draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-burst-gap-loss-03.txt   draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-burst-gap-loss-04.txt 
Audio/Video Transport Working Group G. Hunt Audio/Video Transport Working Group A. Clark
Internet-Draft Unaffiliated Internet-Draft Telchemy
Intended status: Standards Track A. Clark Intended status: Standards Track S. Zhang, Ed.
Expires: January 31, 2013 Telchemy Expires: April 14, 2013 J. Zhao
S. Zhang, Ed.
J. Zhao
STTRI STTRI
Q. Wu Q. Wu
Huawei Huawei
July 30, 2012 October 11, 2012
RTCP XR Report Block for Burst/Gap Loss metric Reporting RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) Extended Report (XR) Block for Burst/Gap
draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-burst-gap-loss-03.txt Loss metric Reporting
draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-burst-gap-loss-04.txt
Abstract Abstract
This document defines an RTCP XR Report Block that allows the This document defines an RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) Extended Report
reporting of Burst and Gap Loss metrics for use in a range of RTP (XR) Block that allows the reporting of Burst and Gap Loss metrics
applications. for use in a range of RTP applications.
Status of this Memo Status of this Memo
This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79. provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.
Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute
working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet- working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-
Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/. Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.
Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
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time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
material or to cite them other than as "work in progress." material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."
This Internet-Draft will expire on January 31, 2013. This Internet-Draft will expire on April 14, 2013.
Copyright Notice Copyright Notice
Copyright (c) 2012 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the Copyright (c) 2012 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
document authors. All rights reserved. document authors. All rights reserved.
This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
Provisions Relating to IETF Documents Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
(http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
publication of this document. Please review these documents publication of this document. Please review these documents
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1.3. Performance Metrics Framework . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.3. Performance Metrics Framework . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.4. Applicability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.4. Applicability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2. Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2. Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2.1. Standards Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.1. Standards Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3. Burst/Gap Loss Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3. Burst/Gap Loss Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
3.1. Report Block Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3.1. Report Block Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
3.2. Definition of Fields in Burst/Gap Loss Report Block . . . 6 3.2. Definition of Fields in Burst/Gap Loss Report Block . . . 6
3.3. Derived metrics based on reported metrics . . . . . . . . 9 3.3. Derived metrics based on reported metrics . . . . . . . . 9
4. Considerations for Voice-over-IP applications . . . . . . . . 10 4. Considerations for Voice-over-IP applications . . . . . . . . 10
5. SDP Signaling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 5. SDP Signaling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
5.1. SDP rtcp-xr-attrib Attribute Extension . . . . . . . . . . 11
5.2. Offer/Answer Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
6. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 6. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
6.1. New RTCP XR Block Type value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 6.1. New RTCP XR Block Type value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
6.2. New RTCP XR SDP Parameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 6.2. New RTCP XR SDP Parameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
6.3. Contact information for registrations . . . . . . . . . . 12 6.3. Contact information for registrations . . . . . . . . . . 12
7. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 7. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
8. Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 8. Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
9. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 9. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
9.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 10. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
9.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 10.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 10.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Appendix A. Change Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
A.1. draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-burst-gap-loss-04 . . . . . . . 17
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
1.1. Burst and Gap Loss Report Block 1.1. Burst and Gap Loss Report Block
This draft defines a new block type to augment those defined in This draft defines a new block type to augment those defined in
[RFC3611] for use in a range of RTP applications. The new block type [RFC3611] for use in a range of RTP applications. The new block type
supports the reporting of the proportion of packets lost by the supports the reporting of the proportion of packets lost by the
network. The losses during loss bursts are reported, together with network. The losses during loss bursts are reported, together with
the number of bursts and additional data allowing the calculation of the number of bursts and additional data allowing the calculation of
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burst lengths. Some uses of these metrics depend on the availability burst lengths. Some uses of these metrics depend on the availability
of the metric "cumulative number of packets lost" from RTCP of the metric "cumulative number of packets lost" from RTCP
[RFC3550]. [RFC3550].
This block provides information on transient IP problems. Burst/Gap This block provides information on transient IP problems. Burst/Gap
metrics are typically used in Cumulative reports however MAY be used metrics are typically used in Cumulative reports however MAY be used
in Interval reports. The burstiness of packet loss affects user in Interval reports. The burstiness of packet loss affects user
experience, may influence any sender strategies to mitigate the experience, may influence any sender strategies to mitigate the
problem, and may also have diagnostic value. problem, and may also have diagnostic value.
The metric belongs to the class of transport-related terminal metrics The metric belongs to the class of transport-related end system
defined in [MONARCH]. metrics defined in [MONARCH].
The definitions of Burst, Gap, Loss and Discard are consistent with The definitions of Burst, Gap, Loss and Discard are consistent with
definitions in [RFC3611]. To accommodate the range of jitter buffer definitions in [RFC3611]. To accommodate the range of jitter buffer
algorithms and packet discard logic that may be used by implementors, algorithms and packet discard logic that may be used by implementors,
the method used to distinguish between bursts and gaps may be an the method used to distinguish between bursts and gaps may be an
equivalent method to that defined in [RFC3611]. The method used equivalent method to that defined in [RFC3611]. The method used
SHOULD produce the same result as that defined in [RFC3611] for SHOULD produce the same result as that defined in [RFC3611] for
conditions of burst packet loss, but MAY produce different results conditions of burst packet loss, but MAY produce different results
for conditions of time varying jitter. for conditions of time varying jitter.
1.2. RTCP and RTCP XR Reports 1.2. RTCP and RTCP XR Reports
The use of RTCP for reporting is defined in [RFC3550]. [RFC3611] The use of RTCP for reporting is defined in [RFC3550]. [RFC3611]
defined an extensible structure for reporting using an RTCP Extended defined an extensible structure for reporting using an RTCP Extended
Report (XR). This document defines a new Extended Report block. The Report (XR). This document defines a new Extended Report block for
use of Extended Report blocks is defined by [RFC3611]. use with [RFC3550] and [RFC3611].
1.3. Performance Metrics Framework 1.3. Performance Metrics Framework
The Performance Metrics Framework [RFC6390] provides guidance on the The Performance Metrics Framework [RFC6390] provides guidance on the
definition and specification of performance metrics. Metrics definition and specification of performance metrics. Metrics
described in this draft either reference external definitions or described in this draft either reference external definitions or
define metrics generally in accordance with the guidelines in define metrics generally in accordance with the guidelines in
[RFC6390]. [RFC6390].
1.4. Applicability 1.4. Applicability
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3. Burst/Gap Loss Block 3. Burst/Gap Loss Block
Metrics in this block report on Burst/Gap Loss in the stream arriving Metrics in this block report on Burst/Gap Loss in the stream arriving
at the RTP system. at the RTP system.
3.1. Report Block Structure 3.1. Report Block Structure
Burst/Gap Loss metrics block Burst/Gap Loss metrics block
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| BT=NBGL | I |C| resv. | block length = 5 | | BT=NBGL | I |C| resv. | block length = 5 |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| SSRC of Source | | SSRC of Source |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Threshold | Sum of Burst Durations (ms) | | Threshold | Sum of Burst Durations (ms) |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Packets Lost in Bursts | Total... | | Packets Lost in Bursts | Total... |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| ...Packets expected in bursts | Number of bursts | Sum of| | ...Packets expected in bursts | Number of bursts | Sum of|
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a Burst being a period of time during which the call quality is a Burst being a period of time during which the call quality is
degraded to a similar extent to a typical PCM Severely Errored Second degraded to a similar extent to a typical PCM Severely Errored Second
[PSES]. [PSES].
5. SDP Signaling 5. SDP Signaling
[RFC3611] defines the use of SDP (Session Description Protocol) [RFC3611] defines the use of SDP (Session Description Protocol)
[RFC4566] for signaling the use of XR blocks. XR blocks MAY be used [RFC4566] for signaling the use of XR blocks. XR blocks MAY be used
without prior signaling. without prior signaling.
5.1. SDP rtcp-xr-attrib Attribute Extension
This section augments the SDP [RFC4566] attribute "rtcp-xr" defined This section augments the SDP [RFC4566] attribute "rtcp-xr" defined
in [RFC3611] by providing an additional value of "xr-format" to in [RFC3611] by providing an additional value of "xr-format" to
signal the use of the report block defined in this document. signal the use of the report block defined in this document.
rtcp-xr-attrib = "a=" "rtcp-xr" ":" [xr-format *(SP xr-format)] CRLF
(defined in [RFC3611])
xr-format =/ xr-bgl-block xr-format =/ xr-bgl-block
xr-bgl-block = "brst-gap-loss" xr-bgl-block = "brst-gap-loss"
5.2. Offer/Answer Usage
When SDP is used in offer-answer context, the SDP Offer/Answer usage
defined in [RFC3611] applies.
6. IANA Considerations 6. IANA Considerations
New block types for RTCP XR are subject to IANA registration. For New block types for RTCP XR are subject to IANA registration. For
general guidelines on IANA considerations for RTCP XR, refer to general guidelines on IANA considerations for RTCP XR, refer to
[RFC3611]. [RFC3611].
6.1. New RTCP XR Block Type value 6.1. New RTCP XR Block Type value
This document assigns the block type value NDEL in the IANA "RTCP XR This document assigns the block type value NDEL in the IANA "RTCP XR
Block Type Registry" to the "Burst/Gap Loss Metrics Block". Block Type Registry" to the "Burst/Gap Loss Metrics Block".
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7. Security Considerations 7. Security Considerations
It is believed that this proposed RTCP XR report block introduces no It is believed that this proposed RTCP XR report block introduces no
new security considerations beyond those described in [RFC3611]. new security considerations beyond those described in [RFC3611].
This block does not provide per-packet statistics so the risk to This block does not provide per-packet statistics so the risk to
confidentiality documented in Section 7, paragraph 3 of [RFC3611] confidentiality documented in Section 7, paragraph 3 of [RFC3611]
does not apply. does not apply.
8. Contributors 8. Contributors
The authors gratefully acknowledge the comments and contributions Geoff Hunt wrote the initial draft of this document.
made by Bruce Adams, Philip Arden, Amit Arora, Bob Biskner, Kevin
Connor, Claus Dahm, Randy Ethier, Roni Even, Jim Frauenthal, Albert
Higashi, Tom Hock, Shane Holthaus, Paul Jones, Rajesh Kumar, Keith
Lantz, Mohamed Mostafa, Amy Pendleton, Colin Perkins, Mike Ramalho,
Ravi Raviraj, Albrecht Schwarz, Tom Taylor, and Hideaki Yamada.
9. References 9. Acknowledgments
9.1. Normative References The authors gratefully acknowledge reviews and feedback provided by
Bruce Adams, Philip Arden, Amit Arora, Bob Biskner, Kevin Connor,
Claus Dahm, Randy Ethier, Roni Even, Jim Frauenthal, Albert Higashi,
Tom Hock, Shane Holthaus, Paul Jones, Rajesh Kumar, Keith Lantz,
Mohamed Mostafa, Amy Pendleton, Colin Perkins, Mike Ramalho, Ravi
Raviraj, Albrecht Schwarz, Tom Taylor, and Hideaki Yamada.
10. References
10.1. Normative References
[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
Requirement Levels", March 1997. Requirement Levels", March 1997.
[RFC3550] Schulzrinne, H., "RTP: A Transport Protocol for Real-Time [RFC3550] Schulzrinne, H., "RTP: A Transport Protocol for Real-Time
Applications", RFC 3550, July 2003. Applications", RFC 3550, July 2003.
[RFC3611] Friedman, T., Caceres, R., and A. Clark, "RTP Control [RFC3611] Friedman, T., Caceres, R., and A. Clark, "RTP Control
Protocol Extended Reports (RTCP XR)", November 2003. Protocol Extended Reports (RTCP XR)", November 2003.
[RFC4566] Handley, M., Jacobson, V., and C. Perkins, "SDP: Session [RFC4566] Handley, M., Jacobson, V., and C. Perkins, "SDP: Session
Description Protocol", July 2006. Description Protocol", July 2006.
[RFC5725] Begen, A., Hsu, D., and M. Lague, "Post-Repair Loss RLE [RFC5725] Begen, A., Hsu, D., and M. Lague, "Post-Repair Loss RLE
Report Block Type for RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) Extended Report Block Type for RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) Extended
Reports (XRs)", RFC 5725, February 2020. Reports (XRs)", RFC 5725, February 2020.
9.2. Informative References 10.2. Informative References
[DISCARD] Hunt, G., "RTCP XR Report Block for Discard metric [DISCARD] Hunt, G., "RTCP XR Report Block for Discard metric
Reporting", ID draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-discard-05, Reporting", ID draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-discard-06,
July 2012. October 2012.
[MEASID] Wu, Q., "Measurement Identity and information Reporting [MEASID] Wu, Q., "Measurement Identity and information Reporting
using SDES item and XR Block", using SDES item and XR Block",
ID draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-meas-identity-09, July 2012. ID draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-meas-identity-10,
August 2012.
[MONARCH] Hunt, G., "Monitoring Architectures for RTP", [MONARCH] Hunt, G., "Monitoring Architectures for RTP",
ID draft-ietf-avtcore-monarch-04, August 2011. ID draft-ietf-avtcore-monarch-22, September 2012.
[PSES] "URL", http://www.its.bldrdoc.gov/projects/devglossary/ [PSES] "URL", http://www.its.bldrdoc.gov/projects/devglossary/
_severely_errored_second.html, October 2011. _severely_errored_second.html, October 2011.
[RFC6390] Clark, A. and B. Claise, "Framework for Performance Metric [RFC6390] Clark, A. and B. Claise, "Framework for Performance Metric
Development", RFC 6390, July 2011. Development", RFC 6390, July 2011.
[SUMSTAT] Zorn, G., "RTCP XR for Summary Statistics Metrics [SUMSTAT] Zorn, G., "RTCP XR for Summary Statistics Metrics
Reporting", ID draft-zorn-xrblock-rtcp-xr-al-stat-06, Reporting", ID draft-zorn-xrblock-rtcp-xr-al-stat-06,
July 2012. July 2012.
Authors' Addresses Appendix A. Change Log
Geoff Hunt Note to the RFC-Editor: please remove this section prior to
Unaffiliated publication as an RFC.
Email: r.geoff.hunt@gmail.com A.1. draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-burst-gap-loss-04
The following are the major changes compared to previous version:
o Outdated reference update.
o Editorial changes based on comments that applied to PDV and Delay
drafts.
Authors' Addresses
Alan Clark Alan Clark
Telchemy Incorporated Telchemy Incorporated
2905 Premiere Parkway, Suite 280 2905 Premiere Parkway, Suite 280
Duluth, GA 30097 Duluth, GA 30097
USA USA
Email: alan.d.clark@telchemy.com Email: alan.d.clark@telchemy.com
Sunshine Zhang (editor) Sunshine Zhang (editor)
 End of changes. 23 change blocks. 
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