draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-jb-05.txt   draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-jb-06.txt 
Audio/Video Transport Working Group A. Clark Audio/Video Transport Working Group A. Clark
Internet-Draft Telchemy Internet-Draft Telchemy
Intended status: Standards Track V. Singh Intended status: Standards Track V. Singh
Expires: June 22, 2013 Aalto University Expires: July 14, 2013 Aalto University
Q. Wu Q. Wu
Huawei Huawei
December 19, 2012 January 10, 2013
RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) Extended Report (XR) Block for Jitter Buffer RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) Extended Report (XR) Block for Jitter Buffer
Metric Reporting Metric Reporting
draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-jb-05.txt draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-jb-06.txt
Abstract Abstract
This document defines an RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) Extended Report This document defines an RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) Extended Report
(XR) Block that allows the reporting of Jitter Buffer metrics for a (XR) Block that allows the reporting of Jitter Buffer metrics for a
range of RTP applications. range of RTP applications.
Status of this Memo Status of this Memo
This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
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Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute
working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet- working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-
Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/. Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.
Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
material or to cite them other than as "work in progress." material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."
This Internet-Draft will expire on June 22, 2013. This Internet-Draft will expire on July 14, 2013.
Copyright Notice Copyright Notice
Copyright (c) 2012 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the Copyright (c) 2013 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
document authors. All rights reserved. document authors. All rights reserved.
This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
Provisions Relating to IETF Documents Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
(http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
publication of this document. Please review these documents publication of this document. Please review these documents
carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
to this document. Code Components extracted from this document must to this document. Code Components extracted from this document must
include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
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1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.1. Jitter Buffer Metrics Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.1. Jitter Buffer Metrics Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.2. RTCP and RTCP XR Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.2. RTCP and RTCP XR Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.3. Performance Metrics Framework . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.3. Performance Metrics Framework . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.4. Applicability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.4. Applicability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2. Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2. Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.1. Standards Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.1. Standards Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3. Jitter Buffer Metrics Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3. Jitter Buffer Metrics Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3.1. Report Block Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3.1. Report Block Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3.2. Definition of Fields in Jitter Buffer Metrics Block . . . 5 3.2. Definition of Fields in Jitter Buffer Metrics Block . . . 5
4. SDP Signaling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 4. SDP Signaling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
4.1. SDP rtcp-xr-attrib Attribute Extension . . . . . . . . . . 9 4.1. SDP rtcp-xr-attrib Attribute Extension . . . . . . . . . . 8
4.2. Offer/Answer Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 4.2. Offer/Answer Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
5. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 5. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
5.1. New RTCP XR Block Type value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 5.1. New RTCP XR Block Type value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
5.2. New RTCP XR SDP Parameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 5.2. New RTCP XR SDP Parameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
5.3. Contact information for registrations . . . . . . . . . . 10 5.3. Contact information for registrations . . . . . . . . . . 9
6. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 6. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
7. Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 7. Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
8. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 8. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
9. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 9. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
9.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 9.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
9.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 9.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Appendix A. Change Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Appendix A. Change Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
A.1. draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-jb-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 A.1. draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-jb-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
A.2. draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-jb-03 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 A.2. draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-jb-03 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
A.3. draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-jb-02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 A.3. draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-jb-02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
A.4. draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-jb-01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 A.4. draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-jb-01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
A.5. draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-jb-00 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 A.5. draft-ietf-xrblock-rtcp-xr-jb-00 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
1.1. Jitter Buffer Metrics Block 1.1. Jitter Buffer Metrics Block
This document defines a new block type to augment those defined in This document defines a new block type to augment those defined in
[RFC3611], for use in a range of RTP applications. [RFC3611], for use in a range of RTP applications.
The new block type provides information on jitter buffer The new block type provides information on jitter buffer
configuration and performance. configuration and performance.
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1.3. Performance Metrics Framework 1.3. Performance Metrics Framework
The Performance Metrics Framework [RFC6390] provides guidance on the The Performance Metrics Framework [RFC6390] provides guidance on the
definition and specification of performance metrics. The RTP definition and specification of performance metrics. The RTP
Monitoring Architectures [RFC6792] provides guideline for reporting Monitoring Architectures [RFC6792] provides guideline for reporting
block format using RTCP XR. Metrics described in this draft are in block format using RTCP XR. Metrics described in this draft are in
accordance with the guidelines in [RFC6390]and [RFC6792]. accordance with the guidelines in [RFC6390]and [RFC6792].
1.4. Applicability 1.4. Applicability
Real-time applications employ a jitter buffer to smooth out jitter Real-time applications employ a jitter buffer to absorb jitter
introduced on the path from source to destination. These metrics are introduced on the path from source to destination. These metrics are
used to report how the jitter buffer at the receiving end of RTP used to report how the jitter buffer at the receiving end of RTP
stream behaves as a result of jitter in the network and are stream behaves as a result of jitter in the network and are
applicable to a range of RTP applications. applicable to a range of RTP applications.
These metrics reflect how terminal-related factors affect real-time These metrics reflect how terminal-related factors affect real-time
application quality and are useful to provide better end-user quality application quality and are useful to provide better end-user quality
of experience (QoE). of experience (QoE).
2. Terminology 2. Terminology
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compound RTCP packet as this Metrics Block, this Metrics Block should compound RTCP packet as this Metrics Block, this Metrics Block should
be discarded. be discarded.
3.1. Report Block Structure 3.1. Report Block Structure
JB Metrics Block JB Metrics Block
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| BT=NJB | I |Cg | Rsvd. | block length=3 | | BT=NJB | I |C| Rsvd. | block length=3 |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| SSRC of Source | | SSRC of Source |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| JB nominal | JB maximum | | JB nominal | JB maximum |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| JB high water mark | JB low water mark | | JB high water mark | JB low water mark |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Figure 1: Report Block Structure Figure 1: Report Block Structure
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I=10: Interval Duration - the reported value applies to the I=10: Interval Duration - the reported value applies to the
most recent measurement interval duration between successive most recent measurement interval duration between successive
metrics reports. metrics reports.
I=11: Cumulative Duration - the reported value applies to the I=11: Cumulative Duration - the reported value applies to the
accumulation period characteristic of cumulative measurements. accumulation period characteristic of cumulative measurements.
I=01: Sampled Value - the reported value is a sampled I=01: Sampled Value - the reported value is a sampled
instantaneous value. instantaneous value.
Jitter Buffer Configuration (Cg): 2 bits Jitter Buffer Configuration (C): 1 bit
This field is used to identify the jitter buffer method in use at This field is used to identify the jitter buffer method in use at
the receiver, according to the following code: the receiver, according to the following code:
0 = Fixed buffer size and delay 0 = Fixed jitter buffer
1 = Adaptive buffer size
2 = Adaptive playout Delay
3 = Adaptive buffer size and delay 1 = Adaptive jitter buffer
Reserved (Rsvd.): 4 bits Reserved (Rsvd.): 5 bits
These bits are reserved. They MUST be set to zero by senders These bits are reserved. They MUST be set to zero by senders
ignored by receivers (See [RFC6709] section 4.2). ignored by receivers (See [RFC6709] section 4.2).
Block Length: 16 bits Block Length: 16 bits
The length of this report block in 32-bit words, minus one, in The length of this report block in 32-bit words, minus one, in
accordance with the definition in [RFC3611]. This field MUST be accordance with the definition in [RFC3611]. This field MUST be
set to 3 to match the fixed length of the report block. The block set to 3 to match the fixed length of the report block.
MUST be discarded if the block length is set to a different value.
jitter buffer nominal delay (JB nominal): 16 bits jitter buffer nominal delay (JB nominal): 16 bits
This is the current nominal jitter buffer delay in milliseconds, This is the current nominal jitter buffer delay in milliseconds,
which corresponds to the nominal jitter buffer delay for packets which corresponds to the nominal jitter buffer delay for packets
that arrive exactly on time. It is calculated based on the that arrive exactly on time. It is calculated based on the
difference between the receipt time and the playout time for the difference between the receipt time and the playout time for the
packet that arrives exactly on time. This parameter MUST be packet that arrives exactly on time. This parameter MUST be
provided for both fixed and adaptive jitter buffer provided for both fixed and adaptive jitter buffer
implementations. implementations.
 End of changes. 13 change blocks. 
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