCUfrmeanrWFSs2wgxHeB0IqKvWAqraY0qYFMfiPp8d4lgK5wJqM5bk kqMQfowKkMEY0p2dzMnGzsSPKk10nI53RgPyD/8FT5dPuq073SyjxTKhAbvl+kVl
1HRlwnUIEnXRTEe8MPW9/HNgyPeu7LlSe5D/zCjSs2qlfIsfjAi0tekITYHD19oy lrfZ6b7P/UKwLBCT3bLG6uU/Es84euWN+U2JXIADPoCcVeWrUqkf4j368c2Z8Zdd
vpjIkHGQeXq9N3NucuDAQ9RlZWvw9RKLkzzzY7VFT+3Zx5FaDgSM9+igGlPbAE/8 A27X4ZJ+q+YfsFNiOA7vshHi3Am3gBzQhEEGsRdzgkf8qmtlRGhq/823GEexoUfu
p3h+MW18StyG9DsQ0DTurhL/fhFYtjiSCksAsmjjX4lVwWaLGEk949vKISCdAlab 8SiOOjoU08HGAkTtPWjV5+0C6Q6RW9SmNMwz7msZHoKTQ8kz2LKXUwb6DBwWcw6/
BS7YUMBHrsvywTDdwygENzNlDQ1OK5d2zTjcdpSe8z+yrWj3dKLVCO9QPSkuECo6 UTUgzVXqhA8HmjsnVe9ftDKL66v9zlp4RVRdDzm4TYUybYh5uigFbjJFLlnJnJho
Izm6JmZXCjn4+PhPmChZGIoB8E3cTyuLd64AzyhSAY0J0myNYVE9Po90yPp+J/86 TcnusHO80Cxgs64khLRzM46Oi+JSEPv7o7zHcfWNOVtNW908EKCubtEDZtnQn9VC
D6dpNldxJTWm5/myrbdT2dvc2glV0XUIdMKMc16aaD7AX56fCfYt7sWyAZ6nAgwm 0Sky9R/WzunaLlG3LZ3BRUhWpyyvdNxlNq3ie4tcRMlXIEe14UZN0sPCKZY//NEn
t4U= BEc=
-----END ENCRYPTED PRIVATE KEY----- -----END ENCRYPTED PRIVATE KEY-----
EOF EOF
cat > demoCA/cacert.pem <<EOF cat > demoCA/cacert.pem <<EOF
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEOzCCAyOgAwIBAgIJAJajhBdO74pMMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBBQUAMHAxCzAJBgNV MIIDtTCCAp2gAwIBAgIJAJajhBdO74pMMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBBQUAMHAxCzAJBgNV
BAYTAlVTMRMwEQYDVQQIEwpDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYDVQQHEwhTYW4gSm9zZTEO BAYTAlVTMRMwEQYDVQQIDApDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYDVQQHDAhTYW4gSm9zZTEO
MAwGA1UEChMFc2lwaXQxKTAnBgNVBAsTIFNpcGl0IFRlc3QgQ2VydGlmaWNhdGUg MAwGA1UECgwFc2lwaXQxKTAnBgNVBAsMIFNpcGl0IFRlc3QgQ2VydGlmaWNhdGUg
QXV0aG9yaXR5MCAXDTEwMTIwNjIyMzYyOVoYDzIxMTAxMTEyMjIzNjI5WjBwMQsw QXV0aG9yaXR5MCAXDTExMDEyNzE4MzYwNVoYDzIxMTEwMTAzMTgzNjA1WjBwMQsw
CQYDVQQGEwJVUzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZvcm5pYTERMA8GA1UEBxMIU2FuIEpv CQYDVQQGEwJVUzETMBEGA1UECAwKQ2FsaWZvcm5pYTERMA8GA1UEBwwIU2FuIEpv
c2UxDjAMBgNVBAoTBXNpcGl0MSkwJwYDVQQLEyBTaXBpdCBUZXN0IENlcnRpZmlj c2UxDjAMBgNVBAoMBXNpcGl0MSkwJwYDVQQLDCBTaXBpdCBUZXN0IENlcnRpZmlj
YXRlIEF1dGhvcml0eTCCASIwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEBBQADggEPADCCAQoCggEBAOzA YXRlIEF1dGhvcml0eTCCASIwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEBBQADggEPADCCAQoCggEBAKsf
rew7DXtqlSSW3DPCHfazDa/tX3OctV/cOiGVIIHBKWOgNIbt8UyKZpA3lasPjLLa kWHxHMXNpnsWm7cUeeQwnpjQ7Ae3vXfX0fVbLOLu5rGw8IX6pbzLzM9pLE/8UO+d
VanKyq5QEOs0KNfYmFsU7PzEVdTGY1ru6OxBCNO+KJ6xiU3Sa1f2qnfJCPz5JaCj MSvAWer7ZG8fVac9/XDSVtsUmReScKwm+DRBcNnAA5FqutERj6wSMd65GXCNXad9
48y/8MDymVnl788KOtc4vGv5bP9uoNCyYk+YcvDwHR1AhFAFm24VPEm2nVgFoQ3P ixnMQD+u/94f25SzRndsrq7/PtaEW8LeCyZl0JHHcEvHCkq/x5cE3bpYR8vgKyN2
ke7tKA8P4Q9xiqZufCqtrq7EjY4qLoqirGeFLqqCDks4senyhCMMmOBXuDhw9Imp h2XFVTQQqycfHPgwPbCbyqKBcky9YP73If4L2wvb6VsBNtQoFWt569CRGyFZuA6q
lMuaXhVSukUKgJ8zgs/i8uuP+WE8iut0sXyH+QwvIM4NvmmP0bxdxYrlGgtdcGXI v9WxbHA3oz+lfQ6VRvb2WGeDdUI3GAukQTmyL2yALHjspQ++nBD4wAsNc5meDdeX
AvNGhSXTiIzdgFXZaZsCAwEAAaOB1TCB0jAdBgNVHQ4EFgQUuzeOR8daNNt62fh2 UMvMRTQjSUGFIiStKcMCAwEAAaNQME4wHQYDVR0OBBYEFJVFfl8r6mWYEpEE82PH
tnWO0OQTF0UwgaIGA1UdIwSBmjCBl4AUuzeOR8daNNt62fh2tnWO0OQTF0WhdKRy aJpYFncnMB8GA1UdIwQYMBaAFJVFfl8r6mWYEpEE82PHaJpYFncnMAwGA1UdEwQF
MHAxCzAJBgNVBAYTAlVTMRMwEQYDVQQIEwpDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYDVQQHEwhT MAMBAf8wDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEFBQADggEBAAZfnq6gmry1uVt+lzPM32OYmJTLDWap
YW4gSm9zZTEOMAwGA1UEChMFc2lwaXQxKTAnBgNVBAsTIFNpcGl0IFRlc3QgQ2Vy g+iqWCpZoZ5HMaavXD+iJYb43wWSt9tpoWlyh2bFqzWJATcZyXTrCdE/iHskE0LK
dGlmaWNhdGUgQXV0aG9yaXR5ggkAlqOEF07vikwwDAYDVR0TBAUwAwEB/zANBgkq LftF5sxL+CF48/WX7AmSJKLw5pSNl0oAlAC9JbgXLFJTXcxcSKShHS32UFUTpNOy
hkiG9w0BAQUFAAOCAQEAsXXUVqtwFKDuZ6PsBwwdiyxf1xzz4wG6PZ3aR0kx1YH1 ovTxuW1IXlzz3uD8WQmh2RRhZb/YP7m6LnztXCSba8qqX/HBHrCo2oIP+0xxO017
LdJmpSwf28MtijJq7CKLsVhjVyOINJ9s34x7c4wqfNMjApdUdvM0JX/RrSWHF1Yw OMjjiioZNEQmC+rwRzhGKGUE4gFS3ew95fVTdHd0dW3G2cIKrDu4mFxVUzR0Uqgm
YUP0FmN3D3unsAuXGwXyXIYsqdU7y3OSojzcfhIwhp74V2yipChR5PfwzimcgjTy sS8wItCLt/Og3WgHM9Wut4GylFhyTnzGci+9bGn7tReoKo3XLJEGyAw=
AjxDYjaURMGttHn3bvnivfkVzOjesJ2cLxgwqes/1FbJYY14svtO5SIdAMTPzpz+
1vFPAZ2SWOB4KstpNhisG1MNhrGRNIveBV0iGCpn5erydwHWnGAXBoSDb7aIfs7I
Y9QwbZBy/ln0MgTmr9S+mUTI3j0BiNeKNTDCLXfpcA==
-----END CERTIFICATE----- -----END CERTIFICATE-----
EOF EOF
# uncomment the following lines to generate your own key pair # uncomment the following lines to generate your own key pair
# openssl req -newkey rsa:2048 -passin pass:password \ # openssl req -newkey rsa:2048 -passin pass:password \
# -passout pass:password -set_serial 0x96a384174eef8a4c \ # -passout pass:password -set_serial 0x96a384174eef8a4c \
# -sha1 -x509 -keyout demoCA/private/cakey.pem \ # -sha1 -x509 -keyout demoCA/private/cakey.pem \
# -out demoCA/cacert.pem -days 36500 -config ${CONF} <<EOF # -out demoCA/cacert.pem -days 36500 -config ${CONF} <<EOF
# US # US
# California # California
skipping to change at page 49, line 4 skipping to change at page 48, line 45
echo "days is how long the certificate is valid" echo "days is how long the certificate is valid"
echo "days set to 0 generates an invalid certificate" echo "days set to 0 generates an invalid certificate"
exit 0 exit 0
fi fi
ExtPrefix="sip"${2} ExtPrefix="sip"${2}
if [ $3 == "noeku" ]; then if [ $3 == "noeku" ]; then
ExtPrefix=${ExtPrefix}"_noeku" ExtPrefix=${ExtPrefix}"_noeku"
fi fi
DOMAIN=`echo $1 | perl -ne '{print "$1\n" if (/(\w+\..*)$/)}' ` DOMAIN=`echo $1 | perl -ne '{print "$1\n" if (/(\w+\..*)$/)}' `
USER=`echo $1 | perl -ne '{print "$1\n" if (/(\w+)\@(\w+\..*)$/)}' `
ADDR=$1 ADDR=$1
echo "making cert for $DOMAIN ${ADDR}" echo "making cert for $DOMAIN ${ADDR}"
if [ $2 == "user" ]; then
CNVALUE=$USER
else
CNVALUE=$DOMAIN
fi
rm -f ${ADDR}_*.pem rm -f ${ADDR}_*.pem
rm -f ${ADDR}.p12 rm -f ${ADDR}.p12
case ${ADDR} in case ${ADDR} in
*:*) ALTNAME="URI:${ADDR}" ;; *:*) ALTNAME="URI:${ADDR}" ;;
*@*) ALTNAME="URI:sip:${ADDR},URI:im:${ADDR},URI:pres:${ADDR}" ;; *@*) ALTNAME="URI:sip:${ADDR},URI:im:${ADDR},URI:pres:${ADDR}" ;;
*) ALTNAME="DNS:${DOMAIN},URI:sip:${ADDR}" ;; *) ALTNAME="DNS:${DOMAIN},URI:sip:${ADDR}" ;;
esac esac
rm -f demoCA/index.txt rm -f demoCA/index.txt
skipping to change at page 49, line 32 skipping to change at page 49, line 38
openssl genrsa -out ${ADDR}_key.pem 2048 openssl genrsa -out ${ADDR}_key.pem 2048
openssl req -new -config openssl.cnf -reqexts ${ExtPrefix}_req \ openssl req -new -config openssl.cnf -reqexts ${ExtPrefix}_req \
-sha1 -key ${ADDR}_key.pem \ -sha1 -key ${ADDR}_key.pem \
-out ${ADDR}.csr -days ${DAYS} <<EOF -out ${ADDR}.csr -days ${DAYS} <<EOF
US US
California California
San Jose San Jose
sipit sipit
${ADDR} ${CNVALUE}
EOF EOF
if [ $DAYS == 0 ]; then if [ $DAYS == 0 ]; then
openssl ca -extensions ${ExtPrefix}_cert -config openssl.cnf \ openssl ca -extensions ${ExtPrefix}_cert -config openssl.cnf \
-passin pass:password -policy policy_anything \ -passin pass:password -policy policy_anything \
-md sha1 -batch -notext -out ${ADDR}_cert.pem \ -md sha1 -batch -notext -out ${ADDR}_cert.pem \
-startdate 990101000000Z \ -startdate 990101000000Z \
-enddate 000101000000Z \ -enddate 000101000000Z \
-infiles ${ADDR}.csr -infiles ${ADDR}.csr
skipping to change at page 51, line 18 skipping to change at page 51, line 18
format. format.
B.1. Certificates Using EKU B.1. Certificates Using EKU
These certificates make use of the EKU specification described in These certificates make use of the EKU specification described in
[RFC5924]. [RFC5924].
Fluffy's user certificate for example.com: Fluffy's user certificate for example.com:
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEqzCCA5OgAwIBAgIJAJajhBdO74pNMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBBQUAMHAxCzAJBgNV MIIEGTCCAwGgAwIBAgIJAJajhBdO74pNMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBBQUAMHAxCzAJBgNV
BAYTAlVTMRMwEQYDVQQIEwpDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYDVQQHEwhTYW4gSm9zZTEO BAYTAlVTMRMwEQYDVQQIDApDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYDVQQHDAhTYW4gSm9zZTEO
MAwGA1UEChMFc2lwaXQxKTAnBgNVBAsTIFNpcGl0IFRlc3QgQ2VydGlmaWNhdGUg MAwGA1UECgwFc2lwaXQxKTAnBgNVBAsMIFNpcGl0IFRlc3QgQ2VydGlmaWNhdGUg
QXV0aG9yaXR5MCAXDTEwMTIwNjIyNDM0OVoYDzIxMTAxMTEyMjI0MzQ5WjBiMQsw QXV0aG9yaXR5MCAXDTExMDIwNzE5MzIxN1oYDzIxMTEwMTE0MTkzMjE3WjBWMQsw
CQYDVQQGEwJVUzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZvcm5pYTERMA8GA1UEBxMIU2FuIEpv CQYDVQQGEwJVUzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZvcm5pYTERMA8GA1UEBxMIU2FuIEpv
c2UxDjAMBgNVBAoTBXNpcGl0MRswGQYDVQQDFBJmbHVmZnlAZXhhbXBsZS5jb20w c2UxDjAMBgNVBAoTBXNpcGl0MQ8wDQYDVQQDEwZmbHVmZnkwggEiMA0GCSqGSIb3
ggEiMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA4IBDwAwggEKAoIBAQDGqf+y4GMYegW5mjHAM7vU DQEBAQUAA4IBDwAwggEKAoIBAQCjLFkM6bzk7NOe+5kC7LE2OrfTHU3DOrauUL1f
Bduk3zJoQX7lbBPN8hjTm/p/RZJmEKPyTc5A3R7fE0O22fLLRKCFEVHSsPef0j6v VQh3jH6k6fBoMSiPIzJWGcMil6dt/aciKgG1r2G9X37BFOWYKbQ0TjiKJu4N2tsn
zX3Lq8DwANB+4EXVkUV6JXPWCIDmynNh4QTTEfVvEACpXaes2tl1khQHvYEmeZBL uXjWrKwEeDKYwnXnarctszzj65el74tZQlAXe/6nga83p+fjH7CN0HIvbBRCxgFo
marYVOU0ak9h5egiR5bx4lzlowlDInulRtiP38QY7XUXAGhulRboyhVMJfYsM4YO 4Y/9Vk19zxbcqgVhCwrKyuxR7FNuPSsAgP41GwYKYROIC0TzzP0rDrSiC6CXhBQu
eg+dmqXjjD7/xTIIJbtSCCCLlUbJUtp6FUbri46iIrjn76DlwlmDyIv3Mw73gLcR 7ivjL8EanoaaeGqiTFeT5wEm01YNvbAv+NrHPAHcyy0xjGzGXLRj6LKiQBG/rfht
J6w+LDeiZywiO1WQpv/A32PRIOxsfGEutdAo1wntM6YinQDeIbt8U9GfryAj9N1R EgGXHUf4ahWL+yeWc0RGNNckHM9WjdS+1pRb8KZn493PtPLVAgMBAAGjgc0wgcow
AgMBAAGjggFSMIIBTjBRBgNVHREESjBIhhZzaXA6Zmx1ZmZ5QGV4YW1wbGUuY29t UQYDVR0RBEowSIYWc2lwOmZsdWZmeUBleGFtcGxlLmNvbYYVaW06Zmx1ZmZ5QGV4
hhVpbTpmbHVmZnlAZXhhbXBsZS5jb22GF3ByZXM6Zmx1ZmZ5QGV4YW1wbGUuY29t YW1wbGUuY29thhdwcmVzOmZsdWZmeUBleGFtcGxlLmNvbTAJBgNVHRMEAjAAMB0G
MAkGA1UdEwQCMAAwHQYDVR0OBBYEFBPBLyiv61N/HU1mJx7X95lWMcigMIGiBgNV A1UdDgQWBBSFlwm401U3JIrc3uORcuQiz5iHUjAfBgNVHSMEGDAWgBSVRX5fK+pl
HSMEgZowgZeAFLs3jkfHWjTbetn4drZ1jtDkExdFoXSkcjBwMQswCQYDVQQGEwJV mBKRBPNjx2iaWBZ3JzALBgNVHQ8EBAMCBeAwHQYDVR0lBBYwFAYIKwYBBQUHAwQG
UzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZvcm5pYTERMA8GA1UEBxMIU2FuIEpvc2UxDjAMBgNV CCsGAQUFBwMUMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBBQUAA4IBAQCoqY/YiguI7f9Pv+XNj557uOby
BAoTBXNpcGl0MSkwJwYDVQQLEyBTaXBpdCBUZXN0IENlcnRpZmljYXRlIEF1dGhv LKrjI1uacV79IKPd2dPB8ujwvnfbM8yKe0+RK43W9xTDjeBg0zRQvL5nIs31dHv0
cml0eYIJAJajhBdO74pMMAsGA1UdDwQEAwIF4DAdBgNVHSUEFjAUBggrBgEFBQcD mmiiUiuBL0bTCZ8lwyDoENXvOHvRF9Tx11RnVvETzy/8i4P8FOcBglmDzLGN8Mfa
BAYIKwYBBQUHAxQwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEFBQADggEBAF3W+SNF2npRi8b+S4mZgTfv TrHczFTPbDtHR1mH2Rbsr6/hEhMjHgrb9bX/XasVDuMlkQAOkNvYBxGQgQE6SKiq
JwOq4O2N7NC/bkwMY2q7276dbfjQ2X2JeOMfxjvbrh729FYA3fMOK/hwkfHs+AIG nrBi0zbwDLcvpxeSUjYpFArWZYZnc3RuqjzuRzgeyG4GgYUcLvC2BH1sONuBnLgH
wfOQkrMljVQiuAdLoe5cXBesYjcoX3ACtYAJlELP5vBw29/RlOF91XBBGku1c+xM 4we+9S8JaGMEa4cONrmho/vIMAygY41tqwr4RLB4GRo4fvpqodRLS3V1v28J
eHG9m9Rj11cw/OvSu32cTrnC6rabRkdG0I2OUfnd7Yh1LRg7eUvO9nZ79S9xS6Qd
Bvg3XtmKQlx2o5U28JvuWlViEiqUTv43iy5FWiEcR/3eLwE+d7kkpmZElTI3LE2Q
k7tqsx1bnAw71nDTejlGSCu6XW7YO4PLz2dbDC0uTP8SHt9ydbPPnYPO6fT0PAI=
-----END CERTIFICATE----- -----END CERTIFICATE-----
Fluffy's private key for user certificate for example.com: Fluffy's private key for user certificate for example.com:
-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY----- -----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
MIIEowIBAAKCAQEAxqn/suBjGHoFuZoxwDO71AXbpN8yaEF+5WwTzfIY05v6f0WS MIIEpQIBAAKCAQEAoyxZDOm85OzTnvuZAuyxNjq30x1Nwzq2rlC9X1UId4x+pOnw
ZhCj8k3OQN0e3xNDttnyy0SghRFR0rD3n9I+r819y6vA8ADQfuBF1ZFFeiVz1giA aDEojyMyVhnDIpenbf2nIioBta9hvV9+wRTlmCm0NE44iibuDdrbJ7l41qysBHgy
5spzYeEE0xH1bxAAqV2nrNrZdZIUB72BJnmQS5mq2FTlNGpPYeXoIkeW8eJc5aMJ mMJ152q3LbM84+uXpe+LWUJQF3v+p4GvN6fn4x+wjdByL2wUQsYBaOGP/VZNfc8W
QyJ7pUbYj9/EGO11FwBobpUW6MoVTCX2LDOGDnoPnZql44w+/8UyCCW7Ugggi5VG 3KoFYQsKysrsUexTbj0rAID+NRsGCmETiAtE88z9Kw60ogugl4QULu4r4y/BGp6G
yVLaehVG64uOoiK45++g5cJZg8iL9zMO94C3ESesPiw3omcsIjtVkKb/wN9j0SDs mnhqokxXk+cBJtNWDb2wL/jaxzwB3MstMYxsxly0Y+iyokARv634bRIBlx1H+GoV
bHxhLrXQKNcJ7TOmIp0A3iG7fFPRn68gI/TdUQIDAQABAoIBAEwk1lOaO4EjK9SS i/snlnNERjTXJBzPVo3UvtaUW/CmZ+Pdz7Ty1QIDAQABAoIBAH+bSvjiQir1WnnW
rCTt7zz5rdEIl0psaBXJEeIqu6dHroBfixhBooT5m2czGWUI/jg0WyHbwOaf18u4 YM78s4mpWeDr5chrvjmMQsyu/zQe11u4551T9FgcOl1DQGtpFjLaTz5Ug4nGYjVq
doC0VcCOM3v/7ahPt5oZncqYrpd9iWNsyPMsf4LxeybnSDn0WTyRH/ZZv2WXwsOg 3QG6ieL5mkfddDH2R+zl3sWuMmYQG2ZTaZ41VWdo+V/v8Ap+T9YhA2UGiwQSoA/3
t8Kmb076rAfUqjEn2hs8wnd5FvrISfWG2yYuht06+Tu/0OEk/DJpP9AsEcoHbWpy R0PLN3lTaws8nE+hwiaGGsweujBvcaIJu4RQrGHRHaeEplU+tfjcHHElfzUAmKyM
tsHaPfqGiD2HEViOTXqBQ2GGJE6p/WpJvqQXDJTRkkXjuQCuNiah+p3DsUbtKkYe cMgF8IpdUcA1pyHe3Pyc0oGnLyEVnv291xGWQfWT7nqf7K0QDLA6+TvbG3fGEYIw
YdAWhC4T/Lmq9QQiWEiEjRcFYQ45LU0jGbtqOIPOlPpq+cxlXHUVwgE6XDSC090B WK4DMraUbZ66Jlnj1XfADoxWOTsygV+KYhZcbwjBWAUSOSduAtfwa6b72OnWd28J
YgyEL8ECgYEA8HsDj/aj28rBbiMduhAOLgVaiPrR4d9Lp5N22S2R1OXqS65cDGnU 8KYvrXECgYEA1eCJZZSavxhlfxqsWC/WdQ8S3SimI62KSLrN3bI0RO/60KiU2ap3
zMjRlSBak/aLwxcFv/lGpHwoJxr13GHTid2/7h7/R8pN+USjtvC8qVAOPYujAsX6 16ZhNLq8t3DjpkWiZrukixs2odsU7k3z6q+qm++P0TUwL7z3Bri0FimqUeVSYgAf
gcl53WGo8mSciIEN5L6TpwMknP3F/FYANalyuUpkKr6dIGbVCrrbGskCgYEA03wi ZmFgGz7wLAM29zhv0hTZjGrrwMlNSyJ2tjyqpiO1XqkbdBpPBxKPrdcCgYEAw09f
QRpA/vvB21GbeneyIDcGmRX7TTCd5TfH4GFOPFNZtkw35RHOyMh6f5jN4Gf828lC 4M2QKQBFzjecPeQpwJqnh8cuoHS+2CNLYGjlmjd/zAUgVF2+WPA1R1DmjAqJ9iwh
rvqhgmYaI58n9Jf8CHoOlWrXgLQadxszD4T2s+PPUmjLKKkwLLe2JpWtUxrUVbg0 15Yx3CbknpKbfhfilmHkcGyA+fjQaisq/NzN3Ya0FP9Waht0FoBsAHt9X5xFwXH6
9XOid8MdFybeQapUJ9BKPTufBGAAqIUvAj3LakkCgYBjWi9Klxdzgv0PR6rMaD2z YBKUrqoPF5DAy427EL1nsIRa+LtoPaTdqpphFzMCgYEAlgSOO0s2FA43uyTpeF3t
fbq9xQJZUyuqfB4p883AK4z034BgEIk+YelUtx007DMp0qUpfw9UfYcJQPY6qp/+ rmQpVilaB7KFSaiGGBgUY7p0koF9DwRsVT4l9sd48a7kb09ur2K08sHe2z8BenoB
4YKeGmhVfJtiVJ1ew27udIitnLcoOisY2+hhMivemPqi2s6mpqXR5laGFcJqUg2c Oj+HiyNJHHSTXRjNqNBLuTP2fMU+uPDfFX/92n6WFjkXB+d1P8VSJxUkUjCg36/H
Hfmr27QuhLnd3R4/ZJuJIQKBgAg0xeN+0EzUmgYXmY/b+yZy3CeuiazKGSZezruv 1uHMzQZFBKXXVOPTROG3GDcCgYEAoPFmq8QZOIA+BbnzqVi8QzfuN8geFyE9JrSm
Kuj+VvnS5UxXL43s8Yvn8v0lK9OfcJ33jbLQoW0GbPd5ukbd7Zjwp2IQGwLKJGYS 55JpKdT0HbZXts3tDjMbZGI5KUuB9nbViGb/PVBbcoSTV6vtD0kpyq7O9a5gaCyc
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-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY----- -----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
Kumiko's user certificate for example.net: Kumiko's user certificate for example.net:
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
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BAYTAlVTMRMwEQYDVQQIEwpDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYDVQQHEwhTYW4gSm9zZTEO BAYTAlVTMRMwEQYDVQQIDApDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYDVQQHDAhTYW4gSm9zZTEO
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CQYDVQQGEwJVUzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZvcm5pYTERMA8GA1UEBxMIU2FuIEpv CQYDVQQGEwJVUzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZvcm5pYTERMA8GA1UEBxMIU2FuIEpv
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MAkGA1UdEwQCMAAwHQYDVR0OBBYEFKSdwO/x+f3jTWmnSXlr2GWtXYgkMIGiBgNV A1UdDgQWBBQ02bNX/rnbbYoEy6wU7oyst63WbDAfBgNVHSMEGDAWgBSVRX5fK+pl
HSMEgZowgZeAFLs3jkfHWjTbetn4drZ1jtDkExdFoXSkcjBwMQswCQYDVQQGEwJV mBKRBPNjx2iaWBZ3JzALBgNVHQ8EBAMCBeAwHQYDVR0lBBYwFAYIKwYBBQUHAwQG
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BAYIKwYBBQUHAxQwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEFBQADggEBAJFQco7QyfgyrK8+fUpsI5PH 4i/O9+MhB3Zoeg5bm5f2g9ljYwRbD1Uav/aH9WeGEX992d9XJ/bpGGPrAdgmV3jo
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FgyTBTlpx3+21vr9+980sw7HBNWV3tC8wzg1M8HJe8Fg9O1ESESwy0dLFcspAcRh YKxyS721re/840FwDvt67w+GIfFf7ISrAlkHwroYt0NMnLv610rka8qnVvaQ
QNnA9C90ukcZjyObl44blQ9z9eUGlFePwirXF/g3zAf1CLiww6a6T4i0mqxFdQ4q
Kwy0iNpfU1MdRfOIr9Pv9dOLcaoijEFH9kugRBhNSVoVK2mzctJB1+XPDQqO2uwa
3FARkYFFxdNi+TktvaXxxO1S6bq1hurStsYOfHrgunPiLdRsF+JO44xYAxHPrwU=
-----END CERTIFICATE----- -----END CERTIFICATE-----
Kumiko's private key for user certificate for example.net: Kumiko's private key for user certificate for example.net:
-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY----- -----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
MIIEowIBAAKCAQEApHbYr4tj5RuH5TR8pKXuVQTWYjPrMmb9BSJwsx9BNXlmHw9+ MIIEpAIBAAKCAQEAy+aHVXQN4BX/zLhiKmzGPCpe4O5FH3sVpKV206bcZcX9g/Ic
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6ET1wEZlloeFmtaEswVgZliSLqH/TUG5KFZxEYpBUcw4mjLxtboeIDk6V4cXIdfA 6nT01hSK0YW0VIT449FrxtQBT2EURvyGX0UHB/AMNcPF0qeteJtZmPV8C+S7hzYp
QlIKKVJJLGIXhxww3FdAnGV5h+PZqPlWzrOeUkuJFpGpj90d+YTlhiAWIUWu/15w gIIwAxzK0pNaG5h8LNLYVPZ1dLdVBtUgNZQN9iWV/NW6ig4N06tR6H7ClNxsKAWR
VPF6vu0IOEmI8uNWU0hN5fKGmsn6n/Eh1jkDvoRZR5ugZWDhJxjF+BY5/l1pZSdx udO5VRuW3FdgcgOR5whaRXg0w2BNt9fe1Ei4akbSKq8ca+uEhaPQ5z9JmB+nt5Ub
op7Bpq11ybw4/GOLseUsWEL8wMbLBdGXjBQz7QIDAQABAoIBAQCUD0pT/zEXeQmG 3gGYXSiGwh4BmiqiK+/kmQ5y3Qsig6xUjwv5WwIDAQABAoIBAHCXmrGgRS0xWLBW
lxH/SEKf15MJJaR/46e1j6PWHjUeZwRAwjnQdtEtax3zd42qf+p5qdKMrP1T4hs7 PLbKm+iLSRsR14+bqwbg663SHTAB1Yzvu+W2Bo2oMnvMJrEe0o407l2J6bJoZZvF
S54KGZT06Iykm52GTNFioefQPCQiLeNCIqti53I2fynFsovdMXKVmCmI+gPgZ4bn CKmKqrYiKaJkXgrBW/jtZ6xCWGPCNAL1pnX1IWG5tDIgj8SALOO4N7hyR0rrA4Rz
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3aQZTHupmLojabBvlCx9vlpdbC9OfKW9Le+pW1F8T9o2MyEs4U82DmkLuNNd6x5U jjxuoIVXbxSf9cZ+M6g76Svww9ecmovLArqbhFaLfbZCsrLeEAhQtGcu3wv7o6px
7TRPMieQfTzbDdEMynR1Gf5D1wl95ZcuaGbSfIoJ64c/Eyh0G5WSMJdpAoGBAMrr N0EbbF5FmOK7qaQ1Sgqj0NF5zP2JsrxGNoRmgFFwVdcpP/3Jp/IlZEsCgYEA1guI
WEWCYZAmZfr7O9ay/zhG+EAR86SCKVdrV12okvagp18k2EEdFuk+Mx4h7cs/FIS6 /7I8h9og1dmTPzMpvpnANdRF/iuMX9AE4LNRp09Hjx0B7Vuat1ABtx09/ZN1hLhZ
P9mbasPjU/o6kmeQuuHW/M66D/5R+C7YJKxC24L7ZfSAVrqVjyXR6rfoqCaSBJoX BTZ5R2R2RjbzSHXZ3FdoMgSx9Q3qa+xuPel4RcppHNjdYkPDhPLnOUwQBqFL6kyU
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6GdkRpGZ4bhPbB0ibeyKAgE2XbSec/505tftyKvHZ2S3pol5wgjjBuojiP7q7fbu /5YlAIwUJk+wQ9VnZJJmNM6OhTDvVFQmE9VCEHlS/Mmox6FiWZ8EjLSJ7HvAZzzy
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GACVVbBmEokw9b0h4fiPXTc60xfD3QwNHroi2vD0z3zscNlziiDixA9IcC1ov4Qh Dzv0pc3UQHQGI7CLDuYLy91V9o8St17+V76JXIHDYy97U4bdBau/kkgGm++gd9PJ
UuxD37pWJrs5+K9x/QXVFmP/0i8pn3cD+sqhjKlJuElG8N5aNTqdhKMKlJJH/Z9P U11Xg8aaM73rUJLXhW7ZH68rA16jQnI4tpcNW5S/pr51n0UYI/hXkT7psPIZA08w
z43kCQKBgEpEVv4D7MDLxXMoEaPckayeGGSswbPgeb/u5Wy1PsqiaP992KrP62hq OV8lkQKBgQDaGzCYC/6WumGJUerVCzZd/H6+E3ntZmtz273c8+wV89oRtZzUoJY4
K5uTFjRHJMuGKJfMFM/2HETJfllXSHWIMgnFz9ZRqcZ4AbLSreK2muzIKsHnusKg bVNrYFs9iKFxLtNGRECEU2VzDXHUAguqe05rbzPudAZ4wSsrNchUyw8LkIXHDckt
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-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY----- -----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
Domain certificate for example.com: Domain certificate for example.com:
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEejCCA2KgAwIBAgIJAJajhBdO74pPMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBBQUAMHAxCzAJBgNV MIID9DCCAtygAwIBAgIJAJajhBdO74pPMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBBQUAMHAxCzAJBgNV
BAYTAlVTMRMwEQYDVQQIEwpDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYDVQQHEwhTYW4gSm9zZTEO BAYTAlVTMRMwEQYDVQQIDApDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYDVQQHDAhTYW4gSm9zZTEO
MAwGA1UEChMFc2lwaXQxKTAnBgNVBAsTIFNpcGl0IFRlc3QgQ2VydGlmaWNhdGUg MAwGA1UECgwFc2lwaXQxKTAnBgNVBAsMIFNpcGl0IFRlc3QgQ2VydGlmaWNhdGUg
QXV0aG9yaXR5MCAXDTEwMTIwNjIyNDM1MFoYDzIxMTAxMTEyMjI0MzUwWjBbMQsw QXV0aG9yaXR5MCAXDTExMDIwNzE5MzIxN1oYDzIxMTEwMTE0MTkzMjE3WjBbMQsw
CQYDVQQGEwJVUzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZvcm5pYTERMA8GA1UEBxMIU2FuIEpv CQYDVQQGEwJVUzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZvcm5pYTERMA8GA1UEBxMIU2FuIEpv
c2UxDjAMBgNVBAoTBXNpcGl0MRQwEgYDVQQDEwtleGFtcGxlLmNvbTCCASIwDQYJ c2UxDjAMBgNVBAoTBXNpcGl0MRQwEgYDVQQDEwtleGFtcGxlLmNvbTCCASIwDQYJ
KoZIhvcNAQEBBQADggEPADCCAQoCggEBAJ0mJZ3y+ADOOo7lEfhqOw7KC3ysdMta KoZIhvcNAQEBBQADggEPADCCAQoCggEBAN10BgIQwucEH7yMtiTnm5SjSDeFnm2D
ecdSHOrMB4a3kzdqDioA5kf5epK4B8ksGpo0oOBjrUZu0oLMxKLNzqbiUdebzjmo EoRQGo5IsfqGjKeAub5S7KbKY0eErfZ0hYIWfk42QAp0LCCpag5qfzXPcHFjfelD
VT2xSt8n2I8CMwqEWqLs0bTB4Al5nwVquAg4gmvCDl3HT8Uhok81SlqWOtbyoFPI Z4FM6rUet0yjNQh7IQ0qcwdjnY11vx/UjuZnYHX36gp6bJCvkkXgYgWaihCY3HxU
/tfu7xsnBgj+JJYEIxl/ZU2BQ7B5R0O3ox8TWI7A5JKnPUSTTXTfIROUc0jwb8+N i+RhlTsE/BBQ74BFul6El3bBICXBkh2JCvdVYmT66GmiYkxn0wjZYbU9FlS2t0SN
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ASgwggEkMCcGA1UdEQQgMB6CC2V4YW1wbGUuY29thg9zaXA6ZXhhbXBsZS5jb20w ozCBoDAnBgNVHREEIDAeggtleGFtcGxlLmNvbYYPc2lwOmV4YW1wbGUuY29tMAkG
CQYDVR0TBAIwADAdBgNVHQ4EFgQUq+m8DTeiRZDyu8ux26FJKIE8GtIwgaIGA1Ud A1UdEwQCMAAwHQYDVR0OBBYEFMwGWVuLXtYN8gVNG2hUHvz5QxkXMB8GA1UdIwQY
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MRMwEQYDVQQIEwpDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYDVQQHEwhTYW4gSm9zZTEOMAwGA1UE BggrBgEFBQcDAQYIKwYBBQUHAxQwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEFBQADggEBAGqa0dsAS5CG
ChMFc2lwaXQxKTAnBgNVBAsTIFNpcGl0IFRlc3QgQ2VydGlmaWNhdGUgQXV0aG9y sFPqbzAxiR6bCRS9b7kCqm9Y7jADuKH9s0Fy/7MNy3anF8ZXOAYT5fPkMBdN95e1
aXR5ggkAlqOEF07vikwwCwYDVR0PBAQDAgXgMB0GA1UdJQQWMBQGCCsGAQUFBwMB 83Tpgfj0VaMN9YI4w5hDUh+EzRq0o0WfPeIx/cuire1gffrSqkkvQamAAbvttnXJ
BggrBgEFBQcDFDANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQUFAAOCAQEAjtkfGFJTKHe5CiYLDZTYP/oB l2l/DJFg8cRaNuhcrOGo55pV5eDNAfTek/Q4bMFx0v3NG10l65B7MUHnNw7lwAFI
qXLyAoA8+QFcCoQ7822Gs61/05HoDLR2L+z2WpoW1V4Od+blO7toUSvYv2hcY0rY kfc03cYfdOY0NObNkw8/zpStkdnicrGfHdOlfV7ipFbFsXFNEApdplbmVx9IpVx1
LYRrr/Xi6ox1C+VVv131vLvu8GK83pqqxa5T1L2qpTtv840ALivI7M4q/A2OVI5N Z+qrNT72tvrB84rBgHEyGGwztfoWWhbhoWwZZ/VFaGRvsjHc41oastSHiZb9h7o4
AerACkSTAy2PlUUv3d8z39uWHyYSL7EX0vCrMbnLxMGu5lPBoBV5W6Kdrxe07HLC TgoZBwNLm7E=
nTh5Q8VYbraORLqHAyTYJKwSHL4WQjJOG6jDf6lwCxLBj5gsuSMD7qqYWkiPyDT5
vnPlXK5rorWMBA98sdKGluTA0fQRc1Xf5jx+F8aVh7Gih1CR185oJIbBPTXA0A==
-----END CERTIFICATE----- -----END CERTIFICATE-----
Private key for domain certificate for example.com: Private key for domain certificate for example.com:
-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY----- -----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
MIIEogIBAAKCAQEAnSYlnfL4AM46juUR+Go7DsoLfKx0y1p5x1Ic6swHhreTN2oO MIIEpQIBAAKCAQEA3XQGAhDC5wQfvIy2JOeblKNIN4WebYMShFAajkix+oaMp4C5
KgDmR/l6krgHySwamjSg4GOtRm7SgszEos3OpuJR15vOOahVPbFK3yfYjwIzCoRa vlLspspjR4St9nSFghZ+TjZACnQsIKlqDmp/Nc9wcWN96UNngUzqtR63TKM1CHsh
ouzRtMHgCXmfBWq4CDiCa8IOXcdPxSGiTzVKWpY61vKgU8j+1+7vGycGCP4klgQj DSpzB2OdjXW/H9SO5mdgdffqCnpskK+SReBiBZqKEJjcfFSL5GGVOwT8EFDvgEW6
GX9lTYFDsHlHQ7ejHxNYjsDkkqc9RJNNdN8hE5RzSPBvz42gbSpnjoLHx1avFcwt XoSXdsEgJcGSHYkK91ViZProaaJiTGfTCNlhtT0WVLa3RI1ZK5DU6fvHfYdYwxKs
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MVW/jPERQYKbj2yhq8TrTG7IDX0hKtqiG0UXCMNZWpqJ34FMl1n9s6N8Rl5nnYS4 hqC0EHGQuizkRd9hu+rSgiI+oXmCQF4tBv+Wl7+YnKOAUidP3gTgIZUA6fjxe9io
bayZAoGAbDehMmO3vOUa/XdDAwxXoSB1KuONGF0u+V8tbYLrPpRQRBm1hwnQgsRC FzBxG6ECgYEAyAHvSeqqwmdotdpWgR3Fk1CmtH7ZPnF2rsuRBaBoYnWtU619ote+
FWE1NvNEj8nku19CP9/iuOHSCaBEsZ0jKzGr5wTRa3XO19qmBjotDcby6q11VkUM +Bmd4fBUB9tQOzUC9desRtoK3+wlJKHEPjm/0FxtQQi9ogHEn4e6P9jOwXJNkSsa
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-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY----- -----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
Domain certificate for example.net: Domain certificate for example.net:
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
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BAYTAlVTMRMwEQYDVQQIEwpDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYDVQQHEwhTYW4gSm9zZTEO BAYTAlVTMRMwEQYDVQQIDApDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYDVQQHDAhTYW4gSm9zZTEO
MAwGA1UEChMFc2lwaXQxKTAnBgNVBAsTIFNpcGl0IFRlc3QgQ2VydGlmaWNhdGUg MAwGA1UECgwFc2lwaXQxKTAnBgNVBAsMIFNpcGl0IFRlc3QgQ2VydGlmaWNhdGUg
QXV0aG9yaXR5MCAXDTEwMTIwNjIyNDM1MVoYDzIxMTAxMTEyMjI0MzUxWjBbMQsw QXV0aG9yaXR5MCAXDTExMDIwNzE5MzIxOFoYDzIxMTEwMTE0MTkzMjE4WjBbMQsw
CQYDVQQGEwJVUzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZvcm5pYTERMA8GA1UEBxMIU2FuIEpv CQYDVQQGEwJVUzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZvcm5pYTERMA8GA1UEBxMIU2FuIEpv
c2UxDjAMBgNVBAoTBXNpcGl0MRQwEgYDVQQDEwtleGFtcGxlLm5ldDCCASIwDQYJ c2UxDjAMBgNVBAoTBXNpcGl0MRQwEgYDVQQDEwtleGFtcGxlLm5ldDCCASIwDQYJ
KoZIhvcNAQEBBQADggEPADCCAQoCggEBAKbPap6TpwWUVOamXmS8f0LCVAKz0F/7 KoZIhvcNAQEBBQADggEPADCCAQoCggEBAOwsdgPVSPMweLWsBDHUSXJS6Vk6pu6K
kIb5ec82bNlDMBvAsdFU3NXDqjEToP7qFNSKC15NvspLKVke9qVrXh6C2HzGzU+E sVg8IWMf1g0TWTPc5jUAQlWlLNtmN4gcSzq5z1ecvf3rLMomJPZaWbektTTg1KZl
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BggrBgEFBQcDFDANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQUFAAOCAQEAxOpZXrdpZMLbA1GgFI4Sj4a5 5Ar8R5DZXx/Q9zdQLE+cjMSjxo7q7uOV8DRkgMpYtp7BURg5ZXhnkAhEHxa3/SbU
9qtrweqFKFY1X+mUWvuBVpcClUgTC/sbE1kngtY7p8icF7NSbQhT5+UYwwUI0d1U YGfy3PzRoAMQmRZieAXArsIxEfkaC4Dtox/D4XLvY7njBFv8H6wqlvQyDsKXWlUH
+J0K2JFF+5t5db54CMVGniMIfw/NAqA5u1kX4+N90FF4DpoG9TKwxu8Q+zfWVCag 8dS9i/3wFEpQtymUUeXwk8gzf2ytT6hgrX70s6BLy/IeRU+wLJ3k5YZpopQZjDm1
VDMg9uYx90eM1v+Qk6LWbnYzG+ZA+VuDq+ilRw4eTqX4urTmprudxzpI7FZZLJDs fNQG/O8TJlQ=
1KNBGGza1anbrdD0X7NoKaY7i0Pu2Vz7JmNFa2xC5xrswOJTho8eL00g+UXCVu4M
d8aD/tpKbGVHgjwfoorD+lDLogtnDcqTXkEnw4MM77AYScc9UQtIcODm8Y65Lw==
-----END CERTIFICATE----- -----END CERTIFICATE-----
Private key for domain certificate for example.net: Private key for domain certificate for example.net:
-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY----- -----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
MIIEowIBAAKCAQEAps9qnpOnBZRU5qZeZLx/QsJUArPQX/uQhvl5zzZs2UMwG8Cx MIIEogIBAAKCAQEA7Cx2A9VI8zB4tawEMdRJclLpWTqm7oqxWDwhYx/WDRNZM9zm
0VTc1cOqMROg/uoU1IoLXk2+ykspWR72pWteHoLYfMbNT4RhBn8D5ntlOF6+UYeU NQBCVaUs22Y3iBxLOrnPV5y9/essyiYk9lpZt6S1NODUpmXbBCDI/6/H8d/UEHKP
O4gCNzCMX8WXbz0H+CvD3jhyN8RUSDWuPfHebPILcRB0047utSUCVDGrp11Ze19O ezYMT8pmgudCMVBrAccxz6QK1Jrp0IVOYP2cDlxgNXE2YoYrP/7kdjF7oHIjo1kY
C8Mi1lQ6IoGSPQC2PRwksrN0fMH6GsoOCdfvawMcik7kzn1AWN4ppqdieNnwahrM 2VIHwAM9QtwWDpRyE7Tom+sYW3Wf20C0x/kLfX5hgampcGWpk5XxajQanpWWd3gu
nplYt/i1BRmnBUzVmShWZVj8/fgYJKb4Ct50Ox4vSjbn3XDc68q/sdI20gvKhc1o u8NmTCOlD+jsS4VuIrfga+Hdy6H0SQxuT4g+BW/uiGNY8OXpbKBOQTZVccOGF03g
3c5/VZmUdtUbe21UBXeYVzUGWuwTaZuAeXQTGwIDAQABAoIBACdfe+4UMe86NNQA xc8rJ6ddffmwHnZ83K037aozxujhA99NmUavHQIDAQABAoIBABfBYR2BlpTfi0S6
XvVuHKe4ULYWlU+ihFmnlx3W3dhmaHuUfyRG4J1AQvK0jGK/A82rC8XlmewL06Wq yLE6aSjWriILhD76NFxrr/AIg79M8uwEjCNIo2N5+ckXvv4x2l9N0U0+tt2Tii3L
jlM7RYr0HX9OOXXUbEZpQpVreNfWXRvHYbCviL5YIjoU3IqwICpuwhu4vRT2rWIh KGyfKecO6isncjxKgn0nzw/o3nO1z97Xpxb9mL9t3GHOYRoUvK6xGpGILo60BlCz
8Y/DgFm8xACa/shUy3lMVAFle/vTxlAuLA8eU7StYCsw8a7ZBqSWwWhbRQXAH6j0 F+8pk0jegc7eVFoUpMULHm/FCmpY30N5cvCHcAE/ncW49bZmH3gQ+cmr5UcKKDUY
KYo7g37SP+3GnxvvLmEARpsK11ymQLWfIqtO4lF1I/ODW0Jc1YPzF/i/wcfy1VLd baJyLd8Q1f+uSmtrfYZzRT5c+4wmrBUjv3w9poMJuEo4slRaDnyeKJPSNR/6/LJk
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L+ha7vtftJo/H8Mklj0xMBaHw3W6J0NTtYB6fcViEVvRpohis13ol/LcpP57/y+L PVN4GE0Ms8TTJyvxVkpoagQ36VLw/Wr0jUm+Z+dv1TIlFWTas8RNmdZHMv0LvfEe
yEW6E9q811mta8hUhhmjhjQdytv5IT9taze+7y6I1HGN17xlW9JOmOUCgYEAyg0G Qu2fTI68l2d/L9GBMUCYa/sucX5E9q+3LC+Qo9jw8ehWjQZsWYER4dsCgYEA8WYX
TfbMG9974aN86RsN56OFhEvMUscawnFMf9L+c/JWV8pkhIiUvATVHwsLAMXnM0mk AqDdKjHRqu2h248gZsuogiZq05iuzXhk2VTQoiM92mu8m1Htak+eov3/3wojqxuw
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hT7cnD6FE1ZuSvUbyNPVLQKBgQCMmbWqaTQtrT3CjYbtm5L4fzT5E9nyPHUlm7v1 EuUkUlbiHsXv53zAbWekHwKBgBy5HwfLCEXbA62o9NdhImPY28YQuClRQ4tjReyu
Mzk4LAnje4apJ3YAxIgd2wxkFFNHwFZjpT0aAQDkIPpo+HIjbk4zefy2DwsigTV2 MNz6AIQayahZiTxbGO8f9fAeDrxvYPzKiFMkI1EnlFrpWf48O3DcpMSninklIVpO
Rv2k6awf8Lz2tGOZyOu8DSThzfi924+r8TpDmBEIpFf+leXcxTb4M2bDxTQpQI1z kwBQgOIdrods3j+yaZTzCzcTjVxKXkUSfDjW+b2A9kZhj9v3HCGc2qbl/5Utraio
nTVHtwKBgGQPfSeoeegQEg4JwWA4gcxc7IFn0zppj+LZMI98Teyga5S0P7ju4SC9 JMMFAoGAHb+k+C4e8WrW+jXbbG/DgAkSokK5vZwZLHeWBig9bEi626xN/oFEQVXp
mPD0N9TriE6nW6+Zvf/9JDC+gjwXs2m/ueq50HKYxHaeG4NGknuJg09HpgD1f37R zqwyNo6zQaofmS6anT6P2M7NClSGJxh27eBTiTLp1NCXlGTWAQEtXmYtvnAZNzXC
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-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY----- -----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
B.2. Certificates NOT Using EKU B.2. Certificates NOT Using EKU
These certificates do not make use of the EKU specification described These certificates do not make use of the EKU specification described
in [RFC5924]. Most existing certificates fall in this category. in [RFC5924]. Most existing certificates fall in this category.
Fluffy's user certificate for example.com: Fluffy's user certificate for example.com:
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEjDCCA3SgAwIBAgIJAJajhBdO74pRMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBBQUAMHAxCzAJBgNV MIID+jCCAuKgAwIBAgIJAJajhBdO74pRMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBBQUAMHAxCzAJBgNV
BAYTAlVTMRMwEQYDVQQIEwpDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYDVQQHEwhTYW4gSm9zZTEO BAYTAlVTMRMwEQYDVQQIDApDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYDVQQHDAhTYW4gSm9zZTEO
MAwGA1UEChMFc2lwaXQxKTAnBgNVBAsTIFNpcGl0IFRlc3QgQ2VydGlmaWNhdGUg MAwGA1UECgwFc2lwaXQxKTAnBgNVBAsMIFNpcGl0IFRlc3QgQ2VydGlmaWNhdGUg
QXV0aG9yaXR5MCAXDTEwMTIwNjIyNDM1MVoYDzIxMTAxMTEyMjI0MzUxWjBiMQsw QXV0aG9yaXR5MCAXDTExMDIwNzE5MzIxOFoYDzIxMTEwMTE0MTkzMjE4WjBWMQsw
CQYDVQQGEwJVUzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZvcm5pYTERMA8GA1UEBxMIU2FuIEpv CQYDVQQGEwJVUzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZvcm5pYTERMA8GA1UEBxMIU2FuIEpv
c2UxDjAMBgNVBAoTBXNpcGl0MRswGQYDVQQDFBJmbHVmZnlAZXhhbXBsZS5jb20w c2UxDjAMBgNVBAoTBXNpcGl0MQ8wDQYDVQQDEwZmbHVmZnkwggEiMA0GCSqGSIb3
ggEiMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA4IBDwAwggEKAoIBAQCnWAqXQ7NkLPjAssXP8c3o DQEBAQUAA4IBDwAwggEKAoIBAQC6VyOIP6UANXy766KHiYDxyOpYEFboLJv6SEtw
zMed3haJ8gwH4r+N1Pm+3LuWk8LJ63Vq/+gjlel2RxP39rkU/HXa+nqHqiH+M1E1 UWQoZS3hQurFidOu4gkCspblzaMoty7lnUexbFxUKdbJOWGMcB2hrezJ+6rwJPK/
ic7hpmEHM6Gm0Tg43aVQBx5qGzneMMfdXJ9UARSg/Vb+U0AlvyWbwXDh3UZvIl1E bF5YDijVtVqMRd5lv/Ni5yzteHfrMszWnz3t+ojgak4XTjBJmP2RO0T67GUpEbFV
EVOJ80h8F8B34PcUbzZ5koaYcBV/GMWkihT6++mgTT+U1b0icP3+Jz//upaOYQiI sDeYtWi+G1ebDAR6bf6Jdba2K6DnmkxT5Rr6oYJHIApYbubk28asBQN6EGBBgPEO
pGKo79p0b1yESS6jFkPEbiFJEQssroWIZWIYkY4qkbFQCw60pN+S+zwI/vBDFCea RReJYrjoJR/rBDDe1bxK+ONdFXPlwjI/TRPMpvUYraWgTjJ18tXISgF1htaa/Y1K
9sUpwkCLdsVwMpqjDSseJHtzfqBAD5bEjLPJ8vGaqmPcYwFamsZ6ylJqxGizO1il YP79Yun2Nl/3UQcPIc/C6CXBs3yAUK3qQO1G6C5pXH9KMMlNAgMBAAGjga4wgasw
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B4J1D+Ky/GluG6T4vqKHPA==
-----END CERTIFICATE----- -----END CERTIFICATE-----
Fluffy's private key for user certificate for example.com: Fluffy's private key for user certificate for example.com:
-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY----- -----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
MIIEogIBAAKCAQEAp1gKl0OzZCz4wLLFz/HN6MzHnd4WifIMB+K/jdT5vty7lpPC MIIEogIBAAKCAQEAulcjiD+lADV8u+uih4mA8cjqWBBW6Cyb+khLcFFkKGUt4ULq
yet1av/oI5XpdkcT9/a5FPx12vp6h6oh/jNRNYnO4aZhBzOhptE4ON2lUAceahs5 xYnTruIJArKW5c2jKLcu5Z1HsWxcVCnWyTlhjHAdoa3syfuq8CTyv2xeWA4o1bVa
3jDH3VyfVAEUoP1W/lNAJb8lm8Fw4d1GbyJdRBFTifNIfBfAd+D3FG82eZKGmHAV jEXeZb/zYucs7Xh36zLM1p897fqI4GpOF04wSZj9kTtE+uxlKRGxVbA3mLVovhtX
fxjFpIoU+vvpoE0/lNW9InD9/ic//7qWjmEIiKRiqO/adG9chEkuoxZDxG4hSREL mwwEem3+iXW2tiug55pMU+Ua+qGCRyAKWG7m5NvGrAUDehBgQYDxDkUXiWK46CUf
LK6FiGViGJGOKpGxUAsOtKTfkvs8CP7wQxQnmvbFKcJAi3bFcDKaow0rHiR7c36g 6wQw3tW8SvjjXRVz5cIyP00TzKb1GK2loE4ydfLVyEoBdYbWmv2NSmD+/WLp9jZf
QA+WxIyzyfLxmqpj3GMBWprGespSasRosztYpQIDAQABAoIBAE4NmqMDSOEouL3o 91EHDyHPwuglwbN8gFCt6kDtRuguaVx/SjDJTQIDAQABAoIBABtIBLi+8K5eJlvw
pKthNZGoMlNIC2s8IrBq6r3U4MhNXJHXSbu0v4ew5S3z9njcnkvCIIHRX4dL3Wr5 /MOxOwKrMrwf8ElftppnGTxhfjN31MbFIFA5hJd3GnCdqwAMIlYks6YEZ+mu/rmH
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0c5+v2mUopfY4bFxJtQx0CwXQj0DQtn7y9gtKP53pyUDwE6/MBx3IxssIaBIz4ke mjww1IH1677G5o/6qMloOM0Feqv/3cUWiRmvPv4eyGHdNtuFXKFpB4DQQMQL7TD8
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opgIOF6+SEED2QoeLWyQHzYATtQLXRjIL+rihDdct//IvY3ii4QJ37kCgYEAx+SQ G6ZsWOfx6Jf35OnAKVj/7aN9jc4K1v6EFyQGYEXbp4I0fhFfbJBAe28CgYEA1Dmx
g1mkqzMraDmaB8SEO+CvxSHPZYw7xAuOx4OeznU8FKRyC+pxiMOBfsdUXqIRVa9W iKJD+jWW9ypHk51YJ3r+a5qPPNVmjGKQQje3Y6+rSlxmW0hMwXoCBOYRwhHBRA//
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E56zvmMitDLUG0jBASHLSEtHsDlJ24H900E2XxpvPy32sCBmgwYzgjH30yZJ+UdA J1E3/gB4S+wQ8YELth0FVCP0sDsLuZdlItfRw7OfUraa01k/SHeSIfiJdIghN6mz
oCX2Vs8UbHgcES0bbkvjdzLSaS/3krXdiUElbLfex4bKPUzD+H7+GD1uTaujzqrP oDFMQ+7vh47zUWurZPCg95n4nk5ihIkNR1nV9elJTudjLcWS3pFyC2JU3XIObE+n
T2/+CZpoq5K+KUjky9EGAQKBgEpa0Q6q97/fBtR8KLme9fk3+OoBS55gbZLdIb1B k66zufFoUuWFSCi2juibqwKBgCT6RHe1JjkDe2FniX8r7D88y/W9wXVtDWgqiE4x
Tn9JyJF9IhcgnB7danv4NYAGFSCkWkVmQZ6lWisJHzFFLJVhxajoGAXNqVFucy47 XQ/OfP8A6IjBKTaQ5qcp2zBAXbdZPjc7VEta21A8FvQPXVZCrsAAFXha4413zVsO
JckQFdSGddV/1OSsDFEhh1M/snm8+q6zBOL7IJPWQAx/I1PaEUJsLlTAqqtAxLoL WYblLlTI7ZXA2yvU8wW/Gnds00zU1iTRGX6W+sAY0rll/M8k/tOknA5HfeEYsEbq
PdE5AoGALjb+pyL6ZZzpawX3BbM6AKUYr3nITsatHkRFdko4JYQ27Wv17//947BL Y/w3AoGASjoC9Fjy2aBvH8SQaimn/Rx3hOFR4myOGWtHxrXmezoO2YdcMO1d8rlz
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-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY----- -----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
Kumiko's user certificate for example.net: Kumiko's user certificate for example.net:
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEjDCCA3SgAwIBAgIJAJajhBdO74pSMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBBQUAMHAxCzAJBgNV MIID+jCCAuKgAwIBAgIJAJajhBdO74pSMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBBQUAMHAxCzAJBgNV
BAYTAlVTMRMwEQYDVQQIEwpDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYDVQQHEwhTYW4gSm9zZTEO BAYTAlVTMRMwEQYDVQQIDApDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYDVQQHDAhTYW4gSm9zZTEO
MAwGA1UEChMFc2lwaXQxKTAnBgNVBAsTIFNpcGl0IFRlc3QgQ2VydGlmaWNhdGUg MAwGA1UECgwFc2lwaXQxKTAnBgNVBAsMIFNpcGl0IFRlc3QgQ2VydGlmaWNhdGUg
QXV0aG9yaXR5MCAXDTEwMTIwNjIyNDM1MloYDzIxMTAxMTEyMjI0MzUyWjBiMQsw QXV0aG9yaXR5MCAXDTExMDIwNzE5MzIxOFoYDzIxMTEwMTE0MTkzMjE4WjBWMQsw
CQYDVQQGEwJVUzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZvcm5pYTERMA8GA1UEBxMIU2FuIEpv CQYDVQQGEwJVUzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZvcm5pYTERMA8GA1UEBxMIU2FuIEpv
c2UxDjAMBgNVBAoTBXNpcGl0MRswGQYDVQQDFBJrdW1pa29AZXhhbXBsZS5uZXQw c2UxDjAMBgNVBAoTBXNpcGl0MQ8wDQYDVQQDEwZrdW1pa28wggEiMA0GCSqGSIb3
ggEiMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA4IBDwAwggEKAoIBAQDRSzOOvy+ileQ+vlg50lmj DQEBAQUAA4IBDwAwggEKAoIBAQDE/QVN7nxDDu5ov6b0cmHIFH93KhNbTEyCisir
LG2ZtCBwMwzoxV61qi4GYW7Ycj1Po4rGZj6SbPXBl1kOEVWLeUk6kcdw1VCx0Qy6 i4OeUBiCv9dgRgPBXffrIIVQdIlCoDeLDusHdsC9EfFWvg+pRlKVEDgwccO0F5AV
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bcHejcvsA3Wa0HyJbUlj80v/iqf5e+6x2qlvEsCBfHmBQcybJlJLhIUcMTRsEo6o z9rFhlTB9lHg6vNJUN9+Xonbcs7siXbj3qZdhb7oipI4PoQlXVetyu+SzAVe6MsU
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AgMBAAGjggEzMIIBLzBRBgNVHREESjBIhhZzaXA6a3VtaWtvQGV4YW1wbGUubmV0 UQYDVR0RBEowSIYWc2lwOmt1bWlrb0BleGFtcGxlLm5ldIYVaW06a3VtaWtvQGV4
hhVpbTprdW1pa29AZXhhbXBsZS5uZXSGF3ByZXM6a3VtaWtvQGV4YW1wbGUubmV0 YW1wbGUubmV0hhdwcmVzOmt1bWlrb0BleGFtcGxlLm5ldDAJBgNVHRMEAjAAMB0G
MAkGA1UdEwQCMAAwHQYDVR0OBBYEFEDMGZkS331DpFqfPXUoAIYcVUKVMIGiBgNV A1UdDgQWBBR6WwH61Ul7BIWeiKM35fMAiE9xazAfBgNVHSMEGDAWgBSVRX5fK+pl
HSMEgZowgZeAFLs3jkfHWjTbetn4drZ1jtDkExdFoXSkcjBwMQswCQYDVQQGEwJV mBKRBPNjx2iaWBZ3JzALBgNVHQ8EBAMCBeAwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEFBQADggEBAKE8
UzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZvcm5pYTERMA8GA1UEBxMIU2FuIEpvc2UxDjAMBgNV y9YyoZlkFw4WxPalK087sSEveKBfzh4TuYQf5YcSIPw0coZGj/gNxn1juiYhE93G
BAoTBXNpcGl0MSkwJwYDVQQLEyBTaXBpdCBUZXN0IENlcnRpZmljYXRlIEF1dGhv F+Si/hJM0M6cc7SLB5Spq06Tt3PyPBIOZOWk9koh92kDI3axSr6II9Plsvp+Xsrl
cml0eYIJAJajhBdO74pMMAsGA1UdDwQEAwIF4DANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQUFAAOCAQEA bz5Zy8njy/YZrk/qOaHqQ5J6nPNp5qwF+ns2t+5Zl88Lli5nkBgOXFOuE0RIkcdF
E7CDtfPvcTa8bcfnkqQ9+26qTuiL1uCEyo3QnnrZl1+miN3DZvsmckgUn64vkKQ5 CUFRUj026GxAILR6wUThOzfq55Azwl5Y9Y9QmEjFhkbYLls00HxcJdnt+6Sdm/vN
w9bPrckyhtJrY2WGLnQ7UGvUItK3asv22cgN9JaAMZfJeeH0jOJRtH6oDeWuDcgV MeMJZdTzp1x+8pfPhJgHoyz7nkAxhgzC9RT33ra33BNkMQ6esRlQONJ+ZRsRLhHP
2hanLeJYeZU3p2scV5r1ph3xpRG2mOCgaFKhT1zxP7j8Teya2m/k1IKjZyV/khPI O7+kvXvmj9AAsA291wY=
nn/RMK1H56zoeqhQt3Xx//xxyxnZcqbyDOdRsnwGolm0V6s1qFy7BHq/1uRCAbyn
fHcPfciTr+DR7GC/HkgVrIcZdy0gxsc2Vnbx8JQ8KqQl1gNIHo+QmYbBv+MhSqcA
dhkXD+SMLv6W+eO16uneCA==
-----END CERTIFICATE----- -----END CERTIFICATE-----
Kumiko's private key for user certificate for example.net: Kumiko's private key for user certificate for example.net:
-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY----- -----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
MIIEpAIBAAKCAQEA0Uszjr8vopXkPr5YOdJZoyxtmbQgcDMM6MVetaouBmFu2HI9 MIIEpAIBAAKCAQEAxP0FTe58Qw7uaL+m9HJhyBR/dyoTW0xMgorIq4uDnlAYgr/X
T6OKxmY+kmz1wZdZDhFVi3lJOpHHcNVQsdEMug4TDX3TgQv4hChgpYU7PobFfU2J YEYDwV336yCFUHSJQqA3iw7rB3bAvRHxVr4PqUZSlRA4MHHDtBeQFW6tzCtjY5mu
fEvYMj1jz5J8ugti0rJ2ZTdggJX7b4+2MzDok23B3o3L7AN1mtB8iW1JY/NL/4qn SNJcKSGtEV2ENCv/6F//o2XmpIRbcv0fcnq9Cml1nS0XeirZ3CEros/axYZUwfZR
+XvusdqpbxLAgXx5gUHMmyZSS4SFHDE0bBKOqKRAvGRjcxy38h/jBWXhpLXu/p9T 4OrzSVDffl6J23LO7Il2496mXYW+6IqSOD6EJV1XrcrvkswFXujLFOZcC5qUKSM0
Oz0iwssENGR8uYWUHeRt8aDORUQfzM2bpiwhJzW1YtivbQUm3BBMSj8IIgDcKARu HUrCcsWgLFvgLMsbp4Vloj2fPPFDOL142nGbo/BryfMNl44CYpUL1bPKI1jCpwBi
a/Xz6ElIm2ZPw2x+H+/S/sGyPM9xI4gBKom/mQIDAQABAoIBAG9e7w6U2gpQbOae 2ke4K0wZhkPdHuvnIO4VrqBgZUANEdIfM1kM+QIDAQABAoIBADuLR+kwp3sVrlcX
b2BFeQGFkMTrvx81azcqX92Xs2odythO4iVQx3YPzlgotxXPLcp4mubfIYKTNGfs Z34IfSofmBALNeKpA4+KJ/JCr7xQ9bfACXhecZAnuWLnZ6TUNRFgoKl2DvEookYE
e0ZEEdunxae2Pyg6cIIS4mrx3LbHDKxC6FhGG8OQO16nesudZ3brFGmD8Ew8g1G4 gHD57n36dcf9KR7rpH5xiOoRlJNcoiRfNeFpRNZiCZBwNiAXFLnHGtznVnpwT7xI
TaIr8ncRPsro9YyfwqMhMkQG7bjLNcArDV8QiFduJFDKHSTfQjMS3V9p0SUFwGFy axMNqsrU6epi0O/quAPkOu5x6e0+j+j3ZauI4EfD1w2R6moBMUtATauZEEyLuC9A
/t/1IsEWNvcTO5H3flNOgergiPNx30prMD+vhgWJXPKDuKW0mIfmogFheDZXOMvZ 6bFz2AFDchPVLwSjNMu0tAJc8Fss8xKls9HUXGS22eUfHxWfkCGwChuW60obGmas
XvKJoNHzhSmB4mToADbTFXRXCTxeGgE7ZKqldPlHNBw0TdBpFdu0vrxkJV+t9CT+ E7GS7h4g9QvvQ4hGSVy9/MmQ88GmT0LynOyzFBCpuwjOQTHwsD674ldMSL4kXYVK
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c76GLjal3X2eNGHHi75fJtpTugrMZ4EnRrqGS8U3Tip081zUy2m+sfT4eHUDACDT nqqQYOzNk/9N8vUs12ds3csXHypuuGrJwAVf648RSPDUUQ2XOoPSL9NeuZt5V1fT
kFOzJA+brPz9VLpZZYL1boNtDicMp9qN1RhDw8arqcRj9bUdPK9Fh4sCgYEA19Ub 1VyVWanKCBZ5sztISNVPt7Pu8DtGLHch4S/7M+gEUQB1Ogz7fyJHvFsCgYEA32mE
oN8quH8TKi9QbDAc7Mm59T/IvW1qGXacpU/noRUvSfnhazCExLeFhmd2gfF8GbeA 6lN67aHkqMLa06ZI9JIk/3SsFIPpjwZ4tk+sQCqEzawPvkT7qF2+U8lVt0XXKJZL
Nt6LWCxMdd62wi+uubQ9N+qkp6SoRi5FdZQ0F+sTaslI8wgr+LOITcYQYibpnRLe aexsopsULCGS86TEAPoYtjjk91p6ZZj8mgRZLU55g+gRdTpAFhXMgIctU7U6cDIw
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38baqH+X/BVrR7yCTEmf3Fa/Q+wjZrlpA6ZtuD3Uizk2GWcSndaLQ0tV2EbfU2B0 f4W9qkIgHtwfnP2gjobtjEk8GXOkvcle4QQ9aJoiY6HPZM8hpO6kUIuSCzyXGcKF
QcUsDe+D12vBAAkrovbOBMJewPE1xuBdK0IYpeMFulP9fBUKnqRVGcct3nqouws3 s33Yzc+Or9zTqzuX3blQA4tNFtlS0POf0En28KhXSIrmbXxbG+LMmJNUF6yluSW+
Iw2J0Y8sFRPb9aWGA8uCOBsCgYEA0M7QB/dgMVZfiDR2LfTuRvdy/R5Ua09rkm76 cuQxA1i6ye0Gjes63Phl0i0CgYEAuEcILGQpTGMyAYWgC93n5Vu6ir+IxO89sgyL
ZcTEZ0dDlOI3f6hVCqwydjGqqVSjp42scWkkjo1s+6wYTA4tkGQbxfkwiy/1zM// ew1irhakLiWTYsTxsyGHwQKb4i0IWOEHWVp7DPDPhcs3tCIezhN8WKm7KtAFj1HO
Sx2yuGEpS+qotNd3Ewk+GWBBgXP8F4alhnxXs6/7EYqdetns2rXFl9iV49GyxMnB YZfemsFU99lutPwUKmNWqFlXqOkeR7cOHtDsRWM15Q45uKJnYmmkSptHjYFNsGXe
XT2gLzkCgYBfcLwsNYCw5YChZSexQgP/VYDIFm5PAITnGYCVMDLMaPdeCV/IKVWN q4fK40sCgYBoAYtsLfMlqt7s3htx4hZSMFbLP/iMGW2DMMAzDW+Xxsvw86ibrcWY
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-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY----- -----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
Domain certificate for example.com: Domain certificate for example.com:
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
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-----END CERTIFICATE----- -----END CERTIFICATE-----
Private key for domain certificate for example.com: Private key for domain certificate for example.com:
-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY----- -----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
MIIEowIBAAKCAQEA9dDKkwbMXqXASOEP3pG4kFh9z+nD3xhxHUhVCE0GrMdBi+r5 MIIEpAIBAAKCAQEAoRW5jJmVqp+qSz273JZBGn1Z8j5WxCAakkfe8B9qy0SUJ3GU
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T/q3jLviNUyJJWnbXNMSMTo+L+kg9ezLngJp7QHjemk+/GcrZHMZGEiydFlVkE8R 8oLlE8A6GKimxAk3gMuIiS6Ruau2HpGkjkkHkAx/yzU1s8BCMoLDJjyyH19PRISr
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AoT+EqG4m/0CZIgik0ZULvnnIz7NDnq4/uAeUZ49m3AcWAdWs4XGqyk9qUZzGR7j kJvVnTRcXTM5pngPSEaiLp6OQ3+sOVYG1nyV0SwLPwW/VVb8fDH3lzWC66vcKeuc
LSEDuRCdNpAS0XVLNnWRKEEvM7YqCi/j2Of/zotd1CMc4+neRrmr/3D8gSzaRuyA Dz5JnFWg5mLiIbzly/wTaochIOJlWWI5jIigHc9Uu0hOv9sbqJrYSea6+Hv4sNUO
yyZx4QKBgEsfARDm5ldHF4Eatn0P7p+KpIKaaRELwklUKWpkc7Q4XTEkshzBZ7bn h01chQKBgQCKLEH7vWQX8fkw+yKnmvAFoZ5H3IHUQw/WYsoCOVnWoY+vowcuuTTt
66QPgU2JHCd4gKnTZDs1qhz7G+ZkRFk9bupiqEmGE1Tcv1cKgSXacYQJHvki+/9E cbW1VkrtEjJPuYeEPa5NI2kmsNUZGrKCpx/3uq2JfMVopJzJN9biFM4ulcKqf9ie
1r6h5F002P6KeKEwzliN2b3Bsu5fhZrxWQOm82+D1vcrkgmZ0UtY hiVIFVVmxq+dVmXBgXCknhYK1Mnt9b3BK6mDqerQjK1TKryqAJ2QpQ==
-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY----- -----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
Domain certificate for example.net: Domain certificate for example.net:
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEWzCCA0OgAwIBAgIJAJajhBdO74pUMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBBQUAMHAxCzAJBgNV MIID1TCCAr2gAwIBAgIJAJajhBdO74pUMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBBQUAMHAxCzAJBgNV
BAYTAlVTMRMwEQYDVQQIEwpDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYDVQQHEwhTYW4gSm9zZTEO BAYTAlVTMRMwEQYDVQQIDApDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYDVQQHDAhTYW4gSm9zZTEO
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CQYDVQQGEwJVUzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZvcm5pYTERMA8GA1UEBxMIU2FuIEpv CQYDVQQGEwJVUzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZvcm5pYTERMA8GA1UEBxMIU2FuIEpv
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MRMwEQYDVQQIEwpDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYDVQQHEwhTYW4gSm9zZTEOMAwGA1UE AQUFAAOCAQEAJry8LukecUv4DUs5u/s6IymyqDLpeNvm94yrIIk/eRW72Jtr9rf5
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aXR5ggkAlqOEF07vikwwCwYDVR0PBAQDAgXgMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBBQUAA4IBAQBE FdCjjeoVkRvnGo91S8DkgWM4boNRUgZtYwP+1I8hR+0717tp0f4fKjYX+NxPe30r
fQlW/9q+ne3nOldC1mJtzLYKBqSUUiI+FCmMvcIYACx0wzLl7CyAWmh2xn2gcVRL WzbLYXFDEiPndEgcxHc84Eeupit7VBQm7jxtF+XbaVGiLPGKCiYqdVS08h2ZakRK
7H7kFzdhRYHUzAMG88NzQ4V8RaXb3KKOv6X5yBMfaTJh4nQSkdVGZ6JkJaQpvrd3 8T3xL8Ecs4/rQn7PNPyEfS52R8hC70r66aAxZqLbKNpth/SZ3/hdeAyJ/NnFMW1J
fvAWlT1rJc19vIymXrtYhqoYcgnm0bk1ewwBmxh7SpIRIpX6W/4dP/AWryXBphYm uq3kB5YAJSwMYAUXaQhB1BvxKzXqstzJHQ==
Ha3eghCol5H+g9wRtsA08CKPak/LRTupULY0embxqpZhHTyA++8Vp3W6dfegZVRx
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qg7Qj2kcWHF55LrBaWFh
-----END CERTIFICATE----- -----END CERTIFICATE-----
Private key for domain certificate for example.net: Private key for domain certificate for example.net:
-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY----- -----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
MIIEpAIBAAKCAQEAovEw+XTvAxun9tKS4RtkRa/2o/8YEgOl+2FfNFXMUOdUUft2 MIIEowIBAAKCAQEAqhbHyDUpucZfZgQ5etuh3altHR+mRhZXs7+0hYd12X4AIuWq
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YqyH5PBlpNrwixM9HahRenv73U1jpK7vWPzW8TlhaXIJx4kAFBLbWHy1GVO6Ox1y riF9DdWp7TN7lx8spykFuMX9MXvm61ucfbnMTQL+jVv7HV93DIOOwfQ034DVkWsj
KYxqHNiTSHVhbl4hAvSe7ye25FQltIHWCA4gFYF+LB+sL6yV11yiLYGbAsCNUDaM Y12V5UC4foXa/Hhy3BlTNQlfJd7MWbDlJHOG1aRvSIc7QRE17uEIcsK/Znr8Z8i4
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lUXMp67lGbO0V8KEZk9Eqkqefl2JmKzt0nkH0kz2I8R3xAFRbjLM54pt2nNSBThs +UCr4JyKVLGlioQf/CygafjtZTVVa6v/aRn8Rkgb8XyrJ9sXvZVBlTqiUbdM4Z9I
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H7NB3lfvpVPpiD/CwaIMWzm4AhCERGza2t6wpAy5gFhylKpVKooHz7kOrEYdRml1 GIWILgHH01n3O0eCy72dwmAV+2Hazn8eBggkWxMp0fblRC9pVh0FCo+jy1lHasjL
nS/kCzPEhUoWMQR7vbvwFuSGXM92xzmI1/5cBAVE+C10jVc/rdWaZ62DYudx/g5i oOBkH51lbmZ4PUuUY072j2665gPm7i0nr25igef842JkbqAV8rAoNlQ26Y7tYLEw
hIZNlwhP3XipkO3BsbiECJxRTWL4QkkTOGaz36UouP9ZYO5QMSr7XiJMhSrInc4n 6QyLv0odeb0rHZ8IEzahWAdmIPGCIUcFM7RmyInOatGA0dVEU3uYnkUQQVOi/JTx
ieU4E9qZAoGBANKD1ZZ70tHaQEL8cejQNfV1fId+RPOQ0aENlAarpoyoldJll3zN 46CCMbECgYEA4c1Dv/IVz9pdW1o/0MaJ94zfeg7Pgn5DRXnNMjCsSxVHSMINwlUl
E1Hgi80Evs7Zh7hlunXmW3MpOEUgkJutv+ZpAo5blSdqQGtLiBDItPPrjYAh+HPZ BcYozs77vWbIuXiXO2xQe9mGA2ss3+vNxB0eu6EBQ/fK16cQQQH52nXdrV1sqnkN
MvbCIRyh5ABxW37JaDPPiBplDGtonj37S+ZZw3FZgdgRs/BvIsUV1rqlAoGBAMYl 5B5elFKcZKPfNVWrg0BC6csDndTcHp9STIKsxWkesLzC3Vz5UXZMsocCgYEAwNYV
+PUEDSThCLseQeRKLRbnJV7+mUpEtipeoNWFWZYpupwgsFfQzN568SpN2nLO3rrL +SsCIQGLT8ZZfKyE2nHqRUFknKc/tWQJop5gnE4ws3Lql3SNyCUQr/sDYelxQDE3
DCC88ODWH2QJp9D1+luc2NE0b9fzGlTsFRfl2dTkHwNp8LG8k2jclLbKnpqEV0KR 6COm197JcZ7jggDq7grigIxMznRxLMeG7bb7FfwPE/SKV0H5uagEB7ktFl8xIJKt
M+mkEu8otmA01n51y9ok5H+JB/d1PuE8t7G2ENG/AoGBAIil9QYquE1qG56f2Z0j yOCK1ulillQjToSs4uetHLRXKCDSEpRiSw7wRdkCgYEAkDKBXYa/nykYDUqpDi57
UnNT4RLenwlvrvOZKcYus/zIDgC122CyieDzHixl8Sm6QIQs3J1de21Ei3crzVKQ 1PbFkDD9G5x+YVPTUoX6wUgpabFjEANHzVQqo0dTRDTrYmY8Tdpx22WiS3SaB7WS
tWluLq+TuT0NlmVPcTJb5kITXBWZd3pTueY9W1sHp0W2T4r8V/yRsSpY/3fVQCrB hfcCtVewczM++lDZ9GnKoVQ76IaM6qC72j36sEXBUhPEa072ZK8ZDCx1dsmEeJnN
raIIEHrKfCNyUlg2+93s8CbVAoGAbEIG2ObTv5hrSsBnQ7D7HY5ALrxvR9JurIty +MZKhxcGXl9tIehJ31foyukCgYB9AUs1PwAeTVX13OrduyhUQ0xOoNmMA491Euh8
1/W5Un+OAwshDXl41PzakkBi32MC8Y9KGwDfoheaou9bjqE1naP+GZ7KlHOvqUIq FpciPD2t1mzkyZWvjPeIXPwQWLglmMJZJeNeRPnpQcrR165zqXKzSj/wBePn12BM
7Bmaf+P6xcS1yoW7DAmn/o6JROaVPjtS343TAnN94OY9Ym49Z/vME5nsjliyeCDS cTXLRp6vnPKhJg+wno4eQ5hKzGKYbv1hHs5iCuDx+pD4sWExpmW+Gdn2FXCYwsAF
Q/ezDMUCgYA9OJnERsdz8Eh7oFRYo5e2lGRb7PrhEXvWGtQTRGkciCZi+qoOUpnm UCXJ4QKBgAKSrm8Y5xQhd8RAMg9JZLGUpPnmTKNU98f3fUFnX7jZEZETasnn18vd
NIo24QE08RksQBHUvPQva9bX19lNcoC0mhnRtqR4I7CUug9pb/jOEU9KtDJWwqem 65x04h58cohJJkNxqeL6k3lc3Mw0pzZrvsIha3ZMEoJPCgwBa8zLzrR13YQin6yf
PYfdA6oLGdAKQrlatklXiotbPhxtW6uyXM6szyDZrlqmMz37UZ3mIw== +bAmfTDmhigpORB36ODY4B1kcwxKzQ0n3XAtlrL7NRV5wHr2ejkY
-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY----- -----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
B.3. Certificate Chaining with a Non-Root CA B.3. Certificate Chaining with a Non-Root CA
Following is a certificate for a non-root CA in example.net. The Following is a certificate for a non-root CA in example.net. The
certificate was signed by the root CA shown in Section 2.1. As certificate was signed by the root CA shown in Section 2.1. As
indicated in Sections 4.2.1.9 and 4.2.1.3 [RFC5280], "cA" is set in indicated in Sections 4.2.1.9 and 4.2.1.3 [RFC5280], "cA" is set in
Basic Constraints, and "keyCertSign" is set in Key Usage. This Basic Constraints, and "keyCertSign" is set in Key Usage. This
identifies the certificate holder as a signing authority. identifies the certificate holder as a signing authority.
Version: 3 (0x2) Version: 3 (0x2)
Serial Number: Serial Number:
49:02:11:01:84:01:5c 96:a3:84:17:4e:ef:8a:52
Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption
Issuer: C=US, ST=California, L=San Jose, O=sipit, Issuer: C=US, ST=California, L=San Jose, O=sipit,
OU=Sipit Test Certificate Authority OU=Sipit Test Certificate Authority
Validity Validity
Not Before: Dec 7 01:58:47 2010 GMT Not Before: Feb 7 20:21:13 2011 GMT
Not After : Nov 13 01:58:47 2110 GMT Not After : Jan 14 20:21:13 2111 GMT
Subject: C=US, ST=California, L=San Jose, O=sipit, Subject: C=US, ST=California, L=San Jose, O=sipit,
OU=Test CA for example.net, CN=example.net OU=Test CA for example.net, CN=example.net
Subject Public Key Info: Subject Public Key Info:
Public Key Algorithm: rsaEncryption Public Key Algorithm: rsaEncryption
RSA Public Key: (2048 bit) RSA Public Key: (2048 bit)
Modulus (2048 bit): Modulus (2048 bit):
00:c0:a8:7e:1a:37:6a:40:3d:f6:a4:18:be:27:bd: 00:d4:46:65:51:f8:84:1c:b5:93:47:a5:15:14:06:
c6:20:63:af:9e:42:b6:09:13:85:6d:c1:0d:17:9a: ec:dc:2a:77:93:11:5e:75:14:d2:88:54:bd:16:50:
5b:98:5c:9a:d8:dc:55:b1:a0:b8:b5:51:0f:6c:98: dd:41:3f:7e:2a:e4:26:d5:a3:33:b0:5e:37:1d:e5:
19:86:7f:46:24:2f:54:b1:b1:c3:75:4d:13:8a:1c: 96:37:1c:1c:69:80:a4:ef:fd:22:78:d7:ce:d3:c3:
03:83:ce:e7:3d:2b:a4:a9:8f:74:7d:9e:7e:2c:42: de:96:fb:87:30:88:bc:06:14:80:5d:f3:ab:d7:64:
2d:a9:df:84:56:ea:78:74:81:af:74:4d:c0:95:2c: 3e:07:31:dc:97:c5:d6:19:26:bc:7d:0b:f8:de:5e:
c4:c2:8b:55:a6:4e:7c:d6:f2:54:7c:10:c5:b1:ae: f9:0f:dc:9a:45:0f:28:8d:dd:fa:15:56:d5:35:17:
88:82:38:53:97:1e:16:1a:85:db:da:9c:d5:31:7c: 28:80:d2:fc:1f:d6:95:95:42:0e:2c:47:38:53:ad:
df:b7:22:df:5f:2a:df:78:36:b3:98:0a:b7:d9:2a: fd:0e:24:fd:a3:43:33:83:52:65:54:da:48:d8:dc:
5f:9c:39:0e:95:23:98:cc:4d:f5:d0:63:39:83:04: 86:42:d5:26:ac:1d:52:54:08:52:e5:3f:4a:76:95:
40:96:1c:3c:73:8e:78:59:09:bf:e9:45:7a:f5:76: 77:8d:c6:f2:33:f0:18:87:c8:fc:5b:54:5d:dd:65:
48:3c:86:c0:94:3b:1c:d8:d7:d1:40:7c:d2:cf:47: f1:5c:f5:c8:f4:36:54:8a:b6:7b:6f:f8:55:f8:d8:
c8:e4:ea:f9:d4:36:a8:1d:77:e1:25:9c:69:5d:a8: d8:df:a9:7b:40:45:4c:92:0f:aa:b2:2c:a1:a8:64:
cf:09:1a:04:78:71:95:97:99:7f:1b:51:3c:0a:25: d5:99:22:1e:28:78:a0:d8:e5:51:64:3f:03:14:a9:
2e:d3:a3:20:d4:72:b9:55:80:10:a6:3e:56:2e:82: 12:47:61:84:d6:b0:69:1a:6b:a3:6e:d8:ca:ce:43:
5c:b2:77:c8:0d:40:4f:e3:65:f5:97:7a:8e:12:e9: 50:ad:57:96:2b:87:15:d9:c2:11:03:b0:82:d4:f0:
8a:31:42:00:5a:99:46:5e:a2:7d:b4:e2:24:d6:a7: 80:bf:dd:44:f4:f6:39:0a:2b:e3:4d:d3:f5:e7:aa:
5e:b9 34:e5
Exponent: 65537 (0x10001) Exponent: 65537 (0x10001)
X509v3 extensions: X509v3 extensions:
X509v3 Basic Constraints: X509v3 Basic Constraints:
CA:TRUE CA:TRUE
X509v3 Subject Key Identifier: X509v3 Subject Key Identifier:
8F:65:F4:D6:05:98:B2:0F:34:5F:48:89:CC:81:DE:A5:C1:E8:A4:B2 72:70:CF:66:1E:23:A5:38:FC:6F:40:8F:86:8A:AF:E0:B9:6F:E9:C3
X509v3 Authority Key Identifier: X509v3 Authority Key Identifier:
BB:37:8E:47:C7:5A:34:DB:7A:D9:F8:76:B6:75:8E:D0:E4:13:17:45 95:45:7E:5F:2B:EA:65:98:12:91:04:F3:63:C7:68:9A:58:16:77:27
X509v3 Key Usage: X509v3 Key Usage:
Certificate Sign Certificate Sign
Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption
c1:80:06:29:01:35:68:dc:67:ab:1c:c5:de:ad:d5:24:29:24: 70:73:c0:65:9c:2f:09:39:39:d6:a4:5b:95:e7:7b:43:34:b5:
12:4b:5f:67:51:a4:85:e0:70:92:d7:4b:5b:2c:17:5e:42:a1: b9:b2:5d:76:eb:ef:87:e0:25:b6:68:ab:ee:f8:f7:85:c4:21:
56:b6:89:a5:92:64:d4:30:0a:df:24:8a:88:06:ee:5c:4e:51: 47:bb:6c:68:62:ff:f8:84:1e:44:5a:30:4e:ce:97:91:cc:3d:
3a:a1:7c:70:f4:4b:ff:18:3b:8f:6d:a8:6a:ec:84:73:b5:4c: 43:4a:8b:b7:25:26:08:63:c6:71:4a:c1:94:35:81:66:de:23:
ef:6f:a3:f3:ac:63:46:aa:72:0c:cb:4c:ac:99:5c:ca:0f:ba: 9d:e3:37:de:31:80:ed:58:b7:07:a7:ea:87:d3:cc:da:1b:62:
73:c3:1f:57:e9:05:a8:57:3b:5f:dd:66:2a:a7:a8:9b:e5:99: c9:82:c2:17:e6:2d:20:e4:b2:69:14:cb:05:43:34:6f:b5:2c:
3f:6a:2e:48:5a:86:38:bd:5a:5d:2d:12:d1:43:6a:7a:34:d5: 60:d8:44:43:f9:e6:e9:3d:7c:54:a2:b9:d9:1e:7d:67:bb:3f:
9b:3e:64:d8:2f:40:0e:67:2f:34:ee:83:9a:f1:e4:99:84:66: 32:31:0d:c1:88:78:a8:67:39:f5:d2:3e:08:f7:38:84:a6:8f:
4d:3d:6e:99:6b:74:0b:13:28:75:7b:ee:55:e8:48:15:9e:fe: c2:3e:00:ce:5f:b4:c8:da:a1:b5:2f:c2:89:60:a4:3a:2b:be:
e6:bb:de:48:f7:53:59:37:85:52:a0:72:80:35:0d:24:14:ae: 98:e0:44:34:af:ec:7f:73:26:f1:94:5b:39:09:b9:9f:93:c2:
9b:87:32:da:25:16:7f:01:84:aa:c9:0b:2d:ec:21:c1:51:35: 9d:7a:96:2f:82:66:c8:4d:f6:db:87:00:8e:bc:2a:b9:51:73:
37:80:e8:ae:eb:0c:e7:c2:7e:5d:a4:61:eb:b1:19:d0:4a:2b: 6c:cc:ff:e5:31:25:b1:4a:d0:9a:a9:c3:65:35:21:89:76:3d:
2b:42:3a:95:7c:5a:49:a8:7b:27:f3:af:b6:15:94:f4:8b:a6: 39:f8:84:42:a6:03:0e:b5:c9:2f:5d:18:bc:9d:b9:82:f6:83:
11:80:80:2f:ff:9d:9a:cd:c4:de:20:48:c0:f9:f3:0e:e4:8f: dd:2b:29:6c:8d:2c:8c:47:d4:7d:be:de:32:13:85:92:32:bc:
07:a2:13:17 61:62:6b:e5
Robert's certificate was signed by the non-root CA in example.net: Robert's certificate was signed by the non-root CA in example.net:
Version: 3 (0x2) Version: 3 (0x2)
Serial Number: Serial Number:
49:02:11:01:84:01:5d 96:a3:84:17:4e:ef:8a:53
Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption
Issuer: C=US, ST=California, L=San Jose, O=sipit, Issuer: C=US, ST=California, L=San Jose, O=sipit,
OU=Test CA for example.net, OU=Test CA for example.net,
CN=example.net CN=example.net
Validity Validity
Not Before: Dec 7 01:58:48 2010 GMT Not Before: Feb 7 20:21:13 2011 GMT
Not After : Nov 13 01:58:48 2110 GMT Not After : Jan 14 20:21:13 2111 GMT
Subject: C=US, ST=California, L=San Jose, O=sipit, CN=robert@example.net Subject: C=US, ST=California, L=San Jose, O=sipit, CN=robert
Subject Public Key Info: Subject Public Key Info:
Public Key Algorithm: rsaEncryption Public Key Algorithm: rsaEncryption
RSA Public Key: (2048 bit) RSA Public Key: (2048 bit)
Modulus (2048 bit): Modulus (2048 bit):
00:c9:74:33:f2:e2:2e:ba:0d:0f:c9:08:17:56:9b: 00:d3:dc:14:69:6b:71:09:2c:0b:0f:9d:95:08:c1:
50:c2:9f:e9:68:af:bf:be:13:f4:d7:68:ef:67:d5: 64:20:66:ef:9f:9c:30:06:30:39:eb:14:16:da:19:
77:53:d9:f8:64:92:08:6b:64:4e:a0:ea:ff:16:56: cc:41:4d:b1:cf:f8:53:5b:a5:0d:76:ec:97:ba:16:
96:dd:e1:94:9d:75:a9:35:e9:82:27:90:42:80:1f: 10:9f:ed:57:b5:fb:6d:4b:9f:8f:d0:9f:0e:15:a7:
75:27:90:c2:6f:45:3d:3d:59:da:2f:12:16:ef:e5: 3e:88:c4:e4:ef:35:d1:63:91:20:68:18:f4:8e:3b:
1f:e3:7f:f8:20:ea:2b:1b:5a:08:fd:53:a1:ed:29: b4:0f:03:3e:a0:00:d6:c3:26:e7:57:8e:21:92:a3:
8a:13:fe:27:77:14:d6:14:f9:8e:e3:e3:da:49:b0: 7a:2d:21:44:48:db:01:b9:54:e8:dc:d6:e3:d1:b3:
e6:f1:84:d3:b0:82:58:79:9d:8d:a5:44:52:19:92: f2:4b:26:0f:3f:d4:99:63:e4:7e:14:0a:b2:73:1c:
de:da:1d:a9:cd:d6:39:01:29:02:d9:51:31:d5:c1: 5f:3b:41:36:e9:9a:70:be:f7:4f:08:6b:4a:db:44:
d2:90:dc:58:11:c3:fb:da:21:fb:8a:71:18:a6:86: 02:e8:bb:50:66:2c:98:94:45:9e:7e:01:0e:9d:c3:
7a:7d:21:29:83:bc:47:89:e3:7e:0c:a9:f0:dc:4d: a9:03:b7:28:15:28:c3:cd:a2:ad:ab:07:f6:ff:69:
52:fd:6b:97:69:ec:72:1c:f7:db:8f:42:c8:54:17: f4:ec:ba:7f:4b:bd:9b:28:8c:0d:87:e2:66:d1:24:
6e:12:09:e2:96:cd:c7:e6:43:7d:65:50:7d:06:17: 34:e5:77:be:89:f1:c9:76:4c:37:34:3a:bc:d9:9c:
4e:cf:60:81:54:2d:07:b5:1f:71:ae:7a:ee:55:2f: 36:f5:28:60:01:29:5c:f4:1e:7a:15:19:34:81:1c:
c9:e6:e4:62:eb:89:a5:15:ee:62:31:ad:c8:c0:48: cf:1a:06:5c:0f:f9:81:67:dc:50:09:e2:a8:d7:9d:
d6:de:04:81:88:72:ae:60:7d:6d:a4:95:00:aa:17: 9f:35:6e:ff:a6:a8:80:74:6c:f8:a1:0a:f3:bb:2b:
3f:cc:e0:ff:c2:59:8c:2c:40:1b:8b:3d:1e:e2:39: b6:51:8c:21:bc:06:72:59:d0:95:42:d3:02:2c:ce:
2a:97 f9:23
Exponent: 65537 (0x10001) Exponent: 65537 (0x10001)
X509v3 extensions: X509v3 extensions:
X509v3 Subject Alternative Name: X509v3 Subject Alternative Name:
URI:sip:robert@example.net, URI:im:robert@example.net, URI:sip:robert@example.net, URI:im:robert@example.net,
URI:pres:robert@example.net URI:pres:robert@example.net
X509v3 Basic Constraints: X509v3 Basic Constraints:
CA:FALSE CA:FALSE
X509v3 Subject Key Identifier: X509v3 Subject Key Identifier:
1F:9D:AA:DA:A2:0C:D2:DF:D8:A0:5C:CF:CD:CA:E4:2F:31:0C:4F:D3 A6:42:BD:62:0D:6B:BF:EE:67:D4:C7:BC:09:3F:0B:3A:12:AB:19:CE
X509v3 Authority Key Identifier: X509v3 Authority Key Identifier:
8F:65:F4:D6:05:98:B2:0F:34:5F:48:89:CC:81:DE:A5:C1:E8:A4:B2 72:70:CF:66:1E:23:A5:38:FC:6F:40:8F:86:8A:AF:E0:B9:6F:E9:C3
X509v3 Key Usage: X509v3 Key Usage:
Digital Signature, Non Repudiation, Key Encipherment Digital Signature, Non Repudiation, Key Encipherment
X509v3 Extended Key Usage: X509v3 Extended Key Usage:
E-mail Protection, 1.3.6.1.5.5.7.3.20 E-mail Protection, 1.3.6.1.5.5.7.3.20
Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption
46:f4:fa:a0:78:ea:66:da:87:3f:b7:c5:f4:4d:38:5a:fc:05: 25:99:ea:1a:1e:96:6d:4e:b1:9c:5a:43:77:ea:3a:a7:a1:b7:
78:6f:6a:0b:81:b1:09:b5:79:9e:a1:05:d1:2b:b0:4b:9b:f4: 22:db:b9:d4:9a:1e:17:f7:13:2e:b2:ca:80:dd:c9:a5:db:61:
ff:b9:1a:c3:15:e5:8b:83:8d:00:59:b1:bc:a4:1a:3f:e1:6c: 41:c6:8b:65:ae:0e:fc:9a:46:77:16:e0:e2:3d:1d:20:3c:e5:
3b:78:66:aa:b8:73:60:4d:a6:6b:22:4c:26:19:a9:71:fc:c0: d5:e0:b8:03:41:4f:e7:69:bf:e0:4c:dd:cc:c4:51:b1:da:2f:
04:0b:d2:42:02:12:ed:3f:29:74:4e:88:e6:46:e0:c0:46:61: ad:58:e1:ed:c6:5b:04:ea:1e:af:9a:89:cd:be:60:3c:9a:30:
27:e9:66:a3:e5:e6:e4:55:0e:03:4c:9a:55:f9:49:f6:ae:0f: 51:7f:99:5a:6b:5c:8f:5a:d4:b8:ce:b5:8b:31:74:70:b3:cc:
8d:91:1e:fc:e4:5d:8d:51:8f:c8:07:7a:ec:04:38:8f:53:14: 5c:04:90:d8:8d:b6:75:55:fb:c1:d8:e8:db:cf:3d:80:e4:8d:
3d:71:ff:0c:b6:9e:c1:a4:3a:7f:2f:d3:84:e0:6a:f1:82:21: 2f:7e:b9:2b:a2:9e:9f:1e:6f:d0:4e:6e:f7:f0:a6:61:3b:9e:
23:20:10:e7:90:94:4a:47:b3:5a:a0:9e:66:9a:97:3b:73:8f: 9b:4b:78:6b:84:37:ad:93:19:0d:7f:46:5a:18:74:89:8b:a8:
18:43:37:8c:c2:73:cb:a4:be:86:d6:77:0c:51:65:03:41:cb: 1a:75:bf:db:df:25:43:4b:57:ab:a1:19:2e:7c:7b:b9:b5:50:
03:98:f0:2b:2f:5d:eb:64:e4:52:37:ec:5f:ff:a9:16:bf:d7: ef:2c:1f:5c:18:8f:6c:66:83:61:eb:25:a3:21:81:2c:61:3b:
a3:43:ca:ac:86:ce:56:7e:35:f0:9f:f4:f4:77:78:ce:04:15: ee:8c:18:1a:89:9a:29:0d:5c:5b:38:f3:71:3d:61:f0:3f:80:
7b:b8:95:0c:04:52:f5:9c:98:20:9d:18:04:95:f2:15:e5:f6: 33:90:f2:60:53:48:fb:7a:65:c9:5f:1f:a3:e8:75:42:42:f5:
31:6e:b9:1b:64:a9:c4:ac:3b:e9:f2:a7:24:1b:4e:30:fc:67: ad:db:60:29:c6:0f:3c:68:00:7a:2b:38:db:c7:17:b9:4e:d8:
cc:97:65:5d 90:d8:52:bc
Certificate for CA for example.net in PEM format: Certificate for CA for example.net in PEM format:
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIDzTCCArWgAwIBAgIHSQIRAYQBXDANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQUFADBwMQswCQYDVQQG MIIDzzCCAregAwIBAgIJAJajhBdO74pSMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBBQUAMHAxCzAJBgNV
EwJVUzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZvcm5pYTERMA8GA1UEBxMIU2FuIEpvc2UxDjAM BAYTAlVTMRMwEQYDVQQIDApDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYDVQQHDAhTYW4gSm9zZTEO
BgNVBAoTBXNpcGl0MSkwJwYDVQQLEyBTaXBpdCBUZXN0IENlcnRpZmljYXRlIEF1 MAwGA1UECgwFc2lwaXQxKTAnBgNVBAsMIFNpcGl0IFRlc3QgQ2VydGlmaWNhdGUg
dGhvcml0eTAgFw0xMDEyMDcwMTU4NDdaGA8yMTEwMTExMzAxNTg0N1owfTELMAkG QXV0aG9yaXR5MCAXDTExMDIwNzIwMjExM1oYDzIxMTEwMTE0MjAyMTEzWjB9MQsw
A1UEBhMCVVMxEzARBgNVBAgTCkNhbGlmb3JuaWExETAPBgNVBAcTCFNhbiBKb3Nl CQYDVQQGEwJVUzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZvcm5pYTERMA8GA1UEBxMIU2FuIEpv
MQ4wDAYDVQQKEwVzaXBpdDEgMB4GA1UECxMXVGVzdCBDQSBmb3IgZXhhbXBsZS5u c2UxDjAMBgNVBAoTBXNpcGl0MSAwHgYDVQQLExdUZXN0IENBIGZvciBleGFtcGxl
ZXQxFDASBgNVBAMTC2V4YW1wbGUubmV0MIIBIjANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAAOCAQ8A Lm5ldDEUMBIGA1UEAxMLZXhhbXBsZS5uZXQwggEiMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA4IB
MIIBCgKCAQEAwKh+GjdqQD32pBi+J73GIGOvnkK2CROFbcENF5pbmFya2NxVsaC4 DwAwggEKAoIBAQDURmVR+IQctZNHpRUUBuzcKneTEV51FNKIVL0WUN1BP34q5CbV
tVEPbJgZhn9GJC9UsbHDdU0TihwDg87nPSukqY90fZ5+LEItqd+EVup4dIGvdE3A ozOwXjcd5ZY3HBxpgKTv/SJ4187Tw96W+4cwiLwGFIBd86vXZD4HMdyXxdYZJrx9
lSzEwotVpk581vJUfBDFsa6IgjhTlx4WGoXb2pzVMXzftyLfXyrfeDazmAq32Spf C/jeXvkP3JpFDyiN3foVVtU1FyiA0vwf1pWVQg4sRzhTrf0OJP2jQzODUmVU2kjY
nDkOlSOYzE310GM5gwRAlhw8c454WQm/6UV69XZIPIbAlDsc2NfRQHzSz0fI5Or5 3IZC1SasHVJUCFLlP0p2lXeNxvIz8BiHyPxbVF3dZfFc9cj0NlSKtntv+FX42Njf
1DaoHXfhJZxpXajPCRoEeHGVl5l/G1E8CiUu06Mg1HK5VYAQpj5WLoJcsnfIDUBP qXtARUySD6qyLKGoZNWZIh4oeKDY5VFkPwMUqRJHYYTWsGkaa6Nu2MrOQ1CtV5Yr
42X1l3qOEumKMUIAWplGXqJ9tOIk1qdeuQIDAQABo10wWzAMBgNVHRMEBTADAQH/ hxXZwhEDsILU8IC/3UT09jkKK+NN0/XnqjTlAgMBAAGjXTBbMAwGA1UdEwQFMAMB
MB0GA1UdDgQWBBSPZfTWBZiyDzRfSInMgd6lweiksjAfBgNVHSMEGDAWgBS7N45H Af8wHQYDVR0OBBYEFHJwz2YeI6U4/G9Aj4aKr+C5b+nDMB8GA1UdIwQYMBaAFJVF
x1o023rZ+Ha2dY7Q5BMXRTALBgNVHQ8EBAMCAgQwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEFBQADggEB fl8r6mWYEpEE82PHaJpYFncnMAsGA1UdDwQEAwICBDANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQUFAAOC
AMGABikBNWjcZ6scxd6t1SQpJBJLX2dRpIXgcJLXS1ssF15CoVa2iaWSZNQwCt8k AQEAcHPAZZwvCTk51qRbled7QzS1ubJdduvvh+Altmir7vj3hcQhR7tsaGL/+IQe
iogG7lxOUTqhfHD0S/8YO49tqGrshHO1TO9vo/OsY0aqcgzLTKyZXMoPunPDH1fp RFowTs6Xkcw9Q0qLtyUmCGPGcUrBlDWBZt4jneM33jGA7Vi3B6fqh9PM2htiyYLC
BahXO1/dZiqnqJvlmT9qLkhahji9Wl0tEtFDano01Zs+ZNgvQA5nLzTug5rx5JmE F+YtIOSyaRTLBUM0b7UsYNhEQ/nm6T18VKK52R59Z7s/MjENwYh4qGc59dI+CPc4
Zk09bplrdAsTKHV77lXoSBWe/ua73kj3U1k3hVKgcoA1DSQUrpuHMtolFn8BhKrJ hKaPwj4Azl+0yNqhtS/CiWCkOiu+mOBENK/sf3Mm8ZRbOQm5n5PCnXqWL4JmyE32
Cy3sIcFRNTeA6K7rDOfCfl2kYeuxGdBKKytCOpV8Wkmoeyfzr7YVlPSLphGAgC// 24cAjrwquVFzbMz/5TElsUrQmqnDZTUhiXY9OfiEQqYDDrXJL10YvJ25gvaD3Ssp
nZrNxN4gSMD58w7kjweiExc= bI0sjEfUfb7eMhOFkjK8YWJr5Q==
-----END CERTIFICATE----- -----END CERTIFICATE-----
Private key for CA for example.net: Private key for CA for example.net:
-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY----- -----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
MIIEowIBAAKCAQEAwKh+GjdqQD32pBi+J73GIGOvnkK2CROFbcENF5pbmFya2NxV MIIEpAIBAAKCAQEA1EZlUfiEHLWTR6UVFAbs3Cp3kxFedRTSiFS9FlDdQT9+KuQm
saC4tVEPbJgZhn9GJC9UsbHDdU0TihwDg87nPSukqY90fZ5+LEItqd+EVup4dIGv 1aMzsF43HeWWNxwcaYCk7/0ieNfO08PelvuHMIi8BhSAXfOr12Q+BzHcl8XWGSa8
dE3AlSzEwotVpk581vJUfBDFsa6IgjhTlx4WGoXb2pzVMXzftyLfXyrfeDazmAq3 fQv43l75D9yaRQ8ojd36FVbVNRcogNL8H9aVlUIOLEc4U639DiT9o0Mzg1JlVNpI
2SpfnDkOlSOYzE310GM5gwRAlhw8c454WQm/6UV69XZIPIbAlDsc2NfRQHzSz0fI 2NyGQtUmrB1SVAhS5T9KdpV3jcbyM/AYh8j8W1Rd3WXxXPXI9DZUirZ7b/hV+NjY
5Or51DaoHXfhJZxpXajPCRoEeHGVl5l/G1E8CiUu06Mg1HK5VYAQpj5WLoJcsnfI 36l7QEVMkg+qsiyhqGTVmSIeKHig2OVRZD8DFKkSR2GE1rBpGmujbtjKzkNQrVeW
DUBP42X1l3qOEumKMUIAWplGXqJ9tOIk1qdeuQIDAQABAoIBAFuG8LnFv92bUnRt K4cV2cIRA7CC1PCAv91E9PY5CivjTdP156o05QIDAQABAoIBADp/7/pIH7h9vcn3
KNG6j8jNcx5ttQuk0Yvt3ilrdL5yqEIEk1Wa9IV3aCuAKwhBqPIB5muw9xngLzs6 z7hGNE50kaGBHuPrSh3yJG4a+O67XbzaRW2I3XzUaiIeHGixoY7duha9Txu4dbJc
ydSx1Bu0gzrm40HWrTybiBQfE0EzjVxUTCWl1qtIJIYEKgGjYh2/7LEwSqt6LnIn f2JijR4uAIs4aSv7NDdW09VNw3o8NkWWLEnV288Eo2Tgqc8wXz/BleL9nCJWcH4Y
DldJvNiG5Yb7YTFskN/xWktdE+OIzJ3emJW9JwAMHbT4HZkhMg4YAqMa0xi48/s4 Jw1rKKwKmTdQpVBCWcPlI9UzduXQdZfBbrsL6+OZ+F3kbvUwYAVhhUuBS9sf4Xib
eq/oBRs6Ukn1YSi9Mae9f3ZQ4wGnWbpDbBVE/ViLKrd6jCWEK+D8LMxWoHBbfF4F 5GA2CDLPm433giOS3yr9KigpcLvbhAhMiPTXJ6i65m9xGGCcjhxP/drOH0cNczRD
cmG52ByEjYYaNhpYbjV3ScjFOfs1OcGB/AWIpmxXhys+P7aaeTyRJeIRGMRzBXE3 yW0FCbaNRJUg9kEVu+n3uG1aVfOnU7RqcblFXgO7ea7G+mfp3Cfm744kvFEXz04k
yu91Kp0CgYEA/BLVqM4nhjsZgjQRBHrLViQXYldzro3L+oI9nFe6vxjZhqZeNfHc 8WLW6gECgYEA9lK9mKhMUeB1+xPJB4Za5QvrFc7nLt8ee7/aTNcyMI0l3uXyPDPj
lYD7KkdknCf8wknpmMuC+zsQdfiCytwSOFa0Pm/5MaPmL8UzgtCfg6tQovKxtBUm TNEfgaRobptmwd2HVtXjlQ54fE+pE+qS8dOORh2VFoWi91zI4C8WnM/6j5P+QiXY
a12+tpRgK1zvKivz9Vhbaa0QANW6ZEwORk00dIY09E+3MAsrFpP0IOsCgYEAw6i7 tcZDPF22bmsSW7uaQyaOhUfIMhzox1BbUH5q5YrcA5DmmQtaxcIZ+IECgYEA3J07
4Blxf4qWTfBMK+9QQsinfwjrqcYbg6Uwvne0C+EXyXwyIpIc/SVtjgLwYWJyxBkn 6DamIgy0eJO2GKHU/Hy8RvQZgauzCtmqmLQrWZeOmx9hORe1a71QU5F6Y3HQRcTD
T0fUGICPeLXwMqloohtJ3UQ4wI1jxMsCEtPbJ0s/YtYEkp9kLWzJbI2OICi2eJ06 RDDdJua9Y8BJ0WTkasbRgxjmHQlf4pUdT6ycfWgISbcCNFTosgPH+/OZPEh4DKlO
GROgHtSuL1eheEi7106vKMIGBVT3X+GqZGUVtesCgYEAmkY0ueGiUwbsr8GKAMHe rbldUzHPuZdo2Q72KtSPMk+ikny2lCZ9cm2mKmUCgYEAsGoX4fJ/HpDMzrKf4qTG
nNPt8+QuCtEB3EnFx1/yDW76AuzjkAR8yotsLQ4Qx3m5undeHoO/oF8fzfPQqLNT Co8bojXZ+wbPVT/Vf/0LtBwTCG3VrGpZG5YWo4n1RWpFEQmwuW9cnE+N2TJQXLQ+
+2MlYWlKjFURVn9M7W0dk4pQCcqbc+nV37Q6OqhIy4FPZvILl0cCe4TN3JTyRNw/ 47Vpiyv6r/OsAM9SCsWOw2ZtBFGw4v0qFR3W37AaTUCgGFTnKbq+jhQX/FQaH02c
iEtMJVzWIAiBx0eukVzv9w0CgYBu8wDOfD8TDthai9f11ffSVww8CifwlslFZmf0 6KxxsM5fvqoTjX7FVycp5IECgYA4Tq1WpHQcpq99Qv4sJUnuM4v+dBj6fq9Q6qNf
qdZsIhEmDQo09lv/5LhyHhKHdpcTwhu7ZkTMPCKfVbRGVjBiNE03bpcsAUFA98lO HEUgNc2BDC5NWx7D4+rXmX7qWMc2t3S7N9mKL0RRbGeq2RxvoFUjJ7y71oOxmiuE
Odp9NrtT5X6kUkQxSg4SQ1cDv3JxhN7MF4fl076OVAfZOI1j81d6KkPVxC+erE2+ BWNfoqjS37HhV3aY0Nw/EzqeJ0T0vlXFg1Utgb4p+VoaZHYyElSGG8s7pjcXcwd7
LmAYTwKBgAZtrPmLR6jW1PsNDrRW4krw2oXZoM6sBehL0ZUwsKUkbn+ksvWgDAP1 qD7L/QKBgQCeDLKx5T1d/EqwW8KNK5qD/5lG/T0zu3MCDlzCjfs2BHMasv5RALd+
NjxUvJ77VlCkUG5ftfl4RD+Ttd6bC8zLEqZBCV9owyCerQ5dwfU+4mAdRaY7nsry unMMANDElPHOFs7fSmCfspN8Y7+W15/k9WugpwQfST2Y8dSRVdPFp1FRt8u25yX2
Jx+kwbiQpcFImLnrXtO/J47UzivrAc52M5u5wAw009j0YngCPT5R mdRbU3vJSiAqPEEpKpBolXPxLOeLGvoTHFWSazgmCPIKKxq0wL+0+w==
-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY----- -----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
Robert's certificate: Robert's certificate:
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEMDCCAxigAwIBAgIHSQIRAYQBXTANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQUFADB9MQswCQYDVQQG MIIEJjCCAw6gAwIBAgIJAJajhBdO74pTMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBBQUAMH0xCzAJBgNV
EwJVUzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZvcm5pYTERMA8GA1UEBxMIU2FuIEpvc2UxDjAM BAYTAlVTMRMwEQYDVQQIEwpDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYDVQQHEwhTYW4gSm9zZTEO
BgNVBAoTBXNpcGl0MSAwHgYDVQQLExdUZXN0IENBIGZvciBleGFtcGxlLm5ldDEU MAwGA1UEChMFc2lwaXQxIDAeBgNVBAsTF1Rlc3QgQ0EgZm9yIGV4YW1wbGUubmV0
MBIGA1UEAxMLZXhhbXBsZS5uZXQwIBcNMTAxMjA3MDE1ODQ4WhgPMjExMDExMTMw MRQwEgYDVQQDEwtleGFtcGxlLm5ldDAgFw0xMTAyMDcyMDIxMTNaGA8yMTExMDEx
MTU4NDhaMGIxCzAJBgNVBAYTAlVTMRMwEQYDVQQIEwpDYWxpZm9ybmlhMREwDwYD NDIwMjExM1owVjELMAkGA1UEBhMCVVMxEzARBgNVBAgTCkNhbGlmb3JuaWExETAP
VQQHEwhTYW4gSm9zZTEOMAwGA1UEChMFc2lwaXQxGzAZBgNVBAMUEnJvYmVydEBl BgNVBAcTCFNhbiBKb3NlMQ4wDAYDVQQKEwVzaXBpdDEPMA0GA1UEAxMGcm9iZXJ0
eGFtcGxlLm5ldDCCASIwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEBBQADggEPADCCAQoCggEBAMl0M/Li MIIBIjANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAAOCAQ8AMIIBCgKCAQEA09wUaWtxCSwLD52VCMFk
LroND8kIF1abUMKf6Wivv74T9Ndo72fVd1PZ+GSSCGtkTqDq/xZWlt3hlJ11qTXp IGbvn5wwBjA56xQW2hnMQU2xz/hTW6UNduyXuhYQn+1XtfttS5+P0J8OFac+iMTk
gieQQoAfdSeQwm9FPT1Z2i8SFu/lH+N/+CDqKxtaCP1Toe0pihP+J3cU1hT5juPj 7zXRY5EgaBj0jju0DwM+oADWwybnV44hkqN6LSFESNsBuVTo3Nbj0bPySyYPP9SZ
2kmw5vGE07CCWHmdjaVEUhmS3todqc3WOQEpAtlRMdXB0pDcWBHD+9oh+4pxGKaG Y+R+FAqycxxfO0E26ZpwvvdPCGtK20QC6LtQZiyYlEWefgEOncOpA7coFSjDzaKt
en0hKYO8R4njfgyp8NxNUv1rl2nschz3249CyFQXbhIJ4pbNx+ZDfWVQfQYXTs9g qwf2/2n07Lp/S72bKIwNh+Jm0SQ05Xe+ifHJdkw3NDq82Zw29ShgASlc9B56FRk0
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YW1wbGUubmV0hhVpbTpyb2JlcnRAZXhhbXBsZS5uZXSGF3ByZXM6cm9iZXJ0QGV4 FWltOnJvYmVydEBleGFtcGxlLm5ldIYXcHJlczpyb2JlcnRAZXhhbXBsZS5uZXQw
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DE/TMB8GA1UdIwQYMBaAFI9l9NYFmLIPNF9IicyB3qXB6KSyMAsGA1UdDwQEAwIF BBgwFoAUcnDPZh4jpTj8b0CPhoqv4Llv6cMwCwYDVR0PBAQDAgXgMB0GA1UdJQQW
4DAdBgNVHSUEFjAUBggrBgEFBQcDBAYIKwYBBQUHAxQwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEFBQAD MBQGCCsGAQUFBwMEBggrBgEFBQcDFDANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQUFAAOCAQEAJZnqGh6W
ggEBAEb0+qB46mbahz+3xfRNOFr8BXhvaguBsQm1eZ6hBdErsEub9P+5GsMV5YuD bU6xnFpDd+o6p6G3Itu51JoeF/cTLrLKgN3JpdthQcaLZa4O/JpGdxbg4j0dIDzl
jQBZsbykGj/hbDt4Zqq4c2BNpmsiTCYZqXH8wAQL0kICEu0/KXROiOZG4MBGYSfp 1eC4A0FP52m/4EzdzMRRsdovrVjh7cZbBOoer5qJzb5gPJowUX+ZWmtcj1rUuM61
ZqPl5uRVDgNMmlX5SfauD42RHvzkXY1Rj8gHeuwEOI9TFD1x/wy2nsGkOn8v04Tg izF0cLPMXASQ2I22dVX7wdjo2889gOSNL365K6Kenx5v0E5u9/CmYTuem0t4a4Q3
avGCISMgEOeQlEpHs1qgnmaalztzjxhDN4zCc8ukvobWdwxRZQNBywOY8CsvXetk rZMZDX9GWhh0iYuoGnW/298lQ0tXq6EZLnx7ubVQ7ywfXBiPbGaDYesloyGBLGE7
5FI37F//qRa/16NDyqyGzlZ+NfCf9PR3eM4EFXu4lQwEUvWcmCCdGASV8hXl9jFu 7owYGomaKQ1cWzjzcT1h8D+AM5DyYFNI+3plyV8fo+h1QkL1rdtgKcYPPGgAeis4
uRtkqcSsO+nypyQbTjD8Z8yXZV0= 28cXuU7YkNhSvA==
-----END CERTIFICATE----- -----END CERTIFICATE-----
Robert's private key: Robert's private key:
-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY----- -----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
MIIEpAIBAAKCAQEAyXQz8uIuug0PyQgXVptQwp/paK+/vhP012jvZ9V3U9n4ZJII MIIEowIBAAKCAQEA09wUaWtxCSwLD52VCMFkIGbvn5wwBjA56xQW2hnMQU2xz/hT
a2ROoOr/FlaW3eGUnXWpNemCJ5BCgB91J5DCb0U9PVnaLxIW7+Uf43/4IOorG1oI W6UNduyXuhYQn+1XtfttS5+P0J8OFac+iMTk7zXRY5EgaBj0jju0DwM+oADWwybn
/VOh7SmKE/4ndxTWFPmO4+PaSbDm8YTTsIJYeZ2NpURSGZLe2h2pzdY5ASkC2VEx V44hkqN6LSFESNsBuVTo3Nbj0bPySyYPP9SZY+R+FAqycxxfO0E26ZpwvvdPCGtK
1cHSkNxYEcP72iH7inEYpoZ6fSEpg7xHieN+DKnw3E1S/WuXaexyHPfbj0LIVBdu 20QC6LtQZiyYlEWefgEOncOpA7coFSjDzaKtqwf2/2n07Lp/S72bKIwNh+Jm0SQ0
Egnils3H5kN9ZVB9BhdOz2CBVC0HtR9xrnruVS/J5uRi64mlFe5iMa3IwEjW3gSB 5Xe+ifHJdkw3NDq82Zw29ShgASlc9B56FRk0gRzPGgZcD/mBZ9xQCeKo152fNW7/
iHKuYH1tpJUAqhc/zOD/wlmMLEAbiz0e4jkqlwIDAQABAoIBACcWcO3zjPV0i1eK pqiAdGz4oQrzuyu2UYwhvAZyWdCVQtMCLM75IwIDAQABAoIBAAv+Q3GMUYPRaHbj
Rlz7jdP1iyhQ0XdkD+Gr7qfK93hBlryMyS1tLQR0FEKVUniCyH800TwwrpxWlVCe 1tH+EKr86MfCUb2n8T9rjbefCj8QJOa/CgkAGPkIf7ZbFWnYR8TXjOJhEAUhW+zB
yfB/WfqVCKjawkbXz7OEVYei0NYyGWMZOR1OGOEXaj8u1SF53X/8XAlDsJsTw/ug 4PphGwynoUjfqFP8RavfmVvYNS1dnsrBYwtD0oa4lmwDnBf7vec99Ui7KX5vj2HN
tiJNaDVQqKckdnmX0b2oe8YAhtb+cdpAQeILHzn5Zbi/6pE1dSFRYA7krVK3Llv8 r8NPR7et8a00xdFaY9G46WDkC0nkH8AqMMymY/Vu2KpH0f01hTpFLmxS7We+d3Uq
oLUJtlHJIXXdyajsBFxpT+i34PonkUDM8Gv51Or95L3z2nrBKG6IK/QvAdDnbcnK mva15GUc8+EL079uphokchr4E0036Ce4luCnqQfOUAKcXCMYK27lG5uue620IXLE
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-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY----- -----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
Appendix C. Message Dumps Appendix C. Message Dumps
This section contains a base64 encoded gzipped, compressed tar file This section contains a base64 encoded gzipped, compressed tar file
of various CMS messages used in this document. Saving the data in a of various Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS) messages used in this
file foo.tgz.b64 then running a command like "openssl base64 -d -in document. Saving the data in a file foo.tgz.b64 then running a
foo.tgz.b64 | tar xfz -" would recover the CMS messages and allow command like "openssl base64 -d -in foo.tgz.b64 | tar xfz -" would
them to be used as test vectors. recover the CMS messages and allow them to be used as test vectors.
-- BEGIN MESSAGE ARCHIVE -- -- BEGIN MESSAGE ARCHIVE --
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-- END MESSAGE ARCHIVE -- -- END MESSAGE ARCHIVE --
Authors' Addresses Authors' Addresses
Cullen Jennings Cullen Jennings
Cisco Systems Cisco Systems
170 West Tasman Drive 170 West Tasman Drive
Mailstop SJC-21/2 Mailstop SJC-21/2
San Jose, CA 95134 San Jose, CA 95134
USA USA
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