draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-06.txt   draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-07.txt 
TEAS Working Group Zafar Ali Internet Draft George Swallow Intended status: Standard Track Clarence Filsfils Expires: December 20, 2018 Matt Hartley Cisco Systems Kenji Kumaki KDDI Corporation Ruediger Kunze Deutsche Telekom AG June 21, 2018 Resource ReserVation Protocol-Traffic Engineering (RSVP-TE)
TEAS Working Group Zafar Ali Internet-Draft draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-07.txt This document may contain material from IETF Documents or IETF Contributions published or made publicly available before November 10, 2008. The person(s) controlling the copyright in some of this material may not have granted the IETF Trust the right to allow modifications of such material outside the IETF Standards Process. Without obtaining an adequate license from the person(s) controlling the copyright in such materials, this document may not be modified outside the IETF Standards Process, and derivative works of it may not be created outside the IETF Standards Process, except to format it for publication as an RFC or to translate it into languages other than English. Abstract
Internet Draft George Swallow
Intended status: Standard Track Clarence Filsfils
Expires: May 12, 2018 Matt Hartley
Cisco Systems
Kenji Kumaki
KDDI Corporation
Ruediger Kunze
Deutsche Telekom AG
November 13, 2017
Resource ReserVation Protocol-Traffic Engineering (RSVP-TE)
extension for recording TE Metric of a Label Switched Path
draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-06
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Internet-Draft draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-06.txt
This document may contain material from IETF Documents or IETF
Contributions published or made publicly available before November
10, 2008. The person(s) controlling the copyright in some of this
material may not have granted the IETF Trust the right to allow
modifications of such material outside the IETF Standards Process.
Without obtaining an adequate license from the person(s)
controlling the copyright in such materials, this document may not
be modified outside the IETF Standards Process, and derivative
works of it may not be created outside the IETF Standards Process,
except to format it for publication as an RFC or to translate it
into languages other than English.
Abstract
There are many scenarios in which Traffic Engineering (TE) metrics There are many scenarios in which Traffic Engineering (TE) metrics
such as cost, delay and delay variation associated with the TE link such as cost, delay and delay variation associated with the TE link
formed by Label Switched Path (LSP) are not available to the formed by Label Switched Path (LSP) are not available to the
ingress and egress nodes. This draft provides extensions for the ingress and egress nodes. This draft provides extensions for the
Resource ReserVation Protocol- Traffic Engineering (RSVP-TE) to Resource ReserVation Protocol- Traffic Engineering (RSVP-TE) to
support automatic collection of cost, delay and delay variation support automatic collection of cost, delay and delay variation
information for the TE link formed by a LSP.
Conventions used in this document
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
"SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in
this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119
[RFC2119].
Table of Contents
1. Introduction ......................................... 3
1.1. Use Cases ......................................... 4
1.1.1. GMPLS ...................................... 4
1.1.2. Inter-area tunnels with loose-hops ......... 4
2. RSVP-TE Requirement .................................. 4
2.1. Cost, Delay and Delay Variation Collection
Indication ......................................... 4
2.2. Cost, Delay and Delay Variation Collection ......... 5
2.3. Cost, Delay and Delay Variation Update ............. 5
2.4. Cost Definition .................................... 5
3. Encoding ............................................. 5
3.1. Cost, Delay and Delay Variation Collection Flags ... 5
3.2. RRO Cost Subobject ................................. 6
3.3. RRO Delay Subobject ................................ 7
3.4. RRO Delay Variation Subobject ...................... 7
4. Signaling Procedures ................................. 8
4.1. Cost, Delay and Delay Variation Collection ......... 9
4.2. Metric Update ......................................12
4.3. Domain Boundaries ..................................12
4.4. Endpoint processing ................................12
4.5. Compatibility ......................................13
Internet-Draft draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-06.txt
5. Manageability Considerations .........................13
5.1. Policy Configuration ...............................13
6. Security Considerations ..............................14
7. IANA Considerations ..................................14
7.1. RSVP Attribute Bit Flags ...........................14
7.2. ROUTE_RECORD subobject .............................15
7.3. Policy Control Failure Error subcodes ..............15
8. Acknowledgments ......................................15
9. References ...........................................16
9.1. Normative References ...............................16
9.2. Informative References .............................16
1. Introduction
In certain networks, such as financial information networks,
network performance information (e.g. delay, delay variation) is
becoming as critical to data path selection as other metrics
[RFC7471], [DRAFT-ISIS-TE-METRIC]. If cost, delay or delay
variation associated with a Forwarding Adjacency (FA) or a
Routing Adjacency (RA) LSP is not available to the ingress or
egress node, it cannot be advertised as an attribute of the TE
link (FA or RA). There are scenarios in packet and optical
networks where the route information of an LSP may not be
provided to the ingress node for confidentiality reasons and/or
the ingress node may not run the same routing instance as the
intermediate nodes traversed by the path. Similarly, there are
scenarios in which measuring delay and/ or delay variation on a
TE link formed by a LSP is not supported. In such scenarios, the
ingress node cannot determine the cost, delay and delay
variation properties of the LSP's route.
One possible way to address this issue is to configure cost,
delay and delay variation values manually. However, in the event
of an LSP being rerouted (e.g. due to re-optimization), such
configuration information may become invalid. Consequently, in
cases where that an LSP is advertised as a TE-Link, the ingress
and/or egress nodes cannot provide the correct delay, delay
variation and cost information associated with the TE-Link
automatically.
In summary, there is a requirement for the ingress and egress
nodes to learn the cost, delay and delay variation information
of the TE link formed by a LSP. This document provides a
mechanism to collect the cost, delay and delay variation
information of a LSP, which can then be advertised as properties
of the TE-link formed by that LSP. Note that specification of
the use of the collected cost, delay and delay variation
information is outside the scope of this document.
Internet-Draft draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-06.txt
1.1. Use Cases
This section describes some of the use cases for the TE metric
recording.
1.1.1. GMPLS
In Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) networks
signaling bidirectional LSPs, the egress node cannot determine
the cost, delay and delay variation properties of the LSP path.
A multi-domain or multi-layer network is an example of such
networks. A GMPLS User-Network Interface (UNI) [RFC4208] is also
an example of such networks.
1.1.2. Inter-area tunnels with loose-hops
When a LSP is established over multiple IGP-areas using loose
hops in the ERO, the ingress node may only has knowledge of the
first IGP-area traversed by the LSP. In this case, it cannot
determine the cost, delay and delay variation properties of the
LSP path.
2. RSVP-TE Requirement
This section outlines RSVP-TE requirements for the support of
the automatic collection of cost, delay and delay variation
information of an LSP.
As RSVP-TE requirements for cost, delay and delay variation
collection are similar, many parts of this section are written
such that they apply equally to cost, delay and delay variation
collection. There is also very strong similarity of these RSVP-
requirements with SRLG recording [DRAFT-SRLG-RECORDING].
2.1. Cost, Delay and Delay Variation Collection Indication
The ingress node of the LSP needs be capable of indicating
whether the cost and/or delay and/ or delay variation
information of the LSP is to be collected during the signaling
procedure of setting up an LSP. A separate collection indication
flag for each of these attributes is required. There is no need
for cost and/or delay and/ or delay variation to be collected
without an explicit request for it being made by the ingress
node.
It may be preferable for the cost and/ or delay and/ or delay
variation collection request to be understood by all nodes along
the LSP's path, or it may be more important for the LSP to be
established successfully even if it traverses nodes that cannot
supply the requested information or have not implemented the
procedures specified in this document. It is desirable for the
Internet-Draft draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-06.txt
ingress node to make the cost, delay and delay variation
collection request in a manner that best suits its own policy.
2.2. Cost, Delay and Delay Variation Collection
If requested, the cost and/or delay and/ or delay variation
information is collected during the setup of an LSP. Each of the
cost, delay or delay variation can be collected independently.
Cost and/ or delay and/ or delay variation information is for
each hop is added to the Path RRO during Path message
processing. The corresponding information is also added to the
Resv RRO during Resv processing at each hop. The endpoints of
the LSP can use the collected information, for example, for
routing, sharing and TE link configuration purposes.
2.3. Cost, Delay and Delay Variation Update Internet-Draft draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-07.txt 5. Manageability Considerations .........................13 5.1. Policy Configuration ...............................13 6. Security Considerations ..............................14 7. IANA Considerations ..................................14 7.1. RSVP Attribute Bit Flags ...........................14 7.2. ROUTE_RECORD subobject .............................15 7.3. Policy Control Failure Error subcodes ..............15 8. References ...........................................16 8.1. Normative References ...............................16 8.2. Informative References .............................16 Acknowledgements .........................................16 Contributors .............................................17 Authors' Addresses .......................................17 1. Introduction In certain networks, such as financial information networks, network performance information (e.g. delay, delay variation) is becoming as critical to data path selection as other metrics [RFC7471], [DRAFT-ISIS-TE-METRIC]. If cost, delay or delay variation associated with a Forwarding Adjacency (FA) or a Routing Adjacency (RA) LSP is not available to the ingress or egress node, it cannot be advertised as an attribute of the TE link (FA or RA). There are scenarios in packet and optical networks where the route information of an LSP may not be provided to the ingress node for confidentiality reasons and/or the ingress node may not run the same routing instance as the intermediate nodes traversed by the path. Similarly, there are scenarios in which measuring delay and/ or delay variation on a TE link formed by a LSP is not supported. In such scenarios, the ingress node cannot determine the cost, delay and delay variation properties of the LSP's route. One possible way to address this issue is to configure cost, delay and delay variation values manually. However, in the event of an LSP being rerouted (e.g. due to re-optimization), such configuration information may become invalid. Consequently, in cases where that an LSP is advertised as a TE-Link, the ingress and/or egress nodes cannot provide the correct delay, delay variation and cost information associated with the TE-Link automatically. In summary, there is a requirement for the ingress and egress nodes to learn the cost, delay and delay variation information of the TE link formed by a LSP. This document provides a mechanism to collect the cost, delay and delay variation information of a LSP, which can then be advertised as properties of the TE-link formed by that LSP. Note that specification of the use of the collected cost, delay and delay variation information is outside the scope of this document. Ali, Swallow, Filsfils Expires December 2018 [Page 3] Internet-Draft draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-07.txt 1.1. Use Cases This section describes some of the use cases for the TE metric recording. 1.1.1. GMPLS In Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) networks signaling bidirectional LSPs, the egress node cannot determine the cost, delay and delay variation properties of the LSP path. A multi-domain or multi-layer network is an example of such networks. A GMPLS User-Network Interface (UNI) [RFC4208] is also an example of such networks. 1.1.2. Inter-area tunnels with loose-hops When a LSP is established over multiple IGP-areas using loose hops in the ERO, the ingress node may only has knowledge of the first IGP-area traversed by the LSP. In this case, it cannot determine the cost, delay and delay variation properties of the LSP path. 2. RSVP-TE Requirement This section outlines RSVP-TE requirements for the support of the automatic collection of cost, delay and delay variation information of an LSP. As RSVP-TE requirements for cost, delay and delay variation collection are similar, many parts of this section are written such that they apply equally to cost, delay and delay variation collection. There is also very strong similarity of these RSVP- requirements with SRLG recording [RFC8001]. The Cost, Delay, Delay variation collection process takes place
in three stages: o The LSP's ingress node requests that Cost, Delay, Delay
When the cost and/or delay and/ or delay variation information Variation collection should take place; o Cost, Delay, Delay Variation data is added to the Path and
of an existing LSP for which corresponding information was Resv ROUTE_RECORD Objects(RROs) by all nodes during signaling; o Changes to previously signaled Cost, Delay, Delay variation
collected during signaling changes, the relevant nodes of the data are made by sending updated Path and Resv messages as
LSP need to be capable of updating the associated information of
the LSP. This means that the signaling procedure needs to be
capable of updating the new cost and/or delay and/ or delay
variation information.
2.4. Cost Definition
Although the terms delay and delay variation are well
understood, "cost" may be ambiguous; in particular, in the
context of a LSP that traverses nodes and links operated by
different entities, there may be no common definition of cost.
However, there are situations in which the entire LSP may be
within a single AS (e.g. inter-area LSPs) in which cost
discovery is useful.
The precise meaning and interpretation of numerical costs is a
matter for the network operator. For the purposes of this
document, two constraints are assumed:
. A higher cost represents an inferior path.
. Simple addition of costs for different sections of a path
must make sense.
3. Encoding
3.1. Cost, Delay and Delay Variation Collection Flags
In order to indicate nodes that cost and/or Delay and/ or Delay
variation collection is desired, this document defines the
following new flags in the Attribute Flags TLV (see RFC 5420
Internet-Draft draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-06.txt
[RFC5420]), which MAY be carried in an LSP_REQUIRED_ATTRIBUTES
or LSP_ATTRIBUTES Object:
- Cost Collection flag (Bit number to be assigned by IANA)
- Delay Collection flag (Bit number to be assigned by IANA)
- Delay Variation Collection flag (Bit number to be assigned by
IANA)
The Cost, Delay and Delay Variation Collection flags are
meaningful on a Path message. If the Cost Collection flag is
set to 1, it means that the cost information SHOULD be reported
to the ingress and egress node along the setup of the LSP.
Similarly, if the Delay Collection flag is set to 1, it means
that the Delay information SHOULD be reported to the ingress and
egress node along the setup of the LSP. Likewise, if the Delay
Variation Collection flag is set to 1, it means that the Delay
Variation information SHOULD be reported to the ingress and
egress node along the setup of the LSP.
The rules of the processing of the Attribute Flags TLV are not
changed.
3.2. RRO Cost Subobject
This document defines a new RRO sub-object (ROUTE_RECORD sub-
object) to record the cost information of the LSP. Its format
is modeled on the RRO sub-objects defined in RFC 3209 [RFC3209].
0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Type | Length |D| Reserved (must be zero) |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Cost |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Type: The type of the sub-object (value to be assigned by
IANA).
Length: The Length field contains the total length of the
sub-object in bytes, including the Type and Length fields.
The Length value is set to 8.
Direction bit (D-bit)
If not set, the cost contained in this sub-object applies to
the downstream direction. If set, it applies to the upstream
direction.
Internet-Draft draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-06.txt
Reserved: This field is reserved for future use. It MUST be
set to 0 on transmission and MUST be ignored when received.
Cost: Cost of the local TE link along the route of the LSP.
3.3. RRO Delay Subobject
This document defines a new RRO sub-object (ROUTE_RECORD sub-
object) to record the delay information of the LSP. Its format
is modeled on the RRO sub-objects defined in RFC 3209 [RFC3209].
0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Type | Length |D| Reserved (must be zero) |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|A| Reserved | Delay |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Type: The type of the sub-object (value to be assigned by
IANA).
Length: The Length field contains the total length of the
sub-object in bytes, including the Type and Length fields.
The Length value is set to 8.
Direction bit (D-bit)
If not set, the Delay contained in this sub-object applies to
the downstream direction. If set, it applies to the upstream
direction.
A-bit: These fields represent the Anomalous (A) bit
associated with the Downstream and Upstream Delay
respectively, as defined in RFC 7471 [RFC7471].
Reserved: These fields are reserved for future use. They MUST
be set to 0 when sent and MUST be ignored when received.
Delay: Delay of the local TE link along the route of the LSP,
encoded as 24-bit integer, as defined in RFC 7471 [RFC7471].
When set to the maximum value 16,777,215 (16.777215 sec), the
delay is at least that value and may be larger.
3.4. RRO Delay Variation Subobject
This document defines a new RRO sub-object (ROUTE_RECORD sub-
object) to record the delay variation information of the LSP.
Internet-Draft draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-06.txt
Its format is modeled on the RRO sub-objects defined in RFC 3209
[RFC3209].
0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Type | Length |D| Reserved (must be zero) |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|A| Reserved | Delay Variation |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Type: The type of the sub-object (value to be assigned by
IANA).
Length: The Length field contains the total length of the
sub-object in bytes, including the Type and Length fields.
The Length value is set to 8.
Direction bit (D-bit)
If not set, the Delay Variation contained in this sub-object
applies to the downstream direction. If set, it applies to
the upstream direction.
A-bit: These fields represent the Anomalous (A) bit
associated with the Downstream and Upstream Delay Variation
respectively, as defined in RFC 7471 [RFC7471].
Reserved: These fields are reserved for future use. It SHOULD
be set to 0 when sent and MUST be ignored when received.
Delay Variation: Delay Variation of the local TE link along
the route of the LSP, encoded as 24-bit integer, as defined
in RFC 7471 [RFC7471]. When set to the maximum value
16,777,215 (16.777215 sec), the delay variation is at least
that value and may be larger.
4. Signaling Procedures
As signaling procedure for cost, delay and delay variation
collection is similar, many parts of this section are written
such that they apply equally to cost, delay and delay variation
collection. There is also very strong similarity of these
procedures with SRLG recording [DRAFT-SRLG-RECORDING].
The ingress node of the LSP MUST be capable of indicating
whether the Cost and/ or Delay and/ or Delay Variation
information of the LSP is to be collected during the signaling
procedure of setting up an LSP.
Internet-Draft draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-06.txt
A node MUST NOT push Cost and/ or Delay and/ or Delay Variation
sub-object(s) in the RECORD_ROUTE without also pushing either an
IPv4 sub-object, an IPv6 sub-object, an Unnumbered Interface ID
sub-object or a Path Key sub-object or an SRLG sub-object.
As described in RFC 3209 [RFC3209], the RECORD_ROUTE object is
managed as a stack. The Cost and/ or Delay and/ or Delay
Variation sub-object(s) SHOULD be pushed by the node before the
node IP address or link identifier. These sub-object(s) SHOULD
be pushed after the Attribute sub-object, if present, and after
the LABEL sub-object, if requested, and after the SRLG sub-
object, if requested. These sub-object(s) MUST be pushed within
the hop to which it applies.
RFC 5553 [RFC5553] describes mechanisms to carry a PKS (Path Key
Sub-object) in the RRO so as to facilitate confidentiality in
the signaling of inter-domain TE LSPs, and allows the path
segment that needs to be hidden (that is, a Confidential Path
Segment (CPS)) to be replaced in the RRO with a PKS. If the CPS
contains Cost and/ or Delay and/ or Delay Variation Sub-objects,
these MAY be retained in the RRO by adding them again after the
PKS Sub-object in the RRO. The CPS is defined in RFC 5520
[RFC5520].
The rules of the processing of the LSP_REQUIRED_ATTRIBUTES,
LSP_ATTRIBUTE and ROUTE_RECORD Objects are not changed.
4.1. Cost, Delay and Delay Variation Collection
Per RFC 3209 [RFC3209], an ingress node initiates the recording
of the route information of an LSP by adding a RRO to a Path
message. If an ingress node also desires Cost and/or Delay
and/or Delay Variation recording, it MUST set the appropriate
flag(s) in the Attribute Flags TLV which MAY be carried either
in an LSP_REQUIRED_ATTRIBUTES Object when the collection is
mandatory, or in an LSP_ATTRIBUTES Object when the collection is
desired, but not mandatory.
When a node receives a Path message which carries an
LSP_REQUIRED_ATTRIBUTES Object with the Cost Collection Flag
set, if local policy determines that the Cost information is not
to be provided to the endpoints, it MUST return a PathErr
message with:
o Error Code 2 (policy) and
o Error subcode "Cost Recording Rejected" (value to be
assigned by IANA)
to reject the Path message. Similarly, when a node receives a
Path message which carries an LSP_REQUIRED_ATTRIBUTES Object
with the Delay Collection Flag set, if local policy determines
Internet-Draft draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-06.txt
that the Delay information is not to be provided to the
endpoints, it MUST return a PathErr message with:
o Error Code 2 (policy) and
o Error subcode "Delay Recording Rejected" (value to be
assigned by IANA)
to reject the Path message. Likewise, when a node receives a
Path message which carries an LSP_REQUIRED_ATTRIBUTES Object
with the Delay Variation Collection Flag set, if local policy
determines that the Delay Variation information is not to be
provided to the endpoints, it MUST return a PathErr message
with:
o Error Code 2 (policy) and
o Error subcode "Delay Variation Recording Rejected" (value
to be assigned by IANA)
to reject the Path message.
When a node receives a Path message which carries an
LSP_ATTRIBUTES Object and the Cost and/or Delay and/or Delay
Variation Collection Flag set, if local policy determines that
the corresponding information is not to be provided to the
endpoints, or the information is not known, the Path message
SHOULD NOT be rejected due to the recording restriction and the
Path message SHOULD be forwarded without any Cost and/or Delay
and/or Delay Variation sub-object(s) in the RRO of the
corresponding outgoing Path message.
If local policy permits the recording of the Cost and/or Delay
and/or Delay Variation information, the processing node SHOULD
add corresponding information for the local TE link, as defined
below, to the RRO of the corresponding outgoing Path message.
The A-bit for the Delay MUST be set as described in RFC 7471
[RFC7471]. Similarly, the A-bit for the Delay Variation MUST be
set as described in RFC 7471 [RFC7471]. It then forwards the
Path message to the next node in the downstream direction. The
processing node MUST retain a record of the Cost and/ or Delay
and/ or Delay Variation Collection request for reference during
Resv processing described below.
If the addition of Cost and/or Delay and/or Delay Variation
information to the RRO would result in the RRO exceeding its
maximum possible size or becoming too large for the Path message
to contain it, the requested information MUST NOT be added. If
the Cost and/or Delay and/or Delay Variation collection request
was contained in an LSP_REQUIRED_ATTRIBUTES Object, the
processing node MUST behave as specified by RFC 3209 [RFC3209]
and drop the RRO from the Path message entirely. If the Cost
Internet-Draft draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-06.txt
and/or Delay and/or Delay Variation collection request was
contained in an LSP_ATTRIBUTES Object, the processing node MAY
omit some or all of the corresponding information from the RRO;
otherwise it MUST behave as specified by RFC 3209 [RFC3209] and
drop the RRO from the Path message entirely.
Following the steps described above, the intermediate nodes of
the LSP can collect the Cost and/or Delay and/or Delay Variation
information in the RRO during the processing of the Path message
hop by hop. When the Path message arrives at the egress node,
the egress node receives the corresponding information in the
RRO.
Per RFC 3209 [RFC3209], when issuing a Resv message for a Path
message, which contains an RRO, an egress node initiates the RRO
process by adding an RRO to the outgoing Resv message. The
processing for RROs contained in Resv messages then mirrors that
of the Path messages.
When a node receives a Resv message for an LSP for which Cost
and/or Delay and/or Delay Variation Collection was specified,
then when local policy allows recording of the requested
information, the node SHOULD add corresponding information, to
the RRO of the outgoing Resv message, as specified below. The
A-bit for the Delay MUST be set as described in RFC 7471
[RFC7471]. Similarly, the A-bit for the Delay Variation MUST be
set as described in RFC 7471 [RFC7471]. When the Resv message
arrives at the ingress node, the ingress node can extract the
requested information from the RRO in the same way as the egress
node.
Note that a link's Cost and/ or Delay and/ or Delay Variation
information for the upstream direction cannot be assumed to be
the same as that in the downstream.
o For Path and Resv messages for a unidirectional LSP, a node
SHOULD include Cost and/ or Delay and/ or Delay Variation
sub-objects in the RRO for the downstream data link only.
o For Path and Resv messages for a bidirectional LSP, a node
SHOULD include Cost and/ or Delay and/ or Delay Variation
sub-objects in the RRO for both the upstream data link and
the downstream data link from the local node. In this
case, the node MUST include the metric information in the
same order for both Path messages and Resv messages. That
is, the Cost and/ or Delay and/ or Delay Variation sub-
object(s) for the upstream link is added to the RRO before
the corresponding sub-object for the downstream link.
If Cost and/ or Delay and/ or Delay Variation data is added
for both the upstream and downstream links, the two sets of
the data MUST be added in separate corresponding sub-
Internet-Draft draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-06.txt
object(s). A single Cost or Delay or Delay Variation sub-
object MUST NOT contain a mixture of the applicable data
for upstream and downstream directions. When adding a Cost
or Delay or Delay Variation sub-object to an RRO, the D-bit
MUST be set appropriately to indicate the direction of the
TE Link. If the same value applies in both directions, it
SHOULD be added to both the corresponding upstream and
downstream sub-objects.
Based on the local policy, a transit node may edit a Path or
Resv RRO to remove route information (e.g. node or interface
identifier information) before forwarding it. A node that does
this SHOULD summarize the cost, Delay and Delay Variation data.
How a node that performs the RRO edit operation calculates the
Cost and/ or Delay and/or Delay variation metric is beyond the
scope of this document.
A node SHOULD NOT add Cost or Delay or Delay Variation
information without an explicit request for the corresponding
information being made by the ingress node in the Path message.
4.2. Metric Update
When the Cost and/or Delay and/or Delay Variation information of
a link is changed, the endpoints of LSPs using that link need to
be aware of the changes. When a change to Cost or Delay or
Delay Variation information associated with a link occurs, the
procedures defined in Section 4.4.3 of RFC 3209 [RFC3209] MUST
be used to refresh the corresponding metric information if the
change is to be communicated to other nodes according to the
local node's policy. If local policy is that the Cost and/or
Delay and/or Delay Variation change SHOULD be suppressed or
would result in no change to the previously signaled
information, the node SHOULD NOT send an update.
4.3. Domain Boundaries
If mandated by local policy, a node MAY remove Cost and/or Delay
and/or Delay Variation information from any RRO in a Path or
Resv message being processed. A node that does this SHOULD
summarize the Cost, Delay and Delay Variation data. How a node
that performs the RRO edit operation calculates the Cost, Delay
and/or Delay variation metric is beyond the scope of this
document.
4.4. Endpoint processing
Based on the procedures described above, the endpoints can get
the Cost and/or Delay and/or Delay Variation information
automatically. Then the endpoints can for instance advertise it
as a TE link to the routing instance based on the procedure
described in [RFC6107] and configure the corresponding TE metric
Internet-Draft draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-06.txt
information of the Forwarding Adjacency (FA) or Routing
Adjacency (RA) automatically. How the end point uses the
collected information is outside the scope of this document.
The ingress and egress nodes of a LSP may calculate the end-to-
end Cost, Delay and/or Delay variation properties of the LSP
from the supplied values in the Resv or Path RRO, respectively.
Typically, Cost and Delay are additive metrics, but Delay
variation is not an additive metric. The means by which the
ingress and egress nodes compute the end-to-end Cost, Delay and
Delay variation metric from information recorded in the RRO is a
local decision and is beyond the scope of this document.
Based on the local policy, the ingress and egress nodes can
advertise the calculated end-to-end Cost, Delay and/or Delay
variation properties of the FA or RA LSP in TE link
advertisement to the routing instance based on the procedure
described in RFC 7471 [RFC7471], [DRAFT-ISIS-TE-METRIC].
4.5. Compatibility
A node that does not recognize the Cost and/or Delay and/or
Delay Variation Collection Flag in the Attribute Flags TLV is
expected to proceed as specified in RFC 5420 [RFC5420].
Specifically, the node is expected to pass the TLV on unaltered
if it appears in a LSP_ATTRIBUTES object. On the other hand, if
the TLV appears in a LSP_REQUIRED_ATTRIBUTES object, the node is
expected to reject the Path message with the Error Code and
Value defined in RFC 5420 [RFC5420].
A node that does not recognize the Cost and/or Delay and/or
Delay Variation RRO sub-object is expected to behave as
specified in RFC 3209 [RFC3209]: unrecognized sub-objects are to
be ignored and passed on unchanged.
5. Manageability Considerations
5.1. Policy Configuration
In a border node of inter-domain or inter-layer network, the
following Cost and/or Delay and/or Delay Variation processing
policy SHOULD be capable of being configured:
o Whether the node is allowed to participate in Cost or Delay
or Delay Variation collection.
o Whether the node should notify changes to collected Cost
and/ or Delay and/ or Delay Variation information to
endpoint nodes as described in section 4.2.
Internet-Draft draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-06.txt
o Whether the Cost and/or Delay and/or Delay Variation of the
domain or specific layer network can be exposed to the
nodes outside the domain or layer network, or whether they
SHOULD be summarized, mapped to values that are
comprehensible to nodes outside the domain or layer
network, or removed entirely.
A node using RFC 5553 [RFC5553] and PKS MAY apply the same
policy.
6. Security Considerations
This document builds on the mechanisms defined in [RFC3473],
which also discusses related security measures. In addition,
[RFC5920] provides an overview of security vulnerabilities and
protection mechanisms for the GMPLS control plane. The
procedures defined in this document permit the transfer of Cost
and/or Delay and/or Delay Variation data between layers or
domains during the signaling of LSPs, subject to policy at the
layer or domain boundary. It is recommended that domain/layer
boundary policies take the implications of releasing Cost and/or
Delay and/or Delay Variation information into consideration and
behave accordingly during LSP signaling.
7. IANA Considerations
7.1. RSVP Attribute Bit Flags
IANA has created a registry and manages the space of the
Attribute bit flags of the Attribute Flags TLV, as described in
section 11.3 of RFC 5420 [RFC5420], in the "Attribute Flags"
section of the "Resource Reservation Protocol-Traffic
Engineering (RSVP-TE) Parameters" registry located in
http://www.iana.org/assignments/rsvp-te- parameters".
This document introduces the following three new Attribute Bit
Flags:
Bit No Name Attribute Attribute RRO Reference
Flags Path Flags Resv
----------- ---------- ---------- ----------- --- -------
TBA by Cost Yes No Yes This I-D
IANA Collection
Flag
TBA by Delay Yes No Yes This I-D
IANA Collection
Flag
Internet-Draft draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-06.txt
TBA by Delay Yes No Yes This I-D
IANA Variation
Collection
Flag
7.2. ROUTE_RECORD sub-object
IANA manages the "RSVP PARAMETERS" registry located at
http://www.iana.org/assignments/rsvp-parameters. This document
introduces the following three new RRO sub-object:
Type Name Reference
--------- ---------------------- ---------
TBA by IANA Cost sub-object This I-D
TBA by IANA Delay sub-object This I-D
TBA by IANA Delay Variation sub-object This I-D
7.3. Policy Control Failure Error subcodes
IANA manages the assignments in the "Error Codes and Globally-
Defined Error Value Sub-Codes" section of the "RSVP PARAMETERS"
registry located at http://www.iana.org/assignments/rsvp-
parameters. This document introduces the following three new
Policy Control Failure Error sub-code:
Value Description Reference
----- ----------- ---------
TBA by IANA Cost Recoding Rejected This I-D
TBA by IANA Delay Recoding Rejected This I-D
TBA by IANA Delay Variation Recoding Rejected This I-D
8. Acknowledgments
Authors would like to thank Ori Gerstel, Gabriele Maria
Galimberti, Luyuan Fang and Walid Wakim for their review
comments.
Internet-Draft draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-06.txt
9. References
9.1. Normative References
[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.
[RFC3209] Awduche, D., Berger, L., Gan, D., Li, T., Srinivasan,
V., and G. Swallow, "RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for
LSP Tunnels", RFC 3209, December 2001.
[RFC3473] Berger, L., "Generalized Multi-Protocol Lab Switching
(GMPLS) Signaling Resource ReserVation Protocol-
Traffic Engineering (RSVP-TE) Extensions", RFC 3473,
January 2003.
[RFC5420] Farrel, A., Ed., Papadimitriou, D., Vasseur, JP., and
A. Ayyangarps, "Encoding of Attributes for MPLS LSP
Establishment Using Resource Reservation Protocol
Traffic Engineering (RSVP-TE)", RFC 5420, February
2009.
[RFC7471] S. Giacalone, D. Ward, J. Drake, A. Atlas, S.
Previdi., "OSPF Traffic Engineering (TE) Metric
Extensions", RFC 7471, March 2015.
[DRAFT-ISIS-TE-METRIC] S. Previdi, S. Giacalone, D. Ward, J.
Drake, A. Atlas, C. Filsfils, "IS-IS Traffic
Engineering (TE) Metric Extensions", draft-ietf-isis-
te-metric-extensions, work in progress.
9.2. Informative References
[RFC4208] Swallow, G., Drake, J., Ishimatsu, H., and Y. Rekhter,
"Generalized Multiprotocol Label Switching (GMPLS)
User-Network Interface (UNI): Resource ReserVation
Protocol-Traffic Engineering (RSVP-TE) Support for the
Overlay Model", RFC 4208, October 2005.
[RFC2209] Braden, R. and L. Zhang, "Resource ReSerVation
Protocol (RSVP) -- Version 1 Message Processing
Rules", RFC 2209, September 1997.
[RFC5920] Fang, L., Ed., "Security Framework for MPLS and GMPLS
Networks", RFC 5920, July 2010.
[DRAFT-SRLG-RECORDING] F. Zhang, O. Gonzalez de Dios, M.
Hartley, Z. Ali, C. Margaria,, "RSVP-TE Extensions for
Collecting SRLG Information", draft-ietf-teas-rsvp-te-
srlg-collect.txt, work in progress.
Authors' Addresses
Internet-Draft draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-06.txt
Zafar Ali
Cisco Systems, Inc.
Email: zali@cisco.com
George Swallow
Cisco Systems, Inc.
swallow@cisco.com
Clarence Filsfils
Cisco Systems, Inc.
cfilsfil@cisco.com
Matt Hartley
Cisco Systems
Email: mhartley@cisco.com
Kenji Kumaki Internet-Draft draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-07.txt [RFC5420]). A node that wishes to indicate Cost and/or Delay
KDDI Corporation and/or Delay Variation collection is desired MUST set
Email: ke-kumaki@kddi.com corresponding flag in Attribute Flags TLV in an
LSP_REQUIRED_ATTRIBUTES object (if collection is mandatory)
Rudiger Kunze Internet-Draft draft-ietf-teas-te-metric-recording-07.txt 8. References 8.1. Normative References [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [RFC3209] Awduche, D., Berger, L., Gan, D., Li, T., Srinivasan, V., and G. Swallow, "RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels", RFC 3209, December 2001. [RFC3473] Berger, L., "Generalized Multi-Protocol Lab Switching (GMPLS) Signaling Resource ReserVation Protocol- Traffic Engineering (RSVP-TE) Extensions", RFC 3473, January 2003. [RFC5420] Farrel, A., Ed., Papadimitriou, D., Vasseur, JP., and A. Ayyangarps, "Encoding of Attributes for MPLS LSP Establishment Using Resource Reservation Protocol Traffic Engineering (RSVP-TE)", RFC 5420, February 2009. [RFC7471] S. Giacalone, D. Ward, J. Drake, A. Atlas, S. Previdi., "OSPF Traffic Engineering (TE) Metric Extensions", RFC 7471, March 2015. [DRAFT-ISIS-TE-METRIC] S. Previdi, S. Giacalone, D. Ward, J. Drake, A. Atlas, C. Filsfils, "IS-IS Traffic Engineering (TE) Metric Extensions", draft-ietf-isis- te-metric-extensions, work in progress. 8.2. Informative References [RFC4208] Swallow, G., Drake, J., Ishimatsu, H., and Y. Rekhter, "Generalized Multiprotocol Label Switching (GMPLS) User-Network Interface (UNI): Resource ReserVation Protocol-Traffic Engineering (RSVP-TE) Support for the Overlay Model", RFC 4208, October 2005. [RFC2209] Braden, R. and L. Zhang, "Resource ReSerVation Protocol (RSVP) -- Version 1 Message Processing Rules", RFC 2209, September 1997. [RFC5920] Fang, L., Ed., "Security Framework for MPLS and GMPLS Networks", RFC 5920, July 2010. [RFC8001] F. Zhang, O. Gonzalez de Dios, M. Hartley, Z. Ali, C. Margaria,, "RSVP-TE Extensions for Collecting SRLG Information", draft-ietf-teas-rsvp-te- srlg-collect.txt, work in progress. Acknowledgements Authors would like to thank Ori Gerstel, Gabriele Maria Galimberti, Luyuan Fang and Walid Wakim for their review comments.
Deutsche Telekom AG
Ruediger.Kunze@telekom.de
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