draft-ietf-sipping-config-framework-03.txt   draft-ietf-sipping-config-framework-04.txt 
SIPPING D. Petrie SIPPING D. Petrie
Internet-Draft Pingtel Corp. Internet-Draft Pingtel Corp.
Expires: November 15, 2004 May 17, 2004 Expires: January 17, 2005 July 19, 2004
A Framework for Session Initiation Protocol User Agent Profile A Framework for Session Initiation Protocol User Agent Profile
Delivery Delivery
draft-ietf-sipping-config-framework-03.txt draft-ietf-sipping-config-framework-04.txt
Status of this Memo Status of this Memo
This document is an Internet-Draft and is in full conformance with This document is an Internet-Draft and is in full conformance with
all provisions of Section 10 of RFC2026. all provisions of Section 10 of RFC2026.
Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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This Internet-Draft will expire on November 15, 2004. This Internet-Draft will expire on January 17, 2005.
Copyright Notice Copyright Notice
Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2004). All Rights Reserved. Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2004). All Rights Reserved.
Abstract Abstract
This document defines the application of a set of protocols for This document defines the application of a set of protocols for
providing profile data to SIP user agents. The objective is to providing profile data to SIP user agents. The objective is to
define a means for automatically providing profile data a user agent define a means for automatically providing profile data a user agent
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The framework for discovery, delivery, notification and updates of The framework for discovery, delivery, notification and updates of
user agent profile data is defined here. As part of this framework a user agent profile data is defined here. As part of this framework a
new SIP event package is defined here for the notification of profile new SIP event package is defined here for the notification of profile
changes. This framework is also intended to ease ongoing changes. This framework is also intended to ease ongoing
administration and upgrading of large scale deployments of SIP user administration and upgrading of large scale deployments of SIP user
agents. The contents and format of the profile data to be defined is agents. The contents and format of the profile data to be defined is
outside the scope of this document. outside the scope of this document.
Table of Contents Table of Contents
1. Motivation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1. Motivation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.1 Requirements Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.1 Requirements Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.2 Profile Delivery Framework Terminology . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.2 Profile Delivery Framework Terminology . . . . . . . . . . 5
2.3 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.3 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3. Profile Change Event Notification Package . . . . . . . . . 6 3. Profile Change Event Notification Package . . . . . . . . . 8
3.1 Event Package Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3.1 Event Package Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
3.2 Event Package Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3.2 Event Package Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
3.3 SUBSCRIBE Bodies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.3 SUBSCRIBE Bodies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
3.4 Subscription Duration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.4 Subscription Duration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
3.5 NOTIFY Bodies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.5 NOTIFY Bodies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
3.6 Notifier processing of SUBSCRIBE requests . . . . . . . . 10 3.6 Notifier processing of SUBSCRIBE requests . . . . . . . . 12
3.7 Notifier generation of NOTIFY requests . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.7 Notifier generation of NOTIFY requests . . . . . . . . . . 13
3.8 Subscriber processing of NOTIFY requests . . . . . . . . . 11 3.8 Subscriber processing of NOTIFY requests . . . . . . . . . 13
3.9 Handling of forked requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 3.9 Handling of forked requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.10 Rate of notifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 3.10 Rate of notifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.11 State Agents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3.11 State Agents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.12 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3.12 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.13 Use of URIs to Retrieve State . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 3.13 Use of URIs to Retrieve State . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
4. Profile Delivery Framework Details . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 3.13.1 Device URIs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
4.1 Discovery of Subscription URI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 3.13.2 User and Application URIs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
4.2 Enrollment with Profile Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3.13.3 Local Network URIs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
4.3 Notification of Profile Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 4. Profile Delivery Framework Details . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
4.4 Retrieval of Profile Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 4.1 Discovery of Subscription URI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
4.5 Upload of Profile Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 4.1.1 Discovery of Local Network URI . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
5. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 4.1.2 Discovery of Device URI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
5.1 SIP Event Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 4.1.3 Discovery of User and Application URI . . . . . . . . 19
6. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 4.2 Enrollment with Profile Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
6.1 Symmetric Encryption of Profile Data . . . . . . . . . . . 16 4.3 Notification of Profile Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
7. Differences from Simple XCAP Package . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 4.4 Retrieval of Profile Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
8. Open Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 4.5 Upload of Profile Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
9. Change History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 4.6 Usage of XCAP with the Profile Package . . . . . . . . . . 20
9.1 Changes from draft-ietf-sipping-config-framework-02.txt . 18 5. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
9.2 Changes from draft-ietf-sipping-config-framework-01.txt . 18 5.1 SIP Event Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
9.3 Changes from draft-ietf-sipping-config-framework-00.txt . 18 6. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
9.4 Changes from 6.1 Symmetric Encryption of Profile Data . . . . . . . . . . . 23
draft-petrie-sipping-config-framework-00.txt . . . . . . . 18 7. Change History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
9.5 Changes from draft-petrie-sip-config-framework-01.txt . . 19 7.1 Changes from draft-ietf-sipping-config-framework-03.txt . 24
9.6 Changes from draft-petrie-sip-config-framework-00.txt . . 19 7.2 Changes from draft-ietf-sipping-config-framework-02.txt . 24
10. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 7.3 Changes from draft-ietf-sipping-config-framework-01.txt . 24
Author's Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 7.4 Changes from draft-ietf-sipping-config-framework-00.txt . 25
A. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 7.5 Changes from
Intellectual Property and Copyright Statements . . . . . . . 22 draft-petrie-sipping-config-framework-00.txt . . . . . . . 25
7.6 Changes from draft-petrie-sip-config-framework-01.txt . . 25
7.7 Changes from draft-petrie-sip-config-framework-00.txt . . 25
8. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Author's Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
A. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Intellectual Property and Copyright Statements . . . . . . . 29
1. Motivation 1. Motivation
Today all SIP user agent implementers use proprietary means of Today all SIP user agent implementers use proprietary means of
delivering user or device profiles to the user agent. The profile delivering user or device profiles to the user agent. The profile
delivery framework defined in this document is intended to enable a delivery framework defined in this document is intended to enable a
first phase migration to a standard means of providing profiles to first phase migration to a standard means of providing profiles to
SIP user agents. It is expected that UA implementers will be able to SIP user agents. It is expected that UA implementers will be able to
use this framework as a means of delivering their existing use this framework as a means of delivering their existing
proprietary user and device data profiles (i.e. using their existing proprietary user and device data profiles (i.e. using their existing
proprietary binary or text formats). This in itself is a tremendous proprietary binary or text formats). This in itself is a tremendous
advantage in that a SIP environment can use a single profile delivery advantage in that a SIP environment can use a single profile delivery
server for profile data to user agents from multiple implementers. server for profile data to user agents from multiple implementers.
Follow-on standardization activities can: Follow-on standardization activities can:
1. define a standard profile content format framework (e.g. XML 1. define a standard profile content format framework (e.g. XML
with name spaces [??] or name-value pairs [RFC0822]). with namespaces [W3C.REC-xml-names11-20040204] or name-value
pairs [RFC0822]).
2. specify the content (i.e. name the profile data parameters, xml 2. specify the content (i.e. name the profile data parameters, xml
schema, name spaces) of the data profiles. schema, name spaces) of the data profiles.
One of the objectives of the framework described in this document is One of the objectives of the framework described in this document is
to provide a start up experience similar to that of users of an to provide a start up experience similar to that of users of an
analog telephone. When you plug in an analog telephone it just works analog telephone. When you plug in an analog telephone it just works
(assuming the line is live and the switch has been provisioned). (assuming the line is live and the switch has been provisioned).
There is no end user configuration required to make analog phone There is no end user configuration required to make analog phone
work, at least in a basic sense. So the objective here is to be able work, at least in a basic sense. So the objective here is to be able
to take a new SIP user agent out of the box, plug it in or install to take a new SIP user agent out of the box, plug it in or install
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delivery server notifies the UA that the content of one or more of delivery server notifies the UA that the content of one or more of
the profiles has changed. If the content is provided indirectly the the profiles has changed. If the content is provided indirectly the
UA SHOULD retrieve the profile from the specified URI upon receipt of UA SHOULD retrieve the profile from the specified URI upon receipt of
the change notification. the change notification.
Profile Upload is the process by which a UA or other entity (e.g. Profile Upload is the process by which a UA or other entity (e.g.
OSS, corporate directory or configuration management server) pushes a OSS, corporate directory or configuration management server) pushes a
change to the profile data back up to the profile delivery server. change to the profile data back up to the profile delivery server.
This framework defines a new SIP event package [RFC3265] to solve This framework defines a new SIP event package [RFC3265] to solve
enrollment and profile change notification steps. enrollment and profile change notification steps. This event packet
defines everything but the mandatory content type. This make this
event package abstract until the content type is bound. The profile
content type(s) will be defined outside the scope of this document.
It is he author's belief that it would be a huge accomplishment if
all SIP user agent used this framework for delivering their existing
proprietary profiles. Even though this does not accomplish
interoperability of profiles, it is a big first step in easing the
administration of SIP user agents. The definition of standard
profiles and data set (see [I-D.petrie-sipping-profile-datasets] )
will enable interoperability as a subsequent step.
The question arises as to why SIP should be used for the profile The question arises as to why SIP should be used for the profile
delivery framework. In this document SIP is used for only a small delivery framework. In this document SIP is used for only a small
portion of the framework. Other existing protocols are more portion of the framework. Other existing protocols are more
appropriate for transport of the profile contents (to and from the appropriate for transport of the profile contents (to and from the
user agent) and are suggested in this document. The discovery step user agent) and are suggested in this document. The discovery step
is simply a specified order and application of existing protocols. is simply a specified order and application of existing protocols.
SIP is only needed for the enrollment and change notification SIP is only needed for the enrollment and change notification
functionality of the profile delivery framework. In many SIP functionality of the profile delivery framework. In many SIP
environments (e.g. carrier/subscriber and multi-site enterprise) environments (e.g. carrier/subscriber and multi-site enterprise)
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requiring the profiles. requiring the profiles.
With SIP the users and devices already are assigned globally routable With SIP the users and devices already are assigned globally routable
addresses. In addition the firewall and NAT problems are already addresses. In addition the firewall and NAT problems are already
presumably solved in the environments in which SIP user agents are to presumably solved in the environments in which SIP user agents are to
be used. Therefore SIP is the best solution for allowing the user be used. Therefore SIP is the best solution for allowing the user
agent to enroll with the profile delivery server which may require agent to enroll with the profile delivery server which may require
traversal of multiple firewalls and NATs. For the same reason the traversal of multiple firewalls and NATs. For the same reason the
notification of profile changes is best solved by SIP. notification of profile changes is best solved by SIP.
It is assumed that the content delivery server will be either in the The content delivery server may be either in the public network or
public network or accessible through a DMZ. The user agents accessible through a DMZ. The user agents requiring profiles may be
requiring profiles may be behind firewalls and NATs and many behind firewalls and NATs and many protocols, such as HTTP, may be
protocols, such as HTTP, may be used for profile content retrieval used for profile content retrieval without special consideration in
without special consideration in the firewalls and NATs. the firewalls and NATs (e.g. an HTTP client on the UA can typically
pull content from a server outside the NAT/firewall.).
A conscious separation of user, device and local network profiles is A conscious separation of device, user, application and local network
made in this document. This is useful to provide features such as profiles is made in this document. This is useful to provide
hoteling as well as securing or restricting user agent functionality. features such as hotelling as well as securing or restricting user
By maintaining this separation, a user may walk up to someone else's agent functionality. By maintaining this separation, a user may walk
user agent and direct that user agent to get their profile data. In up to someone else's user agent and direct that user agent to get
doing so the user agent can replace the previous user's profile data their profile data. In doing so the user agent can replace the
while still keeping the devices profile data that may be necessary previous user's profile data while still keeping the devices profile
for core functionality and communication described in this document. data that may be necessary for core functionality and communication
The local network profiles are relevant to a visiting device which described in this document. The local network profiles are relevant
gets plugged in to a foreign network. The concept of the local to a visiting device which gets plugged in to a foreign network. The
network providing profile data is useful to provide hoteling concept of the local network providing profile data is useful to
(described above) as well as local policy data that may constrain the provide hotelling (described above) as well as local policy data that
user or device behavior relative to the local network. For example may constrain the user or device behavior relative to the local
media types and codecs may be constrained to reflect the networks network. For example media types and codecs may be constrained to
capabilities. reflect the networks capabilities.
The separation of these profiles also enables the separation of the
management of the profiles. The user profile may be managed by a
profile delivery server operated by the user's ISP. The device
profile may be delivered from a profile delivery server operated by
the user's employer. The application profile may be delivered from
the user's ASP. The local network profile may delivered by a WIFI
hotspot service provider. Some interesting services and mobility
applications are enabled with this separation of profiles.
A very high level data model is implied here with the separation of
these four profile types. Each profile type requires a separate
subscription to retrieve the profile. A loose hierarchy exists
mostly for the purpose of boot strapping and discovery or formation
of the profile URIs. No other meaning is implied by this hierarchy.
However the profile format and data sets to be define outside this
document, may define additional meaning to this hierarchy. In the
boot strapping scenario, a device straight out of the box (software
or hardware) does not know anything about it's user or local network.
The one thing that is does know is it's instance id. So the
hierarchy of the profiles exists as follows.
The instance id is used to form the URI for subscribing to the device
profile. The device profile may contain a default user AOR for that
device. The default user AOR may then be used to retrieve the user
profile. Applications to be used on the device may be defined in the
device and user profiles. The user's AOR is also used to retrieve
any application profiles for that user. The local network profile is
not referenced in any way from the device, user, application
profiles. It is subscribed to and retrieved based upon a URI formed
from the local network domain.
3. Profile Change Event Notification Package 3. Profile Change Event Notification Package
This section defines a new SIP event package [RFC3265]. The purpose This section defines a new SIP event package [RFC3265]. The purpose
of this event package is to send to subscribers notification of of this event package is to send to subscribers notification of
content changes to the profile(s) of interest and to provide the content changes to the profile(s) of interest and to provide the
location of the profile(s) via content indirection location of the profile(s) via content indirection
[I-D.ietf-sip-content-indirect-mech] or directly in the body of the [I-D.ietf-sip-content-indirect-mech] or directly in the body of the
NOTIFY. Frequently the profiles delivered to the user agent are much NOTIFY. Frequently the profiles delivered to the user agent are much
larger (e.g. several KB or even several MB) than the MTU of the larger (e.g. several KB or even several MB) than the MTU of the
network. These larger profiles will cause larger than normal SIP network. These larger profiles will cause larger than normal SIP
messages and consequently higher impact on the SIP servers and messages and consequently higher impact on the SIP servers and
infrastructure. To avoid the higher impact and load on the SIP infrastructure. To avoid the higher impact and load on the SIP
infrastructure, content indirection SHOULD be used if the profile is infrastructure, content indirection SHOULD be used if the profile is
large enough to cause packet fragmentation over the transport large enough to cause packet fragmentation over the transport
protocol. The user agent SHOULD specify the profile delivery means protocol. The presence of the MIME type for content indirection
and format via the MIME type in the Accepts header. [I-D.ietf-sip-content-indirect-mech] in the Accept header indicates
that the user agent supports content indirection and that the profile
delivery server SHOULD use content indirection. Similarly the
content type for the differential notification of profile changes
[I-D.ietf-simple-xcap-package] may be used in the Accept header to
receive profile change deltas.
The MIME types or formats of profile to be delivered via this The MIME types or formats of profile to be delivered via this
framework are to be defined in other documents. These profile MIME framework are to be defined in the documents that define the profile
types specified in the Accepts header along with the profile types contents. These profile MIME types specified in the Accept header
specified in the Event header parameter "profile-name" MAY be used to along with the profile types specified in the Event header parameter
specify which profiles get delivered either directly or indirectly in "profile-name" MAY be used to specify which profiles get delivered
the NOTIFY requests. When content indirection is not used, it is either directly or indirectly in the NOTIFY requests. As this event
more important to specify the minimum set of profiles, as the entire package does not specify the mandatory content type, this package is
content for all of the profiles is included in the NOTIFY request. abstract. The profile definition documents will specify the
mandatory content type to make a concrete event package.
3.1 Event Package Name 3.1 Event Package Name
The name of this package is "sip-profile". This value appears in the The name of this package is "sip-profile". This value appears in the
Event header field present in SUBSCRIBE and NOTIFY requests for this Event header field present in SUBSCRIBE and NOTIFY requests for this
package as defined in [RFC3265]. package as defined in [RFC3265].
3.2 Event Package Parameters 3.2 Event Package Parameters
This package defines the following new parameters for the event This package defines the following new parameters for the event
header: profile-name, vendor, model, version, effective-by. The header: "profile-name", "vendor", "model", "version", "effective-by",
effective-by parameter is for use in NOTIFY requests only. The "document", "app-id". The effective-by parameter is for use in
others are for use in the SUBSCRIBE request, but may be used in NOTIFY requests only. The others are for use in the SUBSCRIBE
NOTIFY requests as well. request, but may be used in NOTIFY requests as well.
The profile-name parameter is used to indicate the token name of the The "profile-name" parameter is used to indicate the token name of
profile type the user agent wishes to obtain URIs for or to the profile type the user agent wishes to obtain data or URIs for and
explicitly specify the URI to which it is to be notified of change. to be notified of subsequent changes. Using a token in this
Using a token in this parameter allows the URL semantics for parameter allows the URL semantics for retrieving the profiles to be
retrieving the profiles to be opaque to the subscribing user agent. opaque to the subscribing user agent. All it needs to know is the
All it needs to know is the token value for this parameter. However token value for this parameter. This document defines four logical
in some cases the user agent may know the URI of the profile and only types of profiles and their token names. The contents or format of
wishes to know about changes to the profile. The user agent MAY the profiles is outside the scope of this document.
supply the URI for the profile as the value of the profile-name
parameter. This document defines three type categories of profiles
and their token names. The contents or format of the profiles is
outside the scope of this document. The three types of profiles
define here are "user", "device" and "local". Specifying device type
profile(s) indicates the desire for the profile(s) (URIs when content
indirection is used) and change notification of all profiles that are
specific to the device or user agent. Specifying user type
profile(s) indicates the desire for the profiles(s) or URI(s) and
change notification of all profile(s) that are specific to the user.
Specifying local type profiles indicates the desire for profile(s) or
URI(s) specific to the local network. The user, device or local
network is identified in the URI of the SUBSCRIBE request. The
Accept header of the SUBSCRIBE request MUST include the MIME types
for all profile content types that the subscribing user agent wishes
to retrieve profiles or receive change notifications.
The user, device or local token in the profile-name parameter may The four types of profiles define here are "device", "user",
represent a class or set of profiles as opposed to a single "application" and "local". Specifying "device" type profile(s)
profile. As standards are defined for specific profile contents indicates the desire for the profile data (URI when content
related to the user device or local network, it may be desirable indirection is used) and change notification of the contents of the
to define additional tokens for the profile-name header. This is profile(s) that are specific to the device or user agent. Specifying
to allow a user agent to subscribe to that specific profile as "user" type profile indicates the desire for the profile data or URI
opposed to the entire class or set of user or device profiles. to the profile(s) and change notification of the profile content for
the user. Specifying "application" type profile indicates the desire
for the profile data or URI to the profile(s) and change notification
of the profile content for the user's applications. Specifying
"local" type profile indicates the desire for profiles data or URI to
the profile(s) specific to the local network. The device, user,
application or local network is identified in the URI of the
SUBSCRIBE request. The Accept header of the SUBSCRIBE request MUST
include the MIME types for all profile content types that the
subscribing user agent wishes to retrieve profiles or receive change
notifications.
Profile-Name = "profile-name" HCOLON profile-value
profile-value = profile-types / token
profile-types = "device" / "user" / "application" / "local"
The "device", "user", "application" or "local" token in the
profile-name parameter may represent a class or set of profile
properties. As standards are defined for specific profile
contents related to the user device or local network, it may be
desirable to define additional tokens for the profile-name header.
Also additional content types may be defined along with the
profile formats that can be used in the Accept header of the
SUBSCRIBE to filter or indicate what data sets of the profile are
desired.
The rational for the separation of user, device and local network The rational for the separation of user, device and local network
type profiles is provided in Section 2.3. It should be noted that type profiles is provided in Section 2.3. It should be noted that
any of the types may indicate that zero or more profiles or URIs are any of the types may indicate that zero or more profiles or URIs are
provided in the NOTIFY request. As discussed, a default user may be provided in the NOTIFY request. As discussed, a default user may be
assigned to a device. In this scenario the profile delivery server assigned to a device. The default user's AOR may in turn be used as
may provide the URI(s) in the NOTIFY request for the default user the URI to SUBSCRIBE to the "user" and "application" profile types.
when subscribing to the device profile type. Effectively the device
profile type becomes a superset of the user profile type
subscription. That is the list of profile URIs (or MIME parts if
multiple profiles are provided directly in the NOTIFY) provided when
requesting profile type "device" includes the profiles provided when
subscribing for profile type "user" for the default user of that
device. The user type is still useful in this scenario to allow the
user agent to obtain profile data or URIs for a user other than the
default user. This provides the ability to support a hoteling
function where a user may "login" to any user agent and have it use a
user's profile(s).
The data provided in the three types of profiles may overlap. As an The data provided in the four types of profiles may overlap. As an
example the codecs that a user prefers to use, the codecs that the example the codecs that a user prefers to use, the codecs that the
device supports (and the enterprise wishes to use), the codecs that device supports (and the enterprise or device owner wishes to use),
the local network can support (and the management wishes to allow) the codecs that the local network can support (and the network
all may overlap in how they are specified in the three corresponding operator wishes to allow) all may overlap in how they are specified
profiles. Typically these should be applied in the order of the in the three corresponding profiles. This policy of merging the
least to most constraint (i.e. user, device then local network). constraints across the multiple profile types can only unambiguously
However this policy of merging the constraints across the multiple be defined along with the profile format and syntax. This is out of
profile types can only unambiguously be defined along with the scope for this document.
profile format and syntax. This is out of scope for this document.
The "vendor", "model" and "version" parameter values are tokens The "vendor", "model" and "version" parameter values are tokens
specified by the vendor of the user agent. These parameters are specified by the implementer of the user agent. These parameters are
useful to the profile delivery server to affect the profiles useful to the profile delivery server to affect the profiles
provided. In some scenarios it is desirable to provide different provided. In some scenarios it is desirable to provide different
profiles based upon these parameters. For example feature parameter profiles based upon these parameters. For example feature property X
X in a profile may work differently on two versions of user agent. in a profile may work differently on two versions of user agent.
This gives the profile deliver server the ability to compensate for This gives the profile deliver server the ability to compensate for
or take advantage of the differences. or take advantage of the differences.
The "network-user" parameter is used when subscribing for local The "network-user" parameter is used when subscribing for local
network profiles. If the value of the profile-name parameter is not network profiles. If the value of the profile-name parameter is not
"local", the "network-user" parameter has no defined meaning. If the "local", the "network-user" parameter has no defined meaning. If the
user has special privileges beyond that of an anonymous user in the user has special privileges beyond that of an anonymous user in the
local network, the "network-user" parameter identifies the user to local network, the "network-user" parameter identifies the user to
the local network. The value of this parameter is the user's address the local network. The value of this parameter is the user's address
of record. The SUBSCRIBE server may authenticate the subscriber to of record. The SUBSCRIBE server may authenticate the subscriber to
skipping to change at page 8, line 41 skipping to change at page 10, line 39
The "effective-by" parameter in the Event header of the NOTIFY The "effective-by" parameter in the Event header of the NOTIFY
specifies the maximum number of seconds before the user agent MUST specifies the maximum number of seconds before the user agent MUST
make the new profile effective. A value of 0 (zero) indicates that make the new profile effective. A value of 0 (zero) indicates that
the user agent MUST make the profiles effective immediately (despite the user agent MUST make the profiles effective immediately (despite
possible service interruptions). This gives the profile delivery possible service interruptions). This gives the profile delivery
server the power to control when the profile is effective. This may server the power to control when the profile is effective. This may
be important to resolve an emergency problem or disable a user agent be important to resolve an emergency problem or disable a user agent
immediately. immediately.
SUBSCRIBE request example: The "document" parameter is used to specify a relative URI for a
specific profile document that the user agent wishes to retrieve and
to receive change notification. This is particularly useful for
profile content like XCAP [I-D.ietf-simple-xcap] where there is a
well defined URL schema and the user agent knows the specific content
that it wants. The "document" parameter value syntax is a quoted
string. For more details on the use of this package with XCAP see
Section 4.6.
The "app-id" parameter is only used when the "profile-name" parameter
value is "application". The "app-id" indicates that the user agent
wishes to retrieve the profile data or URI and change notification
for the application profile data for the specific application
indicated in the value of the "app-id" parameter. The "app-id"
parameter value is a token.
SUBSCRIBE request Event header examples:
Event: sip-profile;profile-name=device; Event: sip-profile;profile-name=device;
vendor=acme;model=Z100;version=1.2.3 vendor=acme;model=Z100;version=1.2.3
Event: sip-profile;profile-name= Event: sip-profile;profile-name=
"http://example.com/services/user-profiles/users/freds.xml"; "http://example.com/services/user-profiles/users/freds.xml";
vendor=premier;model=trs8000;version=5.5 vendor=premier;model=trs8000;version=5.5
NOTIFY request examples: NOTIFY request Event header examples:
Event:sip-profile;effective-by=0 Event:sip-profile;effective-by=0
Event:sip-profile;effective-by=3600 Event:sip-profile;effective-by=3600
3.3 SUBSCRIBE Bodies 3.3 SUBSCRIBE Bodies
This package defines no new use of the SUBSCRIBE request body. This package defines no new use of the SUBSCRIBE request body.
Future follow on documents may specify a filter-like mechanism using
etags to minimize the delivery or notification of profiles where the
user agent already has a current version.
3.4 Subscription Duration 3.4 Subscription Duration
As the presence (or lack of) a device or user agent it not very time As the presence (or lack of) a device or user agent it not very time
critical to the functionality of the profile delivery server, it is critical to the functionality of the profile delivery server, it is
recommended that default subscription duration be 86400 seconds (one recommended that default subscription duration be 86400 seconds (one
day). day).
3.5 NOTIFY Bodies 3.5 NOTIFY Bodies
The size of profile content is likely to be hundreds to several The size of profile content is likely to be hundreds to several
thousand bytes in size. Frequently even with very modest sized SDP thousand bytes in size. Frequently even with very modest sized SDP
bodies, SIP messages get fragmented causing problems for many user bodies, SIP messages get fragmented causing problems for many user
agents. For this reason the profile delivery server MUST use content agents. For this reason if the Accept header of the SUBSCRIBE
indirection [I-D.ietf-sip-content-indirect-mech] in the NOTIFY body
for providing the profiles if the Accept header of the SUBSCRIBE
included the MIME type: message/external-body indicating support for included the MIME type: message/external-body indicating support for
content indirection. content indirection the profile delivery server SHOULD use content
indirection [I-D.ietf-sip-content-indirect-mech] in the NOTIFY body
for providing the profiles.
When delivering profiles via content indirection the profile delivery When delivering profiles via content indirection the profile delivery
server MUST include the Content-ID defined in server MUST include the Content-ID defined in
[I-D.ietf-sip-content-indirect-mech] for each profile URL. This is [I-D.ietf-sip-content-indirect-mech] for each profile URL. This is
to avoid unnecessary download of the profiles. Some user agents are to avoid unnecessary download of the profiles. Some user agents are
not able to make a profile effective without rebooting or restarting. not able to make a profile effective without rebooting or restarting.
Rebooting is probably something to be avoided on a user agent
performing services such as telephony. In this way the Content-ID
allows the user agent to avoid unnecessary interruption of service as
well. The Content-Type MUST be specified for each URI.
Initially it is expected that most user agent implementers will Rebooting is something to be avoided on a user agent performing
use a proprietary content type for the profiles retrieved from the services such as telephony. In this way the Content-ID allows the
URIs(s). It is hoped that over time a standard content type will user agent to avoid unnecessary interruption of service as well. The
be specified that will be adopted by implementers of user agents. Content-Type MUST be specified for each URI.
One direction that appears to be promising for this content is to
use XML with name spaces [??] to segment the data into sets that Initially user agent implementers may use a proprietary content
the user agent implementer may choose to support based upon type for the profiles retrieved from the URIs(s). This is a good
desired feature set. The specification of the content is out of first step towards easing the management of user agents. Standard
the scope of this document. profile contents, content type and formats will need to be defined
for true interoperability of profile delivery. The specification
of the content is out of the scope of this document.
Likewise the URL scheme used in the content indirection is outside Likewise the URL scheme used in the content indirection is outside
the scope of this document. This document is agnostic to the URL the scope of this document. This document is agnostic to the URL
schemes as the profile content may dictate what is required. It is schemes as the profile content may dictate what is required. It is
expected that TFTP [RFC3617], FTP [??], HTTP [RFC2616], HTTPS expected that TFTP [RFC3617], FTP [??], HTTP [RFC2616], HTTPS
[RFC2818], LDAP [RFC3377], XCAP [I-D.rosenberg-simple-xcap] and other [RFC2818], LDAP [RFC3377], XCAP [I-D.ietf-simple-xcap] and other URL
URL schemes are supported by this package and framework. schemes are supported by this package and framework.
3.6 Notifier processing of SUBSCRIBE requests 3.6 Notifier processing of SUBSCRIBE requests
The general rules for processing SUBSCRIBE requests [RFC3265] apply The general rules for processing SUBSCRIBE requests [RFC3265] apply
to this package. If content indirection is used for delivering the to this package. If content indirection is used for delivering the
profiles, the notifier does not need to authenticate the subscription profiles, the notifier does not need to authenticate the subscription
as the profile content is not transported in the SUBSCRIBE or NOTIFY as the profile content is not transported in the SUBSCRIBE or NOTIFY
transaction messages. With content indirection only URLs are transaction messages. With content indirection only URLs are
transported in the NOTIFY request which may be secured using the transported in the NOTIFY request which may be secured using the
techniques in Section 6. If content indirection is not used, SIPS techniques in Section 6. If content indirection is not used, SIPS
and SIP authentication SHOULD be used. with SIP authentication SHOULD be used.
The behavior of the profile delivery server is left to the The behavior of the profile delivery server is left to the
implementer. The profile delivery server may be as simple as a SIP implementer. The profile delivery server may be as simple as a SIP
SUBSCRIBE UAS and NOTIFY UAC front end to a simple HTTP server SUBSCRIBE UAS and NOTIFY UAC front end to a simple HTTP server
delivering static files that are hand edited. At the other extreme delivering static files that are hand edited. At the other extreme
the profile delivery server can be part of a configuration management the profile delivery server can be part of a configuration management
system that integrates with a corporate directory and IT system or system that integrates with a corporate directory and IT system or
carrier OSS, where the profiles are automatically generated. The carrier OSS, where the profiles are automatically generated. The
design of this framework intentionally provides the flexibility of design of this framework intentionally provides the flexibility of
implementation from simple/cheap to complex/expensive. implementation from simple/cheap to complex/expensive.
skipping to change at page 10, line 40 skipping to change at page 13, line 6
If the user or device is not known to the profile delivery server, If the user or device is not known to the profile delivery server,
the implementer MAY accept the subscription or reject it. It is the implementer MAY accept the subscription or reject it. It is
recommended that the implementer accept the subscription. It is recommended that the implementer accept the subscription. It is
useful for the profile delivery server to maintain the subscription useful for the profile delivery server to maintain the subscription
as an administrator may add the user or device to the system, as an administrator may add the user or device to the system,
defining the profile contents. This allows the profile delivery defining the profile contents. This allows the profile delivery
server to immediately send a NOTIFY request with the profile URIs. server to immediately send a NOTIFY request with the profile URIs.
If the profile delivery server does not accept the subscription from If the profile delivery server does not accept the subscription from
an unknown user or device, the administer or user must manually an unknown user or device, the administer or user must manually
provoke the user agent to reSUBSCRIBE. This may be difficult if the provoke the user agent to reSUBSCRIBE. This may be difficult if the
user agent and administrator are at different sites. user agent and administrator are at different locations.
3.7 Notifier generation of NOTIFY requests 3.7 Notifier generation of NOTIFY requests
As in [RFC3265], the profile delivery server MUST always send a As in [RFC3265], the profile delivery server MUST always send a
NOTIFY request upon accepting a subscription. If the device or user NOTIFY request upon accepting a subscription. If the device or user
is unknown to the profile delivery server and it chooses to accept is unknown to the profile delivery server and it chooses to accept
the subscription, the implementer has two choices. A NOTIFY MAY be the subscription, the implementer has two choices. A NOTIFY MAY be
sent with no body or content indirection containing the profile sent with no body or content indirection containing the profile
URI(s). Alternatively a NOTIFY MAY be sent with URI(s) pointing to a URI(s). Alternatively a NOTIFY MAY be sent with a body or content
default data set. Typically this data set allows for only limited indirection containing URI(s) pointing to a default data set. The
functionality of the user agent (e.g. a phone user agent with data data sets provided may allow for only limited functionality of the
to call help desk and emergency services.). This is an user agent (e.g. a phone user agent with data to enable calls to
implementation and business policy decision. help desk and emergency services.). This is an implementation and
business policy decision for the profile delivery server.
A user or device known and fully provisioned on the profile delivery If the URI in the SUBSCIRBE request is a known identity and
server SHOULD send a NOTIFY with profile data or content indirection provisioned with the requested profile type (i.e. as specified in
containing URIs for all of the profiles associated with the user or the profile-name parameter), the profile delivery server SHOULD send
device (i.e. whichever specified in the profile-name parameter). a NOTIFY with profile data or content indirection (if the content
The device may be associated with a default user. The URI(s) for type was included in the Accept header) containing the URI for the
this default user profiles MAY be included with the URI(s) of the profile.
device if the profile type specified is device.
A user agent can provide Hoteling by collecting a user’s AOR and A user agent can provide hotelling by collecting a userĖs AOR and
credentials needed to SUBSCRIBE and retrieve the user profiles from credentials needed to SUBSCRIBE and retrieve the user's profiles.
the URI(s). Hoteling functionality is achieved by subscribing to the hotelling functionality is achieved by subscribing to the user's AOR
AOR and specifying the "user" profile type. This same mechanism can and specifying the "user" profile type. This same mechanism can also
be used to secure a user agent, requiring a user to login to enable be used to secure a user agent, requiring a user to login to enable
functionality beyond the default user’s restricted functionality. functionality beyond the default userĖs restricted functionality.
The profile delivery server MAY specify when the new profiles MUST be The profile delivery server MAY specify when the new profiles MUST be
made effective by the user agent. By default the user agent makes made effective by the user agent. By default the user agent makes
the profiles effective as soon as it thinks that it is non-obtrusive. the profiles effective as soon as it thinks that it is non-obtrusive.
Profile changes SHOULD effect behavior all new sessions which are Profile changes SHOULD affect behavior on all new dialogs which are
created after the notification, but may not be able to effect created after the notification, but may not be able to effect
existing sessions. However the profile delivery server MAY specify a existing dialogs. However the profile delivery server MAY specify a
maximum time in seconds (zero or more), in the effective-by event maximum time in seconds (zero or more), in the effective-by event
header parameter, by which the user agent MUST make the new profiles header parameter, by which the user agent MUST make the new profiles
effective for all sessions. effective for all dialogs.
3.8 Subscriber processing of NOTIFY requests 3.8 Subscriber processing of NOTIFY requests
The user agent subscribing to this event package MUST adhere to the The user agent subscribing to this event package MUST adhere to the
NOTIFY request processing behavior specified in [RFC3265]. The user NOTIFY request processing behavior specified in [RFC3265]. The user
agent MUST make the profiles effective as specified in the NOTIFY agent MUST make the profiles effective as specified in the NOTIFY
request (see Section 3.7). The user agent SHOULD use one of the request (see Section 3.7). The user agent SHOULD use one of the
techniques specified in [RFC3265] to securely retrieve the profiles. techniques specified in Section 6 to securely retrieve the profiles.
3.9 Handling of forked requests 3.9 Handling of forked requests
This event package allows the creation of only one dialog as a result This event package allows the creation of only one dialog as a result
of an initial SUBSCRIBE request. The techniques to achieve this are of an initial SUBSCRIBE request. The techniques to achieve this are
described in section 4.4.9 of [RFC3265]. described in section 4.4.9 of [RFC3265].
3.10 Rate of notifications 3.10 Rate of notifications
It is anticipated that the rate of change for user and device It is anticipated that the rate of change for user and device
profiles will be very infrequent (i.e. days or weeks apart). For profiles will be very infrequent (i.e. days or weeks apart). For
this reason no throttling or minimum period between NOTIFY requests this reason no throttling or minimum period between NOTIFY requests
is specified for this package. is specified for this package.
3.11 State Agents 3.11 State Agents
State agents are not applicable to this event package. State agents are not applicable to this event package.
3.12 Examples 3.12 Examples
SUBSCRIBE sip:00df1e004cd0@example.com SIP/2.0 Example SUBSCRIBE and NOTIFY request using content indirection:
SUBSCRIBE sip:ff00000036c5@example.com SIP/2.0
Event: sip-profile;profile-name=device;vendor=acme; Event: sip-profile;profile-name=device;vendor=acme;
model=Z100;version=1.2.3 model=Z100;version=1.2.3
From: sip:00df1e004cd0@acme.com;tag=1234 From: sip:ff00000036c5@acme.com;tag=1234
To: sip:00df1e004cd0@acme.com;tag=abcd To: sip:ff00000036c5@acme.com;tag=abcd
Call-ID: 3573853342923422@10.1.1.44 Call-ID: 3573853342923422@10.1.1.44
CSeq: 2131 SUBSCRIBE CSeq: 2131 SUBSCRIBE
Contact: sip:00df1e004cd0@10.1.1.44 Contact: sip:ff00000036c5@10.1.1.44
Accept: message/external-body, application/z100-device-profile
Content-Length: 0 Content-Length: 0
NOTIFY sip:00df1e004cd0@10.1.1.44 SIP/2.0 NOTIFY sip:ff00000036c5@10.1.1.44 SIP/2.0
Event: sip-profile;effective-by=3600 Event: sip-profile;effective-by=3600
From: sip:00df1e004cd0@acme.com;tag=abcd From: sip:ff00000036c5@acme.com;tag=abcd
To: sip:00df1e004cd0@acme.com;tag=1234 To: sip:ff00000036c5@acme.com;tag=1234
Call-ID: 3573853342923422@10.1.1.44 Call-ID: 3573853342923422@10.1.1.44
CSeq: 321 NOTIFY CSeq: 321 NOTIFY
MIME-Version: 1.0 MIME-Version: 1.0
Content-Type: multipart/mixed; boundary=boundary42 Content-Type: multipart/mixed; boundary=boundary42
Content-Length: ... Content-Length: ...
--boundary42 --boundary42
Content-Type: message/external-body; Content-Type: message/external-body;
access-type="URL"; access-type="URL";
expiration="Mon, 24 June 2002 09:00:00 GMT"; expiration="Mon, 24 June 2002 09:00:00 GMT";
URL="http://www.example.com/devices/fsmith";
size=2222
Content-Type: application/z100-user-profile
Content-ID: <69ADF2E92@example.com>
--boundary42
Content-Type: message/external-body;
access-type="URL";
expiration="Mon, 24 June 2002 09:00:00 GMT";
URL="http://www.example.com/devices/ff00000036c5"; URL="http://www.example.com/devices/ff00000036c5";
size=1234 size=1234
Content-Type: application/z100-device-profile Content-Type: application/z100-device-profile
Content-ID: <39EHF78SA@example.com> Content-ID: <39EHF78SA@example.com>
--boundary42-- --boundary42--
3.13 Use of URIs to Retrieve State 3.13 Use of URIs to Retrieve State
The profile type specified determines what goes in the user part of The URI for the SUBSCRIBE request is formed differently depending
the SUBSRIBE URI. If the profile type requested is "device", the upon which profile type the subscription is for. This allows the
user part of the URI is an identity that MUST be unique across all different profile types to be potentially managed by different
user agents from all implementers. This identity must be static over profile delivery servers (perhaps even operated by different
time so that the profile delivery server can keep a specific device entities).
and its identity associated with its profiles. For Ethernet hardware
type user agents supporting only a single user at a time this is most
easily accomplished using its MAC address. Software based user
agents running on general purpose hardware may also be able to use
the MAC address for identity. However in situations where multiple
instances of user agents are running on the same hardware it may be
necessary to use another scheme, such as using a unique serial number
for each software user agent instance.
For example a device having a MAC address of 00df1e004cd0 might
subscribe to the device profile URI:
sip:00df1e004cd0@sipuaconfig.example.com. When subscribing to a
user profile for user Fred S. the user agent would subscribe to
the URI: sip:freds@sipuaconfig.example.com
If the profile type requested is "user", the URI in the SUBSCRIBE 3.13.1 Device URIs
request is the address of record for the user. This allows the user
to specify (e.g. login) to the user agent by simply entering their
known identity.
If the profile type specified in the profile-name parameter is The URI for the "device" type profile is base upon the identity of
"local", the URI in the SUBSCRIBE request has the user ID: anonymous. the device. The device URI MUST be unique over time and space for
The host part of the URI is the local network name. This typically all devices and implementations. The instance id used as the user
is discovered as part of the DHCP request/response or provisioned as part of the device URI SHOULD remain the same for the lifetime of the
part of the static IP configuration for the device. When subscribing user agent. The device URI is used to identify which profile is
to the local network profile type the device should provide the associated with a specific instance of a user agent.
user's address of record in the "network-user" parameter, if the AOR
is known to the device. Example URI: sip:ananymous@example.com If the user agent were to change its device URI, the profile
delivery server would loose its association between the profile
and the device. This would also make it difficult for the profile
delivery server to track user agents under profile management.
The URI for the device type profile should use a unique identifier as
the user portion of the URI. The host and port portion of the URI as
set to that of the domain or address of the profile deliver server
which manages that user agent. A means of discovering the host and
port portion is discussed in Section 4.1. Two approaches are
suggested for constructing a unique identifier to be used in the user
portion of the device URI.
The MAC address of the device may be used if there will always be
no more than one user agent using that MAC address over time (e.g.
a dedicate telephone appliance). The MAC address may not be used
if more than one user agent instance exists or use the same MAC
address (e.g. multiple instances of a softphone may run on a
general purpose computing device). The advantage of the MAC
address is that many vendors put bar codes on the device with the
actual MAC address on it. A bar code scanner is a convenient
means of collecting the instance id for input and provisioning on
the profile delivery server. If the MAC address is used, it is
recommended that the MAC address is rendered in all lower case
with no punctuation for consistency across implementations. For
example a device managed by sipuaconfig.example.com using its MAC
address to form the device URI might look like:
sip:00df1e004cd0@sipuaconfig.example.com.
For devices where there is no MAC address or the MAC address is
not unique to an instance of a user agent (e.g. multiple
softphones on a computer or a gateway with multiple logical user
agents) it is recommended that a URN [RFC2141] is used as the user
portion of the device URI. The approach to defining a user agent
instance ID in for GRUU [I-D.ietf-sip-gruu] should be considered.
When constructing the instance id the implementer should also
consider that a human may need to manual enter the instance id to
provision the device in the profile delivery server (i.e. longer
strings are more error prone in data entry). When the URN is used
as the user part of URI, it MUST be URL escaped. The ":" is not a
legal character (without being escaped) in the user part of a
name-addr. For example the instance ID:
urn:uuid:f81d4fae-7dec-11d0-a765-00a0c91e6bf6 would be escaped to
look as follows in a URI:
sip:urn%3auuid%3af81d4fae-7dec-11d0-a765-00a0c91e6bf6@example.com.
3.13.2 User and Application URIs
The URI for the "user" and "application" type profiles is based upon
the identity of the user. The user's address of record (AOR) is used
as the URI in the SUBSCRIBE request. A new user agent or device may
not know the user's AOR. The user's AOR may be obtained as part of a
default user property in the device profile. Alternatively the user
agent may prompt the user for an AOR to be used. This can provide a
login and/or hotelling feature on the user agent.
3.13.3 Local Network URIs
The URI for the "local" type profile is based upon the identity of
the local network. When subscribing to the local network profile,
the use part of the URI is "anonymous". The host and port part of
the URI is the local network name/domain. The discovery of the local
network name or domain is discussed in Section 4.1. The user agent
may provide the user's AOR as the value to the "network-user" event
header parameter. This is useful if the user has privileges in the
local network beyond those of the default user. The profile delivery
server SHOULD authenticate the user before providing the profile if
additional privileges are granted. Example URI:
sip:ananymous@example.com
4. Profile Delivery Framework Details 4. Profile Delivery Framework Details
The following describes how different functional steps of the profile The following describes how different functional steps of the profile
delivery framework work. Also described here is how the event delivery framework work. Also described here is how the event
package defined in this document provides the enrollment and package defined in this document provides the enrollment and
notification functions within the framework. notification functions within the framework.
4.1 Discovery of Subscription URI 4.1 Discovery of Subscription URI
The discover approach varies depending upon which profile type URI is
to be discovered. The order of discover is important in the boot
strapping situation as user agent may not have any information
provisioned. The local network profile should be discovered first as
it may contain key information such as how to traverse a NAT/firewall
to get to outside services (e.g. the user's profile delivery
server). The device profile URI should be discovered next. The
device profile may contain the default user's AOR. The user and
application profile subscription URI's are discovered last.
4.1.1 Discovery of Local Network URI
The "discovered" host for the "local" profile subscription URI is the
local IP network domain for the user agent, either provisioned as
part of the device's static network configuration or discovered via
DHCP. The local network profile subscription URI should not be
cached as the user agent may be move from one local network to the
other. The user agent should perform the local network discovery
every time it starts up or network connectivity is regained.
4.1.2 Discovery of Device URI
The discovery function is needed to bootstrap user agents to the The discovery function is needed to bootstrap user agents to the
point of knowing where to enroll with the profile delivery server. point of knowing where to enroll with the profile delivery server.
Section 3.13 describes how to form the URI used to send the SUBSCRIBE Section 3.13.1 describes how to form the device URI used to send the
request for enrollment. However the bootstrapping problem for the SUBSCRIBE request for enrollment. However the bootstrapping problem
user agent (out of the box) is what to use for the host and port in for the user agent (out of the box) is what to use for the host and
the URI. Due to the wide variation of environments in which the port in the device URI. Due to the wide variation of environments in
enrolling user agent may reside (e.g. behind residential router, which the enrolling user agent may reside (e.g. behind residential
enterprise LAN, ISP, dialup modem) and the limited control that the router, enterprise LAN, WIFI hotspot, ISP, dialup modem) and the
administrator of the profile delivery server (e.g. enterprise, limited control that the administrator of the profile delivery
service provider) may have over that environment, no single discovery server (e.g. enterprise, service provider) may have over that
mechanism works everywhere. Therefore a number of mechanisms SHOULD environment, no single discovery mechanism works everywhere.
be tried in the specified order: SIP DHCP option [RFC3361], SIP DNS Therefore a number of mechanisms SHOULD be tried in the specified
SRV [RFC3263], DNS A record and manual. order: SIP DHCP option [RFC3361], SIP DNS SRV [RFC3263], DNS A record
and manual. The user agent may be preprovisioned with the host and
port (e.g. service providers may preprovision a device before
sending it to a subscriber) in which case this discovery mechanism is
not needed. Before performing the discover steps, the user agent
SHOULD provide a means to skip the discovery stage and manually enter
the device URI host and port. In addition the user agent SHOULD
allow the user to accept or reject the discovered host and port, in
case an alternate to the discovered host and port are desired.
1. The first discovery mechanism that SHOULD be tried is to 1. The first discovery mechanism that SHOULD be tried is to
construct the SUBSCRIBE URI as described in Section 3.13 using construct the device SUBSCRIBE URI, as described in Section
the host and port of out bound proxy discovered by the SIP DHCP 3.13.1, is to use the host and port of the out bound proxy
option as described in [RFC3361]. If the SIP DHCP option is not discovered by the SIP DHCP option as described in [RFC3361]. If
provided in the DHCP response, no SIP response or a SIP failure the SIP DHCP option is not provided in the DHCP response; or no
response other than for authorization is received for the SIP response is received for the SUBSCRIBE request; or a SIP
failure response other than for authorization is received for the
SUBSCRIBE request to the sip-profile event, the next discovery SUBSCRIBE request to the sip-profile event, the next discovery
mechanism SHOULD be tried. mechanism SHOULD be tried.
2. The local IP network domain for the user agent, either configured 2. The local IP network domain for the user agent, either configured
or discovered via DHCP, should be used with the technique in or discovered via DHCP, should be used with the technique in
[RFC3263] to obtain a host and port to use in the SUBSCRIBE URI. [RFC3263] to obtain a host and port to use in the SUBSCRIBE URI.
If no SIP response or a SIP failure response other than for If no SIP response or a SIP failure response other than for
authorization is received for the SUBSCRIBE request to the authorization is received for the SUBSCRIBE request to the
sip-profile event, the next discovery mechanism SHOULD be tried. sip-profile event, the next discovery mechanism SHOULD be tried.
3. The fully qualified host name constructed using the host name 3. The fully qualified host name constructed using the host name
"sipuaconfig" and concatenated with the local IP network domain "sipuaconfig" and concatenated with the local IP network domain
should be tried next using the technique in [RFC3263] to obtain a (as provided via DHCP or provisioned) should be tried next using
host and port to use in the SUBSCRIBE URI. If no SIP response or the technique in [RFC3263] to obtain a host and port to use in
a SIP failure response other than for authorization is received the SUBSCRIBE URI. If no SIP response or a SIP failure response
for the SUBSCRIBE request to the sip-profile event, the next other than for authorization is received for the SUBSCRIBE
discovery mechanism SHOULD be tried. request to the sip-profile event, the next discovery mechanism
SHOULD be tried.
4. If all other discovery techniques fail, the user agent MUST 4. If all other discovery techniques fail, the user agent MUST
provide a manual means for the user to enter the host and port provide a manual means for the user to enter the host and port
used to construct the SUBSCRIBE URI. used to construct the SUBSCRIBE URI.
Once a user agent has successfully discovered, enrolled, received a Once a user agent has successfully discovered, enrolled, received a
NOTIFY response with profile data or URI(s), the user agent SHOULD NOTIFY response with profile data or URI(s), the user agent SHOULD
cache the SUBCRIBE URI to avoid having to rediscover the profile cache the device profile SUBCRIBE URI to avoid having to rediscover
delivery server again in the future. The user agent SHOULD NOT cache the profile delivery server again in the future. The user agent
the SUBSCRIBE URI until it receives a NOTIFY with profile data or SHOULD NOT cache the SUBSCRIBE URI until it receives a NOTIFY with
URI(s). The reason for this is that a profile delivery server may profile data or URI(s). The reason for this is that a profile
send 202 responses to SUBSCRIBE requests and NOTIFY responses to delivery server may send 202 responses to SUBSCRIBE requests and
unknown user agent (see Section 3.6) with no URIs. Until the profile NOTIFY responses to unknown user agent (see Section 3.6) with no
delivery server has sent a NOTIFY request with profile data or URIs. Until the profile delivery server has sent a NOTIFY request
URI(s), it has not agreed to provide profiles. with profile data or URI(s), it has not agreed to provide profiles.
To illustrate why the user agent should not cache the SUBSCRIBE To illustrate why the user agent should not cache the device
URI until profile URI(s) are provided in the NOTIFY, consider the profile SUBSCRIBE URI until profile data or URI(s) are provided in
following example: a user agent running on a laptop plugged into the NOTIFY, consider the following example: a user agent running
a visited LAN in which a foreign profile delivery server is on a laptop plugged into a visited LAN in which a foreign profile
discovered. The profile delivery server never provides profile delivery server is discovered. The profile delivery server never
URIs in the NOTIFY request as it is not provisioned to accept the provides profile URIs in the NOTIFY request as it is not
user agent. The user then takes the laptop to their enterprise provisioned to accept the user agent. The user then takes the
LAN. If the user agent cached the SUBSCRIBE URI from the visited laptop to their enterprise LAN. If the user agent cached the
LAN (which did not provide profiles), when subsequently placed in SUBSCRIBE URI from the visited LAN (which did not provide
the enterprise LAN which is provisioned to provide profiles to the profiles), when subsequently placed in the enterprise LAN which is
user agent, the user agent would not attempt to discover the provisioned to provide profiles to the user agent, the user agent
profile delivery server. would not attempt to discover the profile delivery server.
4.1.3 Discovery of User and Application URI
The default user's AOR from the device profile (if provided) may then
be used to subscribe to the "user" and "application" profiles.
Alternatively the user's AOR to be used for the "user" and
application" subscription URI, may be "discovered" manually by
prompting the user. This "discovered" URI for the user and
application profile subscription may be cached.
4.2 Enrollment with Profile Server 4.2 Enrollment with Profile Server
Enrollment is accomplished by subscribing to the event package Enrollment is accomplished by subscribing to the event package
described in Section 3. The enrollment process is useful to the described in Section 3. The enrollment process is useful to the
profile delivery server as it makes the server aware of user agent to profile delivery server as it makes the server aware of user agents
which it may delivery profiles (those user agents the profile to which it may delivery profiles (those user agents the profile
delivery server is provisioned to provide profiles to; those present delivery server is provisioned to provide profiles to; those present
that the server may be provide profiles in the future; and those that that the server may be provide profiles in the future; and those that
the server can automatically provide default profiles). It is an the server can automatically provide default profiles). It is an
implementation choice and business policy as to whether the profile implementation choice and business policy as to whether the profile
delivery server provides profiles to user agents that it is not delivery server provides profiles to user agents that it is not
provisioned to do so. However the profile server SHOULD accept (with explicitly provisioned to do so. However the profile server SHOULD
2xx response) SUBSCRIBE requests from any user agent. accept (with 2xx response) SUBSCRIBE requests from any user agent as
explained in Section 3.5.
4.3 Notification of Profile Changes 4.3 Notification of Profile Changes
The NOTIFY request in the sip-profile event package serves two The NOTIFY request in the sip-profile event package serves two
purposes. First it provides the user agent with a means to obtain purposes. First it provides the user agent with a means to obtain
the profile data or URI(s) for desired profiles without requiring the the profile directly data or via URI(s) for desired profiles without
end user to manually enter them. It also provides the means for the requiring the end user to manually enter them. It also provides the
profile delivery server to notify the user agent that the content of means for the profile delivery server to notify the user agent that
the profiles have changed and should be made effective. the content of the profiles have changed and should be made
effective. Optionally the differential changes may be obtained by
including the content-type defined in [I-D.ietf-simple-xcap-package]
in the Accept header of the SUBSCRIBE request.
4.4 Retrieval of Profile Data 4.4 Retrieval of Profile Data
The user agent retrieves its needed profile(s) via the URI(s) The user agent retrieves its needed profile(s) directly or via the
provided in the NOTIFY request as specified in Section 3.5. The URI(s) provided in the NOTIFY request as specified in Section 3.5.
profile delivery server SHOULD secure the content of the profiles The profile delivery server SHOULD secure the content of the profiles
using one of the techniques described in Section 6. The user agent using one of the techniques described in Section 6. The user agent
SHOULD make the new profiles effective in the timeframe described in SHOULD make the new profiles effective in the timeframe described in
Section 3.2. Section 3.2.
The contents of the profiles SHOULD be cached by the user agent. The contents of the profiles SHOULD be cached by the user agent.
This it to avoid the situation where the content delivery server is This it to avoid the situation where the content delivery server is
not available, leaving the user agent non-functional. not available, leaving the user agent non-functional.
4.5 Upload of Profile Changes 4.5 Upload of Profile Changes
The user agent or other service MAY push changes up to the profile The user agent or other service MAY push changes up to the profile
delivery server using the technique appropriate to the profile's URL delivery server using the technique appropriate to the profile's URL
scheme (e.g. HTTP PUT method, FTP put command). The technique for scheme (e.g. HTTP PUT method, FTP put command). The technique for
pushing incremental or atomic changes MUST be described by the pushing incremental or atomic changes MUST be described by the
specific profile data framework. specific profile data framework. A means for pushing changes up into
the profile delivery server for XCAP is defined in
[I-D.ietf-simple-xcap].
4.6 Usage of XCAP with the Profile Package
This framework allows for the usage of several different protocols
for the retrieval of profiles. One protocol which is suitable is
XCAP [I-D.ietf-simple-xcap], which allows for HTTP URIs to represent
XML documents, elements and attributes. XCAP defines a specific
hierarchy for how documents are organized. As a result, it is
necessary to discuss how that organization relates to the rough data
model presented here.
When a user or device enrolls with a SUBSCRIBE request, the request
will contain some kind of identifying information for that user or
device. This identity is mapped to an XCAP User ID (XUID) based on
an implementation specific mapping. The "profile-name" along with
the "app-id" Event header parameters specify the specific XCAP
application usage.
In particular, when the "profile-name" is "application", the "app-id"
contains the XCAP Application Unique ID (AUID). When the
"profile-name" is application, but the "app-id" parameter is absent,
this specifies that the user wishes to SUBSCRIBE to all documents for
all application usages associated with the user in the request-uri.
This provides a convenient way for a single subscription to be used
to obtain all application data. The XCAP root is determined by a
local mapping.
When the "profile-name" is "device", or "user" or "local-network",
this maps to an AUID and document selector for representing device,
user and local-network data, respectively. The mapping is a matter
of local policy. This allows different providers to use different
XCAP application usages and document schemas for representing these
profiles, without having to configure the device with the specific
AUID which is being used.
Furthermore, when the "document" attribute is present, it identifies
a specific document that is being requested. If the "profile-name"
is "application", the "app-id" MUST be present as well. The
"document" attribute then specifies a relative path reference. Its
first path segment is either "global", specifying global data, or
"user", specifying user data for the user in the request URI. The
next path segment identifies the path in the global directory or the
user's home directory.
For example, consider a phone with an instance ID of
urn:uuid:00000000-0000-0000-0000-0003968cf920. To obtain its device
profile, it would generate a SUBSCRIBE that looks like this:
SUBSCRIBE
sip:urn%3auuid%3a00000000-0000-0000-0000-0003968cf920@example.com
Event: sip-profile;profile-name=device
If the profile data is stored in an XCAP server, the server would the
"device" profile to an application usage and document selector based
on local policy. If this mapping specifies the AUID
"vendor2-device-data" and a document called "index" within the user
directory, the corresponding HTTP URI for the document is:
http://xcap.example.com/root/vendor2-device-data/users/
urn%3auuid%3a00000000-0000-0000-0000-0003968cf920/index
and indeed, if a content indirection is returned in a NOTIFY, the URL
would equal this.
That user profile might specify the user identity (as a SIP AOR) and
their application-usages. From that, the device can enroll to learn
about its application data. To learn about all of the data:
SUBSCRIBE sip:user-aor@example.com SIP/2.0
Event: sip-profile;profile-name=application
The server would map the request URI to an XUI (user-aor, for
example) and the xcap root based on local policy. If there are two
AUIDs, "resource-lists" [I-D.ietf-simple-xcap-list-usage] and
"rls-services" [I-D.ietf-simple-xcap-list-usage], this would result
in a subscription to all documents within:
http://xcap.example.com/root/rls-services/users/user-aor
http://xcap.example.com/root/resource-lists/users/user-aor
The user would not be subscribed to the global data for these two
application usages, since that data is not important for users.
However, the user/device could be made aware that it needs to
subscribe to a specific document. In that case, its subscribe would
look like:
SUBSCRIBE sip:user-aor@example.com SIP/2.0
Event: sip-profile;profile-name=application;app-id=resource-lists
;document="global/index"
this would result in a subscription to the single global document for
resource-lists.
In some cases, these subscriptions are to a multiplicity of
documents. In that case, the notification format will need to be one
which can indicate what document has changed. This includes content
indirection, but also the xcap diff format
[I-D.ietf-simple-xcap-package].
5. IANA Considerations 5. IANA Considerations
There are several IANA considerations associated with this There are several IANA considerations associated with this
specification. specification.
5.1 SIP Event Package 5.1 SIP Event Package
This specification registers a new event package as defined in This specification registers a new event package as defined in
[RFC3265]. The following information required for this registration: [RFC3265]. The following information required for this registration:
Package Name: sip-profile Package Name: sip-profile
Package or Template-Package: This is a package Package or Template-Package: This is a package
Published Document: RFC XXXX (Note to RFC Editor: Please fill in Published Document: RFC XXXX (Note to RFC Editor: Please fill in
XXXX with the RFC number of this specification). XXXX with the RFC number of this specification).
Person to Contact: Daniel Petrie dpetrie@pingtel.com Person to Contact: Daniel Petrie dpetrie@pingtel.com
New event header parameters: profile-name, vendor, model, version, New event header parameters: profile-name, vendor, model, version,
effective-by effective-by, document, app-id
6. Security Considerations 6. Security Considerations
Profiles may contain sensitive data such as user credentials. The Profiles may contain sensitive data such as user credentials. The
protection of this data depends upon how the data is delivered. If protection of this data depends upon how the data is delivered. If
the data is delivered in the NOTIFY body, SIP authentication MUST be the data is delivered in the NOTIFY body, SIP authentication MUST be
used for SUBSCRIPTION and SIPS and/or S/MIME MAY be use to encrypt used for SUBSCRIPTION and SIPS and/or S/MIME MAY be use to encrypt
the data. If the data is provided via content indirection, SIP the data. If the data is provided via content indirection, SIP
authentication is not necessary for the SUBSCRIBE request. With authentication is not necessary for the SUBSCRIBE request. With
content indirection the data is protected via the authentication, content indirection the data is protected via the authentication,
authorization and encryption mechanisms provided by the profile URL authorization and encryption mechanisms provided by the profile URL
scheme. Use of the URL scheme security mechanisms via content scheme. Use of the URL scheme security mechanisms via content
indirection simplifies the security solution as the SIP event package indirection simplifies the security solution as the SIP event package
does not need to authenticate, authorize or protect the contents of does not need to authenticate, authorize or protect the contents of
the SIP messages. Effectively the profile delivery server will the SIP messages. Effectively the profile delivery server can safely
provide profile URI(s) to anyone. The URLs themselves are protected provide profile URI(s) to anyone. The profile content is protected
via authentication, authorization and snooping (e.g. via HTTPS). via the URL scheme transport mechanisms for authentication,
authorization and encryption (e.g. via HTTPS). HTTPS provides two
possible mechanisms for authentication: 1) the device may have a
certificate that the profile deliver server can request in the TLS
setup; or 2) the profile deliver server may use HTTP authentication
[RFC2617] with the device or users credentials.
6.1 Symmetric Encryption of Profile Data 6.1 Symmetric Encryption of Profile Data
If the URL scheme used for content indirection does not provide If the transport for the URL scheme used for content indirection does
authentication, authorization or encryption, a technique to provide not provide authentication, authorization or encryption, a technique
this is to encrypt the profiles on the content delivery server using to provide this is to encrypt the profiles on the content delivery
a symmetric encryption algorithm using a shared key. The encrypted server using a symmetric encryption algorithm using a shared key.
profiles are delivered by the content delivery server via the URIs The encrypted profiles are delivered by the content delivery server
provided in the NOTIFY requests. Using this technique the profile via the URIs provided in the NOTIFY requests. Using this technique
delivery server does not need to provide authentication or the profile delivery server does not need to provide authentication
authorization for the retrieval as the profiles are obscured. The or authorization for the retrieval as the profiles are obscured. The
user agent must obtain the username and password from the user or user agent must obtain the username and password from the user or
other out of band means to generate the key and decrypt the profiles. other out of band means to generate the key and decrypt the profiles.
7. Differences from Simple XCAP Package 7. Change History
The author of this document had an action item from the July 2003
IETF SIPPING WG meeting to consider resolving the differences of the
sip-profile and simple XCAP package [I-D.ietf-simple-xcap-package].
It is the author's opinion that XCAP [I-D.rosenberg-simple-xcap] can
be supported by the framework and event package defined in this
document and that this package provides a superset of the
functionality in the XCAP package. The following lists the
differences between the event packaged defined in this document vs.
the one defined in [I-D.ietf-simple-xcap-package].
The simple XCAP package requires that the relative path be known and
specified by the user agent when subscribing for change notification.
The event package in this document requires a token or complete URI
be known and specified when subscribing. The advantage of the token
is that bootstrapping is easier and well defined. It also leaves the
freedom of specifying and changing the entire path of the profile URL
up to the profile delivery server.
The event package defined in this document allows multiple URIs to be
provided in the NOTIFY request body as a result of a single token
specified in the SUBSCRIBE event parameter: profile-name. This
allows the profile delivery server to provide sets of profiles that
the user agent may not have enough information to specify in the
SUBSCRIBE URI (e.g. at boot strapping time the user agent may not
know the user's identity, but the profile delivery server may know
the default user for the device's identity) or the doc-component of
the simple XCAP package.
All other functional differences between
draft-ietf-sipping-config-framework-00 and
draft-ietf-simple-xcap-package-00 are believed to be resolved in this
version of this document.
8. Open Issues
9. Change History
Many thanks to those who contributed and commented on the many Many thanks to those who contributed and commented on the many
iterations of this document. Detailed input was provided by Jonathan iterations of this document. Detailed input was provided by Jonathan
Rosenberg from Dynamicsoft, Henning Schulzrinne from Columbia U., Rosenberg from Dynamicsoft, Henning Schulzrinne from Columbia U.,
Cullen Jennings from Cisco, Rohan Mahy from Cisco, Rich Schaaf from Cullen Jennings from Cisco, Rohan Mahy from Cisco, Rich Schaaf from
Pingtel, Volker Hilt from Bell Labs. Pingtel, Volker Hilt from Bell Labs.
9.1 Changes from draft-ietf-sipping-config-framework-02.txt 7.1 Changes from draft-ietf-sipping-config-framework-03.txt
Incorporated changes to better support the requirements for the use
of this event package with XCAP and SIMPLE so that we can have one
package (i.e. simple-xcap-package now defines a content type not a
package). Added an additional profile type: application. Added
document and app-id Event header parameters in support of the
application profile. Define a loose high level data model or
relationship between the four profile types. Tried to edit and fix
the confusing and ambiguous sections related to URI formation and
discovery for the different profile types. Better describe the
importance of uniqueness for the instance id which is used in the
user part of the device URI.
7.2 Changes from draft-ietf-sipping-config-framework-02.txt
Added the concept of the local network as a source of profile data. Added the concept of the local network as a source of profile data.
There are now three separate logical sources for profile data: user, There are now three separate logical sources for profile data: user,
device and local network. Each of these requires a separate device and local network. Each of these requires a separate
subscription to obtain. subscription to obtain.
9.2 Changes from draft-ietf-sipping-config-framework-01.txt 7.3 Changes from draft-ietf-sipping-config-framework-01.txt
Changed the name of the profile-type event parameter to profile-name. Changed the name of the profile-type event parameter to profile-name.
Also allow the profile-name parameter to be either a token or an Also allow the profile-name parameter to be either a token or an
explicit URI. explicit URI.
Allow content indirection to be optional. Clarified the use of the Allow content indirection to be optional. Clarified the use of the
Accept header to indicate how the profile is to be delivered. Accept header to indicate how the profile is to be delivered.
Added some content to the Iana section. Added some content to the Iana section.
9.3 Changes from draft-ietf-sipping-config-framework-00.txt 7.4 Changes from draft-ietf-sipping-config-framework-00.txt
This version of the document was entirely restructured and re-written This version of the document was entirely restructured and re-written
from the previous version as it had been micro edited too much. from the previous version as it had been micro edited too much.
All of the aspects of defining the event package are now organized in All of the aspects of defining the event package are now organized in
one section and is believed to be complete and up to date with one section and is believed to be complete and up to date with
[RFC3265]. [RFC3265].
The URI used to subscribe to the event package is now either the user The URI used to subscribe to the event package is now either the user
or device address or record. or device address or record.
skipping to change at page 18, line 49 skipping to change at page 25, line 27
The user agent information (vendor, model, MAC and serial number) are The user agent information (vendor, model, MAC and serial number) are
now provided as event header parameters. now provided as event header parameters.
Added a mechanism to force profile changes to be make effective by Added a mechanism to force profile changes to be make effective by
the user agent in a specified maximum period of time. the user agent in a specified maximum period of time.
Changed the name of the event package from sip-config to sip-profile Changed the name of the event package from sip-config to sip-profile
Three high level securityapproaches are now specified. Three high level securityapproaches are now specified.
9.4 Changes from draft-petrie-sipping-config-framework-00.txt 7.5 Changes from draft-petrie-sipping-config-framework-00.txt
Changed name to reflect SIPPING work group item Changed name to reflect SIPPING work group item
Synchronized with changes to SIP DHCP [RFC3361], SIP [RFC3261] and Synchronized with changes to SIP DHCP [RFC3361], SIP [RFC3261] and
[RFC3263], SIP Events [RFC3265] and content indirection [RFC3263], SIP Events [RFC3265] and content indirection
[I-D.ietf-sip-content-indirect-mech] [I-D.ietf-sip-content-indirect-mech]
Moved the device identity parameters from the From field parameters Moved the device identity parameters from the From field parameters
to User-Agent header parameters. to User-Agent header parameters.
Many thanks to Rich Schaaf of Pingtel, Cullen Jennings of Cisco and Many thanks to Rich Schaaf of Pingtel, Cullen Jennings of Cisco and
Adam Roach of Dyamicsoft for the great comments and input. Adam Roach of Dyamicsoft for the great comments and input.
skipping to change at page 19, line 14 skipping to change at page 25, line 41
Synchronized with changes to SIP DHCP [RFC3361], SIP [RFC3261] and Synchronized with changes to SIP DHCP [RFC3361], SIP [RFC3261] and
[RFC3263], SIP Events [RFC3265] and content indirection [RFC3263], SIP Events [RFC3265] and content indirection
[I-D.ietf-sip-content-indirect-mech] [I-D.ietf-sip-content-indirect-mech]
Moved the device identity parameters from the From field parameters Moved the device identity parameters from the From field parameters
to User-Agent header parameters. to User-Agent header parameters.
Many thanks to Rich Schaaf of Pingtel, Cullen Jennings of Cisco and Many thanks to Rich Schaaf of Pingtel, Cullen Jennings of Cisco and
Adam Roach of Dyamicsoft for the great comments and input. Adam Roach of Dyamicsoft for the great comments and input.
9.5 Changes from draft-petrie-sip-config-framework-01.txt 7.6 Changes from draft-petrie-sip-config-framework-01.txt
Changed the name as this belongs in the SIPPING work group. Changed the name as this belongs in the SIPPING work group.
Minor edits Minor edits
9.6 Changes from draft-petrie-sip-config-framework-00.txt 7.7 Changes from draft-petrie-sip-config-framework-00.txt
Split the enrollment into a single SUBSCRIBE dialog for each profile. Split the enrollment into a single SUBSCRIBE dialog for each profile.
The 00 draft sent a single SUBSCRIBE listing all of the desired. The 00 draft sent a single SUBSCRIBE listing all of the desired.
These have been split so that each enrollment can be routed These have been split so that each enrollment can be routed
differently. As there is a concept of device specific and user differently. As there is a concept of device specific and user
specific profiles, these may also be managed on separate servers. specific profiles, these may also be managed on separate servers.
For instance in a roaming situation the device might get its profile For instance in a roaming situation the device might get its profile
data from a local server which knows the LAN specific profile data. data from a local server which knows the LAN specific profile data.
At the same time the user specific profiles might come from the At the same time the user specific profiles might come from the
user's home environment profile delivery server. user's home environment profile delivery server.
skipping to change at page 19, line 45 skipping to change at page 26, line 23
Eliminated some of the complexity in the discovery mechanism. Eliminated some of the complexity in the discovery mechanism.
Suggest caching information discovered about a profile delivery Suggest caching information discovered about a profile delivery
server to avoid an avalanche problem when a whole building full of server to avoid an avalanche problem when a whole building full of
devices powers up. devices powers up.
Added the User-Profile From header field parameter so that the device Added the User-Profile From header field parameter so that the device
can request a user specific profile for a user that is different from can request a user specific profile for a user that is different from
the device's default user. the device's default user.
10 References 8 References
[I-D.ietf-simple-xcap]
Rosenberg, J., "The Extensible Markup Language (XML)
Configuration Access Protocol (XCAP)",
draft-ietf-simple-xcap-02 (work in progress), February
2004.
[I-D.ietf-simple-xcap-list-usage]
Rosenberg, J., "An Extensible Markup Language (XML)
Configuration Access Protocol (XCAP) Usage for Presence
Lists", draft-ietf-simple-xcap-list-usage-02 (work in
progress), February 2004.
[I-D.ietf-simple-xcap-package] [I-D.ietf-simple-xcap-package]
Rosenberg, J., "A Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Event Rosenberg, J., "A Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Event
Package for Modification Events for the Extensible Markup Package for Modification Events for the Extensible Markup
Language (XML) Configuration Access Protocol (XCAP) Language (XML) Configuration Access Protocol (XCAP)
Managed Documents", draft-ietf-simple-xcap-package-01 Managed Documents", draft-ietf-simple-xcap-package-01
(work in progress), February 2004. (work in progress), February 2004.
[I-D.ietf-sip-content-indirect-mech] [I-D.ietf-sip-content-indirect-mech]
Olson, S., "A Mechanism for Content Indirection in Session Olson, S., "A Mechanism for Content Indirection in Session
Initiation Protocol (SIP) Messages", Initiation Protocol (SIP) Messages",
draft-ietf-sip-content-indirect-mech-03 (work in draft-ietf-sip-content-indirect-mech-03 (work in
progress), June 2003. progress), June 2003.
[I-D.ietf-sip-gruu]
Rosenberg, J., "Obtaining and Using Globally Routable User
Agent (UA) URIs (GRUU) in the Session Initiation Protocol
(SIP)", draft-ietf-sip-gruu-02 (work in progress), July
2004.
[I-D.ietf-sipping-ua-prof-framewk-reqs] [I-D.ietf-sipping-ua-prof-framewk-reqs]
Petrie, D. and C. Jennings, "Requirements for SIP User Petrie, D. and C. Jennings, "Requirements for SIP User
Agent Profile Delivery Framework", Agent Profile Delivery Framework",
draft-ietf-sipping-ua-prof-framewk-reqs-00 (work in draft-ietf-sipping-ua-prof-framewk-reqs-00 (work in
progress), March 2003. progress), March 2003.
[I-D.rosenberg-simple-xcap] [I-D.petrie-sipping-profile-datasets]
Rosenberg, J., "The Extensible Markup Language (XML) Petrie, D., "A Schema for Session Initiation Protocol User
Configuration Access Protocol (XCAP)", Agent Profile Data Sets",
draft-rosenberg-simple-xcap-00 (work in progress), May draft-petrie-sipping-profile-datasets-00 (work in
2003. progress), July 2004.
[I-D.sinnreich-sipdev-req] [I-D.sinnreich-sipdev-req]
Butcher, I., Lass, S., Petrie, D., Sinnreich, H. and C. Butcher, I., Lass, S., Petrie, D., Sinnreich, H. and C.
Stredicke, "SIP Telephony Device Requirements, Stredicke, "SIP Telephony Device Requirements and
Configuration and Data", draft-sinnreich-sipdev-req-03 Configuration", draft-sinnreich-sipdev-req-04 (work in
(work in progress), February 2004. progress), July 2004.
[RFC0822] Crocker, D., "Standard for the format of ARPA Internet [RFC0822] Crocker, D., "Standard for the format of ARPA Internet
text messages", STD 11, RFC 822, August 1982. text messages", STD 11, RFC 822, August 1982.
[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.
[RFC2131] Droms, R., "Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol", RFC [RFC2131] Droms, R., "Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol", RFC
2131, March 1997. 2131, March 1997.
[RFC2132] Alexander, S. and R. Droms, "DHCP Options and BOOTP Vendor [RFC2132] Alexander, S. and R. Droms, "DHCP Options and BOOTP Vendor
Extensions", RFC 2132, March 1997. Extensions", RFC 2132, March 1997.
[RFC2141] Moats, R., "URN Syntax", RFC 2141, May 1997.
[RFC2246] Dierks, T. and C. Allen, "The TLS Protocol Version 1.0", [RFC2246] Dierks, T. and C. Allen, "The TLS Protocol Version 1.0",
RFC 2246, January 1999. RFC 2246, January 1999.
[RFC2616] Fielding, R., Gettys, J., Mogul, J., Frystyk, H., [RFC2616] Fielding, R., Gettys, J., Mogul, J., Frystyk, H.,
Masinter, L., Leach, P. and T. Berners-Lee, "Hypertext Masinter, L., Leach, P. and T. Berners-Lee, "Hypertext
Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1", RFC 2616, June 1999. Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1", RFC 2616, June 1999.
[RFC2617] Franks, J., Hallam-Baker, P., Hostetler, J., Lawrence, S., [RFC2617] Franks, J., Hallam-Baker, P., Hostetler, J., Lawrence, S.,
Leach, P., Luotonen, A. and L. Stewart, "HTTP Leach, P., Luotonen, A. and L. Stewart, "HTTP
Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication", Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication",
skipping to change at page 21, line 30 skipping to change at page 28, line 29
(DHCP-for-IPv4) Option for Session Initiation Protocol (DHCP-for-IPv4) Option for Session Initiation Protocol
(SIP) Servers", RFC 3361, August 2002. (SIP) Servers", RFC 3361, August 2002.
[RFC3377] Hodges, J. and R. Morgan, "Lightweight Directory Access [RFC3377] Hodges, J. and R. Morgan, "Lightweight Directory Access
Protocol (v3): Technical Specification", RFC 3377, Protocol (v3): Technical Specification", RFC 3377,
September 2002. September 2002.
[RFC3617] Lear, E., "Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) Scheme and [RFC3617] Lear, E., "Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) Scheme and
Applicability Statement for the Trivial File Transfer Applicability Statement for the Trivial File Transfer
Protocol (TFTP)", RFC 3617, October 2003. Protocol (TFTP)", RFC 3617, October 2003.
[W3C.REC-xml-names11-20040204]
Layman, A., Tobin, R., Bray, T. and D. Hollander,
"Namespaces in XML 1.1", W3C REC REC-xml-names11-20040204,
February 2004.
Author's Address Author's Address
Daniel Petrie Daniel Petrie
Pingtel Corp. Pingtel Corp.
400 W. Cummings Park 400 W. Cummings Park
Suite 2200 Suite 2200
Woburn, MA 01801 Woburn, MA 01801
US US
 End of changes. 

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