draft-ietf-sipping-conferencing-requirements-01.txt   rfc4245.txt 
SIPPING Working Group O. Levin Network Working Group O. Levin
Internet-Draft Microsoft Corporation Request for Comments: 4245 Microsoft Corporation
Expires: March 2, 2005 R. Even Category: Informational R. Even
Polycom Polycom
September 2004 November 2005
High Level Requirements for Tightly Coupled SIP Conferencing
draft-ietf-sipping-conferencing-requirements-01
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Copyright Notice Copyright Notice
Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2004). Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2005).
Abstract Abstract
This document examines a wide range of conferencing requirements for This document examines a wide range of conferencing requirements for
tightly coupled SIP conferences. Separate documents will map the tightly coupled SIP conferences. Separate documents will map the
requirements to existing protocol primitives, define new protocol requirements to existing protocol primitives, define new protocol
extensions, and introduce new protocols as needed. Together, these extensions, and introduce new protocols as needed. Together, these
documents will provide a guide for building interoperable SIP documents will provide a guide for building interoperable SIP
conferencing applications. conferencing applications.
Table of Contents Table of Contents
1. Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1. Introduction ....................................................2
2. An Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2. An Overview .....................................................2
3. High Level Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3. High-Level Requirements .........................................3
3.1 Discovery Phase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3.1. Discovery Phase ............................................3
3.2 Conference Creation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3.2. Conference Creation ........................................4
3.3 Conference Termination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3.3. Conference Termination .....................................4
3.4 Participants' Manipulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3.4. Participants' Manipulations ................................4
3.4.1 Participation of a Conference-unaware User Agent . . . 5 3.4.1. Participation of a Conference-Unaware User Agent ......5
3.4.2 Dial-Out Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3.4.2. Dial-Out Scenarios ....................................5
3.4.3 Dial-In Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3.4.3. Dial-In Scenarios .....................................5
3.4.4 Third Party Invitation to a Conference . . . . . . . . 6 3.4.4. Third-Party Invitation to a Conference ................6
3.4.5 Participants' Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3.4.5. Participants' Removal .................................6
3.4.6 Participants' Privacy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3.4.6. Participants' Privacy .................................6
3.5 Conference State Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3.5. Conference State Information ...............................7
3.5.1 Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3.5.1. Description ...........................................7
3.5.2 Dissemination of Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.5.2. Dissemination of Changes ..............................7
3.5.3 On-demand Information Dissemination . . . . . . . . . 8 3.5.3. On-demand Information Dissemination ...................8
3.6 Focus Role Migration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.6. Focus Role Migration .......................................8
3.7 Side-bar Conferences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.7. Side-bar Conferences .......................................8
3.8 Cascading of Conferences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.8. Cascading of Conferences ...................................9
3.9 SIMPLE and SIP Conferencing Coordination . . . . . . . . . 10 3.9. SIMPLE and SIP Conferencing Coordination ...................9
4. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 4. Security Considerations ........................................10
5. Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 5. Contributors ...................................................10
6. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 6. References .....................................................10
6.1 Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 6.1. Normative References ......................................10
6.2 Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Intellectual Property and Copyright Statements . . . . . . . . 12
1. Scope 1. Introduction
This document examines a wide range of conferencing requirements for This document examines a wide range of conferencing requirements for
tightly coupled SIP (RFC 3261 [2]) conferencing. tightly coupled SIP (RFC 3261 [2]) conferencing.
The requirements are grouped by subjects in various areas allowing The requirements are grouped by subjects in various areas allowing
solutions to progress in parallel. solutions to progress in parallel.
Separate documents will map the requirements to existing protocol Separate documents will map the requirements to existing protocol
primitives, define new protocol extensions, and introduce new primitives, define new protocol extensions, and introduce new
protocols as needed. protocols as needed.
Together, these documents will provide a guide for building Together, these documents will provide a guide for building
interoperable SIP conferencing applications. interoperable SIP conferencing applications.
The terms "MAY", "SHOULD", and "MUST" are to be interpreted as
described in RFC 2119 [1].
2. An Overview 2. An Overview
A SIP conference is an association of SIP user agents (i.e. A SIP conference is an association of SIP user agents (i.e.,
conference participants) with a central point (i.e. a conference conference participants) with a central point (i.e., a conference
focus) where the focus has direct peer-wise relationships with the focus), where the focus has direct peer-wise relationships with the
participants by maintaining a separate SIP dialog with each. participants by maintaining a separate SIP dialog with each.
The focus is a SIP user agent which has abilities to host SIP The focus is a SIP user agent that has abilities to host SIP
conferences including their creation, maintenance, and manipulation conferences including their creation, maintenance, and manipulation
using SIP call control means and potentially other non-SIP means. using SIP call control means and potentially other non-SIP means.
In this tightly coupled model, the SIP conference graph is always a In this tightly coupled model, the SIP conference graph is always a
star. The conference focus maintains the correlation among star. The conference focus maintains the correlation among
conference's dialogs internally. conference's dialogs internally.
The conference focus can be implemented either by a participant or by The conference focus can be implemented either by a participant or by
a separate application server. a separate application server.
In the first case, a focus is typically capable of hosting a simple In the first case, a focus is typically capable of hosting a simple
ad-hoc conference only. We envision that such basic conference can ad hoc conference only. We envision that such basic conference can
be established using SIP call control primitives only. be established using SIP call control primitives only.
A dedicated conference server, in addition to the basic features, A dedicated conference server, in addition to the basic features,
offers richer functionality including simultaneous conferences, large offers richer functionality including simultaneous conferences, large
scalable conferences, reserved conferences, and managed conferences. scalable conferences, reserved conferences, and managed conferences.
A conferencing server can support any subset of the advanced A conferencing server can support any subset of the advanced
conferencing functions presented in this document. conferencing functions presented in this document.
The media graph of a SIP conference can be centralized, The media graph of a SIP conference can be centralized,
de-centralized, or any combination of both and potentially differ per decentralized, or any combination of both, and potentially differ per
media type. In centralized case, the media sessions are established media type. In the centralized case, the media sessions are
between the focus and each one of the participants. In established between the focus and each one of the participants. In
de-centralized (i.e. distributed) case, the media graph is a the de-centralized (i.e., distributed) case, the media graph is a
(multicast or multi-unicast) mesh among the participants. (multicast or multi-unicast) mesh among the participants.
Consequently, the media processing (e.g. mixing) can be performed Consequently, the media processing (e.g., mixing) can be performed
either by the focus alone or by the participants. either by the focus alone or by the participants.
Conference participants and third parties can have different roles Conference participants and third parties can have different roles
and privileges in a certain conference. For example, conferencing and privileges in a certain conference. For example, conferencing
policy can state that the rights to disconnect from and to invite to policy can state that the rights to disconnect from and to invite to
a conference are limited to the conference chair only. a conference are limited to the conference chair only.
Throughout the document, by conference policies we mean a set of Throughout the document, by conference policies we mean a set of
parameters and rules (e.g. maximum number of participants, needs parameters and rules (e.g., maximum number of participants, needs
chair-person supervision or not, password protected or not, duration, chair-person supervision or not, password protected or not, duration,
a way of media mixing, etc.) that are defined at the onset of a or a way of media mixing) that are defined at the onset of a
conference. Typically, conference policies would be specified by a conference. Typically, conference policies would be specified by a
conference creator and need special privileges to be manipulated. conference creator and need special privileges to be manipulated.
Throughout the document, by a conference state we mean a set of Throughout the document, by a conference state we mean a set of
information describing the conference in progress. This includes information describing the conference in progress. This includes
participants' information (such as dialog identifiers), media participants' information (such as dialog identifiers), media
sessions in progress, the current loudest speaker, the current chair, sessions in progress, the current loudest speaker, the current chair,
etc. etc.
3. High Level Requirements 3. High-Level Requirements
In addition to the requirements presented in this document, In addition to the requirements presented in this document,
supplementary requirements for conferencing policy, media mixing and supplementary requirements for conferencing policy, media mixing and
other manipulations, floor control, privileges control, etc. will be other manipulations, floor control, privilege control, etc. will be
discussed in separate documents. discussed in separate documents.
3.1 Discovery Phase 3.1. Discovery Phase
Some of the requirements presented in this section can be met either Some of the requirements presented in this section can be met either
by configuration means or by using proprietary conventions. by configuration means or by using proprietary conventions.
Nevertheless, we feel that standard means for implementing these Nevertheless, there is consensus that standard means for implementing
functions by automata MUST be defined. these functions by automata MUST be defined.
REQ-1: Discovery of a location of an arbitrary SIP conferencing REQ-1: Discovery of a location of an arbitrary SIP conferencing
server(s). server(s).
REQ-2: Given a SIP AOR of a certain entity, resolution whether the REQ-2: Given a SIP Address-of-Record (AOR) of a certain entity,
SIP entity has focus capabilities. resolution whether the SIP entity has focus capabilities.
REQ-3: Given a global identifier of a particular conference, locating REQ-3: Given a global identifier of a particular conference, locating
the conference focus. the conference focus.
REQ-4: Given a global identifier of a particular conference, REQ-4: Given a global identifier of a particular conference,
obtaining the conference properties. obtaining the conference properties.
REQ-5: Given a global identifier of a particular conference, REQ-5: Given a global identifier of a particular conference,
obtaining the conference state information. obtaining the conference state information.
3.2 Conference Creation 3.2. Conference Creation
Given a focus location, a means MUST be defined for an interested Given a focus location, a means MUST be defined for an interested
entity (including a user agent) to implement the procedures below: entity (including a user agent) to implement the procedures below:
REQ-1: Creation of an ad-hoc conference identifier and the conference REQ-1: Creation of an ad-hoc conference identifier and the conference
with specified properties. with specified properties.
REQ-2: Creation of a reserved conference identifier for a conference REQ-2: Creation of a reserved conference identifier for a conference
with specified properties. with specified properties.
REQ-3: Specifying properties upon conference creation in any of the REQ-3: Specifying properties upon conference creation in any of the
following ways: default, profiles and explicitly. following ways: default, profiles, and explicitly.
3.3 Conference Termination 3.3. Conference Termination
REQ-1: Given a conference identifier, a means MUST be defined for a REQ-1: Given a conference identifier, a means MUST be defined for a
user agent to disconnect all participants from the conference and user agent to disconnect all participants from the conference
terminate the conference including the release of the associated and terminate the conference including the release of the
resources. associated resources.
REQ-2: A means MAY be defined for requesting a focus to revert a REQ-2: A means MAY be defined for requesting a focus to revert a
two-party conference to a basic SIP point-to-point session including two-party conference to a basic SIP point-to-point session
the release of the associated conferencing resources. including the release of the associated conferencing resources.
3.4 Participants' Manipulations 3.4. Participants' Manipulations
Some of the requirements presented in this section can be met by Some of the requirements presented in this section can be met by
human intervention, configuration means, or by using proprietary human intervention, configuration means, or proprietary
conventions. Nevertheless, we feel that standard means for conventions. Nevertheless, there is consensus that standard
implementing these functions by automata MUST be defined. means for implementing these functions by automata MUST be
defined.
3.4.1 Participation of a Conference-unaware User Agent 3.4.1. Participation of a Conference-Unaware User Agent
REQ-1: Focus MUST be able to invite and disconnect an RFC 3261 REQ-1: Focus MUST be able to invite and disconnect an RFC 3261
compliant only SIP user agent to and from a SIP conference. compliant only SIP user agent to and from a SIP conference.
REQ-2: An RFC 3261 compliant only SIP user agent MUST be able to REQ-2: An RFC 3261 compliant only SIP user agent MUST be able to
dial-in to a particular SIP conference. In this case, only the human dial-in to a particular SIP conference. In this case, only the
knows that he/she is connected to the conference. human knows that he/she is connected to the conference.
3.4.2 Dial-Out Scenarios 3.4.2. Dial-Out Scenarios
REQ-1: A means MUST be defined for a focus to invite another user REQ-1: A means MUST be defined for a focus to invite another user
agent to one of the focus' conferences. This procedure MUST result agent to one of the focus' conferences. This procedure MUST
in the establishment of a single SIP dialog between the two. result in the establishment of a single SIP dialog between the
two.
REQ-2: Given an existing SIP dialog between two user agents, if at REQ-2: Given an existing SIP dialog between two user agents, if at
least one User agent has focus capabilities, a means MUST be defined least one user agent has focus capabilities, a means MUST be
for the conference focus to invite the other user agent to one of the defined for the conference focus to invite the other user agent
focus' conferences without additional SIP dialog establishment. to one of the focus' conferences without additional SIP dialog
establishment.
REQ-3: An invitation to a user agent to join a conference MUST REQ-3: An invitation to a user agent to join a conference MUST
include a standard indication that it is a conference and the include a standard indication that it is a conference and the
conference identifier. conference identifier.
3.4.3 Dial-In Scenarios 3.4.3. Dial-In Scenarios
REQ-1: A means MUST be defined for a user agent to create an ad-hoc REQ-1: A means MUST be defined for a user agent to create an ad hoc
conference with default properties (as per "Conference Creation" conference with default properties (as per "Conference Creation"
REQ-1 above) and to become a participant using a single SIP dialog. REQ-1 above) and to become a participant using a single SIP
dialog.
REQ-2: Given a reserved conference identifier, a means MUST be REQ-2: Given a reserved conference identifier, a means MUST be
defined for a user agent to activate the conference and to become a defined for a user agent to activate the conference and to
participant using a single SIP dialog. become a participant using a single SIP dialog.
REQ-3: Given a conference identifier of an active conference, a means REQ-3: Given a conference identifier of an active conference, a means
MUST be defined for a user agent to dial-in the conference and to MUST be defined for a user agent to dial-in the conference and
become a participant using a single SIP dialog between the two. to become a participant using a single SIP dialog between the
two.
REQ-4: Given an identifier of one of the dialogs of a particular REQ-4: Given an identifier of one of the dialogs of a particular
active conference, a means MUST be defined for a user agent to active conference, a means MUST be defined for a user agent to
dial-in the conference and to become a participant. dial-in the conference and to become a participant.
3.4.4 Third Party Invitation to a Conference 3.4.4. Third-Party Invitation to a Conference
REQ-1: Given a conference identifier, a means MUST be defined for a REQ-1: Given a conference identifier, a means MUST be defined for a
user agent to invite another user agent to this conference. user agent to invite another user agent to this conference.
REQ-2: Given an identifier of one of the dialogs of a particular REQ-2: Given an identifier of one of the dialogs of a particular
active conference, a means MUST be defined for a user agent to invite active conference, a means MUST be defined for a user agent to
another user agent to this conference. invite another user agent to this conference.
REQ-3: Given a conference identifier, a means SHOULD be defined for a EQ-3: Given a conference identifier, a means SHOULD be defined for a
user agent to invite a list of user agents to this conference (a user agent to invite a list of user agents to this conference (a
so-called "mass invitation"). so-called "mass invitation").
3.4.5 Participants' Removal 3.4.5. Participants' Removal
REQ-1: A means MUST be defined for a conference focus to remove a REQ-1: A means MUST be defined for a conference focus to remove a
conference participant from the conference. conference participant from the conference.
REQ-2: Given a conference identifier, a means MUST be defined for a REQ-2: Given a conference identifier, a means MUST be defined for a
user agent to remove a participant from the conference. user agent to remove a participant from the conference.
REQ-3: Given an identifier of one of the dialogs of a particular REQ-3: Given an identifier of one of the dialogs of a particular
active conference, a means MUST be defined for a user agent to remove active conference, a means MUST be defined for a user agent to
a participant from the conference. remove a participant from the conference.
REQ-4: Given a conference identifier, a means MUST be defined for a REQ-4: Given a conference identifier, a means MUST be defined for a
user agent to remove all the participants from the conference. user agent to remove all the participants from the conference.
REQ-5: Given a conference identifier and a sub-list of participants, REQ-5: Given a conference identifier and a sub-list of participants,
a means MAY be defined for a user agent to remove the specified a means MAY be defined for a user agent to remove the specified
participants from the conference (a so-called "mass ejection"). participants from the conference (a so-called "mass ejection").
3.4.6 Participants' Privacy 3.4.6. Participants' Privacy
A conference focus SHOULD support the procedures described in this A conference focus SHOULD support the procedures described in this
section. A conference participant MAY support the procedures section. A conference participant MAY support the procedures
described in this section. The requirements imply that "anonymizing" described in this section. The requirements imply that "anonymizing"
operations MUST be performed on all: the call control, the media operations MUST be performed on all: the call control, the media
control and the media content when appropriate. control, and the media content when appropriate.
REQ-1: A conference participant joins the conference "anonymously", REQ-1: A conference participant joins the conference "anonymously";
i.e. his/her presence can be announced but without disclosing that is, his/her presence can be announced but without
his/her identity. disclosing his/her identity.
REQ-2: A conference participant requests a focus for anonymous REQ-2: A conference participant requests a focus for anonymous
participation in the conference. participation in the conference.
REQ-3: A conference participant joins a conference in a "hidden REQ-3: A conference participant joins a conference in a "hidden
mode", i.e. his/her both presence and identity are not to be mode"; that is, his/her presence and identity are not to be
disclosed to other participants. disclosed to other participants.
REQ-4: A conference participant requests a focus for participation in REQ-4: A conference participant requests a focus for participation in
the conference in a hidden mode. the conference in a hidden mode.
3.5 Conference State Information 3.5 Conference State Information
3.5.1 Description 3.5.1. Description
By a conference state we mean a virtual database describing the By a conference state, we mean a virtual database describing the
conference in progress. This includes different conference aspects - conference in progress. This includes different conference aspects:
participants' information (such as dialog identifiers and state), participants' information (such as dialog identifiers and state),
media sessions in progress (such as current stream contributing media sessions in progress (such as current stream contributing
sources and encoding schemes), the current loudest speaker, the sources and encoding schemes), the current loudest speaker, the
current chair, etc. Conference state is the latest conference current chair, etc. Conference state is the latest conference
snapshot triggered by changes in participants' state, conference snapshot triggered by changes in participants' state, conference
policy changes, etc. policy changes, etc.
REQ-1: A conference state virtual database MUST have a modular REQ-1: A conference state virtual database MUST have a modular
definition, i.e. it MUST be possible to access different conference definition that is, it MUST be possible to access different
aspects independently. conference aspects independently.
REQ-2: It MUST be possible to aggregate information relating to REQ-2: It MUST be possible to aggregate information relating to
different conference aspects in a single report. different conference aspects in a single report.
REQ-3: A mechanism for extensible definition and registration of REQ-3: A mechanism for extensible definition and registration of
conference state evolving aspects MUST be present. conference state evolving aspects MUST be present.
REQ-4: A default conference state report MUST be defined. It SHOULD REQ-4: A default conference state report MUST be defined. It SHOULD
contain A minimal useful set of information (e.g. a list of current contain a minimal useful set of information (e.g., a list of
conference participants). current conference participants).
3.5.2 Dissemination of Changes 3.5.2. Dissemination of Changes
REQ-1: A means MUST be defined for reporting the conference state REQ-1: A means MUST be defined for reporting the conference state
changes to interested parties (including non-conference participants) changes to interested parties (including non-conference
in a timely manner. participants) in a timely manner.
REQ-2: A means MUST be defined for a SIP user agent to express its REQ-2: A means MUST be defined for a SIP user agent to express its
interest in selected state changes only. interest in selected state changes only.
REQ-3: A means MUST be defined for a SIP user agent to express the REQ-3: A means MUST be defined for a SIP user agent to express the
minimum interval between receiving state change reports. minimum interval between receiving state change reports.
REQ-4: It MUST be possible to aggregate recent changes in a single REQ-4: It MUST be possible to aggregate recent changes in a single
reporting event. reporting event.
REQ-5: Default conference state change reports MUST be defined. They REQ-5: Default conference state change reports MUST be defined. They
SHOULD contain minimal useful to the participants information (e.g. SHOULD contain minimal useful to the participants information
participants' joining and leaving the conference). (e.g., participants' joining and leaving the conference).
3.5.3 On-demand Information Dissemination 3.5.3. On-demand Information Dissemination
REQ-1: A means MUST be defined to disseminate any conference state REQ-1: A means MUST be defined to disseminate any conference state
information to interested parties (including SIP user agents) information to interested parties (including SIP user agents)
on-demand. on-demand.
REQ-2: A means MUST be defined for an interested party (including a REQ-2: A means MUST be defined for an interested party (including a
SIP user agent) to request conference state information of a SIP user agent) to request conference state information of a
particular conference defined by the conference identifier. particular conference defined by the conference identifier.
REQ-3: A means MUST be defined for an interested party (including a REQ-3: A means MUST be defined for an interested party (including a
SIP user agent) to specify the subset of the conference state SIP user agent) to specify the subset of the conference state
information it wants and capable to receive. information it wants and is capable of receiving.
3.6 Focus Role Migration 3.6. Focus Role Migration
REQ-1: A procedure for delegating a focus role by the current focus REQ-1: A procedure for delegating a focus role by the current focus
to another participant MUST be defined. to another participant MUST be defined.
REQ-2: A procedure for requesting a conference focus to transfer its REQ-2: A procedure for requesting a conference focus to transfer its
role to another participant MUST be defined. role to another participant MUST be defined.
REQ-3: A procedure for on-demand unconditional transfer of the focus REQ-3: A procedure for on-demand unconditional transfer of the focus
role to a different participant MUST be defined. role to a different participant MUST be defined.
REQ-4: A detection procedure for a focus failure condition MUST be REQ-4: A detection procedure for a focus failure condition MUST be
defined. defined.
3.7 Side-bar Conferences 3.7. Side-bar Conferences
A standard means MUST be defined in order to implement the operations A standard means MUST be defined in order to implement the operations
defined in this section below. defined in this section below.
REQ-1: A user agent (not a conference participant) joins a side-bar REQ-1: A user agent (not a conference participant) joins a side-bar
within the conference by SIP means. within the conference by SIP means.
REQ-2: A user agent (not a conference participant) is invited to a REQ-2: A user agent (not a conference participant) is invited to a
side-bar within the conference by SIP means. side-bar within the conference by SIP means.
skipping to change at page 9, line 44 skipping to change at page 9, line 13
conference by SIP means. conference by SIP means.
REQ-5: A conference participant is invited to a side-bar within the REQ-5: A conference participant is invited to a side-bar within the
conference by SIP means. conference by SIP means.
REQ-6: A conference-unaware user agent (a participant or not) creates REQ-6: A conference-unaware user agent (a participant or not) creates
and participates in side-bar conferences. It MAY be achieved by and participates in side-bar conferences. It MAY be achieved by
non-SIP means. non-SIP means.
REQ-7: A conference participant creates side-bar conferences within REQ-7: A conference participant creates side-bar conferences within
the conference without establishing any additional SIP dialogs with the conference without establishing any additional SIP dialogs
the focus. It MAY be achieved by non-SIP means. with the focus. It MAY be achieved by non-SIP means.
REQ-8: A conference participant joins any number of side-bars within REQ-8: A conference participant joins any number of side-bars within
the conference without establishing any additional SIP dialogs with the conference without establishing any additional SIP dialogs
the focus. It MAY be achieved by non-SIP means. with the focus. It MAY be achieved by non-SIP means.
REQ-9: A conference participant is invited to any number of side-bars REQ-9: A conference participant is invited to any number of side-bars
within the conference without establishing any additional SIP dialogs within the conference without establishing any additional SIP
with the focus. It MAY be achieved by non-SIP means. dialogs with the focus. It MAY be achieved by non-SIP means.
3.8 Cascading of Conferences 3.8. Cascading of Conferences
"Cascading of Conferences" is a term that has different meanings in "Cascading of Conferences" is a term that has different meanings in
different contexts. Some examples are listed below: different contexts. Some examples are listed below:
- Peer-to-peer chaining of signaling. (Many ways exist to - Peer-to-peer chaining of signaling. (Many ways exist to
build the media graph in this case.) build the media graph in this case.)
- Conferences have hierarchal signaling relations. (Many - Conferences have hierarchal signaling relations. (Many ways
ways exists to build the media graph in this case.) exists to build the media graph in this case.)
- "Cascading" is used to distribute the media "mixing" - "Cascading" is used to distribute the media "mixing" only.
only. The distribution of signaling is not required. The distribution of signaling is not required.
As it can be seen from the examples, each will define a different set As it can be seen from the examples, each will define a different set
of requirements. of requirements.
3.9 SIMPLE and SIP Conferencing Coordination 3.9. SIMPLE and SIP Conferencing Coordination
REQ-1: SIMPLE-based Presence and Instant Messaging architecture REQ-1: SIMPLE-based Presence and Instant Messaging architecture
SHOULD fit into the general SIP Conferencing architecture. SHOULD fit into the general SIP Conferencing architecture.
REQ-2: A scenario where a multimedia SIP conference and a multiparty REQ-2: A scenario where a multimedia SIP conference and a multiparty
IM conversation take place among the same group of participants MUST instant messaging conversation take place among the same group
be addressed. of participants MUST be addressed.
REQ-3: A scenario where a side-bar or/and a sub-IM-conference is REQ-3: A scenario where a side-bar and/or a sub-IM-conference is
being held as a part of SIP conference MUST be addressed. being held as a part of SIP conference MUST be addressed.
4. Security Considerations 4. Security Considerations
This document discusses high level requirements for SIP conferencing. This document discusses high-level requirements for SIP conferencing.
Conferencing has some specific security requirements which will be Conferencing has some specific security requirements, which will be
summarized here at a very high level. summarized here at a very high level.
All of the operations and functions described in this document need All of the operations and functions described in this document need
to be authorized by a focus or a participant. It is expected that to be authorized by a focus or a participant. It is expected that
conferences will be governed by a set of authorization rules defined conferences will be governed by a set of authorization rules defined
as a part of the conference policy. In order for the conference as a part of the conference policy. In order for the conference
policy to be implemented, the focus needs to be able to authenticate policy to be implemented, the focus needs to be able to authenticate
potential participants. Normal SIP mechanisms including Digest potential participants. Normal SIP mechanisms including Digest
authentication and certificates can be used. These conference authentication and certificates can be used [2]. These conference-
specific security requirements will be discussed in detail in the specific security requirements will be discussed in detail in the
protocol documents. protocol documents.
Conferencing also has privacy implications. Some of these are Conferencing also has privacy implications. Some of these are
discussed in this document. Standard SIP mechanisms for a user agent discussed in this document. Standard SIP mechanisms for a user agent
to request privacy should be utilized by a focus and will be detailed to request privacy should be utilized by a focus and will be detailed
in the protocol documents. in the protocol documents.
5. Contributors 5. Contributors
This work is based on the discussions among the members of the SIP This work is based on the discussions among the members of the SIP
Conferencing design team. Conferencing design team.
6. References 6. References
6.1 Normative References 6.1. Normative References
[1] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement [1] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement
Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.
[2] Rosenberg, J., Schulzrinne, H., Camarillo, G., Johnston, A., [2] Rosenberg, J., Schulzrinne, H., Camarillo, G., Johnston, A.,
Peterson, J., Sparks, R., Handley, M. and E. Schooler, "SIP: Peterson, J., Sparks, R., Handley, M. and E. Schooler, "SIP:
Session Initiation Protocol", RFC 3261, June 2002. Session Initiation Protocol", RFC 3261, June 2002.
6.2 Informative References
Authors' Addresses Authors' Addresses
Orit Levin Orit Levin
Microsoft Corporation Microsoft Corporation
One Microsoft Way One Microsoft Way
Redmond, WA 98052 Redmond, WA 98052
EMail: oritl@microsoft.com EMail: oritl@microsoft.com
Roni Even Roni Even
Polycom Polycom
94 Derech Em Hamoshavot 94 Derech Em Hamoshavot
Petach Tikva, Israel Petach Tikva, Israel
EMail: roni.even@polycom.co.il EMail: roni.even@polycom.co.il
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